Essay mercedes classe c 320 cdi 2007
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Mercedes C 320 CDI 203 Neuer Leihwagen
Gotta love the V6 cdi engine, which is soon going to be replaced by the new inline six diesel. It is a late 2007 model.
Технические характеристики Mercedes-Benz C 320 CDI (W204
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autism and homework Disorder be exempted from doing homework? Dr. Tony Attwood. A major cause of classe c 320 cdi 2007, anguish for children with an Autistic Spectrum Disorder, their families and teachers is the satisfactory completion of homework. Why should this group of children have such an emotional reaction to the mere thought of having to start their homework and edexcel design coursework such difficulty completing assigned tasks?
There may be two explanations. The first is based on their degree of stress and essay mercedes classe mental exhaustion during their day at school and the second is thesis stem, due to their profile of essay classe c 320 cdi 2007, cognitive skills. It is essential that we recognise the degree of stress experienced by such children, as the signs can become evident in their behaviour and mood. The signs include the dissertation child who is described as a Dr.Jekyl and Mr.Hyde in that the indicators of stress are not conspicuous at school but the child is a very different character at home. They may be quiet and compliant in the classroom but intolerant and classe c 320 aggressive immediately they return home. Some children become extremely anxious in the morning before going to school and submit dissertation school refusal or walking out of school can be a sign of unbearable stress. Other children can express the signs at school by episodes of extreme anxiety or anger, with incidents of panic or disruptive and explosive behaviour. Others suffer chronic stress, which contributes to classe c 320, a clinical depression.
When I talk to tok essay, children with autism and Asperger’s Syndrome who are having difficulty learning the social curriculum and coping with the stress of school, they often explain that they want a clear division between home and school. Their comment is “School is for learning, home is for fun or relaxation” Thus the mercedes classe c 320 cdi 2007 prospect of design and technology, interrupting their much needed and deserved fun and relaxation with homework is c 320, more than they can cope with. The following range of strategies are designed to minimise the impaired Executive Function, accommodate their profile of cognitive skills and help the front child complete their homework assignments with less stress for the child and family. Create a learning environment. The area where the child works must be conducive to concentration and learning. A useful model is the child’s classroom with appropriate seating, lighting and removal of any distractions.
The distractions can be visual such as the presence of toys or television, which are a constant reminder of what the child would rather be doing or auditory distraction such as the noise from electrical appliances and the chatter of siblings. Ensure the working surface only has equipment relevant to the task. Their working environment must also be safe from curious brothers and sisters. A daily homework timetable can be made by a parent with guidance from the essay mercedes classe cdi 2007 teacher to define the expected duration and content of each homework activity or assignment. Cover? This can be extremely helpful if there are problems with the child’s allocation of time to essay classe c 320 cdi 2007, each homework component. Sometimes the homework can take hours when the teacher intended only several minutes on a specified task. A timer can be used to tok essay front, remind the child how much time is essay, remaining to complete each section of marley & me, homework. It is also important to c 320, ensure that time scheduled for homework does not coincide with the child’s favourite television program. If it does, they may have priority use of the video recorder and can watch the program after their homework. If regular breaks are necessary to promote concentration, the work can be divided into essay, segments to indicate how much work the child has to complete before they can take a momentary break. The usual mistake is to expect too much prolonged concentration.
Teacher’s preparation of the homework. The teacher can highlight key aspects of the homework sheet, written material and questions so that the child knows which aspects are relevant to their preparation of the assignment. They can ask the child to formulate their plan before commencing the assignment to essay mercedes classe c 320 cdi 2007, ensure their work is coherent and logical, especially if the homework is an essay. If the assignment takes several days to complete, it is important that the teacher regularly reviews the child’s rough drafts and progress, which also increases the likelihood that it will be completed on & me time. Memory problems If the child has difficulty remembering exactly what was set for c 320 cdi 2007, homework and remembering relevant information during homework, a characteristic of impaired executive function, a solution is to buy an executive toy. Submit Dissertation Umi Proquest? A small cassette recorder used for mercedes classe c 320 cdi 2007, dictation can provide a record of the teacher’s spoken instructions and the child can add his or her own comments or personal memo to where chemosynthesis occurs, the recording to remind them of key information. The child and mercedes their parent will then know exactly what was said and what is relevant to the task. Edexcel Coursework? Another strategy is to have the telephone number of another child in essay mercedes classe c 320, the class to ask them for places where occurs, the relevant information. A homework diary and essay mercedes c 320 cdi 2007 planner can help the child remember which books to take home and the specific homework for each evening.
An executive diary or ‘filofax’ from a stationary store may make this strategy more appealing to the child. The techniques are explained as being appropriate for adult executives rather than for children with learning problems. Supervision The child may have difficulty getting started or knowing what to do first. Procrastination can be an issue and a parent may have to & me, supervise the start of the homework. Once the child has started, this is not the end of the supervision. A parent will also need to be available if the child requires assistance when they are confused and to ensure that they have chosen the appropriate strategy. There can be a tendency for such children to have a closed mind to alternative strategies and a determination to mercedes c 320, pursue an approach when other children would have recognised the argumentative signs that it would be wise to consider another approach. A technique to show that there is more than one line of thought is to provide the child with a list of alternative strategies to solve the particular problem. The child may need to know there is a plan ‘B’.
Parents and essay mercedes c 320 cdi 2007 teachers soon become aware of the degree of supervision required which can be a major problem for occurs, a parent with other family commitments when the child is doing their homework. Supervision is also necessary to help the child prioritise, plan, assist with word retrieval problems and maintain motivation. Motivation can be enhanced by specific rewards for concentration and effort Emotion Management Children with an Autistic Spectrum Disorder are notorious for their difficulty coping with frustration and criticism, and their inability to manage their emotions. They can become quite agitated when confused or having made a mistake. An adult will need to be available to classe, help the child remain calm and logical. The adult will also need to model calmness, which can be difficult when both child and adult are confused as to what to do. It can end in tears for argumentative, both parties. Children with an Autistic Spectrum Disorder often enjoy having access to a computer and may be more able to understand material if it is presented on a computer screen. Material presented by a person adds a social and linguistic dimension to the situation, which can increase the child’s confusion.
Teachers should consider adapting the homework so that a considerable proportion of the work is conducted using a computer. Word processing facilities, especially graphics and grammar and spell check programs are invaluable in improving the legibility and quality of the finished product. If the mercedes cdi 2007 parent is unable to help the child solve a particular problem, a solution is to come to an arrangement with the design coursework teacher where by the teacher is contacted by telephone without hesitation as to the time of day or night and they can talk directly to the child. Regular use of this approach can lead to mercedes cdi 2007, a significant reduction in the type and amount of homework. Children with an Autistic Spectrum Disorder require special consideration when learning new material.
Homework should primarily be designed to consolidate and spm english essay practise known information rather than introducing new concepts. Another characteristic is a difficulty explaining their reasoning using speech. The child may provide the correct solution to a mathematical problem but not be able to use words to explain how they achieved the answer. Their cognitive strategies may be unconventional and intuitive rather than deductive. One may need to accept their correct solution even if the classe c 320 cdi 2007 logic is unclear to the neurotypical mind. One problem with this characteristic is that it may be difficult for the parent to correct the alternative reasoning when the child has a ‘mental block’.
Teaching a child with an Autistic Spectrum Disorder requires special skills and a parent is not expected to have those skills. & Me Essay? As a parent, one is also more emotionally involved than a class teacher and it can be difficult for them to be objective and mercedes c 320 cdi 2007 emotionally detached. Submit Dissertation? One option is to hire a homework tutor to provide the skilled guidance and supervision. However, this may be beyond the financial resources of most families. If all these strategies are unsuccessful, what is the alternative? ‘Should children with an Autistic Spectrum Disorder be exempted from doing homework?’ If the strategies outlined in this article are unsuccessful or unable to essay classe c 320 cdi 2007, be implemented, then my reply is ‘yes’. Sometimes this advice is to the great relief of the child, their parent and marley & me essay probably their teacher. Mercedes Classe C 320? You can quote me on this. [This paper was originally published in the Summer 2000 edition of The Morning News (volume 12, number 2) The Morning News is thesis stem cell, available from Jenison Public Schools, 2140 Bauer Road, Jenison. Mercedes? MI 49428.
Phone 616 457 8955. The Summer edition features several papers on homework.]
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Formula SAE: Shaping Engineers Who Think Outside the Box. Front to back: Some leaders of the current SAE Formula team: team captain and president, Mike Bastanipour; Suspension Team leader main driver, Keith Harris; Alex Allmandinger, Aerodynamics Team leader. December 19, 2014. It makes sense that three MechSE upperclassmen, senior Mike Bastanipour and juniors Alex Allmandinger and Keith Harris, some of the leaders of Illinois ' Formula SAE racing team, want careers in the automotive industry or motor sports. They've spent the last several years designing and competing a high-performance racing car and interning at companies like Ford and Chrysler. But, they've been infatuated with cars since way before that. For instance, it's been Allmandinger's chosen profession ever since he had an essay classe cdi 2007 epiphany and design coursework, resigned himself to the fact that he wouldn't get to be a professional athlete: About the age of essay mercedes classe cdi 2007, 12, I realized I wasn't cut out for marley, that! he admits. Allmandinger sees motorsports as a perfect marriage—joining his love of cars and his love of c 320, competition: I've grown up loving cars, but I've also been very competitive. Motorsports is the one thing that combines the automotive industry with the competition side of things. That drive to get things done on short deadlines, trying to beat other teams, trying to be the best—I think that's what draws me towards motorsports.
Harris' career aspirations are similar. Submit! Definitely something with cars, he says, since I've been around cars for so long, and it's just kind of become a part of me. He says motorsports has lots of job opportunities: Indy car, Nascar, Formula 1. There's a lot of need for essay classe cdi 2007, engineers since all of those teams are trying to improve the cars and win. And motorsports is why these students chose Illinois . For instance, Harris recalls that two brothers visited his high school and chemosynthesis occurs, gave a presentation about SAE. Afterwards, he told himself, I'm going to do that; I absolutely want to do that. Essay Classe! In fact, he was actually considering a school in and technology, Austria, but says the whole learning-German thing made it hard. Harris (seated in the Formula SAE car) along with a number of other team members showed up to woo high school visitors during MechSE's Open House this past fall.
So with SAE uppermost in classe c 320 cdi 2007, his mind, during each school visit he would get a personal tour of the garage and meet the team. Illinois was a step above and marley essay, was really pretty impressive, he says. Essay Classe C 320 Cdi 2007! It was definitely one of the argumentative biggest drivers in deciding where to go. The Formula SAE team (named for mercedes classe cdi 2007, their main competition hosted by the Society of Automotive Engineers) is marley & me essay, comprised of classe cdi 2007, students from coursework across Engineering, with around half from MechSE. Mercedes Classe! However, their car involves more than just mechanical. An aerodynamics subsystem (comprised mostly of aerospace students) builds the bodywork and works to boost the spm english car's performance. The electrical team (mostly from ECE and Computer Engineering) does the electronics. But the three believe SAE's interdisciplinary aspect has made them more well-rounded. For example, for cdi 2007, three years, Bastanipour worked on the electronics subsystem. (Team captain this year, he's taken on more managerial duties.)
People usually shop around and choose the marley subsystem they have the most fun on—whatever interests them the most, not necessarily what they're cut out to classe c 320, do, based on their degree, says Bastanipour. Because you can learn a lot more when you do that. Take Allmandinger. Submit Dissertation Umi Proquest! He was torn between mechanical and aerospace when he applied to Illinois ; being on the aerodynamics subsystem has filled that aerospace niche. The things we're doing are taught in 400-level aero classes: designing foils, designing aero package, a lot of c 320, high technicality analysis work, he says. Tok Essay Front Cover! It's really allowed me to mercedes cdi 2007, expand outside of the mechanical realm.
While Harris has mostly been mechanical (last year he led the chassi subsystem; this year he switched to suspension), he has another big responsibility: he's the main driver during races. In addition to exposing members to other disciplines, SAE fills another void: project-based learning: I think the biggest benefit is the hands-on work that you get to do, says Bastanipour. He says most MechSE courses are theoretical; students don't really build any projects or apply what they learn in class. Research! The cool part about this is, you take what you're learning in class…and you get to make real stuff with it. For example, they design something, analyze it (if it's structural, make sure it's not going to break, but can last the essay classe c 320 cdi 2007 whole racing season), figure out how to manufacture it, make it, then assemble it to the car.
And integrating their part with what other team members are doing teaches them a real-world skill—cooperating with others. Bastanipour says, Just the sheer amount of hands-on work, gives SAE students a jump start on their careers: All the places occurs stuff you'd learn later on essay c 320 cdi 2007, in industry, you get to tok essay, learn here for four years just by joining a team and mercedes c 320, working on front, a car. Aerodynamics Team leader Alex Allmandinger shows how one of the machines in their shop, a Shopbot 5-Axis CNC Router, works. Allmandinger says another benefit is mercedes, learning how to design something that can be manufactured cost-effectively: It is easy to design a super intricate part that works really well, but would cost 20–30 grand to manufacture, he admits. But SAE has helped them learn what's feasible, and what's not. Harris adds that, on thesis stem cell, class projects, there's a pretty notable difference between SAE versus non-SAE students: It just puts you miles ahead of the people who haven't had those same experiences. While two revamped mechanical design classes involve projects (student teams build a contraption to complete in mercedes c 320 cdi 2007, a challenge), They still don't reach the design and technology level of c 320 cdi 2007, having a really big part on research, a car and having to do all the steps, says Bastanipour. He equates what they do with senior design: a lot of work, and classe cdi 2007, going through all the same paces that people on this team do.
Their hard work all fall designing then building their race car pays off—and is design and technology coursework, tested—in spring at the two big races in which they compete. The biggest one, held at the Michigan International Speedway, is a two-part competition with static (such as business/marketing and design) and dynamic events (such as racing). For one static event, teams design a business and essay mercedes c 320, marketing plan for starting a company to submit, make their car and sell it to weekend racers. For the design event, people from industry come in and evaluate our designs and grill us about why we did what we did, says Harris. Since Michigan is the home of U.S. C 320 Cdi 2007! automobile manufacturing, judges are from nearby companies: Ford, Chrysler, GM, etc.
Harris and Bastanipour, who both interned at Bosch, knew one of the design judges. One of marley & me essay, my coworkers was a judge who specifically had our team and spoke to us, admits Bastanipour. So did knowing the judge help the team? Bastanipour's cryptic retort: It was interesting. He explains that, rather than giving them points because he knew them, the judge was a little bit harsher since he expected more out of us.
The one perk: knowing the judge made it more casual, it was somebody we knew that we could talk to, ask questions. While the mercedes classe c 320 cdi 2007 guys say Formula SAE is spm english essay, not about the fastest car, they're proud of their accomplishments and essay mercedes c 320 cdi 2007, keep their many trophies on display. While the marley essay team loves competing—they want to build a fast car and, obviously, want to win—that's not their primary motivation: We haven't really lost sight of the fact that it's an engineering competition, says Allmandinger. It's more about mercedes classe learning than it is about making the fastest car possible. So we could skip a lot of steps and make a really, really fast car, but we would be losing a lot of the whole design process and occurs, a lot of learning components for essay mercedes c 320 cdi 2007, new members.
In fact, they often opt for learning over winning because of financial considerations: You can spend money on the best components and all the best parts, admits Allmandinger. Stem Research! Some of the things we design ourselves, actual companies make, and probably make them better, but they're way more expensive. But just going out and buying a part wouldn't be the same as designing your own, actually going through the whole design and manufacturing process. Classe C 320 Cdi 2007! That's where you learn the most. So just how much does money come into play? Is there a ceiling on how much teams can spend?
The answer is: no, the sky's the limit. Where! You could really spend until you ran out of money, admits Bastanipour. So don't teams with a member whose dad is really rich have an unfair advantage? The answer is: yes—daddy can foot the bill. That's how all of racing is, says Harris. There's always the rich dad who bankrolls people.
But while motorsports may have embraced the c 320 old saying, Money makes the world go ‘round, (or the racing car), the thesis research guys say it's a good thing on many levels. For one, the financial incentive contributes to teams' interdisciplinarity…and networking: Teams that stretch out from just doing engineering to doing more PR and mercedes classe c 320, sponsorship outreach definitely benefit from spm english argumentative it, says Bastanipour. He says teams can spend well into c 320, the six figures and have tons and tons of logos on the car, because one of their goals is to occurs, reach out; if they need to make or order a part, they try to get it for free. Essay Mercedes Classe Cdi 2007! So, one of edexcel and technology coursework, motorsport's unspoken rules is, The more that you can network with people and get stuff, recites Bastanipour, the better you'll do overall. Allmandinger says networking can net more than just free parts. Having really good connections with sponsors has gotten team members internships…then jobs. Then, in a further chicken-and-egg effect, having alumni in companies ensures their getting first dibs on parts. For example, in August, their alumni at Ford, which has a really big lead time on parts, say, Hey, if you guys need anything made we can do it; just get it to us now.
So Bastanipour sends a list of already-designed parts, and Ford whips them up. So yeah, admits Bastanipour, it's definitely good to have ins with those big companies that can make stuff for you that we'd otherwise have to essay classe, pay a lot of money to do here. Mike Bastanipour displays steering wheel they designed and built. So, assuming the previous year's car is still around, does the team start over from scratch with their design (and parts), or build on the previous year's design? The only umi proquest, rule is mercedes c 320, that the car's structural frame (roll cage) must be new every year (for safety purposes). But otherwise, you can reuse everything if you want, says Bastanipour, but conscientiously qualifies that with: I think it would just be a little bit unfair if you took the car from front last year and started testing on essay mercedes classe, it immediately. They want you to actually have to build something new. So every year, SAE's leaders sit down and say, ‘Here's what we want to do better!' then assign projects and set goals. I think that's definitely the biggest part of this competition, and how so much stuff gets designed.
We want to make it better, and make the car faster, and improve everything, divulges Harris. One constraint regarding how much to reuse vs. redesign is tok essay, time. This is an engineering competition, admits Bastanipour, so we want to try to essay classe c 320, push the marley essay engineering as far as we can. But at c 320 the same time, there's a lot of edexcel and technology, stuff that has to get done for this car to get on track. So they've had to balance their dream of creating an engineering marvel with reality: meeting deadlines. That's a big reason we don't remake everything every year, he continues. We just don't have the resources to essay mercedes cdi 2007, redesign every part of the car every year, so we try to choose parts that will improve the performance a lot and then keep the ones that we know work the tok essay cover same. Though its members would probably do SAE just for the hands-on experience and the sheer joy of competing, there's an essay classe added bonus: course credits.
Freshmen and design and technology, sophomores take one hour per semester of the mercedes classe c 320 cdi 2007 Formula course, ME199. As students take on more significant roles and workloads (usually around their junior year) they up it to a 3-hour credit, because a critical part of the car is pretty much under your design control, and so you're going to be spending more time on it, explains Bastanipour. Marley & Me! Seniors also take 2 senior design courses; ME470 and ENG491. Getting class credit is actually a really nice part of classe c 320, our program here, admits Bastanipour. It's really rare, especially in competition, and adds that other teams might get senior design credit, but nowhere near as much credit as at Illinois . It helps the grades too, he unashamedly confesses. It helps offset the tok essay front fact that people spend time here instead of…uh…focusing on their classes 100%. Another benefit of SAE?
Members are practically guaranteed a job. We have 100% job placement, boasts Allmandinger. Classe! Every alumni we've had has come out with a full-time job. Tok Essay Cover! It's something we're all really proud of, but it also reflects on c 320 cdi 2007, the work that we do. And they do work hard. Besides the tons of hours put in during the semester (and Thanksgiving and Christmas break), they've all had internships in industry since their freshman year. Essay! We've all had this opportunity because we've done Formula, says Bastanipour. We have experience, and we get to have that experience out in industry as well, which gives them insight about what real-world engineers actually do: I learned a lot about not just engineering, he continues, but how your degree will actually be applied once you graduate. Keith Harris changes a tire on the Formula SAE car.
Another benefit of essay c 320, Formula SAE? It looks good on one's resume. Coursework! According to Harris, companies are looking for students with experience. Mercedes! When recruiters see Formula on your resume, they prod you for tok essay front cover, more about essay classe c 320 that. Online applications for Chrysler and Ford now say: Formula SAE experience recommended. Adds Harris, So it's definitely something that is in the minds of recruiters as an important and essay, worthwhile thing to classe c 320, do. How many students participate in SAE? Because of their focus on places where, recruiting and keeping members, their team has grown over the last couple of essay c 320 cdi 2007, years, from15–25 to essay, around 30–40 people who consistently show up and contribute. Harris acknowledges that the hardest time for students joining the essay mercedes team is the first semester of their freshman year. SAE designs everything in the fall, and spm english argumentative essay, the freshmen haven't had much formal coursework.
But they can still be involved. Put yourself out there; start gaining experience and learning about what we do, he recommends. Second semester, we start manufacturing stuff; that's when they can really get involved and actually make parts that go in c 320 cdi 2007, the cars. Allmandinger says lots of things Aero team does are at a higher level technically, but to get more people involved, they break things up into smaller projects. They also train new members on the STAR-CCM+ software used for CFD (computational fluid dynamics), which he says is pretty technical software to pick up and marley & me, learn…Aero started using the software for external aerodynamics simulation, says Alex, but now it's being applied to everywhere else on the car because it's such a powerful tool. So since team members spend so much time in the shop, do they have time to mercedes classe c 320 cdi 2007, make friends and do regular college-student-type activities? Bastanipour admits that one of the places where occurs biggest issues of the essay c 320 cdi 2007 team is that all your friends end up being team members. So they try to marley essay, meet up and have fun outside of the shop, he says.
They started formula football. Essay Mercedes Classe C 320 Cdi 2007! In the fall, they play football on the south quad, then watch a game together. They've also done tailgates, bar crawls, and edexcel, gone go-carting as a team. They hope to essay classe cdi 2007, attract more freshmen, but also help younger students to get more comfortable with the submit older people on the team. Alex Allmandinger prepares to use a Shopbot 5-Axis CNC Router , one of the machines in their shop that they use in constructing their car. Allmandinger agrees that Separating the shop from not the shop has been an emphasis: It's a little bit easy when we spend 40 hours a week in the same room with each other to get at each other's throats at some points in time.
So they've started emphasizing having time outside of the shop when you don't to talk about the race car or you put it to the side; it helps a lot in essay cdi 2007, keeping things going at spm english essay the shop as well. So do the essay classe c 320 cdi 2007 relationships built during those hours and hours spent together in where chemosynthesis occurs, SAE last? Bastanipour says they know alumni who have gone and worked for the same company and are still very good friends: We spend 4 years here; a lot of these guys, I've spent countless hours working with them at the shop. I've been with them to essay mercedes cdi 2007, Canada, Michigan, Nebraska. You spend a lot of spm english argumentative, time with each other here; I would hope that it transfers on mercedes c 320 cdi 2007, to the submit dissertation future, especially if we end up working next to each other. To help build the team and recruit, team members also try to mercedes classe, find time to visit high schools. Why give up precious Thanksgiving break time to visit high schools?
Says Bastanipour: That's how I was actually recruited for the team. What's their spiel? Why would highschoolers want join Formula SAE? Harris cites the experience: The amount you can learn just working on a small project on the team or being in charge of the whole team of subsystems is so much you won't get in classes. Where Occurs! You learn how to network with corporate sponsors, strategize as a team, improve the performance of a high-performance vehicle. There are just so many opportunities that you are going to mercedes cdi 2007, get that you won't get to do otherwise in your life. Allmandinger's favorite part is, You get to build a race car with sponsor's money! then adds, We do a lot of really cool things with a lot of tok essay front, really cool materials that we'd never be able to do once we graduate. He also says it helps students make friends with people who have similar interests. But Allmandinger also recommends SAE because of the career opportunities it opens up: I think if I was in high school, and you told me I would be working at Chrysler and at Ford and these really cool big automotive companies, I would not even believe you.
I would just be, ‘No way; that's so cool!' But now we have options. We're picking between the two. Essay Mercedes! We've put ourselves in really good positions through the formula SAE team. Harris appreciates the and technology coursework autonomy: The amount of classe, independence you have when designing things and choosing what to do is way, way, way bigger than anything you'd actually do once you get out into the real world. Stem Research! It's cool to be able to figure out what you want to classe c 320, do, and how you want to do things. I think it breeds a different type of engineer who is more willing to argumentative essay, push the boundaries and essay cdi 2007, go outside the box.
Story and photos by Elizabeth Innes, Communications Specialist, I-STEM Education Initiative. Left to right: Formula SAE team leaders: Alex Allmandinger, Keith Harris, and Mike Bastanipour, with the Formula SAE car, which is covered with sponsors' logos. I-STEM, 313 Noble Hall, 1209 S. Fourth St. (MC 508), Champaign, IL 61820; phone: 217-333-9625 Contact the I-STEM webmaster.
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Food Service Worker with 7+ years of experience in research, food preparation and service, and a certificate in Food Handling and essay mercedes classe Safety. Possesses a keen knowledge of wines, entrees, and the responsibilities of a successful restaurateur. Faithfully adhere to the highest standards of hygiene, quality and customer service. Thesis Stem Cell Research. Aiming to leverage my knowledge to essay mercedes cdi 2007, effectively perform a management position at your restaurant. RIVERSIDE RESTAURANT Chicago, IL. Food Service Worker September 2011 – Present. Memorized restaurant’s wine stock and the meals they should accompany, leading to daily wine sales averaging $150, fully 20% higher than company average Write patrons’ food orders on slips, memorize orders, or enter orders into computers for transmittal to thesis cell, kitchen staff in a 150+ seat restaurant Clean all work areas, equipment, utensils, dishes, and silverware and ensure they are stored appropriately in essay mercedes classe c 320, accordance to state law. Umi Proquest. Perform food preparation duties such as preparing salads, appetizers, and cold dishes, portioning salads, and brewing coffee in a fast-paced line kitchen. CARRABBA’S ITALIAN GRILL Chicago, IL. Trainee Food Service Worker August 2007 – July 2011. Present menus to essay classe c 320, patrons and answer questions about menu items, making recommendations upon request in a 70+ seat restaurant Assisted host or hostess by and technology coursework answering phones to c 320, take reservations or to-go orders, and by greeting, seating, and thanking guests Stored food in dissertation, designated containers and essay cdi 2007 storage areas to prevent spoilage and increase shelf life Presented wine samples for dissertation, guests to taste and opened the essay classe c 320 cdi 2007, bottles for them upon their approval Served food and beverages to patrons, and prepared or served specialty dishes at spm english argumentative tables as required.
Certificate in essay c 320 cdi 2007, Food Handling and Safety, June 2008. Bachelor of marley & me, Arts Degree in Culinary Arts, June 2007. Team worker who is able to adapt in highly dynamic and changing situations. Excellent problem solving and communication skills, with a focus on customer service Familiarity with Point of Sale terminals Bilingual (Spanish/English) Candidate uses a Combination resume format to emphasize achievements and skills, beginning with a Professional Profile introduction to mercedes c 320, present critical and relevant information Candidate bolds key waitressing skill keywords in the Professional Profile section, and marley & me essay lists her achievements after them Candidate emphasizes her ability to “upsell” customers on alcoholic beverages. Three Key Server Waitress Skills: 1. Salesmanship: Ability to essay classe c 320 cdi 2007, convince customers to make extra purchases by persuasively presenting entree wine pairings, selling desserts, and convincing patrons to return to the establishment. 2. Marley & Me. Communication: Ability to host, entertain, small talk, and speak fluidly in essay c 320 cdi 2007, front of strangers at length.
Ability to work together with other food service workers as a team, often working in pairs for bigger tables. Ability to keep a cool head when dealing with irate customers. 3. Management: Ability to teach new hosts and waiters how to present menu items, how to use Point of Sale (POS) Terminals, and design and technology coursework test trainees for memorization of food ingredients. Project Execution: Implemented new menu introduction strategies, increasing customer purchases of wine by 10% on average Management: Assisted in the training of cdi 2007, 6 new waiters, ensuring attention to detail and comprehensive understanding of restaurant methodology and marley & me practices Awards and Recognition: Frequently praised for excellent service on restaurant online rating system Salesmanship: Deep and mercedes c 320 cdi 2007 broad knowledge of wines and coursework appropriate entree pairings Communication: Fluent in English and mercedes classe cdi 2007 Spanish – Excellent verbal and written skills. Familiarity with Point of Sale (POS) and common restaurant machinery Able to chemosynthesis, memorize entire menu within a day, including ingredient combinations Proven ability to “upsell” alcohol, dessert, and appetizers to customers Bilingual Spanish and English. Waitress | Los Angeles, CA | 2012 – Present. Memorized restaurant’s wine stock and appropriate entree pairings, leading to daily wine sales averaging $180, fully 15% higher than company average Wrote patron’s food orders on slips, memorized orders, and mercedes classe cdi 2007 managed food resources in a 120+ seat restaurant Operated POS terminals to tok essay, input customer orders, swipe credit cards, and essay mercedes c 320 cdi 2007 enter cash amounts received Received in-depth training for proper food handing techniques, including proper freezer placement, appropriate soup temperatures, and equipment cleaning processes.
Hostess Waitress | Los Angeles, CA | 2010 – 2012. Awarded “Employee of the Month” two months consecutively Bussed tables, presented menus, seated customers, and assisted waiters with drink orders Trained 3 new hosts in spm english, providing excellent customer service and conflict resolution techniques. Florida State University, Orlando, FL. Bachelor of Arts in English, May 2008. Three Transferable Skills for Food Service:
1. Customer Interactivity: If you have ever had any experience dealing with customers (whether you were scooping ice cream, greeting people at a front desk, operating a ticket booth, etc.), this type of experience is transferable into any other customer service job. 2. Technical: Have you ever swiped a credit card, operated a Point of Sale (POS) Terminal, or re-stocked receipt paper? All of these skills are transferable into food service. 3. Communication: Bilingual ability, especially Spanish, will help your food service career chances significantly. If you’ve ever had a job where you’ve had to speak in front of mercedes classe cdi 2007, other people, that kind of dissertation umi proquest, communication ability is considered transferable. 534 Shelby Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 24542 * (433) 623-6234 * [emailprotected] Superior salesmanship skills, consistently outperforming company peers Friendly, outgoing, and charismatic personality well suited for essay mercedes cdi 2007, a fast paced, customer service oriented restaurant Experience with Point of Sale (POS) Terminals, with excellent basic math skills Working knowledge of wines, cocktail mixes, and tok essay other bartending skills Conversational in mercedes c 320, Spanish. Awarded “Employee of the Month” for consistently making achieving 15% above target sales Perfected menu presentation skills, providing customers a holistic understanding of the restaurant offerings, leading to places where chemosynthesis, more sales Trained 4 underperforming waiters in salesmanship methodology, increasing their sales to meet company average.
Experience with 3 types of POS Terminals, receipt roll replacement, and coffee machine cleaning Familiarity with common restaurant bread cutting machines, dishwashers, and essay classe cdi 2007 knowledge of submit dissertation umi proquest, equipment cleaning processes Excellent basic math skills, able to calculate and split bills in mercedes classe, the event of argumentative, POS Terminal downtime. Consistently scored over 90% satisfaction rating on customer feedback surveys Conversational in Spanish (able to take orders from essay classe c 320 cdi 2007 Spanish speaking customers.) Possess excellent conflict resolution skills in the event of customer dissatisfaction. University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. Bachelor of Science in Marketing, May 2005. 4 Steps to Writing the Ultimate Server Resume. “Food service” encompasses many different roles within a restaurant, cafeteria, or other food service establishment, such as waiters and servers, line cooks, bartenders, hosts and hostesses, and essay busboys. A waiter takes orders from a happy couple.
These roles fall into what are called the “front end” (customer service) and the “back end” (food preparation) of the establishments. This resume is relevant to those of you with “front end” server experience. We will teach you why this is an excellent resume, and how you can write your own in classe, a similar fashion. As a professional food service worker, you may currently be writing your resume in design coursework, order to: Find a new working environment Earn more money Attain a managerial role.
Read this resume writing guide to ensure you achieve your goals. By the mercedes classe cdi 2007, way be sure to read our Resume Writing 10 Commandments to understand the major rules that all resumes need to follow, including server resumes. If this seems difficult, you can always create a food service resume in minutes with our widely praised resume maker. 1. Include These Key Server, Waitress, and Waiter Skills. For some quick help, here are the spm english argumentative essay, key aspects you need to c 320, include on a server resume. Restaurant hiring managers will be looking for these specific traits to essay, decide if you’re a worthwhile candidate. Be sure to include these key server skills on your resume. Keep in mind that if you have any food service certifications, such as a Certification in Food Handling and mercedes classe c 320 Safety, you should place it at the top of where chemosynthesis occurs, your resume. If you don’t have any, you can land more interviews and potentially increase your salary by earning one.
The National Restaurant Association offers certifications here. 2. Write a Convincing Career Objective. The first major section of your resume is called the Career Objective. This applicant’s Career Objective IMMEDIATELY puts her on the short list for cdi 2007, an interview because she included relevant information throughout the where, objective. There are four reasons this example has a strong Career Objective. Pay particular attention to the bolded parts: 1st: It immediately states years of experience: 7+ years of essay classe c 320 cdi 2007, experience in stem, food preparation and service…
2nd: It indicates earned titles or certificates: Certificate in classe c 320, Food Handling and Safety. 3rd: It emphasizes deep knowledge of the business: Keen knowledge of submit umi proquest, wines, entrees , and the responsibilities of essay classe cdi 2007, a successful restauranteur. 4th: It states the position she wants to places where occurs, fill: “Aiming to…effectively perform a management position at your restaurant. “ In the eyes of a hiring manager, this applicant’s Career Objective IMMEDIATELY puts her on the short list for an interview because she included great resume builders throughout the essay c 320 cdi 2007, objective. Edexcel Design And Technology Coursework. It is also well written, and targeted at essay the managerial role she wants to marley & me, fill.
Good news! Food service manager roles are projected to increase by 11% through 2022. It’s very important to remember that the essay classe, Career Objective does not relate to argumentative essay, what YOU want from the cdi 2007, job, but rather what you can do for the company . In this way, the applicant makes a convincing argument that she’d be an coursework asset to the company in a managerial role. Our step by c 320 cdi 2007 step Career Objective writing guide can give you concrete ideas about and technology, how to write your own. 3. Mercedes Classe Cdi 2007. Describe your Server Experience with Numbers. Adding numbers to your job description bullet points will help the hiring manager grasp the size and scope of your responsibilities, and give them a clearer mental picture of your experience. By quantifying your resume, it will immediately become better than the vast majority of your competition. The easiest way to do this is to simply write how big your food establishment is, and and technology coursework how many seats it has.
The applicant does this twice for the two establishments she worked in, as you can see from the bolded text below: Write patrons’ food orders on classe c 320 cdi 2007, slips, memorize orders, or enter orders into computers for transmittal to kitchen staff in a 150+ seat restaurant Present menus to marley & me essay, patrons and mercedes c 320 answer questions about menu items, making recommendations upon request in front cover, a 70+ seat restaurant. Even by essay classe c 320 cdi 2007 making this simple addition, your resume will immediately be better than the edexcel design and technology, vast majority of your competition. If you really want to blow away the hiring manager, you’ll need to do more complex research, like this example: Memorized restaurant’s wine stock and the meals they should accompany, leading to essay c 320 cdi 2007, daily wine sales averaging $150, fully 20% higher than company average. Do you know how much you make in sales daily or monthly? You can expect to make an average of $47,960 per years as a Food Service Manager. Most restaurants — especially big chains — will track their servers’ sales statistics for the purposes of places where chemosynthesis occurs, budgeting (and, of essay, course, to cajole low performers). You can ask your manager to and technology, see these statistics, and include them on c 320, your resume.
Even if you didn’t perform spectacularly (like the essay, applicant), simply including this information in your resume will indicate to the hiring manager that you are self-motivated and hard working. This is classe cdi 2007 called writing an “achievement oriented” resume — and these tend to land the most interviews. Bonus: Action Verbs for Your Server Resume. 4. Include Relevant Additional Skills. Your Additional Skills section should not list your hobbies and interests, unless they are relevant to the job. Being bilingual in design and technology, Spanish and English is a valuable asset to essay mercedes, have, especially for a managerial position. (For instance, a wine connoisseur would be a valuable asset to a restaurant that sells wine.) Since you are a professional food service worker, regardless if you are crafting a server resume or one seeking a more supervisory role, you should definitely include these bullet points in your Additional Skills section to build a stronger resume:
Familiarity with Point of tok essay cover, Sale terminals Problem solving and communication skills. If you also happen to be bilingual in Spanish and essay cdi 2007 English, that also tends to design coursework, be a valuable asset to have in a US based restaurant — especially for a managerial position. Candidate emphasizes having a Certification in Food Handling and mercedes Safety Candidate places Education Section first due to having recent school experience Candidate mentions her high customer satisfaction rating. Getting the Education Section Right. All entry-level candidate resume must begin with the where chemosynthesis, education section. Although this candidate has had prior work experience, it was as a trainee, or as a part-time worker. The most important reason the essay classe cdi 2007, applicant is considered entry-level is because she just recently graduated from community college . This applicant has educational experience related to food service (Certificate in Food Handling and Safety, BA in Food Science). Understandably, you may not — and that’s fine. If you have no experience whatsoever, you’ll need to write a very convincing cover letter that the employer should take a chance on you. The education section on an entry-level resume can be more detailed and whimsical than a professional resume , because it’s likely that you don’t have prior work experience.
The hiring manager will be interested to know if you are generally an active person or not. Therefore, you can include information about: Clubs you’ve joined Greek life you participate in Relevant coursework GPA (if above 3.5/4.0) Other Good Food Service Industry Samples. Waiter – Newjobs.com (Note: One of the few decent resume samples in this industry on the net. The Professional Experience section introductory paragraphs are a bit overdone, and could instead use more bullet points. Otherwise, this is a great sample.) Waiter- career-development-help.com (Note: A simple, but effective resume.
Put your skills to the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown. Tok Essay Front Cover. There are tons of errors throughout. See why.
How to mercedes classe c 320 cdi 2007, Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. Resume Builder Comparison | Resume Genius vs. LinkedIn Labs. What are the differences between the major online resume builders?
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25 Excellent Ajax Techniques and Examples. Essay Classe? Ajax allows for rich-internet applications that mimic the responsiveness and coursework, complex user interfaces typically associated with desktop applications. Moving applications to the web browser opens many possibilities, including the classe c 320 cdi 2007, ability to save user data, connecting with other users for collaboration and sharing, and making deployment and using the application easier since web browsers are standard-issue with most computers regardless of operating system. If you#8217;re interested in expanding your understanding of Ajax techniques and practices, check out these 25 hand-picked Ajax articles and tutorials that outline various methods and concepts involved in the development of submit, Ajax-based applications. Though most are geared for budding and intermediate developers, veterans might find a trick or two they haven#8217;t encountered before. Essay Mercedes Classe Cdi 2007? Build a simple RSS reader that takes remote XML data from RSS feeds using Ajax, PHP, and design and technology coursework, MySQL. This example allows users to view feed content from multiple sources in one page.
7. How to essay cdi 2007, integrate Google Calendar in cell, your website using AJAX. This tutorial shows you how to create a web page component that calls a publicly available Google calendar. Essay Classe Cdi 2007? Google Calendar allows you to easily create, share, and manage events and places where occurs, is an essay, excellent feature for community websites. 8. & Me? Edit In Place with AJAX Using jQuery. In this example, users are given the mercedes cdi 2007, ability to edit the submit dissertation, XHTML of the web page they#8217;re currently viewing. The example is a proof-of-concept – presenting how this functionality can be achieved using jQuery.
12. Safer Contact Forms Without CAPTCHAs. One way to reduce spam from public web forms is to essay classe, implement a system to verify if the submitter is human by using image CAPTCHAs. Problems arise with accessibility when individuals using visual assistive technologies are presented with the test (and thus cannot continue on). This simple technique uses an Ajax call to a server-side script to drop a cookie on argumentative, the user#8217;s computer. Avoiding the use of image-based CAPTCHAs is a good idea. Classe? With that said, many sites still prefer using this technique to distinguish between humans and computers. Essay? If forgoing web accessibility is appropriate for your situation, this article outlines a unique method for administering CAPTCHA tests.
The user is presented with a sequence of descriptions (i.e. Animal, Costume, Boy), and asked to click on a set of images in sequential order. The clicks are recorded and validated, returning the appropriate status message. Though probably not an ideal solution to CAPTCHAs, it does outline a fundamental technique for essay mercedes developing responsive user interfaces use it for inspiration. Create a basic login form that asynchronously validates the inputted data. Thesis? The example uses the jQuery form plugin and PHP to process the request. 15. Nice Ajax effect for message box using Mootools. In this example, a message box that fades after a specified duration is displayed when the user clicks on the #8220;save#8221; button. This is a model for supplying users with the status of their request, and an real Ajax request should typically happen when the user clicks on the #8220;save#8221; button. The AutoCompleter tutorial teaches you how auto completion of input fields can be accomplished.
By using client cookies to keep track of the session#8217;s state, you can cut down on processes that may be redundant. Though the article presents an example using Python for server code – the essay mercedes c 320, model remains the same in virtually any language you use. 24. A Better Ajax Back Button Solution. Here#8217;s a workaround to submit, issues pertaining to Ajax-loaded content breaking web browser controls and bookmarking capabilities. The solution involves firing off a function at a set interval that checks the #value of the URL, and then presenting the correct content. It restores the ability to bookmark the content. In Part 2 of the article, you#8217;ll see a working example and additional discussion of this method. 25. Making Ajax Work with Screen Readers.
One of the biggest drawbacks of loading content via Ajax is that it fails to indicate an update of the content to users who are reliant on screen readers. For people who are not visually-impaired – messages and status indicators can be visual queues that the content is essay c 320 cdi 2007 changing; this isn#8217;t effective for users with visual impairments. This article draws out the underlying issues and proposes techniques to make Ajax-based applications work with screen readers. There we have it#8230; some brilliant Ajax techniques and examples. I hope you#8217;ve found some links of interest that will help you in a future project or in advancing your command of Ajax. Have you got your own favorite link? Let#8217;s see it by dropping a message in the comments section.
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Cheap #038; Easy Beef Jerky Strips Using Ground Beef. Welcome to my blog! If you like what you're reading, subscribe to my newsletter and essay classe, never miss a recipe. Thanks for visiting! Although definitely cheaper than store bought, making your own homemade beef jerky can still be costly.
It all depends on submit umi proquest the type and cut of meat used. London broil is one of my favorite meats to essay classe cdi 2007, make jerky with, but it costs roughly $10-12 a pound (here in argumentative Alaska, anyways), so using it on a normal basis isn’t financially feasible. What is financially feasible, however, is lean ground beef. I pay about $10 for 3 pounds of ground beef, and if you factor in another $2-3 for mercedes c 320 cdi 2007 the beef broth, sea salt, and submit, seasonings, I can fill a gallon-size bag about 3/4 of the way full with jerky using this recipe for about $13. That’s a lot of jerky for cheap, cheap, cheap!! When I set out to create these Cheap Easy Beef Jerky Strips Using Ground Beef, I didn’t want to essay mercedes classe, use gluten free soy sauce (otherwise known as gluten free tamari) to flavor the meat, nor did I want to use coconut aminos as an alternative (I don’t care for them and they can be expensive). So I decided to submit dissertation umi proquest, try a liquid mixture of beef broth, molasses, and liquid smoke. I couldn’t believe how perfect it all worked out; these jerky strips are bursting with flavor! We use this jerky gun to classe cdi 2007, form our ground beef into jerky strips.
These are the wider strips pictured below, but after we made a few batches of jerky, we found we prefer the essay thinner strips (the thinner strips of jerky are in all of the c 320 cdi 2007 other pictures shown in this post). Marley! One tip we’ve found helpful while working with our jerky gun: Keep your meat cold! Cold meat will pass through the jerky gun much easier than meat at c 320 cdi 2007 room temperature. And just in case you were wondering, I did throw away the marley & me cure and flavor packets that came with my jerky gun. They contain preservatives, MSG, and mercedes c 320, lots of unhealthy ingredients!
All my love, and Happy New Year! Megan (with a long E) 3 pounds ground beef (use 90% lean meat/10% fat or leaner) 5 teaspoons garlic powder 4 teaspoons onion powder 3-4 teaspoons sea salt (we prefer 4 teaspoons) 2 teaspoons ground black pepper 1 1/4 cup beef broth 1 tablespoon Wright’s Hickory Liquid Smoke 2 teaspoons unsulphured molasses. Place the ground beef, garlic powder, onion powder, sea salt, and ground black pepper in a large mixing bowl. Stir together the beef broth, liquid smoke, and molasses, and then pour it into essay, the mixing bowl with the ground beef. Essay! Stir until well combined. Cover and marinate for at least 3 hours in occurs the refrigerator. Form the meat into strips, about 1/8-1/4” thick, using a jerky gun or by essay classe cdi 2007 using your hands or a rolling pin to places where chemosynthesis occurs, flatten the meat into mercedes classe, strips or whatever shape you desire. Marley & Me! Dehydrate in a dehydrator at 145 degrees (F) for 6-12 hours. Place the jerky strips on paper towels to mercedes classe c 320 cdi 2007, cool and to absorb any excess fat.
Consume within 24-48 hours at room temperature, or store in the refrigerator in an air tight container for up to 7 days. For long-term storage, freeze in an air tight container and consume within 3-4 months. A: I don't see why you couldn't on the lowest temp, but I have not tried it, so I can't say for sure if it will work or not. If you do try it, please come back and let us know if you were successful! This post may contain affiliate links which I may receive a small commission from (without any additional costs to you). The money earned from these commissions helps me maintain this website. Tok Essay! Thank you for your support in this way! What a brilliant idea, Megan! These turned out beautifully.
I know Son would love this beef jerky. #128578; Off to essay mercedes classe cdi 2007, share … xo, Thank you, Shirley! I’m very pleased that they turned out so well! It’s nice to have a cheaper alternative to actual slices of more expensive meat! Looks like a very good basic recipe. I have not tried making jerky with broth.
I will have to try your recipe! My youngest brother and I have been making jerky for years using ground beef, beefalo, or venison. I have a Nesco/American Harvest and my brother has an tok essay front, Excalibur. I use the ground meat method, my brother uses the classe c 320 jerked, cut of meat method. He makes very delicious jerky that I have not been able to submit dissertation, master as well as he does, he just has a touch. Thank you for mercedes c 320 cdi 2007 the lovely recipe Megan. Beefalo (what a cool name)? I’m guessing that’s a mix of ground beef and bison? What do you normally season your jerky with? Some people just have that touch, don’t they?
Kind of like a mom’s cooking… no one can duplicate it! #128521; Thank you — and coursework, you are so welcome! Beefalo is an animal that is bred to be cow and bison/buffalo. Essay Classe C 320! (I know we don’t have true buffalo here in North America) The flavor is rich and beefy. Submit! The farmer raised them grassfed. I found out essay mercedes classe c 320 cdi 2007, about this through the CSA I belong to. Sadly, he has had to retire, and no one wanted to take over the business. Five pounds of submit dissertation meat will make approximately one pound of jerky. I use gluten free soy sauce (San-J), and salt. I think the soy adds a depth of flavor. Essay Classe Cdi 2007! This is one way:
1/4 cup Soy Sauce. 3 Teaspoons Salt. Salt free Chili powder blend from Frontier Herbs to taste (2 Teaspoons) 2 Teaspoons Onion Powder. 2 Teaspoons Garlic Powder. 1 Teaspoon dried Oregano.
2 teaspoons fresh ground black pepper. Mix well, and put in the jerky gun, and do three shots. Dry on low around 110 degrees until dry and pliable, it depends on the humidity in the house. Places Where Chemosynthesis! I do low for mercedes classe the enzymes in the food. I also have done the soy sauce, salt, 4 Tablespoons of tok essay front Maple Syrup, and sometimes add the onion and essay cdi 2007, garlic or not for the salty/sweet and the black pepper. Spm English Argumentative Essay! This takes longer to dry and also I use a little higher temperature 125 to 135 degrees to assure good drying. My brother brines the meat in a gallon of water, 8 ounces of salt and essay cdi 2007, weigh it down for 12 hours. Dry it off well and then proceed with the sprinkling the meat on both sides, sometimes he uses molasses. A good resource to learn that my brother gave me is: Don Holm’s Book of Food Drying, Pickling, and Smoke Curing.
By Don and Myrtle Holm. He grew up without refrigeration and this is the things he learned and his family did to have food on the table that would not spoil. I if I am drying. So interesting! Thanks for sharing the umi proquest information on the beefalo – and your recipe! I’m always curious how others like their jerky. There are lots of mercedes cdi 2007 great recipes out edexcel and technology, there. I’ll have to essay classe cdi 2007, check out that book too. Again, thanks for front cover the tips, Joanne! #128521; What a tasty snack Megan and one that won’t break the bank #128578; I love the addition of liquid smoke to classe c 320, this recipe-such great flavor! I do too, Laura!
Liquid smoke is magical! #128521; I would really like to submit umi proquest, try this but don’t have a dehydrator. Is it possible to make in an oven? I think it would do okay in an oven on the lowest temperature possible (mine goes down to mercedes, 170 degrees F), but I haven’t tried it so I can’t say for certain. Thank you so much for this recipe!
I would never have thought to try making jerky with ground meat. (I’m not too good at thinking outside the box). We are blessed to marley & me, have a source of grass fed free range ground beef and classe c 320, have quite a lot this year. Tok Essay Front Cover! I will definitely try this. You are so welcome, Jennifer! Enjoy it! #128521; Megan, I love this idea.
Gluten-free son and I both like to have jerky for on the go protein. I only wish I had the equipment to make this properly! I’m not ready to buy a dehydrator, but I might try it in the oven. Thanks, Linda! If you do try it in the oven, please share your results! #128521; Megan, I love your site and have shared it with many friends. This is the first time I see something on classe cdi 2007 it that I am nervous about: is liquid smoke not a dubious ingredient? I really appreciate your comment on marley this.
Excellent question, thank you for asking! Wright’s Liquid Smoke is gluten free. Wright’s has stated this on their website (you can find it by clicking HERE, it’s in the very first line you’ll see). I always appreciate it when others share my website, so thank you very much! #128521; I’m not gluten free but I don’t like to add artificial or chemical flavoring I substitute sesame oil for mercedes cdi 2007 liquid smoke (it doesn’t take much) but it does need a very low temp to keep the flavor. Design And Technology! It adds that smokey flavor in a more natural way. We love beef jerky…your recipe sounds amazing. My Sons just love Beef Jerky and this will be a great recipe for essay mercedes c 320 them. Thanks so much for sharing with Full Plate Thursday and have a great weekend! That looks like something i can manage and the results look really nice.
Thanks for the tip about tok essay front, keeping the essay mercedes classe cdi 2007 meat cold, i will remmeber that. Places Occurs! I cant wait to give it a go. Thanks, Jon! I hope you enjoy it! This is the most amazing idea. Essay Mercedes Classe C 320! I am going to try this asap! My Gramie used to stem, make homemade beef jerky and it was delicious but so tough. Beef jerky tends to essay cdi 2007, really hurt my jaw. So I cannot wait to make your recipe.. Featuring this week on cover AFW.
Thanks for essay mercedes linking up at our Gluten Free Fridays party! I have tweeted and pinned your entry to our Gluten Free Fridays board on Pinterest! #128578; Hope your week is great! Can’t wait to see what you link up this week! Cindy from vegetarianmamma.com. LOVE, love, LOOOVE this recipe! 3. My quest for feeding my family healthier led me to spm english argumentative, finally buy a dehydrator with my Christmas money.
The second thing I made in my new dehydrator, was this recipe. OMG. My husband and two older teen boys were skeptical when I talked about the essay cdi 2007 new ground beef jerky recipe. (Uh, Mom, you can#039;t make jerky from places occurs ground beef…) And I usually make the mercedes recipe as it is written the first time; BUT, I was in places where a hurry to essay mercedes, try out the dehydrator, and spm english argumentative essay, had to omit the liquid smoke and beef broth, subbed in some Trader Joe#039;s smoke seasoning, and essay classe c 320 cdi 2007, water for the broth. Holy cow! Even with my subs, my guys inhaled it and asked for an immediate repeat! I had already bought the same jerky gun, used the wide strip for the first batch, and used the narrow strips for the second.
My guys also like the narrow strips better. The jerky gun is the bomb! I will have to order on line for the liquid smoke. Chemosynthesis! The varieties I found in my local store have too many additives, so mail order it is. @Joanne, thanks for sharing your recipe as well. BTW, my dehydrator cost less than $60. I debated for ONE YEAR whether or not to get one.
If you are on essay mercedes classe cdi 2007 the fence trying to edexcel design and technology, decide, don#039;t wait any longer! If you are looking for a way to get healthy meat protein, this jerky recipe alone will change your life. It is that good. Thanks for mercedes classe c 320 reading my lengthy comment, but I#039;m on such a high from this success! (I just love when you discover a winner) Stella, could you tell me what jerky gun you bought. I’ve been making the strips by hand and it takes a lot of time. Stella said she has the and technology coursework same jerky gun as I do, and you can purchase it by CLICKING HERE. I really want to essay mercedes classe c 320, get THIS ONE though. It’s a bit more expensive, but if you’re serious about dissertation, making jerky this one might hold up better over time. You’re comment made my WHOLE day!
I’m so happy to hear this recipe was a hit with your family! Thank you so much for essay mercedes c 320 cdi 2007 taking the time to comment. #128521; And thank you for the substitution information too, I’m sure other readers will find it helpful. Like I said, I get such a high when I discover a new recipe that works for my family. I’m glad my comment made you happy! (happy is good :-). In regards to the jerky gun, @louise, the link Megan posted is the same one I have.
I went and bought the cheaper version because I wasn’t too sure if I would even like dehydrating. One negative aspect I keep reading about it is that the plastic it is made out of is very brittle and will break easily. So, I’ll keep using the cheaper one until it breaks, then I’ll invest in and technology coursework a metal gun. I haven’t had a chance to search your site Megan, but do you have a fruit leather recipe that I could use? I don’t have a fruit leather recipe posted yet. I keep experimenting with them though- just haven’t come up with a solid, consistent enough recipe worthy of posting. #128521; Hopefully soon!
Megan, what brand of dehydrator did you buy? Oops, I mean Stella. If making in your oven just use the gun to make long strips on cookie sheets. Classe C 320! Use the lowest temperature and prop a jar lid on the side near the top of the oven door so the oven is slightly open and allows the moisture to dissertation umi proquest, leave the c 320 cdi 2007 oven. Places Where Chemosynthesis Occurs! What I love about this method is clean up is essay classe c 320 cdi 2007, easy and you can form super long strips and then cut them up later. Thesis Research! I have a food dehydrator as well so when I make jerky I do very large batches using both the oven and the dehydrator. I freeze jerky using snack size bags (which I store in the freezer to essay classe cdi 2007, reuse for spm english argumentative essay the next batch) This way we can just grab a little bag for school or work if we wish. Great information, Suzanne!
Thank you for sharing! #128521; Ive made this a few times now, a hit in our family! We used deer meat from hunting season. Mercedes Classe C 320 Cdi 2007! I omitted the beef broth ( wasnt sure why it needed to be there) and used 3qts if meat with the spices suggested. Yum!
Actually we can get buffalo here in North America…it’s hard to tok essay front, find and relatively expensive. My ex-boss and here husband last year butchered both their “buffalo” and mercedes classe c 320 cdi 2007, they had never been crossed with cow. Actually, most buffalo nowadays have a small amount of beef / cow blood in them. Sort of like my many friends who all have a “small” amount of Indian blood in thesis research them and they are blonde haired, blue eyed… you’d never know, despite it. It’s just been so far out, that it’s mostly gone, but nonetheless, most buffalo still have minor amount of essay classe our domestic cow lines in them.
Now if you are crossing them again together today with our buffalo and a cow, then it’s a beefalo #128578; Sorry, biology major, had to chime in. Benji Two-Spirit says. I made this recipe using ground turkey. It was amazing and the flavor reminded me of essay my childhood. My friends at work are begging me to make some more. Essay Classe C 320 Cdi 2007! I’m going to be making a big batch this next week before I go hiking in the rockies. Thank you for using an old fashioned simple recipe for a delicious classic. I made this and it is spm english essay, soooo yummy! I made this yesterday and essay classe cdi 2007, it is the best beef jerky I’ve ever had.
Seriously. It has the essay perfect texture and chew and is not tough like some of the other recipes I’ve made. This will be my go-to from now on!! I had no idea ground beef would turn out so good as a jerky! I used coconut aminos in place of the molasses but kept everything else the same. How long would you say this 90/10 ground beef would last at room temperature before going rancid?
Also how do you store it? Storage directions are included in the recipe directions – check out essay classe c 320 cdi 2007, #7. #128521; Sam Glancy says. Is there any way to make it last longer without refrigeration? For backpacking? Maybe if you dehydrated it for thesis longer (to cook the essay classe c 320 meat more). Spm English! The texture would be pretty leathery, but if it kept you healthy it would probably be worth it. #128521; Just put some of mercedes classe cdi 2007 this in front cover the dehydrator, only I changed the recipe a bit.
I didn’t have liquid smoke or broth handy, so I skipped the broth and used smoked sea salt instead of the plain salt. Mercedes Cdi 2007! Excited to tok essay, see how it turns out. Mercedes Classe! Thanks for the recipe! Weird question. Can you possibly turn this recipe into a bigger log and slice it like pepperoni. My little guy loves applegate pepperoni but I am trying to find an alternative for health and cost reasons. Thanks! Not a weird question… just a unique one! I think you probably could turn this into a big loaf, but I would mix the meat (omit the beef broth), and then refrigerate it for at edexcel design and technology coursework least 12-24 hours.
Bake the log (in the c 320 oven) at 200 degrees for 8-10 hours. Granted, I haven’t tried this, but if I were going to, that’s where I would start. #128521; If you are going to try it, I’d start with a half batch, then you can test the places chemosynthesis occurs recipe and see if you like it and if it turns out cdi 2007, well – that way you’re not wasting 3 lbs of meat the first go-around. Once you have your recipe solid, then double the batch. I hope that’s helpful! Meredith Massey says. I loved this recipe! I made it yesterday and just shared the jerky with people at work. Tok Essay Front! Everyone loved it. I use My Fitness Pal and am wondering how I should divide up the servings. I think the essay mercedes molasses and the liquid smoke are going to be negligible.
Have you ever calculated the umi proquest nutritional value of this snack? Thanks again for the recipe! I’m happy everyone enjoyed these! They are certainly a favorite in essay classe cdi 2007 this house. Submit Dissertation! #128521; I have never calculated the nutritional value. You could certainly do that in My Fitness Pal or Calorie Counter though! I made this recipe a couple weekends ago. Mercedes! I absolutely love it! I have been making a lot of jerky lately and spm english argumentative, so far this is the essay classe c 320 best.
I have been using flank steak, “ready-to-eat” smoked flank steak (which turned out argumentative, really Salty, not recommended), and top round steak. Other than some trouble with over-dehydrating a few batches and the almost too Salty to eat smoked flank steak, the rest were great! But I never expected ground beef to turn out so amazing #128578; The texture was perfect, and mercedes classe, the flavor was too! I went with the lower amount of salt and used Canning salt instead of marley & me sea salt. Tonight I am making another batch, but I added 1.5 Tbsp of mercedes Dean Jacobs hot Chipotle seasoning.
I like a little heat to my jerky. We’ll see how it turns out. I just received this email form Wrights liquid smoke. …..Thank you for your email. The apple flavor in our Wright’s Apple Wood Liquid Smoke contains ethanol, apple essence, water, and proprietary natural flavors. The maple flavor contains propylene glycol, natural smoke flavor, and proprietary natural flavors.
Yikes ….propylene glycol? I am looking for a meat that my kids can take in their lunches to school and I am afraid to thesis stem research, send things that have to be cold. Mercedes Classe Cdi 2007! I am looking for & me essay a jerky recipe to essay cdi 2007, solve this problem. Submit Dissertation Umi Proquest! I do have a couple questions. Why does the mercedes classe cdi 2007 meat have to tok essay front, be so lean? Also what is the purpose of the smoke or is it just for flavoring? Thanks! If the meat isn’t lean, your dehydrator fills with grease – just trust me on this, it’s a mess you don’t want to clean up!
As for the smoke, it’s strictly just for flavor. Feel free to leave it out if you’d like, it’s still delicious without it. Essay Mercedes! #128521; Hi Megan, I always wanted to try out a jerky recipe in the dehydrator. Love to use a dehydrator recipes. I am printing this page by spm english the way.
And I will be preparing it today, will let you how it turns out. I will recommend you to my readers #128578; . This is a GREAT Jerky recipe!! We love it and will be making more today! My sons and essay cdi 2007, I have similar health concerns/issues as you talked about in your blog. I have recently gone no grains, no sugars, no soy, no peanuts or peanut “relatives”,–pretty much a Doug Kauffman Phase One diet. Feel so much better. Thank you for the posts. Following you for more great ideas! Geoff Officer says. Hi . I am making ground beef jerky today using a jerky gun AND my oven . Do not have a dehydrator. I just wanted to pass along a bit of information about how i learned to use an oven.
For years i used an tok essay front cover, old fridge outside with a hot plate on the bottom for classe c 320 cdi 2007 a smoker. Marley Essay! but recently decided to use the oven. and i have switched from bottom round roasts to lean ground hamburger. using recipes online i use my jerky gun to make strips , not rounds. I found two more matching racks for essay my oven in a recycling place and now use three . i also found three finer grated racks which i place on top of the places where chemosynthesis existing ones so as food does not slip through. here is my trick. Essay Mercedes C 320! my lowest setting is about 200 degrees. so, after filling three racks , top, middle and design, bottom, with tin foil under the element, i leave the mercedes cdi 2007 door open enough to insert a hair dryer at cell an angle to ensure that the heat swirls around inside enough to get at all three grills. Mercedes C 320 Cdi 2007! one hour is edexcel coursework, all i need at 200. i did this with bottom round, and i am still doing this with lean ground. set your hairdryer on warm and on low speed. and turn your oven light on to keep checking on it. Classe Cdi 2007! you can usually tell when it is submit dissertation, close to being done by the color. I am dying to make this and this sounds delicious.. have you tried ham and essay mercedes cdi 2007, bacon yet? Ham and bacon? Like mixed into places, the ground beef?
Is that what you’re asking? I never heard about this. BTW, looks awesome this recipe .. Essay Mercedes! hope my son like this. i will cook this today. Hi Megan, I love your blog and the effort you put into it in serving your readers. Now that I’ve said that.. I used to buy this from a guy in my neighborhood, although he doesn’t use dehydrator to dissertation, make his own. Now if I use a dehydrator, I should get something even tastier and more luscious. Hi, I’m Megan!
Alaskan girl, mother of c 320 children with food allergies, homeschooler, coffee lover, and I’m also trying to heal my autoimmune diseases through diet naturopathic medicine. Read More…
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Технические характеристики Mercedes-Benz C 320 CDI (W204
Finland Essay Research Paper Finland by Chris. Author: Justin Biber. Finland Essay, Research Paper. Chris Stott World Geography. Your assignment: Pick one country in Eastern Europe. C 320 Cdi 2007! Give a brief history of the country before and where occurs, after the break up of the mercedes cdi 2007 Soviet Union. Argumentative Essay! As you explore your country, consider the following:
What were the major political and economic forces at work when the Soviet Union wielded power in the region, and how have those forces played out over the last 10 years? I have chosen to essay c 320 cdi 2007, write about Finland for my trip. As you can see Finland is located at the far north of this map and front cover, it shares boarders with Russia, Sweden and Norway. Finland’s traces of mercedes c 320 cdi 2007 human settlement date back to the thaw of the umi proquest last Ice Age some 10,000 years ago. The Finns’ ancestors seem to have dominated half of northern Russia before arriving on the north of the Baltic coast well before the Christian era. By the essay c 320 end of the Viking Age, Swedish traders and chemosynthesis, chieftains had extended their interests throughout the Baltic region. Over the centuries, Finland has sat precariously between the Protestant Swedish empire and Eastern Orthodox Russia. Classe Cdi 2007! For seven centuries, from the 12th century until 1809, it was part of Sweden.
Finland was blighted by constant battles with Russia, and severe famines. From 1696-97, famine killed a third of all Finns. What are the ethnic, religious and cultural issues in that country, and how have they changed or been effected over time? Tove Jansson, the author of the design coursework Moominland stories, probably has the highest international profile among contemporary Finns, although you cannot escape the design work of essay classe cdi 2007 Alvar Aalto in public buildings, towns and furniture. Jean Sibelius, one of the greatest of modern composers, wrote recognisably Finnish pieces for the glorification of his people and in defiance of the Russian oppressors. Sibelius and the nationalistic painter Akseli Gall?n-Kallela fell under the spell of essay Karelianism, a movement going back to the folk songs Elias L?nnrot compiled for mercedes cdi 2007 the national epic, the Kalevala in the 1830s. The Kalevala is an epic mythology that includes creation stories and thesis, the fight between good and evil. Aleksis Kivi founded modern Finnish literature with Seven Brothers, a story of brothers who try to escape education and civilisation in favour of the forest. Finnish is a Uralic language and belongs to the Finno-Ugric group.
It is closely related to Estonian and Karelian, and has common origins with Samoyed and the languages spoken in essay mercedes classe c 320, the Volga basin. The most widely spoken of the Finno-Ugric languages is Hungarian, but similarities with Finnish are few. With 6% of the population speaking Swedish, Finland is officially a bilingual country. Finlandssvenska, or ‘Finland’s Swedish’, is very similar to the language spoken in Sweden, but local dialects have many Finnish words. As a travel writer, what would you recommend other Young Spiffy Americans Abroad see and do in places where, this country? What precautions should they take when traveling? Visas: Most western nationals, including Americans, citizens of EU countries, Australians, Canadians, New Zealanders, Malaysians, Singaporeans and most South Americans do not need a visa. Health risks: Slippery pavements. Essay C 320! If you’re mushroom picking, make sure you know what you’re eating.
Time: GMT/UTC plus two hours. Electricity: 220V, 50Hz. Weights #038; measures: Metric. Tourism: 2.5 million visitors per year. Currency: markka (mk), euro. ? Top-end: US$22 and upwards. ? Top-end: US$90 and upwards. Finland was declared the world’s most expensive country in 1990, right before it was hit by recession. Since then the markka has been reasonably low and places, prices are much more bearable.
If you’re travelling on mercedes a tight budget you should be able to get by on around $25 a day. Submit Dissertation Umi Proquest! This would cover hostel accommodation, self-catering and no alcohol or bottled drinks. If you want to have a slightly more user-friendly holiday, a budget of around $50 a day should do it, and for a few more luxuries, such as your own bathroom, taxis and a restaurant meal or two a day, you’ll need about US$100 a day. Finland’s three national banks have offices all over the country, but they will charge you slightly more for exchanges than private exchange bureaux. Travellers cheques are expensive to change. Many Finnish ATMs will accept foreign cards on the Visa or Plus system, but if they don’t take your plastic rest assured that credit cards are accepted all over the country. Tipping is generally not necessary anywhere.
Service charge is usually included in restaurants’ listed price. Bargaining will get you nowhere in mercedes classe, most shops, but could come in handy if you’re after trekking equipment or used bikes, when you might get a 10% discount if you ask nicely. Things to Do in Finland? Whatever time of umi proquest year you visit Finland, there’s something happening. Most museums and galleries are open year-round, and there is as much to classe, do in the depths of winter as there is at the height of summer. Nevertheless, you’ll probably have a better time if you come in the warmer months, either in summer or anytime from May to September. As well as the advantages of cover warm weather, summer is the time of the midnight sun. Winter north of the Arctic Circle is a chilly confluence of essay mercedes classe c 320 strange bluish light and encroaching melancholy. Despite snow falls from edexcel and technology November, it stays pretty sludgy until late winter: skiing isn’t great until February, the coldest month, and you can ski in mercedes cdi 2007, Lapland right through to June.
Midsummer’s Day (Juhannus) is the most important annual event for Finns. Spm English Argumentative Essay! People leave cities and towns for summer cottages to celebrate the longest day of the year. Bonfires are lit and lakeside merrymakers swim and row boats. Essay Classe Cdi 2007! Enthusiastic alcohol consumption is also a feature of midsummer partying. The Pori Jazz Festival in July is dissertation one of the country’s most popular festivals, but the Savonlinna Opera Festival, held at medieval Olavinnlinna Castle, is the most famous. Some of the best (and the essay classe c 320 cdi 2007 most international) festivals are the most remote: check out chamber music in Kuhmo, or folk music in Kaustinen (near Kokkola). For rock, there are big festivals during the Midsummer weekend, and big annual events, such as Ruisrock, the coursework longest-running of rock festivals, at Turku in July. On the essay mercedes classe c 320 lighter side, check out the Sleepyhead Day, where on 27 July the laziest person in the towns of Naantali and Hanko is & me thrown into the sea. Finland’s strangest event is the annual wife-carrying championship held every July in essay cdi 2007, tiny Sonkaj?rvi. Other Interesting Facts.
Finland (Finnish name Suomi) is places where occurs a republic which became a member of the European Union in 1995. Its population is 5.2 million. The capital Helsinki has 555 500 residents. Finland is an advanced industrial economy: the metal, engineering and electronics industries account for 50 % of export revenues, the forest products industry for 30 %. Finland is said to be ‘the most on-line nation in the world’, with more mobile phones and essay classe cdi 2007, Internet connections per capita than any other country. Forests cover three quarters of the country’s surface area of 338 000 sq. km. Other outstanding features of essay Finland’s scenery are some 190 000 lakes and approximately as many islands. Essay C 320 Cdi 2007! The principal archipelago and the self-governing province of the ?land Islands lie off the south-west coast while the main lake district, centred on Lake Saimaa, is in the east.
Finland is situated in northern Europe between the design and technology coursework 60th and 70th parallels of latitude. A quarter of essay cdi 2007 its total area lies north of the Arctic Circle. Finland’s neighbouring countries are Sweden, Norway and Russia, which have land borders with Finland, and Estonia across the Gulf of Finland. Much of the cell research country is a gently undulating plateau of worn bedrock and boreal forests, presenting a striking mixture of essay classe c 320 wooded hills and waters. High rounded fells form the landscape in Finnish Lapland, the coursework most northerly part of the country. The climate is classe marked by cold winters and warm summers. The mean annual temperature in the capital, Helsinki, is 5.3 degrees Celsius. The highest daytime temperature in southern Finland during the summer occasionally rises to almost 30 degrees. During the winter months, particularly in January and February, temperatures of minus 20 Celsius are not uncommon.
In the spm english essay far north, beyond the classe c 320 cdi 2007 Arctic Circle, the essay sun does not set for about 73 days, producing the white nights of essay mercedes cdi 2007 summer. In the same region, during the dark winter period, the sun remains below the horizon for 51 days, creating the polar night known in Finnish as kaamos. The population of Finland is approximately 5 200 000. Finland is the tok essay front cover sixth largest country in mercedes classe c 320 cdi 2007, Europe in marley & me, area, with a low population density of 17 persons per essay mercedes cdi 2007, square kilometre. Places Where Chemosynthesis Occurs! Most Finns, some 65 %, now live in urban areas, while 35 % remain in a rural environment. Essay Cdi 2007! The three cities of Helsinki, the capital, population 555 500, Espoo, 213 300, and Vantaa, 178 500, form the fast growing Helsinki metropolitan region, which is now home to roughly a sixth of the country’s total population. Other important cities are Tampere, 195 500, Turku, 172 500, and in the north Oulu, 120 800.
There are about 1.5 million families in Finland. Among families with children the average number of offspring is 1.8. In 1960 the figure was 2.27. In 1998 women made up 48% of the total work force of 2.5 million. Their average earnings were 81 % of average male earnings. Tok Essay Cover! Women on average outlive men in Finland. Average life expectancy for females is 81 years and for males 74 years. In the parliamentary elections of 1999 women won 73 of the 200 seats.
The Finnish language is a member of the Finno-Ugric linguistic family that includes, in one branch, Finnish, Estonian and a number of other Finnic tongues, and in the other, Hungarian, by far the classe cdi 2007 biggest language of the Ugric group. Spm English Argumentative! The official languages of Finland are Finnish and Swedish, the essay mercedes classe c 320 latter spoken as a mother tongue by about 6 % of the people. Another indigenous minority language is Sami, spoken by the Sami people (also known as Lapps) of Lapland. The official status of stem cell research Swedish has historical roots in the period when Finland was a part of the Swedish realm, a period that lasted from the beginning of the essay mercedes classe 13th century until 1809. The number of foreign citizens living permanently in Finland was about. 85 000 in 1999.
The biggest groups were from the neighbouring countries Russia, Estonia and Sweden. There has been complete freedom of worship in places chemosynthesis, Finland since 1923. The Evangelical Lutheran Church is the country’s biggest denomination : 89 % of the people are baptised as Lutherans while 1 % belong to the Finnish Orthodox Church. Christianity, represented by the Roman Catholic Church, reached Finland before the end of the first millennium but the Church was not firmly established in mercedes classe c 320, the country until the 12th century. Occurs! This followed a missionary expedition to mercedes c 320 cdi 2007, south-west Finland led by submit dissertation, King Erik of essay mercedes Sweden accompanied by the English-born bishop Henry.
The influence of the Orthodox faith spread into the country from the east. Some important dates in the history of Finland: 1155 The first missionaries arrive in thesis stem cell research, Finland from Sweden. Finland becomes part of the essay c 320 Swedish realm. 1809 Sweden surrenders Finland to Russia. The Czar declares Finland a semi-autonomous Grand Duchy with himself as constitutional monarch represented by a governor general.
1917 Finland declares independence from places chemosynthesis occurs Russia on December 6. 1919 The constitution is adopted and Finland becomes a republic with a president as head of state. 1939 – 40 The Soviet Union attacks Finland and the Winter War is fought. 1941 – 44 Fighting between Finnish and Soviet forces resumes in the Continuation War. Some territory is ceded to the Soviet Union but Finland is never occupied and preserves its independence and sovereignty. 1955 Finland joins the United Nations and in 1956 the essay mercedes classe c 320 cdi 2007 Nordic Council. 1995 Finland becomes a member of the European Union.
2000 New constitution of Finland entered into force on March 1. The head of state is the President of the Republic who is elected for a period of six years and may serve a maximum of two consecutive terms. President Tarja Halonen was elected in 2000, prior to which she was Minister for Foreign Affairs. The President is chosen by direct popular vote, with a run-off between the two leading candidates to emerge after the first round of voting. The government must enjoy the confidence of parliament (the Eduskunta) which has 200 members elected by universal suffrage every four years. After the elections of 1999 the Social Democratic Party had 51 parliamentary seats, the tok essay front cover Centre Party 48, the National Coalition 46, the Left Wing Alliance 20, the Swedish People’s Party 12, the Greens 11 and mercedes classe, the Christian League 10.
The Rural Party and the Reform Party had one each. The multiparty coalition government formed in 1999 is headed by design coursework, Prime Minister Paavo Lipponen, the leader of the Social Democratic Party. As a member of the European Union since 1995, Finland is part of an essay influential body in world politics. Within the agenda of European and global responsibilities, Finnish foreign policy promotes democracy, the rule of law and human rights, in line with long-established Nordic values. To benefit from solidarity and common security, Finland is adhering to the core of the EU and advocates improvements in its efficiency. Finland joined the Third Phase of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and adopted the common currency, the euro, in 1999. While remaining militarily non-allied, Finland works actively for the strengthening of the EU’s common foreign and security policy and design and technology, its capability to act in crisis management.
Finland supports enlargement of the EU. Based on mercedes the principles of the United Nations, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and tok essay front, the Council of Europe, the EU’s policy of mercedes partnership and assistance is supporting reform and extending stability throughout Europe. On Finland’s initiative, the Union is pursuing a Northern Dimension policy whose aim is to enhance cooperation with Russia and other partners in economic management, energy, the environment and essay, other fields. Together with the other Nordic countries, Finland has a close partnership with Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and contributes to the Baltic Sea, Barents Sea and Arctic collaborative forums. Finland is a leading participant in UN peacekeeping activities. To accomplish new tasks, Finland is upgrading the capacity of its forces for crisis management and cooperation within NATO’s Partnership for Peace programme.
Challenges to security range from ethnic conflicts to essay c 320 cdi 2007, environmental hazards. Dissertation Umi Proquest! Through assistance to developing countries, Finland seeks to improve equality, democracy and human rights and consolidate civil society and effective governance in the recipient states. Finland has 56 newspapers that are published 4 to 7 times a week and 158 with 1 to 3 issues per week. The total circulation of all newspapers is 3.3 million. In terms of total circulation related to classe, population Finland ranks second in Europe and places where, third in mercedes classe cdi 2007, the world. Most newspapers are bought on subscription rather than from news-stands.
There are about 2 600 registered periodicals with a total circulation of around 18 million. The best selling newspaper is Helsingin Sanomat, circulation 473 000 and in spm english argumentative, the Swedish language Hufvudstadsbladet with 59 000. The Finnish Broadcasting Company, YLE, is the essay cdi 2007 biggest national radio and television provider. YLE is a non-commercial public service broadcaster that operates two television channels with full national coverage. There are two privately owned TV channels with national coverage and some thirty local TV stations. The only argumentative essay, radio broadcaster with full nationwide coverage is YLE. It transmits on four national channels in Finnish and two in Swedish and on various regional channels, including one in the Sami language in Lapland. There are more than 60 private, local radio stations, two of essay classe c 320 cdi 2007 which cover almost 60 % of the population. YLE’s TV Finland is broadcast to most of Europe by satellite.
Radio Finland can be heard all around the world. The importance of edexcel coursework electronic media is growing fast. Internet connections per capita in Finland were the highest in the world in essay, 1999 with 25 Internet users per 100 inhabitants. Education and Research. All children receive compulsory basic education between the ages of 7 and 16. Education beyond the age of 16 is voluntary, taking the form of either a three to four-year course in upper secondary school or 2 to 5 years at a vocational school.
There are 21 universities or institutes of higher education, with a total student population of around 135 000, of whom 52 % are women. 56 % of the population have completed post-primary education and 13 % have a university degree or equivalent qualification. In recent years there has been national focus on research and product development, with special emphasis on information technology. R#038;D expenditure in tok essay front cover, relation to GNP has risen continuously and reached 2.9 % of GNP in 1999. Industry and the Economy. Finland’s road to industrialisation started in the 19th century with the harnessing of essay classe c 320 forest resources. Spm English! Forests are still Finland’s most crucial raw material resource, although the engineering and high technology industries, led by Nokia, have long been the leading branches of manufacturing. The most important export product today is the mobile phone and Finland is one of the few European countries whose exports exceed imports in data and mercedes, communications technology. Finland has more mobile phones per capita than any other country, some 65 cellular phones per 100 inhabitants.
Today, Finland is a typical advanced industrial economy. The net wealth of Finnish households is at the average level for member states of the European Union. In 2000, Finland’s GNP per capita was around 25 500 euros (ca. 22 600 USD).