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This entails all that you will employ in order to persuade them to accept your stance. When you consider all the above five factors, you will come out marley & me with a better rhetoric. Our services include helping you with good topics. We can also teach you other systematic approaches like how to E-Commerce, make good rhetoric. People in need of case study research should rush to enjoy our assistance. Free Plagiarism Report Free Unlimited Revisions Free Title Page Free Bibliography Free Outline Free Email Delivery. Structuring your argumentative essay topics for middle school. There are many things involved in the way you structure your essay here. Many people may come up with different formats and outlines, but there is something that is standard to all, and papers that is what we teach you. If you need our thesis examples to Starbucks E-Commerce, show you how this works, we will also offer that. You have to start by creating a very attractive and catchy title.
When you come up with something very creative and original, you will be pegging your reader’s attention on my inaugural weekly essay contest, the paper. People who like good write-ups cannot avoid this and they will always want to Starbucks E-Commerce, read it till the end. Make the true-love essays and valuing title a preview of the main content of the paper and garnish it with a quote or a very useful pun. The title should be followed by the thesis statement. This is another core aspect of what you will present. This is E-Commerce supposed to be the part that will sum up your own point of view. You have to place it immediately after the thesis statement on asthma introductory paragraphs and let it be simple and clear enough to tell your readers what your stance is in a short formula.
The statement always comes with a claim, either a claim of value, definition, causes and effect, policy solutions or any other type of Starbucks E-Commerce claim. Essays? If you need more information on what your thesis statement should look like, you can search for our thesis definition and make use of E-Commerce that. You are now in the middle school and must use something standard. You should be free to explore all aspects of the topic and give all necessary points. Don’t just focus on three parts.
The introduction is where the topic of the essay is given and an overview or background information on knowledge work equals success essay, the origin and development of the topic so far enumerated. It is at the end of this that you should place your thesis statement. This should be followed by the body of the paper where you provide enough information to support your argument. Outline the argument of the opposition and refute it with your evidence. After this comes the Starbucks E-Commerce conclusion that should also reiterate and re-assert your position, making a call to action for the opposition to now accept your view.
There are different ways you can provide your argument, but in all, make sure you cover all the necessary points. You must do enough research when you write this essay because you can never boast of knowing it all. You should always come back and proofread your work very well because of obvious errors and mistakes.
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40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch Essays. The secret to Starbucks, a successful essay doesn’t just lie in reader, the clever things you talk about and E-Commerce, the way you structure your points. To be truly brilliant, an essay needs to utilise the right language. You could make a great point, but if it’s not intelligently articulated, you almost needn’t have bothered. Developing the language skills to a research papers, build an argument and to write persuasively is crucial if you’re to E-Commerce, write outstanding essays every time. In this article, we’re going to equip you with the plus work equals essay words and phrases you need to Starbucks E-Commerce, write a top-notch essay, along with examples of how to utilise them. Knowledge Hard Success Essay. It’s by no means an exhaustive list, and there will often be other ways of using the words and phrases we describe that we won’t have room to include, but there should be more than enough below to help you make an instant improvement to your essay-writing skills – whether you’re a native English speaker or taking your first steps into writing essays in English. Let’s start by looking at language for E-Commerce general explanations of complex points. Usage : “In order to” can be used to introduce an explanation for the purpose of an argument. Example : “In order to understand X, we need first to understand Y.” Usage : Use “in other words” when you want to express something in true questions, a different way (more simply), to make it easier to understand, or to emphasise or expand on a point.
Example : “Frogs are amphibians. In other words, they live on the land and in the water.” Usage : This phrase is E-Commerce, another way of saying “in other words”, and can be used in particularly complex points, when you feel that an a research, alternative way of wording a problem may help the reader achieve a better understanding of Starbucks, its significance. Example : “Plants rely on photosynthesis. To put it another way, they will die without the marley essay sun.” Usage : “That is” and “that is to say” can be used to Starbucks, add further detail to your explanation, or to on poetry and valuing, be more precise. Example : “Whales are mammals. That is to say, they must breathe air.”
Usage : Use “to that end” or “to this end” in E-Commerce, a similar way to “in order to” or “so”. Example : “Zoologists have long sought to weekly, understand how animals communicate with each other. To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at elephant sounds and their possible meanings.” Adding additional information to support a point. Students often make the mistake of using synonyms of “and” each time they want to Starbucks, add further information in support of a point they’re making, or to knowledge plus hard work equals success essay, build an argument. Here are some cleverer ways of doing this.
Usage : Employ “moreover” at Starbucks E-Commerce, the start of a sentence to true, add extra information in support of a point you’re making. Example : “Moreover, the results of a recent piece of Starbucks, research provide compelling evidence in support of…” Usage :This is also generally used at the start of a sentence, to add extra information. Example : “Furthermore, there is evidence to my inaugural weekly reader, suggest that…” Usage : This is used in Starbucks E-Commerce, the same way as “moreover” and “furthermore”. Example : “What’s more, this isn’t the only evidence that supports this hypothesis.” Usage : Use “likewise” when you want to and valuing, talk about something that agrees with what you’ve just mentioned.
Example : “Scholar A believes X. Starbucks. Likewise, Scholar B argues compellingly in favour of marley & me, this point of Starbucks, view.” Usage : Use “similarly” in thesis, the same way as “likewise”. Example : “Audiences at the time reacted with shock to Beethoven’s new work, because it was very different to what they were used to. Similarly, we have a tendency to react with surprise to the unfamiliar.” Usage : Use the Starbucks E-Commerce phrase “another key point to a research, remember” or “another key fact to remember” to introduce additional facts without using the word “also”. Example : “As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and nature. Another key point to remember is Starbucks E-Commerce, that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.” Usage : Use “as well as” instead of essay, “also” or “and”. Example : “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.” Usage : This wording is used to add an extra piece of information, often something that’s in some way more surprising or unexpected than the first piece of Starbucks E-Commerce, information.
Example : “Not only weekly reader essay did Edmund Hillary have the honour of being the Starbucks first to reach the summit of Everest, but he was also appointed Knight Commander of the plus hard work equals Order of the Starbucks E-Commerce British Empire.” Usage : Used when considering two or more arguments at a time. Example : “Coupled with the literary evidence, the statistics paint a compelling view of…” Usage : This can be used to structure an argument, presenting facts clearly one after the other. Example : “There are many points in support of this view. Thesis On Asthma. Firstly, X. Starbucks E-Commerce. Secondly, Y. And thirdly, Z. 16. Essays On Poetry And Valuing. Not to E-Commerce, mention/to say nothing of. Usage : “Not to mention” and “to say nothing of” can be used to add extra information with a bit of emphasis.
Example : “The war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of knowledge plus hard equals success essay, people, not to mention its impact on the country’s economy.” Words and phrases for E-Commerce demonstrating contrast. When you’re developing an my inaugural reader essay contest, argument, you will often need to E-Commerce, present contrasting or opposing opinions or evidence – “it could show this, but it could also show this”, or “X says this, but Y disagrees”. This section covers words you can use instead of the “but” in these examples, to make your writing sound more intelligent and interesting. Usage : Use “however” to introduce a point that disagrees with what you’ve just said. Example : “Scholar A thinks this. However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion.” Usage : Usage of on asthma, this phrase includes introducing a contrasting interpretation of the E-Commerce same piece of evidence, a different piece of evidence that suggests something else, or an opposing opinion. Example: “The historical evidence appears to suggest a clear-cut situation. On the other hand, the archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of true and false questions, what happened that day.” Usage : Used in a similar manner to “on the other hand” or “but”.
Example : “The historians are unanimous in telling us X, an agreement that suggests that this version of E-Commerce, events must be an essays on poetry, accurate account. Having said that, the archaeology tells a different story.” Usage : Use “by contrast” or “in comparison” when you’re comparing and Starbucks E-Commerce, contrasting pieces of evidence. Example : “Scholar A’s opinion, then, is based on true-love on poetry and valuing, insufficient evidence. By contrast, Scholar B’s opinion seems more plausible.”
Usage : Use this to E-Commerce, cast doubt on an assertion. Example : “Writer A asserts that this was the reason for what happened. Then again, it’s possible that he was being paid to say this.” Usage : This is knowledge plus hard equals success, used in the same way as “then again”. Example : “The evidence ostensibly appears to point to Starbucks E-Commerce, this conclusion. That said, much of the evidence is unreliable at my inaugural essay, best.” Usage : Use this when you want to Starbucks E-Commerce, introduce a contrasting idea. Example : “Much of scholarship has focused on address weekly reader essay, this evidence. Starbucks E-Commerce. Yet not everyone agrees that this is the most important aspect of the questions situation.” Adding a proviso or acknowledging reservations.
Sometimes, you may need to acknowledge a shortfalling in a piece of evidence, or add a proviso. Here are some ways of E-Commerce, doing so. Usage : Use “despite this” or “in spite of this” when you want to outline a point that stands regardless of plus equals success, a shortfalling in the evidence. Example : “The sample size was small, but the results were important despite this.” Usage : Use this when you want your reader to consider a point in the knowledge of something else. Example : “We’ve seen that the methods used in the 19th century study did not always live up to Starbucks, the rigorous standards expected in scientific research today, which makes it difficult to draw definite conclusions. And False. With this in mind, let’s look at Starbucks E-Commerce, a more recent study to see how the and false questions results compare.” Usage : This means “on condition that”. You can also say “providing that” or just “providing” to mean the Starbucks E-Commerce same thing.
Example : “We may use this as evidence to support our argument, provided that we bear in mind the limitations of the methods used to obtain it.” Usage : These phrases are used when something has shed light on true-love essays, something else. Example : “In light of the evidence from the 2013 study, we have a better understanding of…” Usage : This is similar to “despite this”. Example : “The study had its limitations, but it was nonetheless groundbreaking for E-Commerce its day.” Usage : This is the same as “nonetheless”. Example : “The study was flawed, but it was important nevertheless.” Usage : This is another way of thesis on asthma, saying “nonetheless”. Example : “Notwithstanding the E-Commerce limitations of the weekly methodology used, it was an important study in the development of how we view the workings of the human mind.” Good essays always back up points with examples, but it’s going to Starbucks, get boring if you use the expression “for example” every time. Here are a couple of other ways of saying the same thing.
Example : “Some birds migrate to avoid harsher winter climates. Swallows, for statement instance, leave the UK in Starbucks, early winter and fly south…” Example : “To give an illustration of what I mean, let’s look at the case of…” When you want to and false, demonstrate that a point is particularly important, there are several ways of highlighting it as such. Usage : Used to E-Commerce, introduce a point that is loaded with meaning that might not be immediately apparent. Example : “Significantly, Tacitus omits to papers, tell us the kind of gossip prevalent in Suetonius’ accounts of the same period.”
Usage : This can be used to mean “significantly” (as above), and Starbucks E-Commerce, it can also be used interchangeably with “in particular” (the example below demonstrates the thesis on asthma first of these ways of using it). Example : “Actual figures are notably absent from Scholar A’s analysis.” Usage : Use “importantly” interchangeably with “significantly”. Example : “Importantly, Scholar A was being employed by X when he wrote this work, and was presumably therefore under pressure to portray the situation more favourably than he perhaps might otherwise have done.” You’ve almost made it to E-Commerce, the end of the essay, but your work isn’t over yet. You need to end by wrapping up everything you’ve talked about, showing that you’ve considered the arguments on both sides and reached the most likely conclusion. Here are some words and phrases to help you. Usage : Typically used to introduce the concluding paragraph or sentence of an essay, summarising what you’ve discussed in plus hard work, a broad overview. Example : “In conclusion, the evidence points almost exclusively to Argument A.” Usage : Used to signify what you believe to be the Starbucks most significant point, and on asthma, the main takeaway from the essay. Example : “Above all, it seems pertinent to remember that…”
Usage : This is a useful word to Starbucks, use when summarising which argument you find most convincing. Example : “Scholar A’s point – that Constanze Mozart was motivated by and false questions, financial gain – seems to me to be the most persuasive argument for Starbucks her actions following Mozart’s death.” Usage : Use in the same way as “persuasive” above. Example : “The most compelling argument is presented by Scholar A.” Usage : This means “taking everything into account”. Example : “All things considered, it seems reasonable to assume that…” How many of these words and phrases will you get into your next essay? And are any of your favourite essay terms missing from true questions our list? Let us know in the comments below! 221 Responses to “40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch Essays”
January 09, 2015 at 8:47 am, Jimmy Tan said: January 23, 2016 at 1:13 am, AN INDIAN said: It is very useful for junior as well as to senior.It is Starbucks, awesome……………… thanks for and false this. November 29, 2016 at 9:46 am, Mofasa said: March 10, 2017 at Starbucks, 3:30 pm, Vaibhavi said: May 04, 2017 at my inaugural address weekly reader contest, 3:54 pm, felix said: September 17, 2017 at 8:02 am, arjun said:
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October 15, 2016 at 6:19 pm, Freya said: Thanks!! I have to right an essay on the battle of hastings and I really need to widen my vocab! It really helped December 12, 2016 at 1:13 pm, rose said: great thanks,now i know how to use big words in an argumentative essay. April 18, 2017 at 4:55 pm, nikie said: very very useful! May 26, 2017 at 9:13 am, Anthony said: Thanks for the article! October 02, 2017 at 3:08 pm, yoyo said: January 13, 2015 at Starbucks, 2:55 am, Amila said:
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May 25, 2015 at Starbucks E-Commerce, 8:56 am, gimhan savinda said: This was great, thanks a lot for & me essay these meaningful words. Starbucks E-Commerce. Hopefully I can face my exam in good perfect manner. Thanks a lot for a research papers the assistant support. December 27, 2015 at 10:55 am, Ikoo said: I need more information about black’s writing .also,his romantic way in Starbucks E-Commerce, nature . Please could you help me ? May 26, 2015 at papers, 2:39 pm, Mike said: These are reach-me-downs and the ideas you express are poorly connected. Starbucks. For example, ‘As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a research, a closer relationship between humans and nature. Starbucks E-Commerce. Another key point to remember is that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.” You link these facts incorrectly – they are not a series of points that are additive. They are causally related, i.e. one is on asthma, a consequence of the Starbucks E-Commerce other.
I believe this is better, both logically and stylistically: ‘Romantic writers, including Blake, decried the negative impact of the Industrial Revolution on, amongst other things, society’s connectedness with the a research natural world. Consequently he foregrounded the importance of E-Commerce, improving the relationship between humankind and nature.’ You also lace your examples with contractions and these have no place in academic writing. September 19, 2016 at a research papers, 11:18 am, Helena said: March 23, 2017 at 5:33 pm, Dr. E-Commerce. Jim Loving said:
You are correct. Essays And Valuing. I have taught writing for Starbucks E-Commerce 40-plus years, and address reader, I find many of these suggestions wordy and unnecessary. Starbucks E-Commerce. For instance, “In order to” can simply to statement, be “To.” June 02, 2015 at 1:48 am, phertauwete said: Thanks so much, I got it. June 05, 2015 at 5:17 am, william said:
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Thanks for the list. I think it would also be helpful to include a list of words to statement on asthma, help express the thoughts of the writers being referenced in the essay, for Starbucks example, “Jacob states that teachers need to consider the essay learning abilities of Starbucks, all students” or “Williams asserts that reading English texts more often can increase the writing skills of papers, ESL learners”. It sometimes becomes boring to keep saying, “so-and-so states that…” October 12, 2015 at 9:07 am, faiz said: This was useful for me. October 14, 2015 at 3:09 am, Lilow W. said: This article was wonderful. Starbucks E-Commerce. Furthermore, I don’t think my world history grade, as well as my grades in language arts and science, would have been half of what they are now without it. All things considered, this was an amazing article and I recommend it to anyone looking to a research papers, give their essay an E-Commerce, elegant twist. October 15, 2015 at 3:41 pm, Ayushi said: Thanks!!
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October 19, 2015 at 9:42 pm, Tom Howell said: *Gasp* As someone who has studied and takes a modicum of interest in the English language, and having spent a lifetime writing scientific essays, all I can say is this list of cliches will not aid you in your academic pursuits. This is E-Commerce, a categorical list of statement, English don’ts that will undoubtedly be highlight with a sigh, and a comment something along the lines of “Please, no more” – paraphrased of course. Some of these are inescapable and Starbucks, are useful tools, but please use in moderation. Marley & Me Essay. If you truly wish to Starbucks E-Commerce, improve your writing, consider the use of and false, language in literature you may study as part of your academic endeavours – be it english or technical based. What makes a writing style worthy of note, and what makes it tedious and Starbucks E-Commerce, monotonous? The use of structure, engaging writing styles, and even metaphors can be true keys to essay success.
December 07, 2015 at on asthma, 8:24 am, Jeff B. Starbucks E-Commerce. said: Tom, I must agree. In my English class such cliches as listed here would be highlighted and returned to the student with an admonition to “please use your own words,” or something to that effect. As I like to joke, “Cliches should be avoided like the plague.” October 20, 2015 at 8:22 pm, yoursif said: October 22, 2015 at 5:00 pm, nur amira said: thanks it was indeed helpful. November 02, 2015 at 1:11 pm, sania said: really..its very helpful. im unanimous in asserting that how this has engendered an & me essay, advantageous impact..in my result. November 12, 2015 at 10:59 am, Alex said:
This is so great… thanks for the A grade. November 16, 2015 at 1:22 pm, Chala said: Thanks a lot for this helpful article. Starbucks E-Commerce. One question though: The example given for phrase 12 “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.” has a comma included after “X”, but isn’t a serial comma incorrect in a series of two items? November 21, 2015 at marley & me essay, 9:05 pm, Yo said: November 26, 2015 at E-Commerce, 5:29 pm, courage said: thanks very much.very useful we look forward for other posts. November 29, 2015 at 1:13 am, Joey said: I don’t really feel comfortable using firstly, secondly, thirdly to introduce new points… does anyone else feel the same?
December 07, 2015 at 7:58 am, Jeff B. said: While some of the suggestions in my inaugural address weekly reader essay, this article are valuable, I am going to Starbucks E-Commerce, have to agree with Tom Howell about the use of knowledge hard equals success, cliches. Many of the phrases suggested (e.g. “To put it another way” and “Another key thing to remember”) are cliches, and should be avoided in Starbucks E-Commerce, original writing. Another note: this article recommends the use of “In conclusion” to introduce the conclusion. My suggestion is to avoid it, and I am not the only one who feels this way. To quote the Writing Center at a research papers, Harvard University: summary,’ and ‘to sum up.’ These phrases can be. useful–even welcome–in oral presentations. But.
readers can see, by Starbucks E-Commerce, the tell-tale compression of thesis statement on asthma, the. pages, when an essay is about to Starbucks E-Commerce, end. You’ll irritate. your audience if you belabor the obvious.” If your readers cannot figure out that from reading your text that you are presenting your conclusion, then your conclusion has more problems than simply the introduction to equals success, it. December 07, 2015 at Starbucks E-Commerce, 8:03 am, Jeff B. Marley Essay. said:
Note: In my comment above, I should have specified “for college-level writing… and above.” Further, I will say that sometimes, indeed, “In conclusion” can be a useful phrase, but in many if not most cases it should be avoided. December 07, 2015 at 10:43 am, Jeff B. said: * Assuming, of course, that my “comment above” is actually posted after it undergoes “moderation.” Otherwise my note makes no sense… December 07, 2015 at 8:25 pm, pavla said: put (or set) the record straight. December 09, 2015 at 12:42 pm, Ahsan said:
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Panel Stories: Public Lies Private Lives in Panelaks and Starbucks, Sidlistes. Prejudiced and Prefabricated Judgements obscure the lives that were, are and can be lived in housing estates built during the communist period. Weekly Reader! Debunking these myths – these panel stories  – can help promote wider and Starbucks E-Commerce, deeper reflections on the communist period, postcommunist transition and thesis statement, the material politics of both the past and the present. By Benjamin Tallis. Despite their best efforts neither jetset shock therapists nor home-grown dissidents and their various governmental inheritors have been able to make postcommunist transition a clean break with the past.
Apparatchiks and functionaries were denounced and (occasionally) lustrated, only to re-appear as nomenklatura capitalists and Starbucks, even government ministers. True Questions! Statues were removed, but the E-Commerce metronomic passing of time in their after-image triggers memory, not forgetting. Streets and metro stations were renamed, but we still know who Evropska and Dejvicka used to be. The persistent presence of the thesis statement communist past is a key site of struggle for Czech (and Slovak) collective memory. Competing interpretations, both domestic and international, significantly impact the ways in which people can live today, how post-communist societies are structured and whom they are for. Material reminders of Starbucks that time have come in for particular criticism and none more so than the panelaky , the concrete-panel blocks that make up the sidliste and sidlisky which became such prominent features of Czechoslovak socialist cities. Questions! While a nascent revisionism has begun, belatedly and hesitantly, to recognise the architectural quality and even (shock, horror!) beauty of Czech brutalist architecture, it tends to focus on particular marquee buildings (such as the Nova Scena of the National Theatre or the Nova Budova of the National Museum). Meanwhile the communist-era housing estates are still routinely damned from all sides. However, recent research has shown that both domestic and international criticisms of the panelaky and sidliste are wide of the mark. Blinkered by ideology and blind to the plurality of Starbucks panelak and project life lived both then and a research papers, now, these flawed critiques are indicative of wider problems of both understanding and policy in postcommunism. This essay sets out to Starbucks E-Commerce, debunk three of the most significant myths or ‘panel stories’ associated with communist era housing projects: (1) that panelaks and sidlistes were a ‘communist’ idea that were imposed on Czechs and weekly essay contest, Slovaks from elsewhere; (2) that problems with high-density public housing are indicative of the futile and flawed pursuit of modernist and social-democratic goals; and (3) that people lived, live and will live badly in panelaks and sidlistes.
Condemned by some at the time of their construction as “cement deserts” good only as “battle grounds for high-rise brats,” the estates provide an all-too-easy synecdoche for the time of their building; “monotonous and repetitive, banal, inhuman […] poor in quality” or most commonly (and lazily) “grey” or at least “grayish.” Normally nuanced and even-handed judges have been moved to unequivocal castigation of the Starbucks aesthetics and morals of the a research papers ‘structural panel buildings’ that make up the vast majority of Czech housing constructed between 1955 and 1990. Sean Hanley of the UCL School for Slavonic and Eastern European Studies describes the “monster estates” as “hideous” and “awful,” and Vaclav Havel famously spoke of Starbucks “undignified rabbit pens, slated for liquidation.” The controversy and criticism that continue to batter these concrete facades, from both home and marley & me, abroad, reflects and reinforces a particular politics of memory, identity and belonging. It stems from a combination of blanket judgements on Starbucks the communist period, teleological notions of thesis statement neoliberal postcommunist ‘transition’ and particular (Western European and North American) experiences and ideological interpretations of high-density social housing. Negative Czech judgements on E-Commerce panelaks in popular discourse and a research, the statements of well-known figures seem to stem largely from the circumstances of their making – they were built by the communists and Starbucks, must therefore not only be bad, but are a malaise forced upon Czechs (and others) by true-love unwelcome intruders and occupiers. The popular and academic focus on E-Commerce the myriad crimes and appalling injustices of the communist regime have helped to support such views. These are undoubtedly important stories that needed to be told about on asthma life in Starbucks, communism. However, they are not the only stories of that time and cannot be used to sustain uniformly negative views of an era in a research papers, which, under trying circumstances, people continued to live, laugh, love, have children and make the homes in which they could grow up. The regime failed in its totalizing ambitions, but has been posthumously been granted success that it could have only dreamed of in Starbucks, a totalizing memory of the time that erases the true and false positives of E-Commerce this painful past. Similarly, while institutional design and on asthma, the processes of re-adopting democratic politics, market economics and re-integrating to international institutional structures have been highly significant, they have often obscured lived experiences of transition, what came before and what may come after. This blinkering, combined with the prefabricated opinions of many Americans and Western Europeans towards large scale public housing projects has allowed skewed views of the material and social conditions of sidliste life to dominate past and Starbucks, present. After the essays fall of the wall, it was easy for incoming investors, advisors and other ‘tutors’, keen to Starbucks, school the ‘children of the revolution’ in their neoliberal ways, to tar the panelaky with the same brush as their own concrete jungles.
They knew of the riots in Toxteth and Brixton and heard in the Sidlistes the echoes of the true-love essays on poetry and valuing doomed Pruitt-Igoe housing project in St. Louis. E-Commerce! The self-styled ‘tutors’ found eager prefects in the dissidents of the communist period, all too happy to run-down the remnants of a hated regime, often with little thought for & me the people who lived there. Unlike many dissidents and their quieter sympathisers, the Sidliste dwellers were not waiting for prime real estate to be restituted to them. Many of these tutors also had a double interest in denigrating the E-Commerce communist past. Knowledge Plus Work Equals Success Essay! It would both bolster their own superiority (and thus legitimacy as teachers) and enhance the case for neoliberal transition as a greater contrast to what had gone before, rather than a more social-democratic approach. Tearing down the old structures of ownership and Starbucks, usage was more feasible than destroying the panelaks themselves and raised the potential for true questions Western-owned banks to introduce market rates to E-Commerce, these rent-controlled worlds. Social research conducted over the last two decades has questioned the basis for each of the a research criticisms leveled at Panelaks and sidlistes, exposing them as mere ‘Panel Stories’. Challenging these stories and Starbucks E-Commerce, telling new tales of panelak life not only has specific relevance to these persecuted places but opens up the possibility of & me essay questioning the socio-political settlements of transition more widely. It can allow us to ask again what type of societies we want to build, who they are for and how they are constructed, as well to re-examine the various roles of the state, the market, the individual and the collective. Detail from Starbucks E-Commerce building at Sidliste Invalidovna, Prague.
Panel Story 1: A Communist Idea, Imposed from & me essay Outside. Over the last five years, the writings of Kimberly Elman Zarecor have made a good deal of multidisciplinary Czech scholarship on panelaks and E-Commerce, sidliste’s available to Anglophone audiences. Zarecor has exposed the double fallacy of claims that concrete tower blocks were a communist idea and that they were only accepted in Czechoslovakia under Soviet duress. Zarecor highlights how far from true-love essays on poetry being imposed from outside, the specific circumstances of postwar Czechoslovakia spurred the continuation and development of interwar architectural practices and politics to accelerate and intensify, but not intitiate, the development of prefabricated structural panel housing in the communist era. The construction technology for Czech panelaks owed its development to the Building Department of the Bata shoe company in Zlin, which had been experimenting before the war with prefabricated building technologies. The architects Hynek Adamec and Bohumil Kula had continued these experiments during the war and headed the projects on new structural panel housing at E-Commerce the time when the department was incorporated into thesis statement the communist Stavoprojekt building co-ordination system. Despite Zlin having been renamed Gottwaldov after Czechoslovakia’s first communist leader, Zarecor points out that Adamec and Kula were still working in Starbucks, the same office when developing the & me first panelak – the G-building (named for Gottwaldov). Zlin, Bata building from Zlin.cz; Zlin workers housing, pre-war brick (erasmusu.com) and post-war concrete (zippomaniac.fr) Far from following developments elsewhere, Czechs (and Slovaks) were actually ahead of the game in panel building. The crucial breakthrough – as Zarecor shows – came when an innovative solution was found to the problem of joining the concrete panels together in a stable way.
The use of a series of steel ‘hooks’ and staples’ allowed for Starbucks full exploitation of their structural properties and eliminated the need for an additional skeleton. The pioneering architects who found this way previously worked for and false the feted (and avowedly capitalist) Bata company and were actually continuing construction-technology research that had begun long before the Starbucks communist takeover. It is and false questions, also significant to note, however, that the ideas which inspired the social aspects of Starbucks both the thesis statement panelak and the sidliste can also be found in the first Czechoslovak Republic (as well as elsewhere). The First Republic under the Starbucks ‘Liberator-President’ and ‘philosopher king’ Tomas Garrigue Masaryk is widely hailed as the my inaugural address weekly contest Czech golden age, a brief and glorious interlude of independence, after empire and before both Nazi occupation and Soviet subjugation. The wave of creativity in both culture and commerce that was unleashed during this time merits this golden reputation, with companies such as Bata and Starbucks, Tatra stylishly propelling Czechoslovakia into the ranks of the a research papers top-six exporting economies in the world. The poetry of Starbucks E-Commerce Vitezslav Nezval and address weekly essay, Jaroslav Seifert; the painting of Frantisek Kupka, Jindrich Styrsky and – the E-Commerce already post-gender – Toyen; the buildings of local talents such as Josef Havlicek and Karel Honzik, Josef Fuchs and Oldrich Tyl, alongside those of proto-starchitects Adolf Loos and Mies van der Rohe, ensured that there was plentiful art to accompany the industry.
Karel Teige, Building and Poem (1927) the Minimum Dwelling (1932). However, like much of Europe at the time, the First Republic was also awash with radical Marxist ideas. Papers! A mixture of proactive idealism and reaction to the polarized living conditions of the time inspired those such as Nezval and Karel Teige – writer, architecture critic and ringleader of the radical Devetsil group – to rail against the inequalities and injustices they saw around them. They sought collective salvation through both art and industry, but saw that both should serve functional, social goals rather than being beholden to the monied mores of the market. Teige in particular struggled with the tension between instrumental social function and Starbucks E-Commerce, liberating creative expression, but in architectural terms prioritized the former, arguing that beauty would spring from the minimal forms that would most efficiently serve their purpose. Demanding that those at the sharp end of the housing crisis at the time receive only “the best of the best,” Teige publically upbraided Le Corbusier for abandoning such functional purity and effectively re-introducing decoration; he slammed Mies’ much-praised Tugendhat Villa as the “pinnacle of modern snobbery.”
Villa Tugendhat, Brno, from the essays guardian.com. It is E-Commerce, therefore no wonder that Zarecor is thesis on asthma, able to draw a clear line between the construction of panelaks and sidlistes in the communist period and social tendencies in First Republic Modernism, which were, however, also strongly connected to Starbucks, non-marxist Bauhaus figures such as Walter Groupius. Although Stavoprojekt, a state-run system of architecture and engineering offices, replaced private practice in the late 1940s and changed the profession profoundly, the vast housing estates in many Czech and my inaugural essay, Slovak cities are, in E-Commerce, fact, the fulfillment of an interwar vision of modernity that emphasized the right to housing at a minimum standard over the artistic qualities of individual buildings (a debate that Teiger wrestled with and which continues to animate discussions over functionalism and modernism’s social purpose into the present). Zarecor highlights intensified construction of Panelaks, as the true-love on poetry Czech version of what she beautifully terms “Socialism with a Modernist face” in the wake of the Starbucks E-Commerce success of the thesis statement on asthma Czech pavilion at Expo ’58 – the Brussels Dream of ‘One Day in Czechoslovakia’. The socialist students of Karel Teige – notably Karel Janu, Jiri Stursa and Jiri Vozelinek – that rose to E-Commerce, prominent positions in true and false questions, postwar Czechoslovak architecture helped shape the estates. However, so too did Havlicek, Honzik and other non-Marxists who continued to build for the new regime, sharing the common idea that building housing was a social good.
While it is almost certainly true that the Starbucks scale and scope of & me panelak-based sidlistes was greater in Czechoslovakia due to the communist takeover, it cannot be claimed that these architectures and urbanisms were imposed on Czechs from outside, nor that they were a communist-era idea. However, emphasizing the Starbucks E-Commerce links, rather than the rupture, between the First republic and the Communist period goes against the currently dominant and highly Manichean politics of Czech collective memory that divides positive and negative in fairly bald temporal terms – 1918-38: Good ; 1938-1989: Bad . & Me Essay! 1989 onward: Good again (we hope). Panel Building at Hloubetin, Prague. Panel Story 2: High-Density Public Housing as Failed Socialist Modernist Dreams. Dissident attacks on panelaks have resonated with wider narratives of neoliberal transition about the role of E-Commerce government in society and related attitudes toward public housing. The ‘End of History’ consensus that laissez-faire, (neo)liberal-market-democracy is the only way to govern chimed with hostility towards high-density public housing as architecturally flawed, naively irresponsible and work success, ultimately dangerous social engineering. Scepticism of government born from bad experience of a particular regime has met ideological opposition to the state as such.
The failure of social housing projects in the West has been conflated with the failure of state socialism in the second world with both used as evidence of Starbucks dangerous burdens of utopian dreams. Buildings from Sidliste Invalidovna and Sidliste Cerveny Vrch, Prague. Such attacks generally eschew the controversialist, yet architecturally adventurous and open-minded iconoclasm of Charles Jencks. They tend to prefer the offended traditionalism of Simon Jenkins, whilst retaining their mutual weakness for decor and ornament – eyebrows simultaneously arched and furrowed in my inaugural address reader essay contest, facial gymnastics that Alec Guinness would be proud of. Crucially they often combine this aesthetic position with the selfish Hayekian/Friedmanite socio-economic Darwinism that seeks to entrench power for those who already have money and which, since ’89, has come disguised as freedom. A supposedly hard-headed pragmatism in which politics is Starbucks, disguised as economics; a refusal to be suckered into social dreaming. Often accompanied (in some quarters at least) by faux-rueful laments for the failure of on asthma stillborn social schemes that never had a chance, they are wheeled out time and again as evidence for why even marginally idealistic or minimally visionary social endeavours can never work. The Death of Starbucks Modern Architecture. Long before Jencks famously used the papers dynamiting of Starbucks E-Commerce this massive and ill-fated housing project to proclaim the death of Modern Architecture “on July 15, 1972 at 3:32pm or thereabouts” the Pruitt-Igoe story had come to symbolise the supposedly hopeless futility of well-intentioned social housing in the US. A recent documentary film, The Pruitt-Igoe Myth,  exposes even this – the essays nadir of E-Commerce all the panel stories – as just that, a myth.
The documentary, which takes an academically informed, socio-anthropological approach, effectively refutes the charges against the architecture of Pruitt-Igoe (and by implication against the principles of modernist-inflected high-rise and high-density public housing in true-love essays on poetry, general). The joy with which the initial residents recall first moving in to the sufficiently spacious and well-appointed apartments (particularly in comparison to E-Commerce, the slums where many had previously lived) is manifest. One resident – Ruby Russell – who moved into an apartment on the 11 th floor coined the affectionate and memorable term “the poor man’s penthouse” to describe her apartment, while others describe the feelings of and valuing community, of safety and the possibility this provided for children to play and adults to live. However, this was not to last. As the documentary shows as it details the total collapse of E-Commerce this housing project to the point where the police were afraid to enter and the tower blocks ended up being dynamited, this fate was largely pre-ordained. Cutbacks to the original design and the failure of the 1949 US Federal Housing Act to provide any maintenance money for such projects – requiring that such funds came from the rents paid by knowledge plus work success the low-income tenants – was the first nail in its coffin. Racism in E-Commerce, both planning policy and the everyday practices of citizens continued de facto segregation policies long after they became de jure impermissible. The combination of ‘white flight’, a declining city population (robbing it of necessary tax revenues to pay for essential services, including housing maintenance), the selling off of the downtown to property developers and official encouragement for sprawling suburban, low-density housing at the expense of the rotting urban core meant that the estate failed within grim socio-economic context. Once the poor maintenance made Pruitt-Igoe a more difficult place to live, those who could, moved out.
Low occupancy rates further diminished the money available for upkeep and repairs, unleashing a vicious cycle of decline and degradation. As the documentary powerfully shows, this was not accidental. Rather, it was rather the result of the deliberate diminution of governmental power to act in a socially progressive manner in a politico-economic environment stacked against true questions the most disadvantaged and predicated on the myth of the socially-unencumbered, all-consuming individual. Park Hill, Sheffield, bdonline.com; the guardian.com and Robin Hood Gardens from detail-online.com. Significantly, the documentary specifically links the failure to Starbucks, support social housing to its associations with socialism, which both during the true-love on poetry and valuing cold war and in the aftermath of ’89 made it ‘un-American’ and thus taboo in the US. While European experiences of public and social housing have not been as extreme as Pruitt-Igoe, the problems of housing estates such as Park Hill in Sheffield and Robin Hood Gardens in London, as well as many of the French banlieues can similarly not be blamed on their modernist (or, too-often, modernish) architecture, nor on the social intentions that inspired their construction. E-Commerce! Rather, it was the failure to adequately address the underlying social conditions that prompted their creation and then the lack of conviction in backing the estates – with proper materials and a research, maintenance – to provide (part of) the solution that sealed their fate. That this lack of conviction held after the fall of the Berlin wall is E-Commerce, not surprising.
The very construction of such estates as a response to the demand for rapid urbanization and the ongoing postwar housing crisis in marley, communist countries can be described after ’89 as “arrogant” or dismissed as being “in the best traditions of vulgar Marxism” which apparently implies that, “the Communist regime believed that people were shaped by their environment.” It would be hard to Starbucks E-Commerce, think of a government – or indeed practically any other institution – that didn’t believe people were to at least some degree shaped by their environment. Indeed the prospect of people being impervious to their built environments would mean the end of architecture as anything more than art, or worse, decoration. When Sean Hanley claims that this substantiates his charge that the building of the panelaks was ideologically motivated, the point made by Michel Foucault and echoed by Slavoj Zizek that ideology is at its most powerful when it is most hidden, should also be considered in relation to & me essay, the ‘pragmatic’, post-’89 treatment of social housing and the damage done more widely to ideas of social democracy and E-Commerce, transformative governance by the collapse of communism and knowledge plus hard work equals essay, the neo-liberal consensus that filled the vacuum. Panel Building at Hloubetin. Panel Story 3: People Lived and Live Badly in Panelaks and Sidlistes. The fall of Pruitt-Igoe, the Starbucks E-Commerce Brixton and Toxteth riots and statement on asthma, the postmodern malaise that long beset the Starbucks Unite d’Habitation and its ilk have been particularly unkind to millions of Central East Europeans. They have been forced to belatedly ‘learn’ that the places in papers, which they grew up, laughed, loved, raised children, realized creative activities, plotted defiance, cohabitation, collaboration or escape and where they created their cosy dens, insulated to some degree from the party regime, were no longer appropriate for their lives as ‘New Europeans’.
Crucially however, as even noted by critics of the appearance and intentions of the panelaks, the social mix of the communist-era housing projects was very different than that of their counterparts in the West. In the second world, largte numbers of people from different walks of life and from varied social strata finding themselves (willingly or otherwise) thrust into high-rise neighbourhoods. This is partly due to the sheer number of people who live in Starbucks, such developments. Zarecor quotes figures of 3.1 million people living in a research, 1,165,000 apartment units in 80,000 panelaks in Czech Republic. With almost a third of the total population and E-Commerce, nearly half the city of Prague living in panelaks, the issues facing postsocialist sidlistes are, in most cases, very different than those experienced by residents in their deprived and marginalized western counterparts. Building at Sidliste Dablice. Many communist-era estates are well-planned. Well-connected and well-provided for communities: house-proud and successful places. Their abundant and reader essay contest, well-kempt common spaces (leafy in summertime, albeit rendered climactically bare in winter) host a variety of public services and private activities and allow collective grandmothering in the ample and adventurous social space they provide for children.
There was not the same stigma attached to living in Starbucks, these places and as the artist Eva Kotatkova argues, these were places where many people grew up happily and well, learning to marley essay, be the E-Commerce creative and independent, experiencing concrete as schoolyard rather than jungle and papers, certainly not succumbing to the attempts to create new uniform ‘Socialist [Wo]Man’: I was born in Prague, grew up in one of the Starbucks E-Commerce typical grey block-houses on the periphery and essays, went to school there. Many people find this kind of architecture awful or boring but I have a strong nostalgia connected with this place – a place of the most formative periods of my life. Starbucks! Many motifs appearing in my work have their origin in the time of my childhood and adolescence and in true questions, the specific atmosphere of E-Commerce this location. Kotatkova’s comments are not the isolated opinion of a nostalgic or contrarian artist. Zarecor’s work also draws upon several academic studies that show consistently high levels of satisfaction with sidliste life.
Research conducted in 2001 by Lux and Sunega showed that 64% of Czechs considered their accommodation ideal and only 11% planned to move within three years. Moreover, Zarecor also cites studies that show that this is not a new trend, with many sidliste residents recalling moving to their new Havirov homes in the same excited and reverent terms that the Pruitt Igoe tenants did. Recent work by true questions Eva Spackova and Martin Jemelka in the Hranice sidliste in Karvina also shows generally high degrees of satisfaction, although mixed with calls for further improvements relating to upkeep and noise issues. As Spackova put its in an interview with Zarecor: Generally it is possible to say that the majority of Starbucks imperfections in the housing development, according to the opinions of the residents, are not conditional on architectural solutions but rather on the unmaintained, disordered, and unsatisfactory control and true-love on poetry and valuing, commercial abuse of public space and the former civic facilities.  Hotel Kupa at E-Commerce Jizni Mesto.
In a widely cited ethnographic study of the Prague sidlistes at Jizni mesto and Jihozapadni Mesto, French anthropologist Laurent Bazac-Billaud concluded that people in panelaks generally know their neighbours and that both social and address contest, transport networks not only E-Commerce exist but also work. Furthermore, Hanley repeats Bazac-Billaud’s finding that: panelak life is based on a intense drive for privacy and individuality. Inside their standard panelak flats – identical in hard work equals, layout and to thousands of others the length and breadth of former Czechoslovakia – the key impulse of Czech panelak residents is to create their own private worlds. This is still however not enough for Hanley who claims that “In a democratic society, [panelaks] would never have been built. Such hideous-looking, poorly planned public housing would quickly have attracted criticism and protest (as it did in the West). Starbucks E-Commerce! In a market economy, no one with any money would have invested a crown into true-love essays and valuing a panelak flat.”
London’s Broadwater Farm Estate, from trainwalkslondon.com and flickr.com. Hanley’s critique could be read as a dire warning about the potential fate of E-Commerce panelaks in the postcommunist period after the a research end of rent controls, although currently this has only happened in exceptional cases. In the town of Most, the semi-ghetto of Chanov carries the real echoes of Pruitt-Igoe, not in its architecture, but in the social neglect that led to the decay and near abandonment of this Roma-majority housing estate. Similarly, Zarecor points to another North Bohemian town – Litvinov – and the Janov estate where an anti-Roma riot took place in 2008. E-Commerce! Research conducted by a team lead by the prominent geographer Ludek Sykora showed that the situation in Janov had been exacerbated by knowledge hard work essay the sale of municipal apartments to ‘investors’ who refused to invest in repairing or upgrading the buildings and rented the E-Commerce declining apartments to low-income Roma groups, helping to create social segregation and plus success essay, stoke racial tensions. Chanov, Most, from wikimapia.com; Pruitt-Igoe from Radiantwriting.hubpages.com. In many more cases however, the Starbucks right-to-buy schemes allowed tenants to true-love essays on poetry, purchase their apartments affordably from municipalities and rent controls remained in place until recently. Starbucks! Right-to-buy schemes were balanced with incentives to a research papers, form tenants associations and residents committees in order to be able to benefit from EU-funded refurbishment schemes. These schemes have largely consisted of the installation of new windows, doors, elevators and E-Commerce, the application of fixed Styrofoam cladding directly to the outside of panelaks, which are then covered with plaster in order to statement on asthma, improve insulation. Starbucks! Residents have then been able to choose from true and false questions a variety of colours to repaint the new cladding, eliminating the darkness at the edge of town. However, transforming the dreaded grey into what Zarecor terms a ‘rainbow’ of colours threatens to create what Spackova terms “multi-coloured kitsch.” Zarecor too warns against the loss of architectonic detail such as the definable edges of panels or surface texture which give the buildings a sense of proportion and Starbucks E-Commerce, without which they risk becoming “cartoon likenesses in the shape of apartment buildings with undifferentiated surfaces.”
Popular with residents, these largely cosmetic renovations seem to statement on asthma, please Hanley, who in a later piece states “After this beauty treatment the hideous grey panelaky look pretty civilized” passing in an augenblick , for Holland or Germany. This confirms Hanley’s mainstream hierarchical view of transition (where success equals imitation of the West), but also Zarecor’s observation that, if all that took was a lick of paint, then perhaps there wasn’t so much wrong with them in the first place. Sidliste Rajska Zahrada (Paradise Garden) Building New Panel Stories: Re-evaluating and Starbucks E-Commerce, reviving the realities beyond the myths. The difficulty of disentangling aesthetic judgements on ‘grey’ or ‘ugly’ panel buildings from their context in the politics of communist memory and the particular political economy of the post-89 world makes it unsurprising that they should provide rich material for true-love and valuing visual artists with social sensibilities. That artists with praxis as different as Veronika Drahotova, Tomas Dzadon, Patricie Fexova, Eva Kotatkova and Katerina Seda should find inspiration or fascination in these massive structures and micro-societies speaks to their significance as sites for the interaction of and negotiation between public and private, uniformity and individuality, enabling constraints and bounded freedoms.
The work of scholars such as Kimberly Zarecor, Eva Spackova, Laurent Bazac-Billaud and Ludek Sykora, as well as the engagements of the aforementioned artists call into question what we know about panelaks and Starbucks E-Commerce, sidlistes and the contexts in which we know it. Marley Essay! This challenges the how we remember both the public politics and the private lives of communism and the ways they have been re-negotiated in Starbucks, transition. It questions the social relations that are possible on address contest housing estates today and between the E-Commerce estates and true-love essays and valuing, elsewhere. In turn this prompts us to consider who we live with, how we want to do so and to Starbucks, what extent we can achieve that. It questions the underlying assumptions of post-communist societies and they ways these societies are constructed – now and in the future – as well as who they are for. Panelaks and sidlistes are too often seen merely as monumental milestones on the way to a future that was never built: as inconvenient reminders of a past that would be better forgotten or as hangovers of uneasy dreams. Zarecor rightly calls for thesis statement on asthma the rehabilitation of panelaks, which would act as a catalyst for re-appraisals of other aspects of Czech society. If this is to E-Commerce, happen, then the old myths of marley outside imposition, misdiagnosis of the ills of social programmes and social democracy need to E-Commerce, be exposed. Fallacies of indignity and malicious attacks on on asthma panel dwellers need to be put to rest in order to Starbucks E-Commerce, better deal with real emergent inequity and papers, emiseration. E-Commerce! To start telling new panel stories, we need to experience and embrace the diversity and vibrancy of sidliste life, aesthetically and socially, from the clean neo-functionalist lines of the Invalidovna estate to Dablice’s open green spaces, Jizni Mesto’s thriving brewery and the panoramic views from the true and false Hotel Kupa.
This is a re-drafted version of a piece that was initially published hard copy in Vlak 4, Prague, London, New York, Melbourne, Paris, Amsterdam: Eqqus Press (2013) and Starbucks, is also featured in on asthma, Abolishing Prague , ed. Louis Armand, Prague: Litteraria Pragensia (2014).  The title refers to Vera Chytilova’s legendary film ‘Panel Story’ which provides a supposedly candid, but largely negative look at the early days of the Jizni Mesto housing estate.  From the poem Jizni Mesto (South City) by Jiri Zacek, reproduced in Starbucks, From a Terrace in Prague, ed. Stephan Delbos (2011) Prague: Litteraria Pragensia.  As noted by and false Els de Vos’ (2012) review of E-Commerce Lynne Attwood’s Socialist Housing in the Eastern Bloc: Gender and Housing in and valuing, Soviet Russia and Kimberly Elman Zarecor’s Manufacturing a Socialist Modernity , published in Technology and Culture , 53 (2), April 2012, pp. 465-469.  Ivan T. Berend as quoted in E-Commerce, Zarecor (2012) Zarecor (2012) ‘Socialist Neighbourhoods after Socialism: The Past, Present and Future of Postwar Housing in the Czech Republic’ , East European Politics and Societies, 26: 486.  e.g.
Alison Stenning Kathrin Hoerschelmann (2008) History, Geography and a research papers, Difference in the Post-socialist World: Or, Do We Still Need Post-socialism? Antipode, 40(2): 312-335.  Zarecor (2009) ‘The Rainbow Edges: The Legacy of Communist Mass Housing and the Colorful Future of Czech Cities in Peggi Clouston, Ray Kinoshita Mann, Stephen Schreiber, eds. Without a Hitch – New Directions in Prefabricated Architecture . http://scholarworks.umass.edu/wood/2008/; Zarecor Eva S pac ? kova ? (2012) ‘Czech Panelaks are Disappearing, but the Housing Estates Remain’ , Architecture Town Planning (Architektur Urbanizmus), 34: 288-301;  For the fullest treatment of this, see Zarecor (2011) Manufacturing a Socialist Modernity: Housing in Czechoslovakia 1945-1960, Pittsburgh University Press: Pittsburgh, PA.  See for E-Commerce example Peter Zusi ‘s excellent (2004) ‘The Style of the Present: Karel Teige on Constructivism and Poetism’, Representations (88); (2008) ‘Tendentious Modernism: Karel Teige’s path to knowledge, Functionalism’, Slavic Review (67:4).  e.g. Teige (2002) Nejmensi Byt (The Minimum Dwelling), MIT Press: Cambridge MA, trans Eric Dluhlosch.  Karel Teige, The Minimum Dwelling, p6.  Jencks (1991 ) The Language of Postmodern Architecture, New York: Rizzoli.
 The Pruitt-Igoe Myth (2011) dir. Chad Friedrichs.  See for E-Commerce example Oscar Newman (1975) ‘Reactions to the Defensible Space Study Some Further Findings’ International Journal of Mental Health vol 4(3):48-70.  See also Elizabeth Birmingham (1999) ‘Refraining the Ruins: Pruitt-#1113093;Igoe, structural racism, and African American rhetoric as a space for cultural critique, Western Journal of Communication, 63:3, 291-309.  See the Czech film Pelisky (literally translated as ‘Cosy Dens’) , directed by Jan Hrebejk.  Sean Hanley specifically notes this in his 1999 piece.  Interview with Luigi Fassi in Kotatkova ‘ Documentation 2’
 Hanley (1999) and knowledge hard work equals essay, Kristina Alda, writing for the Prague Daily Monitor both reference Bazac-Billaud’s work. http://praguemonitor.com/2009/10/27/praguescape-pink.  Sykora et al (2010), Rezidencni Segregace, Univerzita Karlova Minesterstvo pro Starbucks, mnistni rozvoj v Ceske Republice. The Unbearable Lightness of Being Ignored (Full Version) The Unbearable Lightness of Being Ignored. Czech Brutalist Architecture The Politics of Material Memory in Postcommunism. Those in the aesthetic know have long recognized that there is true-love essays and valuing, much more to Prague than the dreamlike castle rising above the Baroque and Rococo confections that jostle for tourists’ attention in the picturesque old town. Interwar Czechoslovakia gained a well-earned reputation for its modernist milieu, from which sprang the E-Commerce painting of Frantisek Kupka, the true-love and valuing poetry of Starbucks Vitezslav Nezval and statement, the design classics such as the streamlined teardrop tourer, the Tatra T77.
Architects working in Masaryk’s Republic also ensured that Modernist light flooded the E-Commerce bourgeois residences of the marley famous Villas Mueller (Adolf Loos) and Tugendhat (Mies van der Rohe). In contrast to the folksy, myth-making and introspective imaginary of the ‘National Revival’, the nascent bi-national consciousness that emerged from the decline of decadent Kakania and the carnage of the Starbucks First World War openly embraced the thesis on asthma International Style. Czech architects and their patrons absorbed lessons learnt abroad and let their projects talk the language of CIAM, but with a proudly Czech accent. Of many possible examples, Oldrich Tyl and Josef Fuch’s Functionalist Trade-Fair Palace in Holesovice and Josef Havlicek and Karel Honzik’s Corbusian Pension Institute in Zizkov display a familiarity and comfort with the principles and practice of Modernist architecture that fuelled the urban utopianism of Tomas Bata’s “shiny phenomenon” in Zlin and reflected the confidence of a Republic, recognized as such for E-Commerce the first time, beginning to feel like it belonged in the world. The thoroughly modern flourishing of this sense of essay contest collective self was tragically cut short by Starbucks the British and French betrayal at Munich. Chamberlain’s cruel condemnation of Czechoslovakia as ‘a faraway country of which we know little’, an expendable pawn in the cynical play of great-power politics, opened the door for Nazi annexation and occupation, ‘liberation’ by the Red Army and the subsequent slide into & me authoritarian communism. That short, twenty-year period, remembered elsewhere as a time of crisis, was burned into the Czechoslovak collective memory as a time of unparalleled freedom and creativity, hope and possibility. This was a time when the swirling forces of modernist creativity, such as those of Karel Teige’s Devetsil ensured that while this medium-sized, Central European country grew to become world’s 6 th largest exporting economy, it was feted not only for its wares, but the way it wore them.
The memory of this period has become crucial to historicized understandings of what followed as well as ideas of how to be, become and belong in the present, which has been both reflected and Starbucks E-Commerce, reinforced in the material memoryscape. The clipping of the First Republic’s youthful wings is often seen as the end of the Czech modernist line, leaving behind an architectural high-water mark as a reminder of true-love essays and valuing what could have been, of a time when concrete could be the stuff of dreams, rather than the material manifestation of a closing curtain-wall. Starbucks! The monuments to knowledge work essay, that golden youth are now regular highlights on tourist schedules, highly recommended in guidebooks and often featured in design magazines. Significantly, they are promoted and maintained by city and state authorities, sites of officially sanctioned mourning, melancholia and nostalgia. However, while such acclaim is richly deserved, the politics of material memory are never far from postcommunist surfaces. The focus on Starbucks the First Republic has meant that many of Prague’s later modernist gems have often been ignored, seemingly hidden in plain sight. What Prague is For.
Whereas Berlin is lauded for its TV Tower and Cafe Moskau and true and false questions, the former Soviet Union has seen its Cosmic Communist Constructions Photographed to widespread acclaim by Frederic Chaubin, Czech Brutalism has remained largely uncelebrated, mired in Starbucks E-Commerce, the brutal circumstances of its making. It is notable that in a feature article on another recent book in this emerging genre, ‘Socialist Modern’ buildings in Slovakia, Poland, Lithuania, Serbia, Hungary, Ukraine and Georgia are mentioned, while the Czech Republic is conspicuous by its absence. The Ministry of Transportation in Tblisi, The Slovak National Library in Bratislava, the Riga TV Tower and everything from the post-office to the university in Skopje all warrant attention but, somehow, in thesis statement on asthma, the international imagination, this is not what Prague is for . This impression has often also been cultivated by previously dominant politics of public memory, with Prague’s brutalist buildings seen as sad anomalies amidst the ancien splendour – inconvenient material truths that have nonetheless served a useful purpose by prodding at the guilty conscience of Starbucks E-Commerce visiting tourists and statesmen, obscuring their uses and material qualities by casting them into the shadow of totalitarianism. It is important to understand the causes of this willed amnesia, which in the time after communism, curated a particularly powerful impression of the recent past and has had significant implications for how life can be lived in the present. True-love On Poetry! The confluence of international and local understandings of the history of the short 20 th Century and especially its second-half, has created a dominant narrative of post-communist collective memory. This view sees 1989 as the inevitable victory of a superior western model that ended a period defined exclusively by Starbucks oppression and suffering, thus condemning the lived experience of true and false questions millions of people to Starbucks, the garbage heap of history and constructing them in statement, the present as victims and damaged goods. In part, this has been tactical, helping to forge an understanding of a Czechs as ‘Central Europeans’ and thus deserving of a ‘return to Europe’, to the exclusion of those further East, condemned as oriental others, as non-EUropeans. Milan Kundera’s famous essay ‘The Kidnapped West’ is a prominent example of such an approach, asserting Central European belonging in a Western idea of Europe and grounding its legitimacy in the interwar period.
Central Europe becomes the West’s jilted lover, banished to the Russian East, diverted from it’s ‘true’ path and facing a kidnapped present and a hijacked future. Ironically, although Kundera explicitly rejects Marx and Hegel’s version of History, he effectively espouses a Fukuyamian historicism avant le letter, albeit one that limits the Starbucks teleology of a Western destiny of ‘Liberal-Market-Democracy’ to Western and Central Europeans and Americans . The importance of this narrative to dominant understandings of postcommunism cannot be overstated. Playing on the curtailed experience of weekly democracy and linking this to the cultural flourishing of the First Republic, helped Vaclav Havel and Lech Walesa (and others) ensure that the so-called ‘Return to Europe’ was institutionally concretised in accession to the European Union, although this very much on the EU’s terms. The creation of the link between the First Republic and contemporary belonging helps to erase nuanced understandings of the communist period. To be clear, this was indeed a time of Starbucks E-Commerce tremendous suffering, oppressive politics and the callous crushing of a shocking amount of human potential, but was that the papers whole story?
As Vaclav Havel famously noted, there were many forms of Starbucks E-Commerce resistance and resilience in papers, the face of terrible circumstances, with those who were supposedly powerless, actually enacting their power on the everyday stage. It is therefore worth questioning whether this this was a ‘postcultural’ period, as Kundera claimed, or whether this assertion is as ideologically freighted as the communism (and Russianness) he set out to oppose. The Manichean view of the interwar period as good, the time until ’89 as bad and E-Commerce, what followed as a return to the good life has had several important effects and affects. Following Kundera, this sees postcommunist ‘transition’ as a journey from point to point, from the “stolen European and capitalist past” to the predetermined ?progressive? trajectory of the West. However, once back on the same path, Central Europeans were seen to my inaugural reader essay contest, be behind and backward, frequently labeled either as ‘success stories’ or ‘laggards’ in imitating the always-already advanced West which they were benchmarked against, leading Juergen Habermas to denigrate the events of 1989 as “catching up revolutions.” Such a view fits with the pedagogical historicism in which the victims of communism became the ‘pupils’ of heroic European and Starbucks, American ‘tutors’.
This is also reflected in the patronizing Pentecostalism that styled these revolutions as a re-birth and knowledge plus equals success essay, that talks of ‘young democracies’ and the ‘children of Starbucks E-Commerce 89’. Hard Times in Soft Cities. Importantly for this discussion of the social meaning of architecture and its role in material memory, characterizations of the communist period as one of merely kidnap and theft ignore the essays complexity of Starbucks lived experiences of the time leaving victim testimonies as the main mode of available and acceptable public speech regarding that time. Labelling art, architecture and literature of the time as ‘postcultural’ is a delegitimizing move that seeks to reify other types of culture and which supports unfairly totalizing accounts of communist experiences, a treatment all too common where communist-era cultural production is concerned. However, architecture has a particular place in the cultural politics of memory, as unlike visual art or literature, engagement with it is not always a choice.
We all experience the a research material environments we live in E-Commerce, and the questions buildings in which we live and work may not always be of our choosing. Noting Jonathan Raban’s account of the ‘Soft City’ – that makes us as we make it – recognizes the importance of the imposition or contestation of Starbucks material meaning and the different ways we experience architectural and urban affect. Czech Brutalist buildings were mainly built after the crushing of the 1968 Prague Spring and statement, have all too often become seen as the distinctly inhuman face of socialist ‘Normalisation’. Starbucks! These structures have thus been equated with unwelcome outside interference at a time when the only available international style was seen as a material manifestation of imprisonment, rather than the interwar proof of progressive, dynamic cosmopolitanism. Considering the very different reaction that Brutalist buildings have often inspired in the reunified Germany, it is important to note the plus equals success significance of different understandings of the communist period there, as well as the impact of a very different (inter)war past.
This may have contributed to a continued embrace of E-Commerce contemporary modernism throughout the post-war period, with the clear connection (and open competition) between building in the East and the West, reaffirming national connection by highlighting the falseness of enforced division. Marley! In Germany, as in many other places, Brutalism was understood as an Starbucks E-Commerce architecture from within rather than one imposed from without, albeit with differing variations and connotations in the two halves of the divided nation. Knowledge Hard Equals Success! This foregrounds the social meaning-making that plays an essential, if often under-acknowledged role in Starbucks E-Commerce, aesthetic judgement. On Poetry And Valuing! Thus, the marquee buildings of the Czechoslovak Normalisation period are often seen as all too closely entwined with authoritarian politics of the Starbucks period, with their aesthetic, material and functional qualities and my inaugural address weekly reader essay contest, the complexity of their social meaning is too often ignored in this totalizing gaze. The communist period is often seen in the popular, Western imagination as ‘grey’ or ‘drab’, with ‘the people’ of the Starbucks time eking out a meagre existence in a concrete-clad, shadowy half-light that is all too easily equated with run-down, large-scale housing projects.
These descriptions, as well as the slights on key socialist-era buildings, continue to reverberate in the concrete estates – built then, but still lived-in now – many of which were realized in a brutalist vernacular: from the low rise ‘Solidarita’ in Strasnice and thesis on asthma, Karlin’s sleek ‘Invalidovna’, to the fleets of Starbucks panel-buildings in Dablice and Jizni Mesto, they have been all too easily dismissed as mere communist blocks that signal second class-life in what was the second world. After ’89 these visions of how the thesis future used to look no longer looked the part, as post-communist countries tried to Starbucks, shed their socialist skin and tried to emulate the West. This helped to contribute to the postcommunist identity crisis and the vacuum of political subjectivity created by hurried passing of these winds of change. Damning the buildings of that time has also helped to cast people who live in them today as poor relations, willfully forgetting that these were, and continue to be, the places where people grew up, loved, laughed and even enjoyed moments in ignorance or defiance of the party regime. These were the walls that sheltered growing families, harboured thought contemplation, witnessed the realization of small-scale creative activities and within which, people made their cosy dens.
Brutalism beyond Brutality. More recently however, as the post-historical utopianism of the neoliberalising global order has been buffeted by an economic crisis so prolongued that it has become the norm and as the realities of marley & me essay living by Starbucks rules largely made elsewhere become clearer, it has been possible to detect mnemonic counter-currents in the Prague cityscape and beyond. Plus Hard Work Equals! Aesthetically and functionally, the designs of Karel Prager, Vladimir and Starbucks E-Commerce, Vera Machonin and others at the forefront of Czech brutalism, have stood the a research papers test of time and are starting to receive the Starbucks E-Commerce local and international acclaim that they deserve. Much like the myth of the Czech ‘return to Europe’ post-89, Prague did not need to thesis statement on asthma, “return to the international architecture scene” after the cold war, it had always been there. The re-appraisal of these previously neglected architectural jewels, which increasingly stand out amidst the banality of contemporary commercial construction is part of a wider contestation of the totalizing memory of the communist period and a new willingness to accept that not everything produced in this time was necessarily bad. This points to the need to re-engage a past all too quickly jettisoned in the haste of transition, not to pardon or rehabilitate the communist regime, but to Starbucks, recognize the nuance and complexity of the lived experiences of a research that period, of the significant grey areas that people were required to operate in and the not so grey experiences they may have had in and around the buildings of the E-Commerce time. Reconsidering the architectures of that time and their place in contemporary urban life is a significant step in thesis, reclaiming the Starbucks E-Commerce multiple singularities of the past and thus restoring the possibility of knowledge plus hard work success subjective authenticity, that sense of having been both then and Starbucks, now and being able to speak as fully as one can of both times and indeed to rescue the beautiful babies that were thrown out with the marley essay surfeit of bad bathwater.
The former Czechoslovak Federal Assembly building (Prager, 1972) at the top of Wenceslas Square, which served as the post-89 headquarters Radio Free Europe has been fully refurbished to mark its transformation into E-Commerce ‘The New Building’ of the on asthma Czech National Museum. This is the Starbucks building that is often seen under construction in on asthma, the background of photos showing the Russian tanks that came to crush the Prague Spring and Starbucks E-Commerce, as a building explicitly intended for the authorities attained massive symbolic significance. That this architectural wonder was effectively given away to marley & me, a foreign organization in the wake of the velvet revolution is also indicative of the politics of the time, as its gleaming resurgence at the heart of officially-sanctioned national memory. Another Prager building, the E-Commerce Nova Scena (1983) of the National Theatre, famous as the ‘Magic Lantern’ where roundtable talks were held during the seizure of power from the communist regime has gone from being derided as looking like “frozen piss” to being lauded as a must-see site in the latest Prague guide from international tastemakers Wallpaper* magazine. Similarly, the true questions Kotva department store is a reassuringly solid presence opposite the pink creme chantille of the recent and hideously Disney-like Palladium shopping centre. Hotels such as the Intercontinental, and President downtown and the Praha and Pyramida further out have long catered for tourists and conference-goers, while commercial buildings such as the Smichov Komercni Banka and the Cube office complex showing the E-Commerce range of brutal beauty in knowledge hard work essay, Prague.
Many of these buildings are archetypal brutalist designs, showcasing that the use of exposed materials arranged in E-Commerce, playful or elegantly repetitive forms that is juxtaposed with the solidity and weight of the materials themselves. This play of lightness and weight, elegance and true and false, solidity is often lost in the brutalist nomenclature which was coined for its use of Starbucks E-Commerce Beton brut , rather than anything more sinister. The sweeping curves and egalitarian distribution of balcony space at knowledge plus work equals essay the Hotel Praha and the elevated and seemingly floating, curtain-walled body of the former Federal Assembly speak of a technical mastery of contemporaneous international building styles. This fluency in brutalist-modern visual and material language lead to innovative experimentation and a panache of execution to match the architects of the First Republic and which goes quite against the received wisdom on communist-era creativity. Place-making: Palimpsest and Performativity. The changing fortunes of these high-profile buildings draws can be seen in both the functions that they serve and the uses that are made of them, as well as on Starbucks the reputation that they have. And False Questions! These linked aspects are highly significant for the understandings that we have of our (urban) environments and relate to Starbucks, the manifestation of similar currents elsewhere. The first represents a performative making of meaning that can contest confirm or create the function of a space. This leads to excavatory, sedimentary or palimpsestuous place-making, reflects the direct interaction of people with the thesis statement on asthma built environment. Starbucks E-Commerce! In Berlin, the marley transformation of the 3 rd Reich Air Ministry building into the contemporary Federal Ministry of Finance and E-Commerce, the re-invention of the Olympic stadium from shameful Nazi hangover to centerpiece of a new Germany, once again accepted as having a waveable flag are only two examples of true questions such processes. There are also many examples of this in Prague, from the re-branding of E-Commerce Pankrac high-rises to the cynical corporate appropriation of the already appropriated ‘Maj’ shopping centre to make the indicatively named ‘My’ Narodni.
The controversy around the formal listing of this building also shows the often particularly bitter hatred of brutalist style buildings that is not the my inaugural reader essay preserve of either Central Europe or postcommunist countries and which relates to the discourses that also inform architectural meaning-making. It has long been accepted that it is mainly architects and architecture critics who champion brutalist buildings, imposing them on the poor folk who actually have to live there, while they retreat to Starbucks, more comfortable and address weekly reader essay, comforting climes. It has been of E-Commerce continued delight to conservative commentators that the iconoclastic critic Charles Jencks declared that “Modern Architecture died in St Louis, Missouri on July 15, 1972 at 3.32pm or thereabouts when the infamous Pruitt-Igoe scheme, or rather several of its slab blocks, were given the final coup de grace by dynamite.” Those conservative critics may not have liked all of, or indeed any, of the papers postmodernism that Jencks espoused, but this was a victory for anti-modern traditionalism in architecture and a foreseeable end to all this concrete, glass and steel. Starbucks E-Commerce! Jencks was purposefully premature and the battle for modernism has raged on hard work ever since, but it has done so in a prevailing critical climate that has sought to blame many urban and social ills on this style of architecture, which bred nought but misery, poverty crime and alienation. However, around the world, this received wisdom has come into question, with the re-appraisal of the aesthetics of Starbucks brutalist buildings often accompanied by refurbishment. Even the founding myth of the critics of modern architecture – that the brutalist-modern Pruitt-Igoe housing project was fundamentally unsound – has been challenged. The recent documentary film ‘The Pruitt-Igoe Myth’ highlights the joy with which the first tenants embraced their new homes and foregrounds the lack of maintenance, willful ghettoisation by the city authorities and the poor socio-economic status of the occupants as the main causes of the degeneration of life on the estate, rather than seeing the architecture itself as the cause. Similarly, according to reports in the Czech media, anthropological research on Prague’s biggest housing estate at papers Jizni Mesto, revealed “strong social networks, plenty of greenery and decent public transportation” and that this and Starbucks, other such areas had not become a low-income ghettoes in marley & me, the course of transition. Among the signature buildings of Jizni Mesto are the linked towers of the Hotel Kupa, which recall London’s Trellick tower from the renowned British brutalist architect Erno Goldfinger. The revival in the fortunes of brutalist buildings in other parts of the world has coincided with the re-appraisal of Czech communist architectures, as it has seemingly been realized that they were not some aberrant form unique to authoritarian regimes, but that actually the embrace of this style by the skilled hands of Karel Prager and others was actually capable of E-Commerce producing beautiful, interesting buildings. While questions will always be raised about the politics of those who were able to address reader essay contest, build during this time, even non-party members like Prager, this picture is complicated by the continued activity of E-Commerce interwar architects such as Josef Havlicek and Bauhaus director Hannes Meyer in statement, postwar Czechoslovakia.
However, it should be recognized that the best brutalist buildings bear elegant witness to the resilience of Starbucks E-Commerce cultural creativity that was able to flourish despite the adverse conditions of the time. Recognising the thesis aesthetic value of these marquee buildings makes it harder to simply dismiss their everyday cousins in the housing estates, which is increasingly important in the increasing socio-economic Darwinism of E-Commerce a neoliberalising Europe where we should continue to assert that just because you don’t live in a villa doesn’t mean that you don’t belong here. The rehabilitation of these material forms and their social meaning comes as part of statement a renewed willingness to properly reckon with the E-Commerce past in all its complexity, refusing the simplifying narratives of totalizing tyranny and victimhood in order to reclaim the uniquely Czech experiences of this time and to be thus better able to contextualise and understand them within wider narratives, which can then also be better challenged. This in turn may speak of a desire to re-assert political subjectivity and articulate a new way of being internationally Czech without either passively acquiescing to every outside demand or resorting to hard, aggressively parochial populist nationalism. Having taken on board much of the postmodern critique, is this revival indicative of a new modernism, unimpressed with the low ambitions, broken promises and banal pastiche of the geographies at E-Commerce history’s end? In the context of ongoing and uneven economic hardship across Europe as well as resurgent public political activism we should be rightly wary of architecture instrumentalised to political purpose, but at the same time we cannot ignore the highly political causes and knowledge hard work success essay, consequences of our material worlds and nor should we reject the possibilities that architecture holds with regard to being, belonging and becoming. Too often, Prague is damned with faint praise: deliriously light entertainment for tourists passing between Europe’s sites of heavy, serious, real memory; a refuge from reality for introverted dreamers, trying to stay forever young, like the First Republic they idolize; in short, somewhere to visit, a nice place to play, a temporary refuge from the real business going on elsewhere. The beautifully restored surfaces of the Starbucks first republic demand respect and it is understandable why that remarkable age remains so well-remembered. However, without the knowledge plus success emergent reckoning with that which followed, a nostalgic melancholia would dominate the politics of Czech memory and obscure the Starbucks opportunities and knowledge plus work, demands of the present, not only betraying the spirit of E-Commerce that past, but surrendering the present to marley, the narratives of victimhood and Starbucks E-Commerce, pedagogy. The restoration of key buildings and the continued process of marley & me improving the Starbucks housing estates as well as the increased number of exhibitions on Czech Brutalism and the discussion of the issues surrounding it in the media all point to a new engagement with unquiet ghosts that haunt the present.
Perhaps the belated blooming of Czech brutalism and the recent (and bizarre) decision to re-build the Berliner StadtSchloss (in place of the Palast der Republik) mark a passing of the mnemonic baton, to Bohemia, where Prague is shedding its berlin complex and is demanding to be seen afresh, as a city in full. This is an urban landscape that runs the gamut of glamour and grit, a schwer site of work and memory, not only licht laughter and forgetting. My Inaugural Address! It should recognize itself as such and demand the Starbucks E-Commerce same recognition from others. Such recognition that would begin to challenge the hierarchies of weekly essay contest inclusion that preclude real belonging and limit the E-Commerce ability of people to participate in true, determine their individual and collective futures.  Carr, E.H. 2001. Starbucks E-Commerce! The twenty years’ crisis, 1919-1939: an introduction to the study of international relations . Papers! Basingstoke: Palgrave. Original edition, 1939.  Roman Bezjak’s Socialist Modernism: Archeology of an Era , Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2011, as featured in Spiegel Online International, 07/29/2011.  ”The tragedy of Starbucks Central Europe”, New York Review of Books, 26 April 1984, pp.33-8, originally published in French under the title “Un Occident kidnappe ou la tragedie de l’Europe centrale”, Le Debat , november 1983, no 27).
 e.g. Frank Schimmelfennig, ‘The Community Trap’, International Organization 55, 1, Winter 2001, pp. 47–80.  Stenning, Alison Kathrin Horschelmann (2008), ‘History, Geography and thesis statement on asthma, Difference in the Post-socialist World: Or, Do We Still Need Post-Socialism?’ Antipode , 40(2): 312-335.  King, Charles (2000) ‘Post-Post-communist: Transition, Comparison, and the End of “Eastern Europe”’, World Politics , 53(1): 143-172; Moravcsik, Andrew Vachudova, Milada (2003) ‘National Interests, State Power, and Starbucks, EU Enlargement’, East European Politics and Societies , 17(1): 42–57.  Jacoby, Wade (2001) ‘Tutors and Pupils: International Organizations, Central European Elites, and Western Models’, Governance , 14(2): 169-200; Chandler, David (2006), Empire in Denial: The Politics of State Building, Pluto Press, London.  Garton Ash, Timothy (2009), ‘1989!’, New York Review of & me essay Books, Volume 56, Number 17 http://www.nybooks.com/articles/23232.  Hanzlova, et al,(Eds) (1999), Prague, 20 tth Century Architecture, Springer, 1999: p8.  The Czech Newspaper Pravo! reported on E-Commerce 06/02/2012 that a group of Czech art experts (UM!) were working on on asthma a book looking at the cultural and aesthetic aspects of the Prague Metro as an art space.  As quoted in ‘The Rough Guide to Prague’  Machonin Machoninova, 1975.
 Filsak, Bubenicek Svec, 1974.  Paroubek, Navratil, Todl, Sedlacek, 1981.  Cajthamlov Cajthamalova, 1987.  Fencl, Franc Novacek, 1977.  Eisler, et al, 1976. E-Commerce! The name Maj reflected the statement communist hijacking of Karel Hynek Macha’s famous and highly nationally significant poem of the same name. From Maj to E-Commerce, My also plays on statement on asthma the Czech first person plural – ironically considering its special place in Starbucks, the communist lexicon.
 Jencks, Charles (1977) The Language of Postmodern Architecture, Rizzoli, 1977   Kristina Alda, ‘Praguescape: In the Pink?’, Prague Daily Monitor, 27/10/2009.  With respect to the sadly departed and already missed Vaclav Havel who wrote the my inaugural reader concrete poem ‘The Brno Complex’ – “ prague”
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The Future for Starbucks eCommerce Coffee Drinkers - Trellis
10 Rules for Writing Numbers and Numerals. How do you express numbers in your writing? When do you use figures (digits) and when do you write out the Starbucks, number in words (letters)? That is, when do you write 9 and when do you write nine ? 1. Number versus numeral . First things first, what is the difference between a number and essay, a numeral? A number is an E-Commerce, abstract concept while a numeral is papers, a symbol used to express that number. #8220;Three,#8221; #8220;3#8221; and #8220;III#8221; are all symbols used to express the same number (or the concept of #8220;threeness#8221;). Starbucks E-Commerce! One could say that the difference between a number and its numerals is like the difference between a person and her name. 2. Spell small numbers out questions . The small numbers, such as whole numbers smaller than ten, should be spelled out. That#8217;s one rule you can count on. If you don#8217;t spell numbers out Starbucks E-Commerce it will look like you#8217;re sending an instant message, and you want to be more formal than that in your writing. 3. Thesis On Asthma! No other standard rule : Experts don#8217;t always agree on other rules.
Some experts say that any one-word number should be written out. Two-word numbers should be expressed in figures. That is, they say you should write out twelve or twenty . But not 24 . 4. Using the E-Commerce, comma . In English, the comma is used as a thousands separator (and the period as a decimal separator), to make large numbers easier to read. So write the size of Alaska as 571,951 square miles instead of 571951 square miles. In Continental Europe the opposite is true, periods are used to separate large numbers and the comma is used for decimals. Finally, the marley essay, International Systems of Units (SI) recommends that a space should be used to separate groups of three digits, and both the comma and Starbucks E-Commerce, the period should be used only to denote decimals, like $13 200,50 (the comma part is a mess#8230; I know). 5. Don#8217;t start a sentence with a numeral . Make it #8220;Fourscore and seven years ago,#8221; not #8220;4 score and 7 years ago.#8221; That means you might have to rewrite some sentences: #8220;Fans bought 400,000 copies the first day#8221; instead of #8220;400,000 copies were sold the first day.#8221; 6. Centuries and decades should be spelled out . Use the Eighties or nineteenth century . 7. Percentages and recipes . With everyday writing and on poetry and valuing, recipes you can use digits, like #8220;4% of the children#8221; or #8220;Add 2 cups of brown rice.#8221; In formal writing, however, you should spell the percentage out like #8220;12 percent of the players#8221; (or #8220;twelve percent of the players,#8221; depending on your preference as explained in point three). 8. If the number is rounded or estimated, spell it out . Rounded numbers over a million are written as a numeral plus a word.
Use #8220;About 400 million people speak Spanish natively,#8221; instead of #8220;About 400,000,000 people speak Spanish natively .#8221; If you#8217;re using the exact number, you#8217;d write it out, of course. 9. Two numbers next to each other . It can be confusing if you write #8220;7 13-year-olds#8221;, so write one of E-Commerce, them as a numeral, like #8220;seven 13-year-olds#8221;. Pick the number that has the fewest letters. Statement! 10. Ordinal numbers and consistency . Don#8217;t say #8220;He was my 1st true love,#8221; but rather #8220;He was my first true love.#8221; Be consistent within the same sentence. If my teacher has 23 beginning students, she also has 18 advanced students, not eighteen advanced students.
Subscribe to Receive our Articles and Exercises via Email. You will improve your English in only 5 minutes per day, guaranteed! Subscribers get access to our exercise archives, writing courses, writing jobs and Starbucks, much more! You'll also get three bonus ebooks completely free! Try It Free Now. 207 Responses to & me #8220;10 Rules for Starbucks E-Commerce Writing Numbers and Numerals#8221; I#8217;ve always spelled out any number less than ten, since that is what I was definitely taught by true-love and valuing my wonderful journalism teacher in high school. Starbucks E-Commerce! What I#8217;m curious about today, is how to correctly write #8220;3+#8221; as in you need three or more years of experience. My Inaugural Address! (Did I just answer my own question? Ha!) Also, when expressing whole dollar values, you do not add the Starbucks E-Commerce, decimal sign with two zeros. Essays! For example, you would write $10/hr. or $10 per hour, omitting the decimal sign and zeros. Linda asks, #8220;Oh, and why does no one here put the Starbucks, period inside the true and false questions, closing quotation mark? So many comments here have it outside.
That is U.S. standard. U.K. would put the period outside the quotation mark. Just asking! Too many U.S. folks get this wrong!#8221; We prefer to use the term #8220;conventions#8221; rather than #8220;rules#8221; of E-Commerce, right or #8220;wrong#8221;. The problem with the US #8220;standard#8221; for placing the knowledge equals success, end punctuation inside quotation marks is E-Commerce, that it is inconsistent and illogical. The #8220;rule#8221; was established when type was set by hand and the little #8220;.#8221; would have fallen out if it were not wedged under the #8221; #8221; #8221; symbol. In the true questions, 21st century, when little is Starbucks E-Commerce, printed and certainly very, very, very little is typeset by hand went out with Molly RIngwald hairstyles and leg warmers of the true-love on poetry, 80s it is time to place the Starbucks E-Commerce, punctuation logically and consistently.
Examples: Did the document contained the word #8220;the#8221;? The document contained the word #8220;the#8221;. Dear #8216;van on July 31, 2007 9:06 am#8217;, both are numerals, too#8230; I am calculating numbers for a math/physics problem to unprecidented precision. Prior precision was typically no more than 14 digits, so all published papers so far have no problem reporting such numbers. Very typically, my numbers are well over 100 digits and my best is 502 digits.
Do you have any recommendations for how to true-love and valuing report such numbers in a meaningful way? Tables are too boring, and no one would actually ever use every digit (from a printed text). E-Commerce! I was thinking about reporting the first twenty and the last ten, with a pointer to a web-stored file. But, that is true and false questions, only an idea. Another secondary issue is that for one problem, I have calculated over 8000 such numbers, but those are only Starbucks good to 60 digits. A Research Papers! Documenting those numbers (to be verifiable in Starbucks a printed journal) seems impossible (because of the statement, sheer number of digits). Perhaps an md5sum of a file holding them all?
Any ideas? People report algorigthms for calculating pi (not their trillions of digits), but that isn#8217;t really possible for my numbers, at least in a simple way. #8221; Why would you say someone is 183 cm, when you can say he’s six feet? #8221; Your point is? I can ask the same question, why would you say someone is 5ft and 10.8 inches, when you can say he is 1.80m? If current system works for better for US it is E-Commerce, fine, but this is not a valid argument. #8220;Do I type “a” or “an” before the number 120? Why would you ever use “an” before 120? “An one-hundred and twenty”, “an hundred and twenty”. My Inaugural Address Reader Essay! “An one two zero”. Any would be equally wrong.#8221; Not equally wrong, an #8220;an#8221; is required preceeding a word that phonetically starts with a vowel, e.g. an E-Commerce, eight, an SAP company, an eight hundred pound man. However i will give you the point, and it is true questions, beyond my understanding why would yo need to express an one hundred, when you can say a hundred, but that is Starbucks E-Commerce, another discussion.
By the marley essay, way I am from Mexico where we use the metric system. Which is Starbucks E-Commerce, correct English? 1 of 10 or 1 out of 10. True And False Questions! Reed Proctor on December 30, 2014 2:53 pm. You don#8217;t use AM/PM for military time. Starbucks E-Commerce! 0800 AM is my inaugural weekly essay, redundant. Starbucks! That would be like saying it#8217;s 8 a.m. a.m. That#8217;s what military time notation was designed for to eliminate the question #8220;Is that a.m. or p.m.?#8221; In skimming through the responses I did not see a suggestion for marley & me essay an eleventh rule: spell out numbers within quotes and dialogue based on the notion that we speak in words and E-Commerce, not in symbolic numerals. For example, #8220;Jack said #8216;I saw about four hundred of them on my last trip,'#8221; rather than #8220;Jack said #8216;I saw about 400 of them on knowledge equals essay, my last trip.'#8221; Dale Wood wrote, #8220;(i.e. they are being paid).#8221; Dale, you seem very competent in your grasp of E-Commerce, punctuation, but I see you do not include the comma after i.e.
Is this an British-English standard? In US English, we include the comma to reflect the a research, ubiquitous (or is it obligatory) pause after #8220;for example.#8221; I can hear the argument for exclusion of the comma (e.g., conservation or #8220;It#8217;s shorthand, dummy!#8221;), but is Starbucks E-Commerce, there a different unknown to me (is that even possible)? I have never seen so much ado about so little. One rule applies every time and it is absolute in writing, #8220;Spell out knowledge plus essay any number less than ten#8221;. Oops, had to fix that.
R.E. Chuck Slay, if you had legal documents, then it would be appropriate to place the numbers, such as forty-seven (47), like I did in this sentence. Otherwise, just follow these guidelines. I have a question concerning the slash marks that run through certain numbers when written, such as the number seven and Starbucks, zero. True! and in fact what is the proper way to write numbers in general? we have had quite the debate at Starbucks E-Commerce, work. I have always placed marks through my number sevens and zeros as well as through my letter Z#8217;s. Rule # 9 is there a set rule to that? I used to true and false questions be taught that you either had to use all numbers or use all spelling.
Your ten rules has shed some light for me. Other than these suggestions is Starbucks E-Commerce, there anything cast in stone like i before e except after c? Otherwise it leaves a lot of ambiguity to true-love some study I am doing. Thank you for your help. Great web site. I think #8220;We celebrated our ninth birthday parties together.#8221; is correct. There are two parties that were combined into one celebration, so they are referred to in the Starbucks E-Commerce, plural. Diana Ann Bisares on December 22, 2013 7:11 pm.
I#8217;m not sure if it#8217;s worth mentioning, but there#8217;s an exception for rule #1: dates. We say #8220;December 9#8221; and not #8220;December nine.#8221; Unless I#8217;m not aware of some other rules? Anyway, thanks for this article, Michael. For non-native speakers like me, it#8217;s very helpful to have easy access to grammar guidelines like this. #128578; I am helping a police officer apply for a promotion. He has worked 33 years in narcotics. He has made over 1000 arrests. Is it proper to hard work success write, #8220;I have worked thirty-three (33) years in narcotics and made one-thousand (1000) arrests.#8221; I#8217;ve often seen numbers written out and then parenthetically clarified. Is this proper usage? In German, the abbreviation #8220;z.B.#8221; includes the capital #8220;B#8221; because all nouns are capitalized in German. z.B. = #8220;zum Beispiel#8221;, and Beispiel is E-Commerce, a noun.
In the case of #8220;Bundesrepublik Deutschland#8221;, this is a proper noun. Translated into English, it becomes the Federal Republic of Germany, and that is abbreviated F.R.G. with all capitals because it represents a proper noun. Essay Contest! Formerly, there was an Starbucks E-Commerce, awful place called the D.D.R., the #8220;German Democratic Republic#8221; in English, which was neither democratic nor a republic. That was as bad as the Holy Roman Empire, which was neither holy, nor Roman, nor an knowledge work essay, empire! Concerning Steve Parker: #8220;Also, I would rarely use full points in abbreviations#8221;. That is just an oddity of British English that you ought to get rid of. In North American English, we just the periods just as they do in French, Spanish, German, Dutch, Latin, etc.: Mr., Mrs., Dr., Fr., a.m., p.m., e.g., etc., i.e., Hon., Jr., Sr., Sra., u.s.w., z.B.
Notes: Dr. means #8220;Doctor#8221; in English, Spanish, or German. Also, in Spanish, there is #8220;Dra.#8221; for Starbucks E-Commerce a doctor who happens to be a woman, and these abbreviations inclue dentists, professors, and so forth. Fr. is the abbreviation for #8220;Father#8221; a Catholic priest. a.m., p.m., e.g., and i.e. are correctly not capitalized because they are abbreviations for Latin phrases that are not capitalized. For example: a.m. = #8220;ante meridian#8221;. Questions! Sr. Starbucks! means #8220;senior#8221; in English, but it means #8220;Senor#8221; in marley Spanish, with a tilde over the #8220;n#8221;.
Sra. means #8220;Senora#8221; in Spanish. In German, u.s.w. means #8220;und so weiter#8221;, and that it the German for #8220;and so forth#8221;. This is used instead of etc. In German, z.B. means #8220;zum Beispiel#8221;, which means #8220;for example#8221;. This is used instead of e.g. Starbucks! Depending on the context, Sr. can also mean #8220;Sister#8221; in English in true and false other words, a Catholic nun like #8220;Sr.
Margaret Maples#8221;. There really is something positive to Starbucks E-Commerce say about something that is standard across many languages. I agree with Venax completely: #8220;Is the correct time 8:22 or 28:22?#8221; Really cannot say. Really can say!! 28:22 is thesis, never the correct time anywhere on the planet Earth. There are only 24 hours here, so it’s never 28 o’clock. That’s not an Starbucks, English rule, just a natural one. The expression #8220;28:22#8221; was actually a mistyping of #8220;20:22#8221; (in the previous) comment, but that should have NEVER been allowed to happen.
The #8220;28:22#8221; is a glaring error, and it should have been caught and corrected immediately. Days have exactly 24 hours in them, by statement definition. My point is that we have millions of writers nowadays, including professional journalists (i.e. they are being paid) who do not recognize glaring errors when they see them. Their skills at math, science, and logic are just that poor. E-Commerce! I think that students aspiring to statement on asthma degrees in journalism should be required to pass courses in mathematics, chemistry, phyiscs, biology, and statistics.
We live in a world of E-Commerce, science and technology, and thesis on asthma, people who aspire to important positions ought to be required to learn the basics of these. Venqax said: #8220;Isn’t it about time that the USA moved on from imperial measurements to metric? We did, for scientific measures, which is the Starbucks E-Commerce, only place it makes sense.#8221; In the United States, the metric system is used in pharmaceuticals, electricity, alcoholic beverages, and true-love on poetry, other such places. E-Commerce! The metric system is the only one that is used for electricity (volts, amperes, ohms, watts, etc.) We electrical engineers know this! Wine and distilled liquors are sold in bottles measuring 400 ml, 500 ml, 750 ml, one liter, two liters, and so forth. There was an antique measurement in North America called #8220;a fifth#8221;. It was defined as one fifth of an American gallon. NOW, a fifth is marley, defined as 750 ml exactly.
Also, soft drinks are very often sold in E-Commerce bottles that are one liter, two liters, or three liters in size. I mentioned these specifically because they are NOT scientific items at essay, all. The automotive industry in North America uses parts and Starbucks, tools calibrated in the metric system. This is extremely useful especially since parts and assemblies for cars and trucks are often make in one country but then assembled into thesis complete vehicles in the other. For example, the General Motors Corporation exists in both countries, and it is very strong in Ontario in Canada, as well as in the Great Lakes states of the Starbucks, United States. There are also thousands of different subcontractors for vehicles. Also, when it comes to their engines, their displacements are often worked out in liters instread of cubic inches. For example, there are engines of 1.6, 2.0. 2.4, 3.0, 4.0 liters in displacement, et cetera. We all use the same size wrenches, etc., on our cars and trucks, all calibrated in metric sizes in a research papers millimeters.
American and Canadian military, naval, and air force items designed and built on Starbucks, metric standards especially to true enhance cooperation with our European allies in E-Commerce NATO, and in the case of the plus hard equals success essay, United States, our allies in Starbucks E-Commerce Australia, Japan, South Korea, South America, etc. Military and naval commanders measure distances in knowledge plus success essay meters and kilometers, and many weapons systems have standard meausrements like 9.0 mm (pistols), 20 mm, 30 mm, 50 mm, 75 mm, 81mm, 90 mm, 105 mm, 155 mm, and 175 mm. Starbucks E-Commerce! It is my inaugural address weekly reader essay contest, true that these standard bores are based on American measurements: 5.56 mm (22 caliber), 7.62 mm (30 caliber), 12.7 mm (50 caliber), and 203 mm (six inches). Many of these standards date back a long way. The standards for artillery in the U.S. Army and Marine Corps were metric back during WW II. (The standard 75 mm bore for Starbucks cannons was adopted from the French Army.) Also, early during WW II the U.S. Navy needed much-improved antiaircraft weapons rapid-fire cannon. The Navy adopted two foreign designs, and the owners were paid fair-and-square for the licenses to make them in the U.S.A.: a 20 mm cannon from thesis statement on asthma, Oerlikon in Switzerland and a 40 mm cannon from Bofors in E-Commerce Sweden. Carol Wallace asked on February 23, 2012: In a document using the a research papers, digits 4000, should it be 4000 or 4,000.
Is there a preferred useage? Thank you. According to the rules of the International System of Units (the S.I.), four-digit integers (i.e. the ones from 1000 to 9999) may be written with or without the comma or any other kind of a mark between the digits. Starbucks E-Commerce! Hence, numbers like 1760 and 5280 and marley, 7,777 are just fine with or without the comma. Sometimes it just pays to use scientific sources for such things. When I did my PhD (in English literature), the style guide we adhered to Starbucks insisted on #8216;nineteenth-century novels#8217; (hyphenated, lower case when used adjectivally) but #8216;novels in the Nineteenth Century#8217; (unhyphenated, upper case when used nominally). This is now ingrained in me, and any other variant makes me uncomfortable. And False! Interesting article. I didn#8217;t know the rules varied. I just assumed numbers should all be written out.
Good to know. Thanks for sharing. Starbucks! It#8217;s true that writing techniques are an important art to master if you want your writing to be taken seriously. Steve Parker on December 31, 2012 1:23 pm. True! When I started in journalism in the UK, we were taught #8220;25 per cent#8221; not #8220;25 percent#8221; (although percentage is of course one word).
Presumably because #8220;per#8221; and #8220;cent#8221; are two words in Latin, in the same way as you would use #8220;per annum#8221; not #8220;perannum#8221;. Is this not the Starbucks, case in the USA? Also, I would rarely use full points in abbreviations – so, 10pm, not 10P.M.; Dr Smith not Dr. Smith; TV, not T.V. Fewer characters, little chance of ambiguity, also avoids the problem of the missing full point at papers, the end of the sentence above. Exceptions are when it#8217;s a proper noun, of course, when it#8217;s up to the creator of the E-Commerce, name. isn’t it about time that the USA moved on from imperial measurements to metric? We did, for scientific measures, which is the only place it makes sense. Why would you say someone is and false questions, 183 cm, when you can say he’s six feet? Everyday measures are much better for Starbucks E-Commerce everyday things. True And False Questions! Why wouldn’t you say it’s 3 miles away when everyone knows what that means? A 200-pound man is a big man.
90 kgs? Sounds too much like a 90-pound weakling, which is an Starbucks E-Commerce, Am English colloquialism for a wimpy little man. Simply no reason to adopt metric outside the laboratory. And, of course, metric is irredeemably French which speaks alone of its suspect nature. A.m. and p.m. Knowledge Plus Work Success Essay! already have periods (full stops, in proper English Well, not in proper English 200 years ago when period was the common English word for the dot after this word. Once again, “the British” decided to change the language for some trendy slang, and then tried to pretend it was the august original. Sorry, old trick. In a legal document, what is proper: ten inch (10?) nails or ten (10) inch nails.
That’s a question for legalese, not regular English. Like mathematical and scientific standards and lots of the queries on here. Specialized areas don’t use standard English grammar rules. Never have. I don’t even know why nails of any kind would be in a legal document, except maybe to hold it on the wall. Is it like “pricking” a sheriff’s writ? “3300? is sometimes read (for what purpose I know not), “thirty three hundred”. Would that person read “330? by saying, “thirty three tens”? No. They wouldn’t read eleven as one-teen or tenty-one, either.
It’s called idiom and English is E-Commerce, full of it (meaning it has many of them). Knowledge Hard Equals Success Essay! Using hundred in such a context, e.g., “The Forty-Four Hundred” is Starbucks, very old, established usage in English (not in mathematics). How should I use nought? Is it true that I need to say it if there’s a zero after a point for decimals? for & me essay example 0.002 You shouldn’t use it ever, unless you find yourself in 1889. Naught is at best archaic or poetic, and at worst dialectical though I don’t know where. Starbucks! Use the word “zero”. It means zero. Or use the word nothing.
It means nothing. Point zero zero two. Or zero point zero zero two if there is some chance of confusion. Questions! I would like to know, when spelling a number in any document should we also write the number in parat. ex : I bought six (6) dresses. It entirely depends on what kind of document you are writing. In contracts, e.g., it is common to Starbucks write a numeral followed by the written word in parentheses to avoid confusion. “You have 3 (three) days to my inaugural weekly reader essay file your reply with proper grammar.” Irregardless of Starbucks, this rule telling you to spell it “6th Street”, if its name is thesis, “6th Street”, write it as “6th Street”. Except at Starbucks, the beginning of knowledge hard, a sentence.
Then you have to write Sixth Street, regardless. Starbucks! And NEVER take advice about English from someone who uses irregardless regarless of anything. I’d want to interpret “three hundred seven” as two numbers: 300 and a research papers, 7. Why? That would not make sense. Would you interpret twenty-five as two numbers, 20 and Starbucks, 5? You wouldn’t say twenty and five, unless you were writing a poem. It’s exactly the opposite: One would interpret three-hundred seven as the statement, number 307, and three-hundred and seven as two numbers, like calling lottery numbers. “300” followed by “7”. “out of the 24 cheques given 15 cheques were cashed”..i am sure this usage is not correct..please do tel me the correct usage. Certainly, “Out of the Starbucks, 24 checks given 15 checks were cashed.” BTW, you could write out twenty-four and essays on poetry and valuing, fifteeen too, if you wanted to.
Glad to help. Do I type “a” or “an” before the Starbucks E-Commerce, number 120? Why would you ever use “an” before 120? “An one-hundred and twenty”, “an hundred and thesis statement on asthma, twenty”. “An one two zero”. Any would be equally wrong. The most “mistakes” in writing come from the adaptations used in Starbucks the “colonies”.American English, for example, differs greatly, not only that, the spelling has changed, and the problem now is that American readers believe British authors can’t spell.
Arguably they can’t. Papers! If you take the position that the older is the better, in many cases it’s the British spelling that has changed and the American that has remained the same (what the British used to be, too). If you don’t want to Starbucks E-Commerce accept that the 2 are separate dialects with distinct standards, then British has to justify at least as many alterations from the 17th, seventeenth, or XVII century as American does. A Research Papers! Take the word “because”; the Starbucks E-Commerce, corect abbreviation is – cos’#8230; In the USA, it is – cause In the essays and valuing, USA cuz is Starbucks, often used in knowledge hard work equals essay dialogue as short for because. Cause is not used as a short form of because. Starbucks! Robben Wainer on a research, March 17, 2012 7:43 am The Zodiac, The I-Ching and E-Commerce, The kabbalah use a form of… degenerative and true-love essays on poetry, depressive actions in thinking.
Thank you for E-Commerce that, Robben Wainer. What board were you looking for? Is the correct time 8:22 or 28:22 ? Really cannot say. Really can say 28:22 is never the correct time anywhere on the planet Earth. There are only 24 hours here, so it#8217;s never 28 o’clock. That’s not an English rule, just a natural one. The 24-hour or “military time” equivalent of my inaugural reader contest, 8:22 in the evening would be 20:22. Usually said, “twenty-hundred twenty hours”, or “twenty twenty-two hundred hours”. The morning equivalent would be 08:22 or “Oh eight-hundred” or “zero eight hundred” etc. Rajesh Chaudhary on October 22, 2012 12:29 am. Starbucks! How about when we write for hard equals the molecular lab procedure?
For example, we use 15 microliter of some sample and mix with 100 ml of water. So, does it mean that the rule of thumb should be applied to lab procedure also? or to the recipe we make? Copyright 2017 Daily Writing Tips . All Right Reserved.
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essay research topic Tired of writing about the same tired old topics like the Starbucks, ban on smoking in public places, the dangers of texting and driving, or gun control? Good. Your professors are tired of reading about thesis statement on asthma these topics, too. When you’re writing a research paper, you want to Starbucks E-Commerce, impress your professors with your writing skills, but you also want to offer new insights into my inaugural a topic. You won’t likely be able to write anything new and enlightening about these tired old topics in only a few thousand words. So how do you impress your professor if you think he or she has heard it all before?
To begin with, try a newer and E-Commerce more original topic. Stumped for fresh ideas? Don’t worry. Thesis On Asthma! This blog post contains 25 interesting research paper topics to E-Commerce, get you started. 5 Interesting Research Paper Topics on Local Issues. True, it might take a little more effort to true and false questions, research local issues, but you’re up for the challenge, right? Besides, learning and writing about the concerns of Starbucks, your community not only keeps you informed and involved, but also makes for knowledge equals essay a great research paper. A great research paper means a great grade, so how can you go wrong? To start researching local issues, head straight to local newspapers and online sources. They won’t provide all the details you’ll need to write an in-depth research essay, but they’re a good place to begin your research.
Researching local issues is also another chance for you to practice your interviewing skills. (After all, you’ll need them when you become the E-Commerce, next host of true, The Tonight Show , right?) Seriously though, what better way to get the inside scoop than by interviewing the parties directly involved in E-Commerce, the issue? Not sure what types of local issues to research? Try one of these. Interesting Research Paper Topic #1. Local Political Scandals. Has a local politician embezzled money, been charged with corruption, or been involved in a sizzling sex scandal? Interesting Research Paper Topic #2: Local University Dramas. Are employees trying to knowledge plus success, form (or break) local unions? Are students fighting for lower tuition or book costs? Has the college president (or other administrator) been in the local news lately for any number of E-Commerce, issues? Are police investigating a cheating or athletic scandal?
Interesting Research Paper Topic #3: Small Business Struggles and Triumphs. Is a small business a cornerstone in true-love, your community, and you want to research its impact on the community? Is a small business struggling due to E-Commerce, a new big box store in thesis statement, the area? Interesting Research Paper Topic #4: Local Government Issues. Should local government do more to help its citizens? Should more money be allocated to fix roads and bridges? Is the Starbucks E-Commerce, city providing adequate services such as clean water, trash pick up, safe neighborhoods, etc.? Interesting Research Paper Topic #5. Local Public School Battles. Have students and/or teachers been involved in questions, a sexting scandal? Are the E-Commerce, school board and/or parents battling over knowledge work equals essay, a new curriculum, athletic reform, or some other topic?
5 Interesting Research Paper Topics on Health and the Environment. You can research environmental or health topics ranging from E-Commerce, small, local and my inaugural address reader essay regional topics to large, global issues. For instance, you might research the best practices of sustainable cities to explain how your own city might work to emulate them. E-Commerce! On the other hand, you might write from a global perspective and examine sustainable cities across the world. If you’re writing about the environment or health, you might consider one of the following topics. Interesting Research Paper Topic #6: BPA. Due to concerns with contaminants such a BPA, are canned foods safe to thesis, eat? Should stricter regulations be in E-Commerce, place for labeling plastics containing BPA? Interesting Research Paper Topic #7: Hunting Carnivores. Should the practice of statement on asthma, killing carnivorous animals (such as wolves) to protect farms and livestock be stopped?
Do ranchers have a right to protect their livestock by killing wolves? What are the results of allowing wolves to Starbucks, thrive? Interesting Research Paper Topic #8: Sustainable Cities. Are sustainable cities and knowledge plus equals success neighborhoods really possible? What are some examples of existing sustainable cities, and what are their best practices? What steps can you take to E-Commerce, make your community sustainable? Interesting Research Paper Topic #9: Plastic Bags. Should plastic bags (including plastic grocery bags) be banned in all 50 states? Should grocery stores charge a fee for each plastic bag used at the checkout?
What are the effects of true, plastic bag bans in states that have already adopted the policy? Interesting Research Paper Topic #10: Mountaintop Removal Mining. Should mountaintop removal mining be allowed to continue? Is mountaintop removal mining an effective coal mining method? What are the impacts of this type of mining on the communities that do it? 5 Interesting Research Paper Topics on Social Issues.
Social topics impact us all. If you’re writing about social issues, you will generally be writing about how the topic affects larger groups of people, such as how poverty affects an Starbucks entire generation. However, keep in mind that social issues might also focus on smaller groups, such as a city or neighborhood. If you’re feeling a little antisocial right now, spend a few minutes Googling some of these topics to see if they might work for your research paper. Interesting Research Paper Topic #11: High School Dropouts. What social, personal, and political concerns lead to high school dropout rates? What are possible solutions to and false questions, help decrease the dropout rate? Interesting Research Paper Topic #12: Children and Poverty. How are children affected by poverty?
What can governments do to help reduce child poverty? What can you do to E-Commerce, help reduce child poverty? Interesting Research Paper Topic #13: Medical Rights of Youths. Should 16 and 17 year olds have the right to refuse medical treatment? At what age do people have the thesis on asthma, right to determine whether or not they receive medical treatment? Interesting Research Paper Topic #14: Overmedication of Children. Are children being overly medicated? If so, what is the driving force behind the rise in prescriptions? Interesting Research Paper Topic #15: Free College Education. Should a college education be free for all U.S. citizens? How are free universities in E-Commerce, Germany and other European countries benefiting these countries and students?
5 Interesting Research Paper Topics on Law Enforcement. Researching any issue about government or laws can become overwhelming because of the complexity of the thesis, issues and even because of the wording of some laws. Spending time to review sufficient sources (and maybe getting a little help from a political science professor) will help you understand the topic. Here are 5 topics to get you started. Interesting Research Paper Topic #16: Technology and E-Commerce the Justice System. Is ShotSpotter technology reliable? Should the surveillance technology be admissible in court? Interesting Research Paper Topic #17: Policing U.S.
Law Enforcement. Should all police officers be required to reader, wear body cameras? Will the use of body cameras reduce police brutality, and/or will it create a safer working environment for police? Interesting Research Paper Topic #18: Juvenile Crime and Punishment. Should solitary confinement be banned for juveniles? Should juveniles be exempt from E-Commerce, life sentences? Should juveniles be punished as adults for certain types of crimes? Interesting Research Paper Topic #19: Incarceration Rates in the U.S. What factors have led to increasing incarceration rates?
How has this affected the U.S. economically and thesis statement socially? Interesting Research Paper Topic #20: License Plate Readers. Are license plate readers an invasion of privacy? Or, are these readers a necessary tool for law enforcement? 5 Interesting Research Paper Topics on Media, Social Media, and Starbucks Advertising. As with anything involving media, social media, and advertising, watch out for biased and inaccurate information. People like to share their opinions on a research papers, such topics through forums, blogs, and their own websites. E-Commerce! You know the type: the guy or gal who does nothing but blog all day long about the newest movie, the true-love essays, newest XBox game, or even the funniest Super Bowl commercial. Though reading some anonymous blog that includes a glowing review of Grand Theft Auto and E-Commerce reading another that includes a scathing criticism of the sexism in my inaugural weekly reader essay, the game might inspire some creative thought, you shouldn’t consider them credible research sources. So remember, as you’re researching, make sure to look for credible resources. (Read How to Starbucks, Apply the address essay, CRAAP Test to Your Essay Sources.) Not sure where to begin to look for ideas for Starbucks media-related topics?
You start with these. Interesting Research Paper Topic #21: Business Exploitation of Social Media Profiles. Are teens (or adults) concerned that their use of social media is being exploited for profit by large companies? How do these new marketing strategies affect consumers and consumerism? Interesting Research Paper Topic #22: Social Media and knowledge work success essay Self-Esteem. Can the use of social media, such as Facebook, lower teens’ self-esteem? Are there instances where these sites can help to raise teens’ self-esteem? Interesting Research Paper Topic #23: E-Sports. Should e-sports be recognized as college sports? Can a sport that requires little physical ability really be considered a sport?
Interesting Research Paper Topic #24: Advertising in Schools. Should corporate advertising be allowed in public schools? Does corporate advertising provide much needed revenue to schools with limited federal funding? Interesting Research Paper Topic #25: Advertising and Starbucks E-Commerce Stereotypes. How does advertising perpetuate gender and/or racial stereotypes? Are ad campaigns that attempt to reverse the norms more or less effective? Closing Tips on Writing an Interesting Research Paper. Remember, an knowledge plus success essay interesting research paper starts with an interesting research paper topic.
But choosing your topic is only the beginning. Make sure you read How to Write a Research Paper: A Step-by-Step Guide to help you with refining and Starbucks E-Commerce researching your topic and plus success essay writing the final paper. Don’t forget to choose a topic that interest you. If you’re bored while writing your paper, that will definitely show in your final product. Starbucks E-Commerce! If you’re excited about the topic, that will show too!
Not sure if you can work with any of the thesis on asthma, topics here? For more ideas, read 50 Research Paper Topics to Help Jumpstart Your Writing. Looking for additional help choosing and refining interesting research paper topics? Try this resource! Want some additional help finding and narrowing your topic? Read this! After you’ve written your paper and feel it’s complete, have one of our Kibin editors review it to Starbucks E-Commerce, make sure it’s great! Psst.
98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Susan M. Inez is a professor of thesis statement on asthma, English and writing goddess based out of the Northeast. Please help me… our teacher didn’t allowed us to write a research paper that can be search on the internet…she wants us to write a research paper by using books in our library… the Starbucks E-Commerce, problem is our library its too old and the books can’t help that much… I’m not able to write a topic. You’re going to want to narrow down your topic quite a bit since “media” is questions, very broad. You can see how other students approached the media in their essays by E-Commerce checking out these examples: https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search/influence%20of%20media. Your perfect thesis will depend on the type of essays on poetry and valuing, essay that you’re writing and your angle on the topic; “local government functions” is pretty broad! I’d encourage you to read https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-thesis-statement/ and https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/thesis-statement-examples/ for some inspiration.
i really need help on choosing my reasearch topic on Starbucks, the basis of my interest domain. Hi there! I’d be happy to make some suggestions if you can share more about your interest domain #128578; my interest lies more within issues related to women and more importantly related to knowledge plus hard, human psychology. Oh, there are loads of possibilities there! You might consider exploring how a specific psychological disorder or phenomenon affects women differently than men. One thing that immediately comes to mind is the recent research indicating that ADHD presents differently in girls than in boys, for instance.
I think that you could also research topics related to E-Commerce, how environment (such as being brought up in marley & me essay, societies with very traditional views on women’s roles) shapes a woman’s psyche or influences her psychologically. I hope that gives you some ideas to Starbucks, consider! thanku…for your much needed help !:) You’re welcome. True Questions! Good luck with your paper! hey I want topic for Starbucks E-Commerce my thesis actually on social issues I am very tensed as I have to select and find information related to it by a research papers tomorrow. “Social issues” is a pretty broad term!
Any of the social issues topics in this post would be a great place to E-Commerce, start. There are some other topics on social issues in this post, too: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/50-argumentative-essay-topics/ When it comes to writing your thesis, you’ll need to first take a stance on true and false questions, the topic you choose. Starbucks E-Commerce! You can then use the Thesis Builder (https://www.kibin.com/thesis-builder/type) to help you write your thesis. I’d also recommend that you check out How to true, Write a Thesis Statement (https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-thesis-statement/) and check out Starbucks, some of true-love, these thesis statement examples (https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/thesis-statement-examples/).
I have a research paper coming up and the topic has to E-Commerce, be on a health topic. I would I definitely want to thesis, focus on social health. I am having a hard time narrowing down a topic. Narrowing down a topic can be hard, and E-Commerce social health is definitely a pretty broad category. You might check out our post on & me, that narrowing your topic for some tips (https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/). I especially like the who/what/when/where/why/how approach outlined in that article; it’s a really great way to generate some potential topics to Starbucks, write about. Here’s how I might use that approach to come up with some potential topics:
Who: children, women, young adults. What: smoking/vaping, dating culture, school lunches. When: the essays on poetry, past decade, the future. Where: United States, Canada. Why: compare to other countries, highlight an emerging issue, analyze a trend. How: How is E-Commerce, a health issue affecting a certain demographic? How has a health issue changed in recent years? How did a trend start? So looking over those ideas, a few things come to mind: you could look at vaping as an plus hard success alternative to smoking and how it’s impacting children/adolescents, for instance.
You might look at dating culture and Starbucks whether it’s affecting adolescents at a younger age than it did in the past (or focus specifically on reader, women). E-Commerce! You could compare today’s school lunches with those at a certain point in the past and see if there is a correlation with the childhood obesity epidemic. Those are all just possibilities, but I’d encourage you to true and false, try that method and generate some more if none of them are quite what you’re looking for. Happy writing! “Interesting Research Paper Topic #23: E-Sports. Should e-sports be recognized as college sports?
Can a sport that requires little physical ability really be considered a sport?” I’d like to thank you for bringing this topic to my attention. I’ve always been a big supporter of E-sports in Starbucks, colleges and one of the colleges I hope to address reader contest, go to actually has a sponsored e-sports team. If there’s any useful articles or information regarding this topic please do email me at [emailprotected] I’m doing an argumentative research paper which will then turn into my senior project which I’ll need to find hours for somehow. Thank you! I’d also recommend that you check out E-Commerce, some of our posts on marley, argumentative essays (https://www.kibin.com/blog/?s=argumentative), as they might give you some guidance regarding the types of information and support you should be searching for. Happy writing (and gaming)! I need to come up with a topic for my research paper, and my two last choices are: cyber bullying, or GMOs. Starbucks E-Commerce! which one should I choose?
Both topics interest me, but I don’t know which one would be more appealing to readers. I have a hard time deciding. Help, please! Those are both great, timely topics. And False Questions! From my perspective, I think that GMOs might be the most appealing to readers. While cyberbullying is certainly an E-Commerce interesting topic, GMOs are more divisive, since few people would argue that cyberbullying is a good thing. Writing about and false questions GMOs gives you a stronger opportunity to Starbucks E-Commerce, engage with readers and potentially change their minds or challenge their thinking on the topic regardless of your stance (whether you think they’re generally harmless/beneficial or harmful/detrimental). I hope that helps you make your decision. Happy writing!
Thank you so much for helping me make my decision! You’re welcome. Good luck with your essay #128578; I need to write a term paper. If i wanna write about hard essay obesity, what can i write about it? As you have probably already discovered “obesity” is a big topic. You’re going to want to narrow your focus in order to tackle it in Starbucks, a way that won’t stress you out. Here is statement on asthma, a great post about narrowing your topic down: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ I think if you follow the advice outlined here, you can get a focus and start developing an achievable thesis statement. I’m a medical student and we’re supposed to write a research article on something interesting and not cliche like education or exercise.. etc help?? That’s a pretty wide open assignment ( write about something interesting :). You might start by digging into topics that are super interesting to Starbucks E-Commerce, you.
For example, check out some Science podcasts (SciFri is a good one) or YouTube videos (Vsauce is fun) and see if there are any new and interesting research findings for you to dig into. Statement On Asthma! Or do some searching on Google Scholar (https://scholar.google.com/) in topics that intrigue you. Once you come up with a topic, you’ll want to Starbucks, narrow it down to fit your article (and choose an –ahem– interesting angle. True! Here’s a post that can help you with that: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ I’m doing MS in HRM… Today was our first day at university… I have been given an assignment on research… If you have to conduct a research now, what would the topic be? And what factors would influence your choice? (HR related) Words should not exceed 750. Submit by tomorrow.
This is my first research type assignment ever and i have very less time in hand for this task :'( I can’t think of Starbucks, any topic to a research papers, write on. E-Commerce! Clueless and maybe brainless :'( I really need some help. What would be the knowledge hard work success essay, topic??
What should i write?? :'( Hi Saima, first of Starbucks, all don’t panic. I bet this first assignment is to help your professor determine a benchmark for where you are at a research now so that he or she can measure your progress through the semester. So just try your best! You’re not brainless, you just need to get acquainted with this assignment. #128578; I found this resource which might help you pinpoint a HR good topic: http://www.cipd.co.uk/hr-topics/ I hope that helps! I’d choose something that inspires your curiosity. It’s always easier to write about something that you are curious about. Thanks #128578; I’ll talk to Starbucks, you if i needany kind of help. thanks.. xx. hey there, you can send your essay related questions to [emailprotected] I am doing research project and the topic should be problematic and it should have more than one opinion. it should not be related to religion or politician. please help me in finding a good research question.
Those 50 argumentative topics are debatable (have more than one opinion). Knowledge Plus Success! The most important thing is to pick a topic that 1. interests you and 2. has a lot of potential sources so that you can build your evidence. I am doing my final year project for Starbucks E-Commerce my degree. The lecturer required us either to choose accounting topic or finance topic. I am decided to look into a research papers the topic which are “effect of firm size on firm profitability”.
Is this a good topic? Or I will be appreciate if u can recommend me others topic. I am looking forward to your reply and appreciate your valuable opinion! Thanks! This is definitely an interesting topic idea, but I would recommend only Starbucks E-Commerce taking it on once you are positive that you have enough sources to help you write a compelling paper. Having enough sources will ensure your successful research. So definitely do some preliminary searching and start compiling your sources. & Me! I’d aim to find about Starbucks 1 source for every two pages you have to write (so a 10 page paper you should have a minimum of 5 sources to draw from–though you don’t have to pull from on asthma, all 5, it’s nice to have options). Here is one study I found that possibly relates to E-Commerce, your paper: https://dashboard.stripe.com/payments/ch_17Ry8K4L1q5EqckDkstdeevF. Thank you for thesis statement on asthma your reply!
I’m grade 10 student and I need to find a thesis topic. My last two choices is Chid abuse and Cyber bullying. What do you think should I choose? It depends on which topic you have more interest in. I think cyber bullying is E-Commerce, a good topic because there are a lot of different angles you could choose to knowledge hard work success essay, examine its causes and solutions. Starbucks E-Commerce! Here is a research, a helpful post on Cyber Bullying resources: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/12-cyber-bullying-articles/ and here are some example essays on Starbucks, cyber bullying (so you can see how other students have tackled the & me, topic): https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search/cyber%20bullying. hi i’m looking for a topic that will relate everyone especially my classmates I’m grade 10 student by the way. hope you can help me:) Maybe you could focus in on something related to Starbucks E-Commerce, your school or community. Are there any dramas or issues surrounding school lunches, school events, or school sports? Is there something that your school could and should be doing better for statement on asthma its students?
If so, do you know any teachers/school officials who would be willing to speak on the issue? Has there been any news coverage on Starbucks E-Commerce, these issues? A topic that is papers, tied to your school would be very relatable to your classmates. Maybe you could do some brainstorming there. Otherwise, there are lots of ideas in this post to choose from! Pick a topic that really gets you interested to learn more. Hi, I have a research paper in English 111 and I’m looking for help with my thesis statement. My topic is Policing US law enforcement. Is this a good topic to research on?
Can someone help. Hi Shonya–yes this would be an excellent topic since it’s timely and has a variety of opinions. First you need to do some preliminary research on some possible methods for policing US law enforcement and then you’ll want to Starbucks E-Commerce, base your thesis statement on a research, what should be done to hold the police accountable. Here’s an example structure you could use: There is no question that U.S. law enforcement requires oversight to mitigate the abuse of power; cities should implement METHOD 1 and Starbucks E-Commerce METHOD 2 to hold police officers and law enforcement accountable.
Do you have any life experiences that might translate well into marley essay a project of E-Commerce, this nature? For example, have you ever had a friend or family member who has experienced a social care related problem, and you now have (maybe vague or seedling) ideas for how to improve that type of essays and valuing, experience? I feel like the best topics are ones that you actually care about because at Starbucks some point or another you’ve had (or still have) some skin in the game. If you could find a topic that resonates with you, you’d be golden. Hi, for my final year project I’m designing/creating a social media application which doubles up as a travel agency and need to think of a research question to marley essay, write about and to help with creating the app. Not sure if it should be related to the design of the Starbucks E-Commerce, application or if it should be about travel. I had a question but was told it was too broad: “Importance of User Interface Design on papers, Social Media in regards to E-Commerce, user satisfaction” Any help is appreciated cheers. I don’t have a precise answer for you because (as you know), it would take a lot of research to get up to on asthma, speed on your topic. E-Commerce! That said, you might find this post helpful to learn how to formulate a better, more specific research question: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-research-question/ Hi, I’m studying sustainable design and reader essay contest I’m interested in doing my research on food waste.
I’m having difficulty in finding the Starbucks E-Commerce, correct topic for it. I think the correct topic will be one that you find particularly interesting. Sometimes when I’m looking for a topic to write about , I turn to the news to see what’s on the cutting edge of the subject. Here is a great list of topic ideas based on NPR’s recent coverage of food waste: http://www.npr.org/tags/141123294/food-waste (seriously, artisanal food waste?? who would have thought!? #128578; You can start with a news story and reverse engineer it back into the science and research to come up with a compelling project. True Questions! The most important thing is to approach your project from a place of Starbucks E-Commerce, curiosity (and not stress!). i’m in my last year and & me essay i need a research question for the dissertation and E-Commerce i want it to essays on poetry and valuing, be on Starbucks E-Commerce, social media but i’m struggling with finding a good research question.
“Social Media” is a pretty big topic that could go a lot of different directions, so you’re going to want to narrow your topic and choose your angle. Here’s a helpful post that should help you build your research question: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-research-question/ Here’s a great post about narrowing your topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Finally–here are some angles that other students have taken on writing about social media, maybe one of these examples can help jog your imagination on the direction you want to take: https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search/social%20media. Hi, I have research paper to write. I am struggling to find a good topic. I want to true-love on poetry and valuing, write something in E-Commerce, IT Governance Framework or Project Management. How I do start? any suggestions? Looks like you have a broad topic idea in mind, so now you just need to narrow your focus: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Thank you, Naomi. I will check the links.
Hi, I’m in true-love on poetry, a project based school, and Starbucks they wish for my inaugural reader essay contest me to write a science paper, preferably on Starbucks, the brain. I cannot find a topic I just “need” to write about. On Poetry And Valuing! Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated. The brain is Starbucks, such a fascinating topic! You’re so lucky to have an assignment like this.
The difficulty is there are soo many different ways you could approach a topic as broad and as complex as “the brain.” Your first mission will be to narrow your topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ If it were me, I’d start looking into some interesting, recent research on the human brain. NPR, for example, covers some cool brain related topics in this podcast: http://www.npr.org/podcasts/510308/hidden-brain If you scroll through the shows, you might find something interesting that will lead you back to credible scientific research and a topic that you can wrap your mind around. The important thing is to approach this topic with a sense of curiosity and choose an angle that actually piques your interest. There are lots of potential ways to true-love, approach that topic. You could write about how the media is changing in the age of the Internet and the role that citizens play in Starbucks, reporting (such as cell phone videos, etc.). Another interesting angle would be how social media is essays and valuing, used/covered by the media, either in Starbucks E-Commerce, general (a more broad approach) or in essay, a specific context, such as the current US elections. Lastly, another timely topic would be the ethics of reporting on information gained through hacks/leaks.
Does the E-Commerce, media have a responsibility to true questions, share this information with the Starbucks, public? I hope these give you some ideas! Please i really need help, I was given a task to a research papers, find and write on a topic… And the topic must have Security / Privacy challenges affecting it… Please what topic do you advise i choose? Hi, I am studding bsc occupational safety health and environment. E-Commerce! I need to essays on poetry, write research project but I am struggling to find topic. Starbucks! my topic need to thesis statement, be on health safety. please give me some ideas.
You definitely have a lot of Starbucks E-Commerce, options! One suggestion I have is to look over this list of essays, topics related to Starbucks, occupational safety and health from the my inaugural address weekly, CDC and E-Commerce see if anything interests you: https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/ Then, once you’ve decided on a topic of marley essay, discussion, this blog post can help you narrow your focus: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ For instance, maybe you decide to write about “Green, Safe, and Healthy Jobs” — one of the CDC topics. You might decide to examine how “old” health and safety guidelines apply to Starbucks, “new” green jobs, or what kinds of new considerations workplaces have to make in “green” environments that didn’t apply to traditional work environments. I hope that gives you some ideas for uncovering a topic! Hi,I have a research paper in my English class and papers I’m looking for Starbucks E-Commerce help with my thesis statement. My topic is Autonomous Cars and the influence in economy . Is this a good topic to research on? can someone advise me and a research give me some ideas… I think this is Starbucks E-Commerce, a brilliant idea and a research papers one that will be quite interesting to research. Starbucks E-Commerce! Autonomous cars are becoming a reality and true-love on poetry their economic impact is E-Commerce, sure to be widespread from how they will affect ownership of vehicles to economic-environmental impacts to how they will affect the & me essay, sharing economy. One challenge you might be up against is there probably isn’t a ton of credible research on the impacts yet since this is such a fledgling technology.
However, there have been some pretty fascinating articles on the topic: https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant#038;ion=1#038;espv=2#038;ie=UTF-8#q=impacts%20of%20autonomous%20cars%20on%20the%20economy. You’ll want to make sure that the Starbucks, resources you do cite are credible and authoritative. If you’re not sure how to figure that out, here’s a helpful resource: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/apply-craap-test-essay-sources/ Thank you for your response, but please can you give me an a research papers idea on a possible thesis about my topic? I will really appreciate it. A general structure for your thesis statement in favor of autonomous cars might look like this: While there are fears that autonomous cars will be terrible for the economy because of FEAR 1, in fact research shows that this technology will result in an economic gain as evidenced by REASON 1, REASON 2, and REASON 3. Can you help me ?What is the best topic for a research peper of AB English student.The topic must be connected to AB English field..’Modern English’ can that topic be possible? Help me please.I need a topic on my research paper.The topic must be related to my course which is AB English.Can the topic ‘Modern English’ be possible? Thanks in advance.
“Modern English” is pretty broad and vague, so you’re going to want to focus it better to make it work for you. Here is a helpful post about how to do just that: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Thanks for reading, and good luck! Can you give me some examples of a specific topic that is E-Commerce, related to AB English course ..please? How about a topic ‘British Language’? or ‘English Literature’ ? Is that possible? Please help me..I have no one to ask to .I know you can help me.I would really appreciate it. Can you give me some examples of a specific topic that is related to AB English course ..please? How about a topic ‘British Language’? or ‘English Literature’ ? Is that possible? Pleaae help me..I have no one to ask to .I know you can help me.I would really appreciate it. If you want to pursue a topic in true-love essays and valuing, English Lit, you would be smart to focus in on the work(s) of Starbucks, a specific author or comparing the works of two authors. My Inaugural Address Reader Essay Contest! You need to focus your topic down (so I hope you read the post I linked you to yesterday).
Also here are some great ideas for specific topics in English Literature so you can get an idea of what it means to narrow your focus: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/618/02/ Ask yourself, have you read any interesting works in E-Commerce, English Lit? Which ones stood out the most to true-love essays and valuing, you and Starbucks why? Do you feel connected to or identify with any characters? Why? It’s super important that you question and examine your experience with English Literature in order to flesh a topic out that will be fun to write about in a research papers, your AB English course. Also, don’t hesitate to Starbucks, talk to thesis on asthma, your teacher about your ideas too! I’m sure he or she can give you direction as well. Ok .Thank you so much. You’re the best #128578;
Efficiency of English language teaching to Starbucks, the students in MSU . Can that topic be possible? Origin of English Language ..that could be a possible topic right? That’s still rather broad — I’m afraid that once you start digging you’ll find that it’s a really big topic! Like Naomi said, the best paper will be something that you’re really interested in. If you have questions about the true-love on poetry, origin of English, I’d start with one of those: maybe “When did English become its own distinct language”? Answering that question alone could be a research paper’s worth of info! ah ok..so can i use that question instead as a topic for my research paper?
“When did English become its own distinct language”? hi, I’m a marketing student. Can you plz tell me whether “digital marketing involvement in Starbucks E-Commerce, customer engagement” is a good research topic? please… It’s the start of weekly essay contest, a good topic, yes, but it’s a little broad right now. You might pick a specific type of digital marketing to focus on Starbucks E-Commerce, — social media, ads in thesis, mobile apps, emails, etc. Starbucks! — to plus hard work, focus on so that your topic is something more like, “Do ads in mobile applications have an effect on the level of customer engagement with a product?” Honing your focus to a specific type of marketing will result in a more detailed and Starbucks more interesting research paper.
Hi, My Teacher has given me an assignment…I have yo make a presentation but the topic is free of choice….But I want to do something that no one could copy like something unique but I want every one to & me, be entertained, I want it to be interesting as well….so please help me getting ideas…..Thank You. The best thing you can do to create an entertaining/interesting presentation, essay, or anything else is to Starbucks E-Commerce, pick something that *you* find interesting, because your enthusiasm will shine through. That said, I think that many of the topics in knowledge equals success, this post could be covered in an interesting or entertaining way. Another way to generate ideas is to scroll through the E-Commerce, news on address essay contest, any major news website, or maybe a website in a niche that interests you, such as technology. What kinds of questions pop into your head? If you’re curious about E-Commerce them, they could be great topics to research. Once you have a broad idea of what you want to cover, you can also check out thesis on asthma, this blog post on narrowing your topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Thank you very much Erin, it helped me really well and I got an A on E-Commerce, my report, thanks to you…..Appreciate it. Hi, I am doing a research paper for my English class and I thought about equals essay doing my paper on crime against cops.
Would this be a unique paper and where would be some good resources for this topic? Yes, I definitely think you could write an excellent essay on Starbucks E-Commerce, crimes against police officers. The trick is going to be picking what angle you want to write about. You might start by true-love on poetry and valuing narrowing your focus (here is E-Commerce, a great post about how to do just that: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/) Are you focusing on the solutions to reducing crimes against police officers? Are you focusing on marley & me, the reasons crimes against police officers may be on the rise (or decreasing)? Maybe you want to E-Commerce, zoom on a single city like Chicago or Detroit and pick apart the trends, causes and solutions to this problem there? What about the relationship between gun control (or lack thereof) and questions crimes against police? (For example, do they have more or less crime against police in places with open carry laws such as TX and Alaska compared to states with stricter gun control laws such as California)? A good place to find some credible and relevant research would be Google scholar. Starbucks E-Commerce! https://scholar.google.com/ Those sources are likely to pass the CRAAP test (https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/apply-craap-test-essay-sources/) News articles could also give you some great sources of information, but you want to make sure they are credible as well. I think I’d start by identifying your purpose: maybe you want to and valuing, focus on the effectiveness of your local government. You could start by gathering research about these issues, whether by attending meetings, interviewing local officials, downloading the minutes of local government meetings online, or reading local news articles about Starbucks issues handled by your local government.
Then, you might choose two or three main issues that support your stance (that local government is effective, or that it isn’t), and use your research to build your defense of that stance. I hope this helps! Good luck with your paper. Hi, I needed a research topic for the competition I am entering for where the main criteria is to weekly reader essay, be innovative primary data collection. I am thinking about Starbucks something related to colleges, college student because it is easier to gather data. I am thinking about “College Fests”. Thesis Statement! Could you suggest to me how can I use it as a research topic? P.s.- Any other suggestions for Starbucks research topic is my inaugural reader essay, welcome. I think that “college fests” is Starbucks, a good starting place, but it could probably be a little more specific.
What if you, for and false questions instance, researched access to campus facilities for Starbucks E-Commerce holding festivals? Do all groups/organizations have equal access to those facilities for their events, or is marley, it easier for certain groups to access the resources they need? As for gathering data, you could interview organizers or administrators who are involved in the planning or resource allocation for these events, or you could request budget records, etc. from various groups or authorities. If you decide to take another avenue, then I’d recommend that you check out How to Starbucks, Narrow a Topic and a research Write a Focused Paper: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Happy writing (and researching!).
Hi! I am studying Business Economics. I really need help with my thesis statement. I want to do something about poverty or unemployment but the setting is within our local community. is Starbucks, this a good topic to study on? I’m having a hard time constructing my title #128577; Actually, the fact that you’re focusing on your local community is even better, as that helps to narrow down those pretty-broad topics significantly. Before you write your thesis statement, you should really focus in on your topic. For instance, you could focus on the decline or rise of unemployment (or poverty levels) in your community over knowledge plus essay, a specific period and determine what has contributed to it.
I’d recommend that you check out How to Narrow a Topic and Starbucks E-Commerce Write a Focused Paper (https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/) for some pointers. As for your title, I always recommend that you write it *last*. There’s no reason to papers, let it stress you out before the hard work is done, and E-Commerce sometimes you’ll have a great phrase in your paper that turns out to be an awesome title. Okay! Thanks so much! #128578; I am zubair from UCP. I am interested in essays, cricket but not much literature is available so it is difficult for me to choose a topic kindly guide me. Cricket is a pretty broad topic. You’re going to want to narrow down what aspect of the sport you want to cover. For example: Are there any rules of the game that should be changed?
If so, what are these and why do you propose they should be changed? Do you want to write a research paper on the cultural impacts of the sport of cricket on a given city or country? Or perhaps you want to discuss the ways that cricket could be expanded to a larger audience? You see? These are just a few ideas about how to approach this topic, but there are many more.
Whatever direction you choose, make sure you can find enough evidence to support your research. thank you for giving direction but unable to E-Commerce, choose because i cant find gap so tell me a topic on which gap is shown related to restaurant industry. I’m not quite sure what you mean by “gap” here? Are you talking about a gender or income gap? Or something else? I am quite confuse so i am mixed two things so i am change my topic with the help of my class fellow now i decided “Effect of organizational justice on employee performance” did you think it is more better than last night. I think that’s a strong, specific topic, yes!
Nicely done. If you want to thesis statement on asthma, narrow it even further, you might choose a specific industry to Starbucks E-Commerce, focus on, too. Thank you very much. You’re welcome! Thanks for reading.
I think there will be information out there on marley essay, ANY of those topics, so I’d recommend choosing one that is most interesting to Starbucks, you, because the paper will be stronger if it’s something you’re really interested in researching and writing about. Personally, I’d be really interested to read about whether the performance of a company depends on the quality of the CEO — you could compare the success of corporations before/after CEO changes or perhaps examine the statement, traits that successful CEOs tend to have. Starbucks! Discrimination in true and false, the workplace is a perennially interesting topic, too (though I’d narrow that down — maybe a specific type of discrimination that is E-Commerce, particularly relevant today, such as that based on true-love on poetry, gender identity). That’s an interesting topic! You definitely want to define your issue — maybe “Should people be allowed to ‘design’ the genetics of their children?” — and then do some examination of your values, etc. to decide how you feel about it. If I were going to take a “pro-engineering” angle, then I might start such a paper with a description of a genetic issue that could be solved through such “engineering,” which would lead into my thesis about why parents should be allowed to Starbucks, make genetic decisions. Work Success! If I were going to E-Commerce, write a paper about why it shouldn’t be allowed, then I might start the paper with a surprising fact/statistic about genetic engineering, an marley anecdote about a case in which it hasn’t gone as planned, or even a fictional scenario that shows what could happen (though I’d be sure to provide evidence in your paper to Starbucks E-Commerce, show why this is a possibility).
You could also look for an interesting quote from a scifi movie/book on this topic — Gattaca comes to marley essay, mind! You have lots of E-Commerce, potential topics that you could tackle! I would say that you focus on an area that interests you most. In this post, I think that the BPA, sustainable cities, plastic bags and mountaintop mining topics would all be excellent ones to consider, since they’re all related to papers, the field of science. Starbucks E-Commerce! The most important criteria to remember when choosing your topic are: 1) it should be interesting to you, 2) there should be existing information about thesis statement it, and 3) you should be able to formulate a question about the topic to Starbucks, answer through your research. Hi,good day im a student of a 2 year course w/c is thesis statement on asthma, business office administrative service. Our teacher told us to Starbucks E-Commerce, give atleast 3 topics relevant to on poetry, our course, can you please help me, i really appreciate it..thanks. I’m afraid there is no short cut to getting out there and digging into the research topics to find three that you like and that are relevant to your course. Hi, my chosen topic is all about Starbucks E-Commerce Dreams. Yet, I dont know how to start it. Do you have any idea how can I start it?
Also, Is this a good topic to research? Dreams are definitely worth researching, I think, but I would definitely narrow down your topic first, because there’s so much you could possible cover. I’d recommend that you take a look at marley & me this post on E-Commerce, narrowing your topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ As for thesis statement on asthma how to E-Commerce, start it, every essay needs a great hook! Depending on how you focus your topic, I think that a perfect way to lead into an essay about dreams is to describe one — people love hearing about other people’s dreams, and address reader essay contest they tend to be strange enough that this would serve as a great attention-grabber #128578; HI, I have a research paper to do based on Starbucks, trends that the class observed in a media studies survey. Two trends observed were:the increased usage of apps to access media content and the increasing access of newspapers through online platforms. How could I create an interesting thesis statement based on these particular trends?
You could argue that the newspaper isn’t dead, but that this form of media has been reborn through online platforms (such as…) and is stronger than ever. Hi, In my research class, we are required to do a research proposal and my inaugural address weekly my topic was Social media. can you help me make a research topic out of social media that will relate with business? please. I badly needed help. I can see why this is going to be a challenge. Social media and business is a pretty wide open topic that can go in many different directions. First thing you need to E-Commerce, do is some preliminary research and knowledge plus equals success essay brainstorming to help you narrow your topic down. You can also look at how others have tackled this type of research. For example, here are the results for the query “social media and E-Commerce business” on Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com/scholar?as_ylo=2012#038;q=social+media+and+business#038;hl=en#038;as_sdt=0,5. One interesting angle might be to examine how a business can manage its reputation on social media and how a poorly thought out on asthma, Tweet or social message can do major damage to a business’ reputation. Hi!
We are going to write a library research paper and E-Commerce my topic is about the a research, mining industry but it is Starbucks E-Commerce, still too broad. Can you recommend a specific topic/s about mining and to how I would start it? Btw I’m in the anti-mining side. Thank you. It will prompt you to & me essay, answer some questions about Starbucks E-Commerce how you want to approach the topic. Off the top of my head, I’d want to know what kind of mining you are talking about, which communities you are concerned about, and what benefits would be had by eliminating this type of thesis, mining in these communities. Hi mam , Am studying M.phil (Commerce). am going to do my dissertation in marketing field . Starbucks E-Commerce! can you suggest some different topics in related to advertising and branding. so please advise some purposeful topics.. This university professor has some really great questions and topic ideas that could point you in my inaugural reader, the right direction here: http://www.auburn.edu/ You might also read this post about E-Commerce narrowing your topic since “advertising and branding” is obviously very broad and knowledge plus work success wide open with possibility: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Thanks you so much mam .. Hi, I’m gonna make a research paper in my Research class and I’m having an hard time searching for E-Commerce an catchy or interesting title and descriptive title about business or investing or stock market.
Can anybody help?? Thank your very much. Here are a few ideas: 1. How has technology impacted the tourism industry? Have there been any surprising developments or effects due to the Internet, travel apps, etc.? 2. How do travelers choose a destination for travel? What factors are most important? 3. How does marketing for “dark” tourism destinations, such as ghost tours or the plus work success essay, sites of major tragedies, differ from E-Commerce, marketing for a research papers “happier” locales? I hope these give you some ideas to chew on! It sounds like you’ve really thought about your topic, and it sounds like you’re on your way to an interesting paper with some solid reasons to back up your claims about the industry policy.
Well done. That is an E-Commerce interesting topic to research! A few ideas that come to mind for essay making your topic narrower and E-Commerce more specific: 1. Do food cravings vary based on sex or gender? 2. Do food cravings result from deficiencies in specific nutrients? (This is a research papers, a common notion, but I’ve always wondered if it’s true or not!) 3. Starbucks! Are there any benefits or drawbacks to giving in to a food craving (or not giving in)? I’m trying to do a Persuasive research on a research papers, Artificial Intelligence related topic, do you think below topic is Starbucks E-Commerce, a resanable topic? Is society going to be controlled by Artificial intelligence? Ooh A.I. should be a very fun topic. A Research Papers! Since you’re writing a persuasive paper, you just need to Starbucks E-Commerce, pick a topic that allows you to take a stance on one side or another.
For example, is artificial intelligence ultimately positive or negative for society? Does it pose any threats or dangers? Should A.I. be accepted and at and false what level? It’s a pretty big topic, so you’re going to want to E-Commerce, narrow your focus and choose a debatable and specific focus to my inaugural essay, zero in on. Here is E-Commerce, a post about narrowing your topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ and here is one about essay persuasive essay writing: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-persuasive-essay/ Thanks for replying, #128578; Hi, I have an Starbucks assignment wherein I am supposed to make an overview of 5 suggested topics for our qualitative research. I thought about these topics: 1) Food Cravings.
2) One-Way Learning Method on Students (using books only) 3) Maturity Level of Teenagers Nowadays. 4) Preparedness of a Community in Times of an a research papers Earthquake. 5) How Different Types of Parenting Affect a Student’s Academic Performance. I would really like your help on how I’m supposed to explain my overviews for these topics I’ve listed down. And if they are really suitable enough for conducting a qualitative research? Thank you very much for your advice. #128578; God bless and Starbucks E-Commerce I hope you continue inspiring us with your articles. #128578;
Wow, writing is such a vast universe that your possible topics are pretty infinite here. What type of class is knowledge work essay, this for? What types of topics have you studied in the class? That might give you a clue of how to E-Commerce, narrow down your topic. True-love Essays On Poetry And Valuing! For example, if you spent the E-Commerce, semester reading a lot of fiction, you might write an essay related to methods of fiction writing: how to dream up characters, ways to stop procrastination, a study of a particular author’s approach to writing a specific book.
What type of essay are you supposed to write? An argumentative essay means you’d have to choose a topic that you can defend, for and valuing example an essay arguing that public schools need to Starbucks E-Commerce, improve their writing programs. A reflective essay, on thesis statement, the other hand, would call on Starbucks E-Commerce, you to marley & me essay, write about your own writing journey and discuss how you have improved and what you have learned about writing. If you can answer the above two questions, that will help you narrow down to E-Commerce, a topic. You might also want to read this blog post about how to marley, narrow a topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ One approach would be to make an Starbucks E-Commerce argument that something *should* be done about the problem of adolescents suffering from alcoholism. If you go this route, your thesis statement template may look like this: Schools/families/communities (who exactly?) should approach the problem of adolescents suffering from knowledge plus work success, alcoholism seriously and apply SOLUTION 1, SOLUTION 2, and SOLUTION 3. The rest of your paper would be used to discuss each of the Starbucks E-Commerce, solutions using supporting evidence.
Or you might just be writing a paper discussing the causes of youth alcoholism, in which case your template may look something like: There are three main contributing factors leading to alcoholism in adolescents including CAUSE 1, CAUSE 2, and essay contest CAUSE 3. The rest of your paper would be used to discuss each of the causes using supporting evidence. These are just a couple of example approaches you can take. Starbucks E-Commerce! The important thing is to determine the purpose of papers, your paper. Are you taking a stance? Are you proposing a solution? Or are you just trying to understand the Starbucks E-Commerce, causes? Hello, can anyone help me what is the best title for my research in thesis..our topic research theme Operation Reasearch, technology and knowledge management, service inovation and essays management, e-business and Starbucks E-Commerce e-commerce?
True, that’s a tough topic to title (how’s that for thesis statement on asthma alliteration?) Maybe you can get some inspiration from E-Commerce, this post about writing essay titles: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-good-essay-titles/ Hi good day #128578; My professor told us to marley & me, give topics that’s about business..so I decided to Starbucks, choose Social Media Marketing but I’m having a hard time constructing a title.My professor didn’t want the other two titles I passed.Can you help me get a right title for true-love essays on poetry my topic..some suggestions on how My title would revolve about my topic.. E-Commerce! Thanks. Sometimes writing the title is the hardest part! hi! good day, i have my research topic which is about the influences of parenting styles on students academic performance. is it a good topic to research on? please help. I think this is a great idea as long as you are able to essay, find some quality sources to back up your research. You also need to make sure you’re very specific about which parenting styles exactly you will be evaluating.
You might have the best luck by selecting two very specific and Starbucks E-Commerce opposing ones to compare. Thanks Ms. Reader! Naomi, this help a lot #128578; Hi can you give me topics related to tourism and hospitality management? New topic only E-Commerce please.
Hi can you help me give research topics for plus work essay tourism and hospitality management? Thank you new topics only please. Hi can you help me give research topics for tourism and E-Commerce hospitality management? Thank you new topics only papers please. Maybe you could talk about the boom of medical tourism or maybe you could talk about the specific technologies that have made tourism easier. Speaking of, how has AirBnB changed the face of the hospitality industry? Should it be regulated? I think it would be smart for E-Commerce you to sit down and brainstorm a list of potential topics that are tied to marley & me, your interests.
Then you’ll want to do some cursory research to see if you’ll be able to find adequate sources on Starbucks, these topics. Marley Essay! Finally, go with the one that offers the E-Commerce, most resources. Hi, I have a research paper in my English class and i’m looking for weekly reader some topics on technology? Thank you for your time. “Technology” is Starbucks, a very broad topic so you could take this in a zillion different directions. Check out these example essays to my inaugural address weekly reader essay contest, see how other students have approached the Starbucks, topic of technology in their papers: https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search?q=technology.
Also, you might benefit from reading this blog post about narrowing your topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Hi! I have research paper in thesis, my major class and Starbucks I’m looking for true and false a social issues Topics! Please help me.Thank you. There is a section devoted to Sociology that might get you started. For example, Do governments with more women in positions of power rule more fairly? or Is solitary confinement effective for dangerous inmates? You might also want to E-Commerce, narrow down your topic. Check out this blog post that will walk you through that: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ For my university i have to search for an interesting topic and put the my inaugural address weekly essay, basis for a future market research.
I don’t have to collect any data but I have to explain my topic, the method that I will use for the market research and how collect data. One topic that i found interesting it’s “neuromarketing” and all the E-Commerce, “tricks” that advertisers use to increase selling and brand recognition. The question is: which aspect should I analyze in true-love essays on poetry and valuing, order to get a nice and intresting work? Hi there, Matteo, Wow sounds like you are traveling an E-Commerce interesting road with this one. I like it! One thing you might do is some cursory research on Google Scholar to see what potential topic directions are out there. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?q=aspects+of+neuromarketing#038;hl=en#038;as_sdt=0#038;as_vis=1#038;oi=scholart#038;sa=X#038;ved=0ahUKEwjG78Wvl6fRAhVIqVQKHYoIDmsQgQMIGDAA. For example, I’m seeing a lot of thesis on asthma, references trying to E-Commerce, determine the future of neuromarketing.
The more credible sources you can find to support your intended focus, the better you will be. I don’t know anything about neuromarketing, so I’m sorry that I can’t offer more specific advice than this. Half the fun is the essays and valuing, discovery. is it okay to write about extra terrestrial stuff? Nothing much of Starbucks, aliens just about stars and planets and stuff like that. If yes, then what could i write about? A specific topic as suggestion would be very helpful. Definitely — as long as it’s interesting, specific enough, and you can find information about it, you can write a research paper about thesis statement it #128578; Writing about stars and planets is fine, but those are pretty broad subjects on their own. Starbucks E-Commerce! A few space-related topics that come to mind would be: – How close are we to being able to form colonies that support human life on Mars (or another planet)? – Which obstacles do we need to address contest, overcome in order to colonize space? – Which known planets are most likely to support life?
I hope these give you some ideas that you can chew on for your paper. Happy writing! Hello, just yesterday the 12th of Starbucks E-Commerce, January, our teacher gave us topics on our research paper so I have chosen the knowledge plus hard equals success essay, topic “Wildlife Conservation: HUNTING”. Now I am having a hard time making an E-Commerce introduction with its thesis, will someone help me ? This is my first time making a reasearch paper and I really can’t understand the guides #128577; . First, you need to & me essay, take a stance. Do you think that hunting is good or bad for wildlife conservation? There are valid arguments on both side of that topic.
Your thesis statement could look something like this: “Hunting is an effective wildlife conversation method because of A, B, and C.” OR “Hunting is Starbucks, detrimental to true-love, wildlife conversation evidenced by A, B, and C.” Choose arguments (A,B, C) that you can defend with your research. Once you have your thesis statement developed, you’ll be able to Starbucks, build your paper. I suggest doing your introduction last. Here are some helpful resources: As part of my SACE, I have to research a topic of my choice for a semester and thesis statement on asthma present with a 2000 word essay (along with a few other things, but they aren’t as important at Starbucks this stage). I have recently taken an interest in where my food actually comes from, and have done some digging into the contribution of marley & me, factory farming in E-Commerce, relation to global warming. Do you think that “to what extent has factory farming contributed to climate change/global warming” is a good proposal question? Should I add a timeframe to the question, and what length of knowledge hard work essay, time would be most appropriate? I think that’s an E-Commerce excellent topic, yes.
It’s never a bad idea to make your topic as specific as possible; adding a timeline is one way to do that, sure. You could narrow your topic to “To what extent has factory farming contributed to climate change/global warming in the past 25 years”, for instance — the thesis on asthma, exact length of time would sort of depend on what the Starbucks, research you’ve done suggests. If it seems like the most damage has been done within the past 10-15 years, it might be more appropriate to knowledge hard work equals success, focus your efforts on describing that timeframe. Another way to approach the topic might be focusing on Starbucks, large-scale industrial farming, which has primarily been a phenomenon of the past couple of decades (factory farming itself has been around longer, albeit on a smaller scale) so there would be a bit of an implied timeframe. Something like: “To what extent has large-scale industrial farming contributed to weekly essay, climate change/global warming”? Sounds like you’re on the way to Starbucks, a great paper! Hi! I need a topic for my research paper and I was thinking about of writing about GMO.
Do you think this topic is possible or should I change it? Can you recommend ways on my inaugural address reader essay, how I can talk about this topic. Starbucks! Do you think I can relate this to food cravings and food starvation? I really appreciate your help. Thank you. Yes, GMO is a great topic because you can take it in many different directions.
I’m not sure about food cravings/ starvation but if you have done some research and true and false questions found good resources to help you make an argument around that, I say go for it! Also check out these example essays on GMO: https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search?q=GMO You could get ideas of how to approach your essay from them. Hi, in my english subject we are actually required to make a research paper and can i ask if cyber bullying is Starbucks, a good topic? how should i start it? this is my first time so it’s a new thing for me. thank yoi. Yes, you can write an excellent essay on the topic of cyber bullying. My Inaugural Address! However, it’s a pretty broad topic, so you’ll want to take some time to narrow your focus down to something specific to talk about. Here are some helpful articles for you: And here is a post about narrowing a topic: Hope this helps and happy writing! Hi, I need a topic for may research paper and I am confused on where to start. Starbucks E-Commerce! Can I ask for some suggestions and ideas about knowledge equals essay a thesis title and statement. Thank you.
I’d pick something that 1) you are interested in 2) that you can support with research and 3) that is relevant to your course (if necessary). I know it’s difficult to come up with an idea when you can choose from anything under the Starbucks E-Commerce, sun. Thank you for the suggestions. I cant still narow down something. And False! My course is E-Commerce, psychology and I still bother on true, the topic that I would choose. Starbucks! Thank you.
Maybe you can look at some example essays written by marley & me essay other students in the subject of psychology. https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search?q=psychology. This may give you some ideas for your own essay. Thank you for E-Commerce the suggestions. But Can I ask if this good for questions research paper. Effects to the criterion of women beyond deminism and Starbucks E-Commerce authority. or Coping Mechanism of battered women? How I formulate my objectives with this? Thank you for your help. I’m not sure I understand the my inaugural address essay, first topic you suggest, but the second one “coping mechanisms of E-Commerce, battered women” could yield a good research project. My Inaugural Address Weekly! I suggest you do some preliminary research to make sure you can find enough information on Starbucks E-Commerce, the topic before you proceed.
Hello, maybe I can ask for help how can I formulate research questions regarding a tpoic “Coping mechanism of battered women”. Thank you. It would be big help. Yes, I think you could turn this into & me essay a good topic. First, you’ll want to do some research to find out E-Commerce, if there are any resources that you can use as evidence.
A quick look into a research Google Scholar tells me that you should have no trouble there: https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en#038;q=social+media+self+esteem#038;btnG=#038;as_sdt=1%2C5#038;as_sdtp=#038;oq=social+media+self+ Then you’ll want to take a stance on this. Are you going to Starbucks E-Commerce, argue that social media has a positive or negative impact on social media? Why? This will be the root of your thesis statement. I am taking part in a research competition based in UAE and i have to come up with a topic that would further develop the knowledge hard success essay, country’s innovation systems. Can you please suggest me a topic that would fulfill the criteria of the contest. The competition is direct support of the UAE government’s drive towards fostering innovation and Starbucks it should benefit the hard work essay, country in terms of development and progress. Also, I am planning to pick the topic Small Business Struggles and Triumphs specifically in E-Commerce, UAE! but not sure about it.
Would love to know from you..if you have a better topic. Lastly, For the topic i mentioned above…How do i make it extensive to the criteria of the contest? How do i relate UAE’s Economic development through this topc “Small Business Struggles and Triumphs” Thank you for the ideas and your time. I am really looking forward to your views. It seems that you are on a great track with your project so far, you just need to refine and focus. Essays On Poetry! To further refine your topic of small business struggles and triumphs while also relating it to UAE’s economic development maybe you can investigate ways that the UAE government can and should foster small business development. Here are some questions for Starbucks E-Commerce you: How can the UAE help small businesses succeed? How can these small businesses, in turn, help the true, UAE innovate and grow?
Are there specific small businesses that you can focus on? How are these specific small businesses innovating and what exactly can the UAE government do to help them mitigate their struggles and be more triumphant in the end? You might also find this post helpful as you narrow and Starbucks E-Commerce refine your topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Hi again!! Thank you soooo much for responding! Your reply was indeed very helpful. Unfortunately, my teacher wants me to work on the topic that ‘she’ selected for knowledge hard success essay me.
And the topic given to me is Financial Literacy. Basically, it is Starbucks E-Commerce, about how Financial Literacy Program can help solve Debt Problem of UAE. But the main thing is…the title of the project should be powerful enough to attract the true-love on poetry and valuing, audience. Can you please help me frame a title….that could attract and Starbucks make the reader WANT to read my project….and also..I would be utterly grateful if you could give me some ideas on papers, what all i could include in my project and E-Commerce how i can relate it to weekly, UAE? I really respect and Starbucks E-Commerce appreciate the address weekly reader essay contest, help you have given. and Thank you again for your time… As far as titles go, you might find this post helpful as you come up with yours: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-good-essay-titles/ However, I probably wouldn’t worry about the title until after you’ve written the essay since there’s a good chance you’ll find inspiration from Starbucks E-Commerce, your content! A few questions for you to answer: What is financial literacy? Where and thesis on asthma when should students begin a financial literacy program?
Who should organize the financial literacy programs? What exactly should the financial literacy program entail? Finally, how will this financial literacy program address and prevent debt in the UAE? I think if you could find answers to the above, you’ll be off to a good start. As far as the topic you choose, you’ll want to make sure that it’s of interest to you, that you can find plenty of evidence to support your research, and Starbucks that it fits your assignment guidelines.
If none of the 25 topics listed here helped you, you might try this post: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/50-research-paper-topics/ hi, i have an assignment about research method, but this is my first time by doing this particular assignment. the on poetry and valuing, scope that has been given to me is about english language in my college, can you give some example of topic that suitable to my scope… i done several topic but its not quite good, and hello from Starbucks, malaysian student :), hope you can help me #128578; Hi Mike in true-love on poetry, Malaysia #128578; First you need to narrow your topic down to something that is interesting and manageable. I’d suggest reading this post to help you with that process: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Ask yourself questions like: Is there anything you would recommend to E-Commerce, improve English language studies at your school? If so, what would that be? Are students from your college graduating with high levels of English language proficiency? Why or why not?
What types of jobs do students from essay, your school get? How many of these jobs require English? If you can start digging into some questions and considerations about the Starbucks, English language program at your school, you should be able to narrow in on a good research topic. Hi I have a research paper in a research papers, Project Management, my topic is The impact of load shedding by E-Commerce eskom(service provider) on Government projects on thesis, the debt owing municipalities(local government). Im having difficulty in proposing solutions to local government. I hate to Starbucks E-Commerce, say it but for a research project like this, there really isn’t a shortcut for doing your research. You won’t have the answers until you really immerse yourself in essay, the topic. I’d approach this by doing as much reading as you can for at least a few hours and starting to jot down possible solutions.
For example, after reading this article http://www.fin24.com/Economy/Poor-load-shedding-plans-affect-businesses-20150128 , you might determine that a potential solution is a “better alignment of schedules” you might then try to find other evidence to prove this point. Come up with three solid solutions backed by evidence from your research and Starbucks you should be in great shape to write this paper. Here are some other resources on how to true questions, write a research paper: Thesis getting real, huh? You’re going to need to sit down and start brainstorming topics. Visiting this post was a good start, but here are a few more ideas: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/50-argumentative-essay-topics/ You might also try looking at example essays written by E-Commerce other students. You can start a search here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples.
Once you have a general topic idea, you’ll need to narrow it down. I highly recommend reading this post to papers, learn how: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Most importantly, choose a topic that interests you and that you can find plenty of credible research on. Great shared work Madam Susan, acknowledged. Thanks for reading #128578;
Hi, am Benson from Nkumba University, I have a research to do, wanted to a comment on Starbucks E-Commerce, my topic whether its a good topic to get on. Knowledge Plus Work Success! This is my research topic, AN EXPLORATION ON THE BETTER METHODS TO STOP TOBACCO AND MARIJUANA SMOKING IN UGANDA. I think your topic sounds promising! You might make it a little more clear/concise, something like: An Exploration of Starbucks E-Commerce, Improved Methods to Stop Tobacco and on asthma Marijuana Smoking in Uganda or An Exploration of the Best Methods… Which one you choose will depend on whether you’re arguing that the Starbucks E-Commerce, current methods have been improved or whether you want to focus on a research papers, the very *best* and most effective methods. I have some research topics for my final project work and would like to Starbucks E-Commerce, know your views about it from University of Ghana- LegoN. DIVORCE AND ITS EFFECT ON THE DEVELOPMENT ON CHILDREN. & Me Essay! THE SECOND IS THE KNOWLEDGE OF SAFETY PRACTICES AMONG HOUSEKEEPING STAFFS OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL SETTINGS (PANTRY). THE THIRD IS THE KNOWLEDGE OF SAFETY PRACTICES AMONG HOUSEKEEPING STAFFS OF 3 OR 4 STAR HOTELS IN ACCRA. I think that all three of those topics sound promising. The one about divorce is probably too broad, however; if you decide to choose that one, you might narrow the E-Commerce, topic by focusing on divorce’s effects on on asthma, children in E-Commerce, a specific age group or location.
My advice is to select the topic that is most meaningful and interesting to you personally — the true-love essays and valuing, best papers are the ones where the author’s interest in Starbucks, the subject shines through. Hi, I have to success essay, get a good research topic preferably related to health and medicine. I need ideas please. Hello.. Starbucks! I’m so depressed now in choosing my research topic #128577; can you suggest some? I prefer more on social science related in marley & me essay, my school ..thank you #128578; Have you also read https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/50-research-paper-topics/ ? There are some sociology/anthropology topics listed there that might be of interest to you. What are the possible Research Topic Proposals related to Plastic bags. Or What are the best possible research topics for STEM (Science And Technology Mathematics curriculum)…. Please help!
Still New! See #9 above! There are quite a few ways to approach the E-Commerce, “plastic bag” topic listed there #128578; Omyyghaaash! Thanks Erin! hi bessy what are you grade now? im grade 6 now im doing research in the class. hi all i need some topics that so easy. The “easiest” topic to write about my inaugural address weekly reader essay contest will be one that you’re already interested in! That goes a long way since you tend to enjoy the research process more.
If your teacher gave you topics to choose from, then I’d pick the one that sounds most interesting to you. If you get to pick your own topic, then I would start by listing a few of your interests/things you want to know more about Starbucks — if none of the ones in plus essay, this list sound too interesting, I would also read https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/50-research-paper-topics/ for more ideas! Uhmmm! What could be the best research proposal that will impress teachers that is also easy. Starbucks E-Commerce! Please Reply… Thanks! #128578; For High School.
Hmm, tough one. I think the way I’d approach this is to first pick a problem that you want to true-love on poetry, solve — something that you feel at least somewhat strongly about! So using the plastic bag example from yesterday, maybe your new product could have something to do with recycling plastic bags quickly — what if you could stuff 20 in a machine at E-Commerce the grocery store and knowledge work equals essay it would spit out a sturdy, reusable bag? You could take the same approach to lots of E-Commerce, problems: an alternative to disposable packaging on one of your favorite products, a way to reduce littering from vehicles (like, I dunno…a built-in trash compactor!), etc. I think any idea that you’re a little excited about that solves a clear problem will be pretty dang impressive #128578; Happy writing! My topic is psychology do you think i can have a successful outcome? Psychology is a really broad topic, so it’s hard to say for sure how successful your paper might be. I think you’ll have the knowledge plus work success essay, best success with a narrower topic.
I’d encourage you to check out E-Commerce, this post: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Hi, i am a senior high school student and we have a research subject. we already have a topic for qualitative research, but we can’t get the my inaugural reader contest, right term for people who have jobs that are not related to their degree/college degree. For example, you graduated in education but your current job is an office manager. what do you think is the right term for them. Starbucks! we thought it is papers, “underemployed”, but our teacher said, its not the right term. do you think you can help us? we will really appreciate any help from you #128578; That’s a really good question! Honestly, I don’t think there is an Starbucks E-Commerce agreed-upon term for such employees. Your teacher is plus success essay, right that “underemployed” doesn’t really work, as that describes someone who doesn’t have enough work (like someone who wants to work full-time but can only Starbucks achieve part-time hours). I think this would actually be a cool opportunity to essays and valuing, brainstorm/create your own term — researchers do this all the time! The first word that pops into my head is Starbucks, “outfielders” — that’s obviously a term borrowed from the sport of baseball, but I think that you could define it in hard work essay, your research as someone who works outside the field in which they studied. Then you’ll have a word, a type of shorthand, for this type of worker without always having to write “people who have jobs that are not related to their degree” #128521; No matter how you choose to label these workers, be sure to E-Commerce, explain why/how you’re using the label in plus success, your paper so that your readers understand. My teacher requires us to Starbucks E-Commerce, do research paper as our final requirement this semester and I can’t still construct a particular topic perfect for it. Can you help me?
Whenever I give her a topic she will always say that my topic is too broad and that it should be narrowed down. What should I do? Can you share a little more about the class/the specific assignment? The topics above are a good starting place for narrow, specific topics. There are 50 more here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/50-research-paper-topics/ If none of those are quite what you’re looking for, then I would recommend that you read https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ for some good advice on narrowing a topic that you find interesting #128578;
Hello, I need your help. I’m struggling on constructing a good title for my topic. My topic is about teenage stress. And Valuing! We, the researchers, want to know the main causes of Starbucks, stress to the students. Also, we want to know how the students deal or overcome with the stress. Is it a good topic? By the way, our teacher said that our research should be qualitative and quantitave (mixed) research. I hope you can help me asap. Knowledge Plus Equals Success! Thank you #128578;
It sounds like you’re on the right track with your topic; one suggestion is to specify the population you’re studying in a bit more detail: are they high school students? high school students at a specific school? high school students in a particular class at Starbucks E-Commerce a specific school? You get the idea #128578; Questionnaires that include both close-ended questions (such as scales, yes/no questions, etc.) and open-ended questions (short-answer) could help you to achieve the mixed research requirement. For instance, you might ask students to a research, identify how many courses they’re taking on a scale of 1-8 and ask a series of Starbucks, yes/no questions regarding specific behaviors, and then you might ask a few questions that ask students to write out knowledge hard, short responses to the questions (such as “What do you do when you feel stressed?”). Best of Starbucks E-Commerce, luck with your research! Thank you for helping me, Ms. Erin. I have contructed my title already. “Physiological and psychological effects of address weekly reader, stress on NHS-SHS (our school) STEM (track) students” “The effects of E-Commerce, stress on NHS-SHS STEM students’ physical health and academic success”
Is my title good enough? ???. I think the first title is & me, perfect! Thank you very much Ms. Erin Hempfling! I’m sure gonna acknowledge you in my research. You really did help me a lot! Have a good day #128578; Thanks for the kind words; glad I could help! #128578;
Hi! I’m lost. Need help. I don’t know what topic to work on for a qualitative research. This should be about E-Commerce school matters. I actually have something i mind, but I don’t if it’s good or if it can be for qualitative. I would like to know about the effectivity of e-books in student’s learning. Are books installed in knowledge hard work equals essay, their iPad better than hard copies? Are e-books more helpful or distracting? What should be my title? Also what can be my thesis statement about this?
I will really appreciate your response. Thank you very much in E-Commerce, advance! One common approach for conducting qualitative research is to use a questionnaire. Could you ask some students some open-ended survey questions about their experiences with e-books? Thank you very much.
Hi everyone so I can’t think of a research title even though our teacher said we have a good research problem. How can we make a interesting and good research title? Hi from ST. Statement On Asthma! AUGUSTINE UNIVERSITY OF TANZANIA, i am expecting to do my research about 1. the impact of social media on E-Commerce, accuracy reporting in journalism ,2. social media and & me the influence rural development,3. the impact of Starbucks, social media on freedom of expression in Tanzania,4. Marley Essay! political enviroment in social media 5 the impact of social media on yellow journalism. would you plzz suggest a good topic for me. and give me some idea on E-Commerce, how to conduct my research?? It seems like you’re trying to cover a LOT in your paper. That might be okay if it’s very long, but otherwise, I’d recommend that you narrow that down a bit. Here is my inaugural weekly, a great place to start: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/
As for conducting your research, I would recommend that you start with scholarly sources since they’ll be the E-Commerce, most credible. My Inaugural Essay Contest! Here are some good recommendations to help you get started: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/writing-a-research-paper/ i hahe decide to choose one topic. the IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL AREA. is this good for Starbucks research topic? and what it could be the statement of questions, problem. That’s an interesting topic!
To state the problem, you might first consider what led you to choose this topic: do you think that social media helps or hurts agricultural development in rural areas, for instance? Do you know of an area that’s facing problems with agricultural development? How can I state theoretical frame work. Hi . I’am struggling with my thesis title it is all about Starbucks literature and I dont know how to essay contest, start, What should be my topic for Starbucks qualitative research. can you please help me#128534; Literature is true-love, *really* broad!
What are you focusing on within the literature realm? If you’re struggling to nail down your topic, I would read https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ — it should help you a lot! So I’m doing this research paper on drug abuse and criminal behaviour patterns, but I’m stuck #128577; I really want to Starbucks E-Commerce, write on this topic but the lack of data (criminal records and such) in my country limits and degrades the quality of thesis on asthma, my paper. What should I do? That does sound frustrating! I think that I’d step back from the E-Commerce, topic a bit and consider the resources you *do* have on this topic: journal articles, articles in credible newspapers, etc. and how you could best use those to approach your topic. Also, you might consider doing some first-hand/primary research by interviewing people in true questions, your community who have been affected by drug abuse and/or criminal behavior patterns. Hello, my teacher wanted me to research about the violations of language policy in our school publication.
How can I state this as a topic? And I can’t think of the dependent and independent variables #128577; please help huhu. I’m not super-clear on Starbucks, your topic, specifically what you mean by “violations of language policy”. Do you mean that there are instances of true-love, biased language slipping into the school publication, for instance? If you can clarify your topic a bit I’d be glad to give you a hand! I think you’re right about Starbucks E-Commerce social media and self-esteem, though it could still be an interesting unique topic as long as you take a narrow approach to it! For instance, if you focused on the effects of knowledge work, social media on the self-esteem of middle-school-aged girls (or any other specific demographic), the Starbucks, approach is narrow enough to weekly reader essay contest, be unique. I agree that “racism” by itself is really broad, though again, with a narrow approach it could certainly work. I think your national hero idea is a good one, particularly if it’s okay for you to Starbucks E-Commerce, take an argumentative approach in your research essay. It’s narrow, it’s interesting, and if there has already been some debate on the topic, then it sounds like a good issue to discuss in your paper #128578; hello. im trying to start a thesis for my course Painting but i;m stuck and cant think of good ideas. Questions! is the correlation between selfies and Starbucks self portraits good enough? if not, how can i improve or make a better statement of the essay contest, problem for Starbucks it? or would you know any better ideas than that one? Hi, we have a thesis in operations management, can you help me with our thesis title?
Hi, we have a thesis in operations management, can you help me with our thesis title? Hello guys need help for a research my language research. Will you help me guys to construct title or topic about English? Any will do as long as the Starbucks, english as subject is there. Marley & Me! thanks in. my research topic is.
THE IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL AREA. can this be a good research topic. Hi, on research topic, “the impact of Starbucks, social media on & me, agriculture development in Starbucks E-Commerce, rural area”. Can you help me to write the marley & me, research question and objective please!!
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Essay, Research Paper: E. E. Cummings. unconventional punctuation and E-Commerce, capitalization, and unusual line, word, and even. letter placements. Cummings' most difficult form of true questions, prose is probably the. ideogram; it is extremely short and it combines both visual and aural elements.
There may be sounds or characters on Starbucks, the page that cannot be said or cannot. carry the same message if pronounced and not read. Four of Cummings' poems - l(a, mortals), !blac, and swi illustrate the ideogram form quite well. Cummings. utilizes unique syntax in hard work equals these poems in order to convey messages visually as.
well as verbally. Although one may think of l(a as a poem of sadness and. loneliness, Cummings probably did not intend that. “This poem is about. individuality ; oneness” (Kid 200-1). The theme of oneness can be derived from. the numerous instances and E-Commerce, forms of the number '1' throughout the poem.
First, 'l(a' contains both the number 1 and the singular indefinite article, 'a'; the second. line contains the French singular definite article, 'le'; 'll' on the fifth line. represents two ones; 'one' on the 7th line spells the number out; the 8th line, 'l', isolates the number; and 'iness', the last line, can mean the state. of being I - that is, individuality - or oneness, deriving the. one from the on asthma, lowercase roman numeral 'i' (200).
Cummings could have. simplified this poem drastically (a leaf falls:/loneliness), and. still conveyed the same verbal message, but he has altered the normal syntax in. order that each line should show a 'one' and highlight the theme of oneness. In. fact, the whole poem is shaped like a '1' (200). The shape of the poem can also. be seen as the path of a falling leaf; the poem drifts down, flipping and.
altering pairs of letters like a falling leaf gliding, back and forth, down to. the ground. The beginning 'l(a' changes to 'le', and 'af' flips to 'fa'. 'll' indicates a quick drop of the leaf, which has slowed by a longer line, 'one'. Finally, the leaf falls into the pile of fallen leaves on the ground,
represented by 'iness'. Cummings has written this poem so perfectly that every. part of it conveys the message of oneness and individuality (200). In mortals), Cummings vitalizes a trapeze act on paper. Oddly enough, this poem, too,
stresses the idea of individualism, or'eachness', as it is stated on line four. Lines 2 and 4, 'climbi' and 'begi', both end leaving the letter 'i' exposed. This is a sign thatCummings is E-Commerce trying to emphasize the concept of. self-importance (Tri 36). This poem is an a research papers amusing one, as it shows the Starbucks E-Commerce, effects. of a trapeze act within the arrangement of the words. On line 10, the space in. the word 'open ing' indicates the act beginning, and the empty, static moment.
before it has fully begun. 'of speeds of' and 'meet', lines 8 and 12. respectively, show a sort of back-and-forth motion, much like that of the motion. of a trapeze swinging. Lines 12 through 15 show the final jump off the trapeze, and 'a/n/d' on lines 17 through 19, represent the deserted trapeze, after the. acrobats have dismounted. Finally, '(im' on the last line should bring the.
reader's eyes back to the top of the poem, where he finds 'mortals)'. Placing '(im' at the end of the poem shows that the performers attain a special type of. immortality for risking their lives to create a show of beauty, they attain a. special type of immortality (36-7). The circularity of the a research papers, poem causes a feeling. of wholeness or completeness, and may represent the Circle of Life, eternal. motion (Fri 26). Cummings first tightly written ideogram was !blac, a very. interesting poem. It starts with '!', which seems to be saying thatsomething.
deserving that exclamation point occurred anterior to the poem, and E-Commerce, the poem is. trying objectively to describe certain feelings resulting from '!'. black. against white is an example of such a description in the poem; the. clashing colors create a feeling in sync with '!'. True And False. Also, why (whi)
suggests amusement and wonder, another feeling resulting from '!' (Weg 145). Cummings had written a letter concerning !blac to Robert Wenger, author of The. Poetry and Prose of E. E. Cummings (see Works Cited). E-Commerce. In it, he wrote, for. me, this poem means just what it says . . Marley. . and Starbucks, the ! which begins the poem is. whatmight be called and emphatic (=very). This poem is also concerns the. cycle of birth, life, death, and renewal. This is derived from the '.' preceding. the last letter. This shows that even though the knowledge equals success essay, poem is finished, the circle of.
life is not, and is ever cycling (Weg 144). Through the poem's shape, !blac also. shows a leaf fluttering to the ground. The lines' spacing synchronizes the speed. of the Starbucks, reading with that of the papers, leaf at different points in its fall. With its. capital 'I's, 'IrlI' also indicates a leaf falling straight down before it hits. the ground (147). Reading this poem, one may realize the lone comma on line 12. The poet writes about the sky and a tree, and then a comma intrudes, which makes.
the reader pause, and realize the new awareness that the comma indicated - that. of a falling leaf (145). Lines 1 through 6 are also very important to E-Commerce the poem. Although black against white may be referring to true-love on poetry the color of the. falling leaf in contrast to E-Commerce the bright sky, it is not wrong to assume it means. more. Essays On Poetry And Valuing. As stated above, the poem's theme is the Starbucks, cycle of marley & me, life, and black. against white could be indicating life death versus life. It shows that. even though a leaf falling may be an indication of E-Commerce, death, falling of leaves is.
an integral part of the whole life cycle of the tree(146). !blac may seem like a. simple mess of words, but in reality is much more complex than that. And False Questions. swi( is. another poem of Cummings' ideogram form. The essence of this poem is seeing a. bird's swift flight past the sun, and the wonder of this experience. The poem. mainly tries to E-Commerce convince the reader of the difference between conception, what. one sees, and perception, what one knows he is knowledge plus work equals success essay seeing (Mar 105). The first line, 'swi(' shows that the object the poet sees is Starbucks moving so rapdly that before he. completely utters his first word, he must describe the true, object, and that it is.
passing before another object - the sun. His use of only primary descriptives, such as speed, direction, color, and shape indicates that he is trying to. describe the bird as quickly as possible. The way he speaks, in Starbucks E-Commerce terse syllables. that lack syntactical relationship to each other, imitate one who tries to speak. before he knows exactly what he wants to say; it is & me another indication of how.
quickly the object is moving (106). Starbucks. a-motion-upo-nmotio-n/Less?, the. 6th line, is signifying that although the poet knows that both the objects are. moving, one's motion causes the other to seem still (106). The 'd,' at the end. of the poem is papers showing that after the poet has finally named the object he saw, he immediately loses interest and stops, as writing more to further organize his.
thoughts would be superfluous (106). The contrasting words in this poem are very. important. 'against' contrasts with 'across', and signifies a halt. It seems. that the poet wants to stop the object in order to describe it.
But a stopping. of motion would contradict 'swi/ftly', so Cummings decided to Starbucks refer to the speed. average of the two, 'Swi/mming' (106). swi( contains less symbolism than the. other poems being analyzed, but it is similar in that the syntax adds greatly to. the poem. Plus Success. Cummings' peculiar method of using syntax to Starbucks convey hidden meaning is. extremely effective. The reader does not simply read and forget Cummings' ideas;
instead, he must figure out the hidden meaning himself. In doing this, he feels. contentment, and thus retains the poem's idea for a more extended period of. time. Statement. Cummings' ideogram poems are puzzles waiting to be solved. Starbucks. Works Cited. Friedman, Norman. E. E. Cummings: A Collection of Critical Essays. New Jersey:
Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1972. Kidder, Rushworth M. E. E. Cummings: An Introduction. to the Poetry. New York: Columbia University Press, 1979. Marks, Barry A. E. Marley. E. Cummings. New York: Twayne Publishers, Inc., 1964. Triem, Eve.
E. E. Starbucks. Cummings. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1969. Wegner, Robert E. The Poetry. and Prose of E. A Research. E. Cummings. New York: Harcourt, Brace World, Inc., 1965. E. E. Starbucks E-Commerce. Cummings, who was born in 1894 and died in 1962, wrote many poems with. unconventional punctuation and capitalization, and unusual line, word, and marley, even. letter placements. Cummings' most difficult form of prose is probably the. ideogram; it is Starbucks E-Commerce extremely short and it combines both visual and on asthma, aural elements. There may be sounds or characters on the page that cannot be said or cannot.
carry the E-Commerce, same message if pronounced and not read. Four of Cummings' poems - l(a, mortals), !blac, and swi illustrate the ideogram form quite well. Cummings. utilizes unique syntax in statement these poems in order to convey messages visually as.
well as verbally. Although one may think of l(a as a poem of sadness and. loneliness, Cummings probably did not intend that. “This poem is about. individuality ; oneness” (Kid 200-1). The theme of oneness can be derived from.
the numerous instances and forms of the number '1' throughout the poem. First, 'l(a' contains both the number 1 and the singular indefinite article, 'a'; the Starbucks, second. line contains the papers, French singular definite article, 'le'; 'll' on the fifth line. represents two ones; 'one' on E-Commerce, the 7th line spells the number out; the 8th line, 'l', isolates the essay, number; and 'iness', the last line, can mean the state. of being I - that is, individuality - or oneness, deriving the. one from the lowercase roman numeral 'i' (200). Cummings could have. simplified this poem drastically (a leaf falls:/loneliness), and.
still conveyed the Starbucks, same verbal message, but he has altered the normal syntax in. order that each line should show a 'one' and & me, highlight the theme of oneness. In. fact, the whole poem is Starbucks E-Commerce shaped like a '1' (200). The shape of the poem can also. be seen as the path of a falling leaf; the poem drifts down, flipping and. altering pairs of letters like a falling leaf gliding, back and forth, down to. the ground. The beginning 'l(a' changes to 'le', and true and false questions, 'af' flips to 'fa'. 'll' indicates a quick drop of the E-Commerce, leaf, which has slowed by a longer line, 'one'.
Finally, the leaf falls into the pile of fallen leaves on the ground, represented by 'iness'. My Inaugural Weekly Essay Contest. Cummings has written this poem so perfectly that every. part of it conveys the message of oneness and Starbucks, individuality (200). In mortals), Cummings vitalizes a trapeze act on paper. Oddly enough, this poem, too, stresses the idea of individualism, or'eachness', as it is stated on line four. Lines 2 and 4, 'climbi' and 'begi', both end leaving the letter 'i' exposed. This is a sign thatCummings is trying to knowledge plus hard work equals success emphasize the concept of. self-importance (Tri 36).
This poem is an amusing one, as it shows the effects. of a trapeze act within the arrangement of the words. On line 10, the space in. the word 'open ing' indicates the Starbucks, act beginning, and the empty, static moment. before it has fully begun. 'of speeds of' and 'meet', lines 8 and 12. respectively, show a sort of back-and-forth motion, much like that of the motion. of a trapeze swinging. Lines 12 through 15 show the final jump off the trapeze, and 'a/n/d' on lines 17 through 19, represent the deserted trapeze, after the.
acrobats have dismounted. Address Essay Contest. Finally, '(im' on the last line should bring the. reader's eyes back to the top of the poem, where he finds 'mortals)'. Placing '(im' at the end of the poem shows that the E-Commerce, performers attain a special type of. immortality for risking their lives to weekly reader contest create a show of beauty, they attain a. special type of immortality (36-7).
The circularity of the poem causes a feeling. of wholeness or completeness, and may represent the Circle of Starbucks E-Commerce, Life, eternal. motion (Fri 26). Cummings first tightly written ideogram was !blac, a very. interesting poem. It starts with '!', which seems to be saying thatsomething. deserving that exclamation point occurred anterior to true and false questions the poem, and the poem is. trying objectively to describe certain feelings resulting from '!'. black. against white is an example of such a description in the poem; the. clashing colors create a feeling in sync with '!'.
Also, why (whi) suggests amusement and E-Commerce, wonder, another feeling resulting from '!' (Weg 145). Cummings had written a letter concerning !blac to Robert Wenger, author of The. Poetry and Prose of E. E. Cummings (see Works Cited). In it, he wrote, for. me, this poem means just what it says . Statement. . . and the ! which begins the poem is. whatmight be called and emphatic (=very).
This poem is also concerns the. cycle of birth, life, death, and renewal. This is derived from the '.' preceding. the last letter. This shows that even though the poem is finished, the circle of. life is not, and is ever cycling (Weg 144). Through the Starbucks E-Commerce, poem's shape, !blac also. shows a leaf fluttering to true-love and valuing the ground. The lines' spacing synchronizes the speed. of the reading with that of the leaf at different points in its fall.
With its. capital 'I's, 'IrlI' also indicates a leaf falling straight down before it hits. the ground (147). Reading this poem, one may realize the lone comma on line 12. The poet writes about the sky and E-Commerce, a tree, and hard work equals essay, then a comma intrudes, which makes. the reader pause, and realize the new awareness that the comma indicated - that. of a falling leaf (145). Lines 1 through 6 are also very important to the poem. Although black against white may be referring to the color of the. falling leaf in contrast to the bright sky, it is not wrong to assume it means.
more. As stated above, the poem's theme is the cycle of life, and black. against white could be indicating life death versus life. It shows that. even though a leaf falling may be an indication of death, falling of leaves is.
an integral part of the whole life cycle of the Starbucks, tree(146). !blac may seem like a. simple mess of essays, words, but in reality is much more complex than that. swi( is. another poem of Cummings' ideogram form. The essence of this poem is seeing a. bird's swift flight past the sun, and the wonder of this experience. The poem. mainly tries to convince the reader of the difference between conception, what.
one sees, and Starbucks, perception, what one knows he is seeing (Mar 105). The first line, 'swi(' shows that the object the poet sees is moving so rapdly that before he. completely utters his first word, he must describe the object, and thesis on asthma, that it is. passing before another object - the Starbucks, sun. His use of only primary descriptives, such as speed, direction, color, and shape indicates that he is trying to. describe the bird as quickly as possible.
The way he speaks, in terse syllables. that lack syntactical relationship to true and false questions each other, imitate one who tries to Starbucks E-Commerce speak. before he knows exactly what he wants to say; it is papers another indication of Starbucks E-Commerce, how. quickly the object is moving (106). a-motion-upo-nmotio-n/Less?, the. 6th line, is signifying that although the my inaugural address weekly reader contest, poet knows that both the objects are.
moving, one's motion causes the other to seem still (106). The 'd,' at the end. of the poem is showing that after the poet has finally named the object he saw, he immediately loses interest and Starbucks E-Commerce, stops, as writing more to my inaugural further organize his. thoughts would be superfluous (106). The contrasting words in this poem are very. important. 'against' contrasts with 'across', and signifies a halt. It seems.
that the poet wants to stop the object in order to describe it. But a stopping. of motion would contradict 'swi/ftly', so Cummings decided to refer to the speed. average of the two, 'Swi/mming' (106). swi( contains less symbolism than the. other poems being analyzed, but it is similar in that the syntax adds greatly to. the poem. Cummings' peculiar method of using syntax to convey hidden meaning is. extremely effective.
The reader does not simply read and forget Cummings' ideas; instead, he must figure out the hidden meaning himself. In doing this, he feels. contentment, and thus retains the poem's idea for E-Commerce, a more extended period of. time.
Cummings' ideogram poems are puzzles waiting to be solved. Works Cited. Friedman, Norman. E. Marley & Me. E. Cummings: A Collection of Critical Essays. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1972. Kidder, Rushworth M. E. E. Cummings: An Introduction. to the Poetry. E-Commerce. New York: Columbia University Press, 1979. Marks, Barry A. A Research. E. E. Cummings.
New York: Twayne Publishers, Inc., 1964. E-Commerce. Triem, Eve. E. E. Cummings. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1969. Wegner, Robert E. The Poetry. and Prose of E. True-love Essays And Valuing. E. Cummings. E-Commerce. New York: Harcourt, Brace World, Inc., 1965. Works Cited Friedman, Norman. E. E. Cummings: A Collection of Critical Essays. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1972.
Kidder, Rushworth M. My Inaugural Weekly Reader Essay. E. Starbucks. E. A Research Papers. Cummings: An. Introduction to the Poetry. New York: Columbia University Press, 1979. Marks, Barry A. E. E. Cummings. New York: Twayne Publishers, Inc., 1964. Starbucks E-Commerce. Triem, Eve. E. E. Cummings. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1969. Wegner, Robert E.
The Poetry and Prose of E. E. Cummings. New York: Harcourt, Brace World, Friedman, Norman. E. Knowledge Plus Success Essay. E. Cummings: A Collection of Starbucks, Critical Essays. New. Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1972.
Kidder, Rushworth M. E. Address Weekly Reader Essay. E. Cummings: An. Introduction to the Poetry. New York: Columbia University Press, 1979. Marks, Barry A. E. E. Starbucks E-Commerce. Cummings. New York: Twayne Publishers, Inc., 1964. Triem, Eve. E.
E. Cummings. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1969. Wegner, Robert E. The Poetry and plus success, Prose of E. E. Cummings. New York: Harcourt, Brace World, Help other users to find the good and worthy free term papers and trash the bad ones. Free papers will not meet the guidelines of your specific project. If you need a custom essay on English: , we can write you a high quality authentic essay. While free essays can be traced by Turnitin (plagiarism detection program), our custom written papers will pass any plagiarism test, guaranteed.
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