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resume links Gary Duane SHARP. Education: Primary and secondary schools in San Diego, California. Bachelor of Science, Zoology (1967); San Diego State Univ. Master of Science, Biology (1968), San Diego State Univ. Doctor of Philosophy, Marine Biology (1972), Univ. of Calif. San Diego, Scripps Institution of abetterearth essay contest, Oceanography. Employment: Presently Retired. But still communicating with global colleagues on Climatology, Technology and Fisheries Applications - I started going to sea in the summers of 1957-58 - aboard a 200 ton capacity pole-and-Line tuna boat, the MV Mondego - aboard which the12 crewmen spoke 5 languages - being form all around the globe - My Step-father was chief Engineer - and I learned to 1 problem solving Listen - as we were constantly confronted with weather-driven issues - and the Crew worked out solutions - A while before Niña/Niño were understood - which is what the 1957-58 weather transition was all about abetterearth essay contest - 1961-1965 U.S.Air Force, Principal Horn with the Air Force Band of the Rockies, Denver, Colorado. 1965 - 1967 Assistant Principal Horn with the year solving activities San Diego Symphony Orchestra Student.

1966-1968 Laboratory assistant, Biochemical Genetics, San Diego State University. 1968-1969 Biologist, Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, La Jolla, California. Researching tuna and pelagic fish physiology and behavior. 1969-1978 Senior Scientist, Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission, La Jolla, Researching genetics and physiological ecology of essay, tunas. As a result of my early multidisciplinary approach to papers tuna research, and applied science, in environmental essay 1976 I convened a Workshop, and edited with Andy Dizon, a volume entitled The Physiological Ecology of Tunas, which was published in 1978. 1978-1983 Fisheries Resources Officer, Fisheries Resources and Environment Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN, Rome, Italy. Responsible for the evaluation and promotion of favorite uva, global tuna fishery research and development; I was mediator for two International Commissions for the management of tunas; I was also generally responsible for the promotion of appropriate climate-ocean research related to marine fisheries, including promotion of the FAO/IOC Ocean Sciences in abetterearth Support of Living Resources Program. My first summer in residence in Rome, I compiled the relevant oceanographic information for the Indian Ocean, to produce a series of monthly maps of vulnerability zones for structure contrast tropical tunas, which were published by the Indian Ocean Fisheries Development Program. These maps instigated the development of essay contest, high seas seining, and fish aggregating device (FAD) applications in the western Indian Ocean, the latter in favorite uva collaboration with FAO Master fisherman, and colleague, Menakem Ben-Yami.

The results have been spectacular advances in societal situations across the Indian Ocean, from the Seychelles Plateau, the Maldives, on to Thailand, and now Indonesia. I was the senior editor of the essay contest fourth Edition of the FAO Atlas on Living Resources of the Sea, working to make the context of fisheries more dynamic, and realistic. I planned, with my colleague, Jorge Csirke, and convened the 1983 Expert Consultation to year 1 problem activities Examine Changes in abetterearth environmental Distribution, Abundance and Species Composition for Neritic Fish Resources. The 1300pp. Proceedings was a compilation of information about climate-driven responses in regional fisheries. This was my final project during my five year contract with FAO. 1 Problem? I left FAO to allow these concepts time to emerge. 1983 - Present: Independent Consultant in ocean resources related climate-oceanography, science programs and research planning; aquaculture projects, fish stock identification via genetic and morphometric studies; oceanic fishery development and recruitment; design of management information systems. Contracted projects with UNDP, World Bank, FAO, and other International institutions, with in situ programs in Chile, all around the abetterearth environmental contest Mediterranean including North African nations, Somalia, the Faroe Islands, South Africa, Pakistan, Honduras, and year 1 problem solving activities, Alaska.

1987 to 1989: I was under contract to NOAA from to help develop an integrated Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Monitoring and Management Program, and; 1990 to 1991: While acting as Consulting Science Advisor to essay the Undersecretary of Oceans and Atmosphere, one of my activities was to stimulate implementation of a high resolution chronostratigraphy studies program in NOAA while assigned to the NOAA Center for Ocean Analysis and Prediction as Visiting Scientist, via UCAR. My second project was to develop information sets for examining patterns of physical changes in the upper ocean. 1991 to 1997: I initiated the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Integrated Ocean Sciences, (CIRIOS) a joint institute between NOAA and the Naval Postgraduate School while active Associate Research Professorship at the Naval Postgraduate School, Department of Oceanography. I was the Executive Scientific Director. Word Essay? The joint institute's authority was transferred to the Foundation at California State University, Monterey Bay, in 1994, in a move to abetterearth essay contest make its function more community oriented. CIRIOS @ Foundation CSUMB was let die by Foundation Management, as they were vested in high overheads, and not willing to nurture any existing relationships with other institutions after the 1 problem Founding CEO and Provost, Dr. Steve Arvizu, with whom the initial contract was made, was deposed. 1993-to 2004 Adjunct Professor, Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada. 1993-to 2010 - Special Science and essay contest, Policy Advisor to creative writing the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary Research Advisory Panel. 1995-1997: Technology and Curriculum Development Planner, CSU Monterey Bay.

Recent Related Projects and Experience: The topics of Climate and abetterearth, Global Change, and applications of climate and upper ocean monitoring related to structure aquatic resources have been the major emphases of my studies since the early 1970s, but my focus has broadened from high seas fisheries to encompass climate related zoogeography, fisheries dynamics, and management opportunities. I convened four major international symposia - workshops in the period from January 1977 to May 1983, which lead to the rapid publication of several highly acclaimed volumes which have formed the basis for completely revised concepts and approaches to several research topics that were examined. The premises of these workshops has been that climate-driven ocean processes affect ocean fisheries, and abetterearth environmental contest, society, at all levels. My major responsibilities over the last decade have included continuous promotion and monitoring of marine research related to year activities climate and oceanographic mediated processes, with particular emphasis on ocean fisheries. For example, in June through August of 1985 I was contracted by the Fisheries Department of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN, in Rome, to abetterearth environmental essay design an Ocean Monitoring and Recruitment Monitoring/Forecasting System for the Chilean Government.

Since I began work in the international community I have worked, advised and consulted in many countries, including: Ecuador, Peru, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Mexico, New Zealand, Australia, Sr Lanka, Maldives, Seychelles, Zanzibar, Somalia, Cypress, Jugoslavia, Tunisia, Morocco, Italy, Spain, Açores, Norway, Canada, Nederlands, Brazil, South Africa, Japan, and the USA. I have a long list of colleagues from each of these experiences. From October 1986 to 1989 I worked directly with the instructions Assistant Administrator of NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service on the development of a proactive fisheries research and management system for the US, and its treaty commitments. Initially, I was contracted to design the essay NOAA NMFS Ecosystem Monitoring and Fisheries Management initiative. I also represented the Assistant Administrator (ex officio) on i get reviewed the NOAA Climate and Global Change Board of Directors for two years. January 1989 I was nominated as Visiting Scientist at NOAA's Center for Ocean Analysis and Prediction.

Roger Y. Abetterearth Environmental Contest? Anderson (a paleoscience colleague, and also a NOAA Visiting Scientist) and I coordinated our efforts to develop appropriate in situ observational and research systems that would facilitate various categories of high resolution sediments, corals, and other accretion process data to instructions be related to abetterearth contest atmospheric and hydrologic processes for the recent period of instrumental records as well as paleoclimate contexts. This included several meetings with NSF, EPA, USGS, NOAA staff and an array of academics with shared interests and some with Committee on Earth Sciences responsibilities. Since these initial discussions and since our respective subsequent reports were made available throughout the high resolution paleoclimate community, several collaborations formed and efforts to obtain funding for the key aspects of our approach have been successful and are now emerging as major NSF Earth System History (ESH) Program area, which Roger Y. Anderson, on retiremen in 1993 - continued to phd thesis instructions lead. Much of this activity centers around a science network provided by the annual Pacific Climate Conference that is held in Monterey each Spring since 1984, at which I am an active participant.Our initial efforts were to essay contest initiate a Pole-to-Pole transect along the west coast of the Americas. This idea evolved, and under the capable guidance of Vera Markgraf, and J. Platt Bradbury (her husband deceased 2005) and PhD under RY Anderson) the IGBP PAGES Pole-Equator-Pole Project is chicago very alive, with its first summary report volume published in 2000. I often convened topical sessions (or attend) AMS, ASLO, AGU and abetterearth essay, AAAS and selected foreign symposia/meetings each year, following my interests in marine ecological consequences of climate variations. I am a member of the latter three organizations, as well as a Life Member of the Oceanography Society. I was an invited participant at the Benguela Ecology Program's 1986 conference on The Benguela and Comparable Ecosystems, as well as the International Symposium on Long-term Variation of Pelagic Fish and their Environment, held in Japan in favorite November 1989; the International Symposium on Operational Fisheries Oceanography, held in Newfoundland in October, 1990: The Nova Scotian Longliner's Conference, 1991, the Benguela Trophic Functioning Symposium held in Cape Town in September 1991 and the 1993; the Latin American Colloquium on Marine Sciences in abetterearth environmental essay contest Coquimbo, Chile, in October 1991, the Canadian Society of Zoologist's Symposium on Conservation Issues, in writing chicago art institute Spring, 1996, in contest St. John's, NFLD, a special AAAS session on eeg research Applied Science in the Coastal Regime, San Jose, CA, summer 1996. Fisheries and biological oceanographic data that can also be useful to climate consequences research are abundant, but under utilized.

This is primarily due to these data being inaccessible. Hidden data preclude rational management. In the recent decades since I left FAO I have participated in several international panels and workshops to define climate related consequences in fisheries and marine ecological contexts. Among these the abetterearth environmental essay following have produced reports to which I have made contributions: IOC/SCOR Working Group 65 workshop about on and offshore exchanges of energy and material flows, Tiburon, California in April 1986; Assessment of Impact of Climate Variations, held in chicago Laxenburg, Austria during June/July 1986; I wrote background materials for the initial Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Reports, which were combined with other materials by Dr. John Everett of NOAA NMFS, US representative to IPPC Working Group 2. I am continuing to support Dr. Abetterearth Environmental Essay? Everett's IPPC activities.

There is a separate IPCC Section on Climate Change and Fisheries in the Second Report. Both of us abandoned the IPCC activities after the second report came out, simply because the IPCC SPMs were not at all representing what was being presented by word essay uva, many of the more involved, skeptical field scientists - but merely focused on model driven funding games players. I have also participated in environmental essay UNEP workshops on Climate and ENSO, as well as regional Climate Consequences discussions, in Bangkok, and year 1 problem solving activities, Hanoi in 1991, and at NCAR in Boulder, Colorado in 1992. I convened a joint EPA/Texas Institute of Oceanography and abetterearth essay contest, NOAA workshop was held in Galveston Texas, 8-12 January, 1990, Climate Change and Ocean Processes: What are the Consequences? I wrote the FAO Department of Fisheries Position Paper on Climate Change, in phd thesis instructions consultation with my colleagues at FAO, in preparation for abetterearth contest the UNCED in Brazil, in June, 1992. I have been corresponding with Leonid Klyashtorin of VNIROV (Moscow) for several years, once we discovered our common interests in solving both climate regime issues, fishery ecosystem responses and fisheries consequences. In learning about his research and colleagues' expertise in climate forecasting applications, I introduced Klyashtorin and these ideas and methods To FAO colleagues, and they asked him to Write it up - I was asked to do the final English editing for that Report - and on it went. I had Klyastorin invited to PFEL in Pacific Grove, as Visiting Scientist for abetterearth environmental essay 6 months in 2002 - and introduced him to James Goodridge, retired California State Climatologist.

Once exposed to Klyashtorin and colleagues insights, Goodridge has examined several hypotheses relating such variables as the Earth's Rotation Rate (-LOD) to eeg research papers sea level pressure differences between Tokyo and San Francisco, re-inventing what we now know as the Pacific Decadal Oscillation. Once Goodridge was exposed to the PDO studies of Steven Hare and Nathan Mantua, he focused on the correspondence of specific regional California precipitation patterns and the Vangenheim-Girs Atmospheric Climate Indices (ACI E-W ACI-C), and is presently developing a more specific series of such relationships. Working with Klyashtorin, Goodridge and abetterearth contest, George Taylor - Oregon State Climatologist - I have prepared posters and presentations for the PACLIM Conferences since the late 1980s - and the 1998 PICES Climate Fisheries Conference - that integrate our interpretations of climate-driven physical processes and ecological responses. Abstracts and descriptive notes about these posters and solving activities, presentations were prepared and published in the annual proceedings of these conferences. I sent Klyashtorin home to write a book, - Cyclic Climate Changes and Fish Productivity - that he co-wrote with Alexey Lyubushin- and essay, published in Russian in 2005 - I did the final English editing of the English translation, which was published in 2007 - and is available online FREE http://narod.yandex.ru/100.xhtml?alexeylyubushin.narod.ru/Climate_Changes_and_Fish_Productivity.pdf Leonid Klyashtorin died in essay compare contrast February 2013, after giving his last presentation at VNIROV - where he worked for 38 years - on Arctic Ice. His son Alexey is translating that presentationinto Englis, and will pass it on to me - so that I can get it out into the western world's knowledge. Related Special Interests:

Both understanding and in situ data are required in order to relate climate information (seasonal weather) to societally relevant consequences. Facilitating this has become my principal focus in recent years. Following the decades-long indulgences in statistical correlations utilizing SST in climate and fisheries research, and the near uselessness and abetterearth environmental essay, indefensibility of the reviewed results from conventional stock assessment activities, fisheries are in decline worldwide. Little or no forecastive capabilities exist amongst conventional fisheries trained scientists, or their tools, given that fish live in an ever-chaging ocean, not in environmental contest computers. The issue remains that too little attention has been given to a book reviewed subsurface ocean observations, related climate research, in situ process research, and to the role of climate-driven ocean variability on essay contest aquatic species distributions and abundance changes related to favorite essay uva local responses by ecosystems. These studies are crucial to interpretation of fisheries information for management purposes, as well as to creation of credible climate change scenarios from any generation of General Circulation Models.

S TILL WAITING FOR THESE GCMS TO ACTUALLY REPRODUCE HISTORICAL PROCESSES - OR EVEN PASS THE TEST OF VALIDATION OF THEIR PREDICTIONS - SO FAR = NOT CREDIBLE . My graphical/numeric compilations of World Ocean, monthly, one-by-one degree oceanographic data provided access for abetterearth environmental contest me and others to identify probable opportunities for several ocean fisheries. Also, they allow physical dynamic characterization of the more interesting small and large scale frontal and transition zone fisheries of the world. As I continue to improve its format, the data sets now provide greater insight into essay, the dynamics of the upper ocean than has been generally appreciated. During the recent decade I have tried enhancing desk top computer tools to allow ready access and visualization of abetterearth environmental, these dynamics. I have also been compiling informative global climate and ocean data sets for evaluations of short and long term trends and comparisons between important regions of the world. Unfortunately, with the onset of GHW Bush's wind-down of funding for empirical ocean obeservations, the quality and coverage of the creative observations has declined - or disappeared.

Over the years, I demonstrated these tools and projects to many scientists and decision makers, and the consensus is that they are generally useful for teaching, particularly time series studies and displays of climate processes over large geographic extents, and particularly where monthly/seasonal information sets exists for many years. I use these tools in presentations, to emphasize dynamics. This approach was also applied bt Klaus Wyrtki, while he studied and abetterearth environmental essay contest, defined the dynamics of the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool - and inspired many groups around the globe to creative writing chicago art institute get back to empirical sciences - Klaus Wyrtki died in February 2013, on my bithday. My early research and publications were diverse and mostly applications of abetterearth environmental essay contest, novel techniques or methods for examining the basic assumptions and practices of marine resources related sciences. Topics ranged from basic biochemical genetics, through molecular physiology to the physiological ecology of pelagic species such as the essay tunas and delphinid cetaceans, on abetterearth essay to ecosystem monitoring for fisheries purposes and management applications. My more recent publications (since 1981) reflect my efforts to instructions compile and disseminate global information about marine ecosystem and environmental essay contest, fisheries responses to climate-driven ocean variabilities. I have included below some of these early works, but I have less direct involvement in essay uva these research areas now than I once did. However, since the Monterey Bay Aquarium chose to create its Outer Bay exhibit including yellowfin and skipjack tunas, there has been ample opportunity to interact with the abetterearth essay contest limited expertise pool that includes such long-time colleagues as Professors Barbara Block, Dennis Powers, George Somero, and the all-important chief keeper of the exhibit, Charles Farwell. This opportunity and other related activities helped me maintain contact with many of the solving more innovative researchers in fish genetics, fish aging, and physiological ecology. These topics are indispensable to understanding fishery variability, and climate related Global ecological responses. I have worked with various components of the local city, county and regional government bodies toward the design and abetterearth environmental, implementation of a Central California Environmental Information System that would service the broadest possible suite of interests.

I have a long record of working with small expert groups toward resolution of specific applied research problems. I was active in the development of the initial CSUMB Science Curriculum and Planning, and in Staff selection activities since 1993. I was employed by CSUMB in September, 1995 as the Technology and Curriculum Integration Planner to provide vision, leadership, strategic planning and coordination of a revolutionary plan for academic and creative art institute, administrative university-wide Technology-based Curriculum Integration technologies. I officially moved off campus due to abetterearth environmental essay Peter Smith's 'sick' approach to dwindling the favorite uva initial goals set by the initial staff and abetterearth, leadership - and I then became semi-retired due to lower back issues - Electrophoretic study of tuna hemoglobins. Writing Chicago? 1969.

Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 31: 749-755. (MS Thesis). Studies of Biochemical Genetics of abetterearth environmental, Yellowfin Tuna in the Eastern Pacific Ocean. 1972. (Ph. D. Thesis), University of California at San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography.

An electrophoretic study of some scombroid fishes and related forms. 1973. Writing Chicago? Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 44B :381-388. Mercury in tunas: a review. Abetterearth Contest? 1973. Fish. Bull., U.S., 71(3) :603-615. Favorite Word? (with C.L. Abetterearth Environmental Essay Contest? Peterson and W.L.

Klawe) A comparison of the O2 Dissociation properties of the hemoglobins of some delphinid cetaceans. 1975. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 51A :673-681. A comparison of the O2 Dissociation properties of some scombroid hemoglobins.

1975. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 51A :683-691. An energetic model for the exploited yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares, population in the eastern Pacific Ocean. How Do I Get A Book? 1976. Fish. Bull., U.S., 74(1):36-50. (with R.C. Essay Contest? Francis). Vulnerability of tunas as a function of environmental profiles. (In English and Japanese) In: Maguro Gyokyo Kyogikay Gijiroku, Suisano-Enyo Suisan Kenkyusho (Proceedings of the Tuna Fishery Research Conference, Fisheries Agency - Far Seas Fisheries Research Laboratory, Shimizu, Japan).

1976. Requirements for rigorous evaluation of the genetic structure of mobile marine populations [abstract]. International Society for Animal Blood GroupResearch Conference, Dublin, Ireland: 1976. A summary of results and 1 problem activities, questions derived from studies of biochemical and morphological adaption of tuna-like species and contest, their energetics. In Vernberg, F. John, and instructions, A.V. Zhirmunsky (editors), Workshop on Joint USSR-USA Research Program on Physiology and Biochemistry of Marine Animals. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, and Belle M. Baruch Institute for Marine Biology and Coastal Research, University of South Carolina: 1977. Energy for migration in albacore, Thunnus alalunga. 1977. Fish.

Bull., U.S., 75(2) :447-450. Environmental Contest? with R.C. Dotson. Introduction. pp. 3-5. How Do? In Sharp, Gary D., and Andrew E. Dizon (editors), The Physiological Ecology of environmental essay contest, Tunas. Academic Press,

New York, San Francisco, and London. 1978. The distribution of red and white swimming muscles, their biochemistry, and the biochemical phylogeny of selected scombrid fishes. pp. 41-78 In: The Physiological Ecology of Tunas. (G.D. Sharp and A.E. Eeg Research Papers? Dizon, eds.) Academic Press. San Francisco and New York.

1978. with S.W. Pirages. The relation between heat generation, conservation, and swimming energetics of tunas. pp. 213-232 In: The Physiological Ecology of Tunas. (G.D. Sharp and A.E.

Dizon, eds.) Academic Press. San Francisco and New York. 1978. with W.J. Vlymen, III. Behavioral and physiological properties of tunas and essay contest, their effects on vulnerability to reviewed fishing gear. pp. 397-449 In: The Physiological Ecology of Tunas. Essay? (G.D.

Sharp and A.E. Dizon, eds.) Academic Press. San Francisco and New York. 1978. Perspectives: the past, present, and future of tuna physiology. pp.

451-458 In: The Physiological Ecology of Tunas. (G.D. Sharp and A.E. Dizon, eds.) Academic Press. San Francisco and New York. 1978. with A.E. Dizon. A summary of results and questions derived from phd thesis instructions, studies of biochemical and morphological adaption of tuna-like species and their energetics. In: Vernberg, F. John, and A.V.

Zhirmunsky (editors), Workshop on Joint USSR-USA Research Program on abetterearth environmental essay Physiology and Biochemistry of Marine Animals. U.S. Dept. of year solving, Commerce, NOAA, and Belle M. Baruch Institute for Marine Biology and CoastalResearch, University of abetterearth environmental contest, South Carolina: pp. 67-79 and pp.228-229. Areas of potentially successful exploitation of tunas in the Indian Ocean with emphasis on surface methods. Indian Ocean Programme, FAO, Rome, Tech. Reports IOFC/DEV/79/47. 50pp. 1979. Biochemical genetic studies, their value and limitations in stock identification and discrimination. pp. 131-136 In: Mammals in the Sea, FAO ACMRR Working Party on Marine Mammals, Fish.

Ser. Year 1 Problem Solving? (5) Vol.3. 1981. Colonization: modes of opportunism in the ocean. Abetterearth Environmental Essay Contest? pp. 125-148 In: Report and Documentation of the Workshop on structure essay compare contrast the Effects of Environmental Variation on abetterearth essay contest the Survival of Larval Pelagic Fishes. (G.D. Sharp, convenor). IOC Workshop Series No. 28, Unesco, Paris. 1981. Report of the Workshop on Effects of how do i get reviewed, Environmental Variation on the Survival of environmental, Larval Pelagic Fishes. pp. 1-47 In: Report and word essay, Documentation of the Workshop on the Effects of essay contest, Environmental Variation on the Survival of Larval Pelagic Fishes. (G.D. Sharp, convenor).

IOC Workshop Series No. 28, Unesco, Paris. 1981. Report on the research status and potential for cod rearing in the North Atlantic. from a meeting of favorite word uva, consultants held in Svanøy, Norway, from 2-9 August, 1981. FAO/Norway Trust Funds. 13pp. Atlas of Living Resources of the Sea. FAO Publication. (G.D. Sharp and J.-P.

Troadec, eds.) Fourth Edition. 1981. Foreword to the Symposium. Essay? 1982 Collect. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT /Recl. Doc. Sci. CICTA/Colecc. Doc. Cient. CICAA, VolXVII (SCRS-1981) 2 :431-438. Ocean sciences in support of contrast, living marine resources: a report. 1982. Canad. J. Fish. Abetterearth? Aq. Sci.

39(7) :1059-1070. (A.Bakun, J.Beyer, D.Pauly, J.G.Pope, and i get a book reviewed, G.D.Sharp). Trends in respiratory work and environmental essay contest, ecological position in the marine ecosystem. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Structure Essay Contrast? 76A(3): 405-412.

Proceedings of Symposium on Comparative Cardiac Function in Lower Vertebrates, B. Tota and O. Poupa, eds. 1983. Neritic systems and fisheries: their perturbations, natural and man induced. pp. 155-202 In: Ecosystems of the World: Part 27. Essay Contest? Ecosystems of Continental Shelves (H. Phd Thesis? Postma and J.J.Zijlstra, eds.). Abetterearth Environmental? Elseviers Scientific Publishing Company, Amsterdam-Oxford-New York. 1988.

Physics and fish populations: shelf sea fronts and 1 problem, fisheries. pp. 659-682 In: Proceedings of the Expert Consultation to contest Examine the Changes in favorite Abundance and Species Composition of environmental essay contest, Neritic Fish Resources, Sharp, G.D. and eeg research papers, J. Abetterearth Environmental Essay? Csirke, eds. San Jose, Costa Rica, 18-29 April 1983. FAO Fish. Rep.

Ser. 291 , vol. 2, with J. Hunter. Modeling Fisheries: What was the question? pp. 1177-1224 In: Proceedings of the Expert Consultation to Examine the Changes in Abundance and Species Composition of Neritic Fish Resources, Sharp, G.D., J. Csirke, and S. Essay Contrast? Garcia, San Jose, Costa Rica, 18-29 April 1983. FAO Fish.

Rep. Ser. 291, vol. 3. Tuna fisheries, elusive stock boundaries and illusory stock concepts. 1983 Collect. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT /Recl. Doc. Sci. CICTA/Colecc. Doc. Cient. CICAA, Vol XVII (3): 812-829. Ecological efficiency and activity metabolism. pp.

459-474 In: Flows of Energy and abetterearth essay contest, Materials in Marine Ecosystems: theory and practice . M.J.R. Solving Activities? Fasham, ed. Plenum Press. New York and London. 1984. Sharp, G.D. and J. Csirke, eds. 1983: Proceedings of the Expert Consultation to Examine the abetterearth essay contest Changes in Abundance and Species Composition of Neritic Fish Resources, San Jose, Costa Rica, 18-29 April 1983. Contrast? FAO Fish. Rep.

Ser. 291 , vols. 2-3. 1294pp. Csirke, J. and G.D. Sharp, eds. Environmental Essay Contest? 1983: Report of the Expert Consultation to Examine the instructions Changes in Abundance and Species Composition of Neritic Fish Resources, San Jose, Costa Rica, 18-29 April 1983. FAO Fish.

Rep. Ser. 291 , vol 1. 100pp. Climate and fisheries : Cause and abetterearth essay, effect and the quest for elusive time series. 1986. pp. 180-182 In: The Human Consequences of 1985's Climate Conference (preprint volume) Held 4-7 August 1986, Ashville, North Carolina. American Meteorological Society. Climate and fisheries: Causes and effects related to development of fisheries monitoring and forecasting systems. Prepared for: Report of the Task Force Meeting on Policy-Oriented Assessment of Impact of Climate Variations, held in Laxenburg, Austria, 30 June-2 July 1986. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA). An Ecological Framework for eeg research Marine Fishery Investigations.

1987. FAO Tech. Paper 283. Abetterearth Contest? 152 pp. (with John F. Creative Art Institute? Caddy), available in English and Spanish. Climate and Fisheries: cause and effect or managing the long and short of it all. 1987. In: The Benguela and Comparable Ecosystems. (Payne, A.I.L., J.A. Gulland and K.H.

Brink, eds.) So. Afr. J. Mar. Sci. 5 :811-838. Climate and environmental essay contest, Fisheries: Cause and Effect - A system review. 1991: pp. 239-258. Structure Essay Contrast? In: Long-term Variability of Pelagic Fish Populations and Their Environment. (T. Kawasaki, S. Tanaka, Y. Toba and A. Taniguchi, eds.) Pergamon Press, Tokyo.

Opportunities in Applied Oceanography in the California Current. 1991. pp. Contest? 2136-2146. In: Coastal Zone ’91 (Proceedings of the favorite word essay Seventh Symposium on Coastal and Ocean Management) Orville T. Magoon, (editor), Hugh Converse, (editor), Virginia Tippie, (editor), L. Thomas Tobin, (editor), and Delores Clark, (editor), 3978 pp., 4 vols. Climate Change, the Indian Ocean Tuna Fishery, and environmental essay contest, Empiricism.

1992: pp. 377-416 In: Climate Variability, Climate Change and Fisheries. M.H. Glantz, ed., Cambridge University Press. Fishery Catch Records, ENSO, and Longer Term Climate Change as Inferred from Fish Remains From Marine Sediments. 1992 : PP. 379-417 In: Paleoclimatology of El Niño - Southern Oscillation, H. Diaz and V. Markgraf, eds., Cambridge University Press. Pieces of the Puzzle: Anecdotes, Time Series and instructions, Insights.

1993. In: Benguela Trophic Functioning Symposium, (A.I.L. Payne, et al. eds.) So. African J. Mar. Sci. 12 :1079-1992.

Comments on the global ocean observing capabilities, indicator species as climate proxies, and the need for abetterearth timely ocean monitoring. 1993. Oceanography, 5(3) :163-168. Sharp, G.D. and D.R. McLain. Fisheries, El Niño-Southern Oscillation and upper ocean temperature records: an eastern Pacific example. 1993. Oceanography, 6(1) : 13-22. Activities? Sharp, G.D. and D.R.

McLain. Recruitment in Flatfish: Lines for Future Research. 1994. Netherl. J. Sea Res. 32(2) :227-230. Its About Time: new beginnings and old good ideas in fisheries science. 1995. Fisheries Oceanography. 4(4) :324-341. Arabian Sea Fisheries and abetterearth, Their Production Contexts.

1995. pp. 239-264 In: Arabian Sea Oceanography and Fisheries, Karachi, Pakistan. Skipjack velocity, dwell time and migration. 1996. Fisheries Oceanography, 5(2) :100-113. R.W. Gauldie and G.D. Sharp. The Oceanography of the Indonesian Archipelago. Essay? 1996.

Chapter 2, In: Fisheries of the abetterearth contest South China Sea and the Indonesian Archipelago, Pauly and Matsubroto, eds. ICLARM, Manila, Philippines. Its About Time: Rethinking fisheries management. 1997. pp. 731736. In: Proceedings of the Second World Fisheries Conference, Brisbane, Australia. Hancock, Smith, Grant and Beumer, eds. Developing and Sustaining World Fisheries Resources: The state of science and management, 1996, CSIRO, Australia.

Environmental Time Series and North Pacific Fisheries, Presentation at PICES meeting, October 1994, Seattle, Washington. The Oceanography of the Indonesian Archipelago, pp. 7-14. Instructions? In: Fisheries of the abetterearth environmental essay South China Sea and the Indonesian Archipelago, Pauly and Matsubroto, eds. ICLARM, Manila, Philippines.

1996. Its About Time: Rethinking fisheries management. Writing Art Institute? pp731-736. In: Developing and abetterearth contest, Sustaining World Fisheries Resources: The state of science and management. Hancock, Smith, Grant and Beumer, eds. CSIRO, Australia. 1997. The Case for Dome-Shaped Response Curves by Fish Populations. 1998. . Pp. 503-524 In: Global Versus Local Changes In Upwelling Systems, edited by M-H Durand, P. Cury, R. Mendelsshon, C. Roy, A. Eeg Research Papers? Bakun, and D. Pauly.

Report from CEOS Workshop, Monterey, California, September, 1994. ORSTOM Editions, Paris. The Past Present and essay contest, Future of Fisheries Science; Refashioning a Responsible Fisheries Science, 2000. pp207-262 In: Fisheries Oceanography: an integrative approach to fisheries ecology and management, P.J. Harrison and Timothy R. Parsons, eds. Year Activities? Blackwell Science, UK. Tuna Oceanography ­ An Applied Science. 2001. pp.345-390 In: TUNA: PHYSIOLOGY, ECOLOGY EVOLUTION, B.Block and E.D. Stevens, eds.

Academic Press, San Diego. Neoclassical Economics and Fisheries. 2001. pp61-79 In: Transactions of the North American Wildlife and environmental contest, Natural Resources Conference. with Charles A.S. Essay Compare Contrast? Hall. Growth Rate and abetterearth, Recruitment: Evidence from year-class strength in the year-to-year variation in the distributions of otolith weight, fish weight, and fish length in Hoplostethus atlanticus. R.W. Gauldie and G.D. Sharp. 2001. Vie et Milieu, 51(4): 267-287. Neoclassical Economics and Fisheries, 2007.

G.D. I Get Reviewed? Sharp, C.A.S. Hall. pp 423-441 In: Making World Developement Work, (G.Leclerc and CAS Hall, eds.) University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque. Climate-Related Ocean Ecological Responses - Forecasting for Proactive Resource Management, talk and Abstract @ AGU, Honolulu, Hawaii, February 15, 2002. Now That We Know - What Do We Do About Regime Shifts and Fisheries Management? PACLIM, Asilomar, March 3-6, 2002. Future climate change and abetterearth environmental essay contest, regional fisheries: a collaborative analysis.

2003, FAO Fisheries Department, Rome, published in papers FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 452, and available online. Ocean fisheries, and contest, aquatic ecosystems - in response to daily, seasonal and climate scale forcing, GD Sharp, LB Klyashtorin, G.Taylor, J. Godridge, and J. O'Brien. February 2004, ASLO/TOS, Honolulu, Hawaii. The Applied Science of Fisheries Oceanography, G.D. How Do? Sharp. February 2004, ASLO/TOS, Honolulu, Hawaii. Recent Invited Talks, Book Reviews and Presentations: Climate and fisheries : Cause and effect and the quest for elusive time series. Abetterearth Essay Contest? pp. 180-182 In: The Human Consequences of a book reviewed, 1985's Climate Conference (preprint volume) Held 4-7 August 1986, Ashville, North Carolina. American Meteorological Society.

Climate and fisheries: Causes and effects in energy flows among coastal and offshore areas. Presented at the SCOR WG 65 workshop on Coastal/ Offshore Exchange, held in environmental essay Tiburon, Calif.,7-11 April 1986. Climate and favorite word, fisheries: Causes and effects related to development of fisheries monitoring and forecasting systems. Prepared for : Report of the Task Force Meeting on Policy-Oriented Assessment of abetterearth, Impact of Climate Variations, held in Laxenburg, Austria, 30 June-2 July 1986. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA). Climate and Fisheries: Cause and effect, or managing the favorite essay uva long and short of it all.

Keynote presentation in the session on Harvesting in Complex Systems, of the Benguela 86 Symposium, held in Cape Town, South Africa, 8-12 September, 1986. Program Review Team member. Climate and fisheries: Cause and Effect, long and short term patterns and processes. Presented at the Fourth PACLIM Workshop on Climate Variability of the Eastern North Pacific and Western North America, 23-26 April, 1987, Pacific Grove, California. I have attended and participated in the annual Pacific Climate Conference, held at essay Asilomar, Pacific Grove, California, providing posters and writing, computer demonstrations, since 1987. Resource Management In Whole Systems Contexts, Contracted Resource Document for FAO/Japan Workshop on abetterearth Fisheries and World Food Security. CLIMATE CHANGE AND OCEAN PROCESSES: WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES? A Report: Summary of information from January 1990 workshop presentations by Roger Y. 1 Problem? Anderson, Robert Chervin, Vern Derr, Henry Diaz, J.O.Fletcher, Dennis King, Brad Linsley, and Robert Webb at Texas AM University, Galveston, TX.

G.D. Sharp, Rapporteur. Pieces of the Puzzle: Climate Change and Ocean Fisheries presentation at the 11th Semana do Pesca, Horta, Faizal, Azores, March 1991. Arabian Sea Fisheries, Climate Change, and Regional Patterns. National Fisheries Institute, Karachi, Pakistan, September, 1993. Review Team Member for Flatfish Symposium, Texel, Nederlands, October, 1993. Participated in the OPEN project review at essay the University of British Columbia in February, 1994. Participated in the NSF GLOBEC Northeastern Pacific Planning Meeting and research review session in February, 1995 , Seattle , Washington. Oceanic Fishes and Physics: Lessons From Fisheries, Presentation and Abstract Workshop on Fisheries Oceanography, UBC Fisheries Centre, summer,1995, Invited Speaker Canadian Society of Zoologists, Symposium on Applied Science in writing art institute Fisheries Management, Memorial University, St.

John's, Newfoundland, May 1996. Workshop on the Status of Global Fisheries Management, November, 1996, Monterey Institute for International Studies, Monterey, California. ENSO and Ecosystems - abstract. Essay Contest? (Full Presentation). Colloquium on El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO): Atmospheric, Oceanic, Societal, Environmental, and Policy Perspectives. 20 July - 1 August 1997 - Boulder, Colorado.

Its About Time: Rethinking fisheries management. pp731-736. In: Developing and Sustaining World Fisheries Resources: The state of science and management. Proceedings of the Second World Fisheries Conference, Brisbane, Australia.Hancock, Smith, Grant and creative writing chicago, Beumer, eds. CSIRO, Australia. 1997. The Case for Dome-Shaped Response Curves by abetterearth essay, Fish Populations. 1998. . Pp. 503-524 In: Global Versus Local Changes In Upwelling Systems, edited by M-H Durand, P. Cury, R. Mendelsshon, C. Roy, A. Bakun, and D. Pauly. Report from i get, CEOS Workshop, Monterey, California, September, 1994. ORSTOM Editions, Paris. Tropical Tunas and the ENSO Cycle, Review of the environmental essay causes and consequences of Cold Events: the La Niña Summit, a Workshop sponsored by UNUniveristy; National Center for Atmospheric research and UN Environmental Program.

Boulder, Colorado, July 1998. The Past Present and Future of Fisheries Science; Refashioning a Responsible Fisheries Science. I Get A Book Reviewed? pp207-262 In:Fisheries Oceanography: an integrative approach to fisheries ecology and essay, management, 2000. P.J. Harrison and Timothy R. Papers? Parsons, eds. Blackwell Science, UK. Review of Climate and Fisheries related to environmental the Draft Alaskan Groundfish SEIS, by phd thesis, NOAA/NMFS, February, 2001, Alaska Ocean Network. Historical Patterns and Prediction of Climate Change and Fisheries, May 2001. Review of environmental contest, Bristol bay Salmon Research, Dillingham, AK.

PACLIM 2001 Session Leader for topic: Solar Influences on Climate, June 2001, Asilomar, Monterey CA. Growth rate and recruitment evidence from year-class strength in the year-to-year variation in the distributions of otolith weight, fish weight, and fish length in Hoplostethus atlanticus. 2001. Vie et Milieu, 51(4):267-287. Phd Thesis? R.W. Gauldie and G.D. Sharp. A Brief History of abetterearth contest, Fisheries Oceanography, 2004. A Book Reviewed? - Draft only.

Projecting Climate Changes and Ecological Responses, May 2007, GD Sharp, D McLain, and LB Klyashtori, PACLIM 24th Conference, Asilomar, Pacific Grove, California. Dean Bavington: Managed annihilation: an unnatural history of the Newfoundland cod collapse. G.D. Sharp. August 2011. Agriculture and abetterearth environmental, Human Values: Volume 28, Issue 3 (2011), Page 457-458.

Out of how do i get a book reviewed, Fishermen's Hands. G.D. Sharp, M.Ben-Yami and J.R. McGoodwin, 2004. Environmental? Kwong Fat Printers, Hong Kong 238pp. Recent Posters, Abstracts and Magazine Articles. Climate and eeg research papers, Fisheries: Cause and Effect: The formulation of an appropriate fisheries modeling context.

Presented , Abstract. Fall 1988 American Fisheries Society meeting in Toronto. The initiation of a major oceanic tuna fishery from a purely physical basis. Presented at the International Symposium on Operational Fisheries Oceanography, 23-27 October, 1989, St. John's, Newfoundland. Poster: Atmosphere, Ocean and Terrestrial Clues to Climate Linkages. Abstract, The Oceanography Society Meeting, St. Petersburg, Fl. March 1991. Graphical presentation of sources and environmental, implications of various data time series derived from sediments, fisheries catch data, and COADS. Long and structure contrast, short term ocean environmental information: context and insight into practical ecological problems.

Abstract, The Pacific Science Congress, Honolulu, HI, June 1991. Session Chair. Pieces of the Puzzle. Coast and Ocean Magazine, Vol.7 (1), February 1991. Atmosphere, Ocean and Terrestrial Clues to abetterearth essay contest Climate Linkages.

The Oceanography Society Meeting, St. Creative Writing Chicago? Petersburg, Florida, March 1991. (poster and abstract). Long and short term ocean environment information: context and insight into practical ecological problems. Presented at the Pacific Science Congress, Honolulu, Hawaii, June 1991 (abstract only). Climate and Fisheries: cause and effect - ENSO and longer cycles. pp. 387-390 In: Long-Term Variability of Pelagic Fish Populations and environmental, Their Environment.

T. Kawasaki, S. Tanaka, Y. Toba and A. Taniguchi, eds. Pergamon Press, Tokyo, Oxford. Poster abstract with K.T. Dorsey and D.R. McLain. 1991. Time Series - Graphical Spread Sheets. Presentation. Abstract, Pacific Congress on Marine Science and Technology, June 1992, Kona, Hawaii. Session Chair.

Fisheries and Oceanographic Time Series, poster at PICES meeting, October 1992, Victoria, B.C. Thermal structure time series for selected southern hemisphere ocean regions. Poster for papers the American Meteorological Society and essay contest, Southern Oceanography Meetings held in Hobart, Tasmania, March 1993. with K.T. Writing Art Institute? Dorsey and D.R. McLain.

Time series and pelagic fisheries research problems. Abetterearth Environmental Contest? Invited talk given at CSIRO Fisheries laboratories, Hobart, Tasmania. March 1993. El Niño, Que Pasa? Invited talk for Gulf of instructions, Farallones - Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary - San Francisco, December 1998. The Fugue, Poster coauthored with Leonid Klyashtorin and abetterearth environmental essay, James Goodridge, PICES Beyond Niño Workshop, UC San Diego, March 2000. Climate and Fisheries: Costs and Benefits of eeg research, Change, Online presentation and manuscript prepared for the IIFET 2000 meeting at Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, July 10-14, 2000. A Brief Review of the History of abetterearth essay contest, Fisheries Science and its Relation to Fish Culture, Online presentation and manuscript prepared for the IIFET 2000 meeting at Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, July 10-14, 2000. Seminar series on Climate, Ecosystems and Fisheries Management, Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, three weeks in Fall 2000. Coping With Climate Change, Based on Historical Experiences - a web OpEd for John Daly's Waiting for Greenhouse website.

Census for Marine Life, Workshop, Monterey, CA, November 2000. Activities? Rapportuer - Oceanography and Data Management Working Group. Forecasting Ocean Ecosystem Responses to Various Climate Clocks, 2000.coauthored with Leonid Klyashtorin and James Goodridge, 65-90 In: Proceedings of the seventeenth Annual Pacific Climate Workshop, G.J. West and L.D. Buffaloe, eds., Tech. Rep.

67 of the Interagency Ecological Program for abetterearth essay the San Francisco Estuary. The New Regimes: Fish Stories and Society, joint poster on long-term consequences of Climate Forcing, coauthored with Leonid Klyashtorin and James Goodridge, PACLIM, Asilomar, April 2001. In: Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Pacific Climate Workshop, G.J. West and L.D. Buffaloe, eds., Tech. Rep.69 of the Interagency Ecological Program for the San Francisco Estuary. Now That We Know - What Do We Do About Regime Shifts and i get a book, Fisheries Management? G.D. Sharp, April 2002.

PACLIM, in Proceedings and Abstracts of the Nineteenth Annual Pacific Climate Workshop, G.J. West and L.D. Buffaloe, eds., Tech. Rep. 68 of the Interagency Ecological Program for the San Francisco Estuary. The Way Forward From Uncertainty from Equilibrium Modeling . G.D. Sharp and Leonid Klyashtorin . poster/abstract April 2003 PACLIM, In Proceedings of the 20th Annual Pacific Climate Workshop, Scott Starratt and Nikki L. Abetterearth Environmental Contest? Blomquist, eds., Tech.

Rep. 72 of the Interagency Ecological Program for the San Francisco Estuary. available on CD-ROM as well. Dynamic Contexts and Fisheries Ecosystem Responses, Abstract from presentation - Special Sesssion on Climate and writing art institute, Fisheries, AGU Portland Oregon, January 2004. Ocean fisheries, and aquatic ecosystems ­in response to daily, seasonal and climate scale forcing. G.D. Sharp, L. Klyashtorin, J. Goodridge, G. Environmental? Taylor, J. O'Brien. ASLO/TOC Special Session on Operational Oceanography - invited speaker. Honolulu, Hawaii, February 2004. Questions have no simple, one-cause/one-effect answers. SPIKED Questionaire: Online.

A Brief History of Applied Fisheries Oceanography - Part II - The Role Of CLIOTOP and TOPP in phd thesis instructions Revitalizing Ocean Sciences. Invited Speaker, CLIOTOP Session - Ocean Sciences Meeting February, 2006 Honolulu, Hawaii. Projecting Climate Changes and Ecological Responses - Gary D Sharp. Leonid Klyashtorin and Douglas McLain - PACLIM April, 2007 - Asilomar, CA, Scott Starratt, editor - Quaternary International.

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3. Phd Thesis. Sub Sistem Pengolahan Hasil-Hasil Pertanian atau Agroindustri. Abetterearth Environmental Essay Contest. 4. Structure Essay. Sub Sistem distribusi dan Pemasaran Hasil Pertanian. Dengan demikian Sistem Agribisnis merupakan rangkaian kegiatan yang berkesinambungan mulai dari hulu sampai hilir, dimana keberhasilan pengembangan agribisnis sangat bergantung pada kemajuan-kemajuan yang dapat dicapai pada setiap simpul yang menjadi Sub Sistemnya. Abetterearth Environmental Essay. MEMBANGUN INDUSTRI PETERNAKAN BERKELANJUTAN. Creative Writing Chicago Art Institute. Melalui kemajuan teknologi khususnya teknoligi biologis dan kimiawi yang disebut sebagai revolusi hijau (green revolution), telah membawa perubahan besar baik di bidang pertanian maupun pada ekosistem secara keseluruhan. Abetterearth Environmental Essay. Kemajuan teknologi ini menyebabkan manusia mampu menghasilkan produk-produk pertanian, khususnya bahan pangan yang jauh lebih besar daripada kemampuan produksi alamiah dari alam.

Perkembangan yang bersifat trade off tersebut di satu sisi mampu meningkatkan produksi dan produktivitas sektor peternakan dalam memenuhi kebutuhan manusia yang semakin meningkat sejalan dengan meledaknya jumlah penduduk. Creative Art Institute. Di sisi lain menyebabkan penurunan (worse off) kualitas lingkungan hidup. Environmental Essay Contest. Hal ini menyebabkan sektor peternakan menjadi semakin tergantung dengan input luar yang tinggi dengan penggunaan teknologi canggih. Sistem peternakan yang semakin tergantung dengan dengan input luar yang berlebihan dan tidak seimbang, tidak hanya berdampak pada ekologi dan lingkungan, tetapi juga terhadap situasi ekonomi, sosial dan politik diantaranya dengan adanya ketergantungan pada impor peralatan, bibit serta input lainnya. Favorite Word Uva. Perubahan konsep agriculture (budaya bertani) menjadi agribusines (bisnis pertanian) yang lebih berorientasi pada keuntungan (profit oriented) dengan tuntutan efisiensi yang tinggi telah memunculkan paradigma baru dalam peternakan dengan menggunakan teknologi canggih (sophisticated) yang cenderung kurang memperhatikan keberlanjutan lingkungan. Environmental Essay. Perkembangan ini telah menyebabkan ketidakseimbangan biokimia ekosistem yang terwujud dalam bentuk kemerosotan bahkan kerusakan ekosistem mulai dari skala mikro, makro, dan skala global (misalnya : global warming, ozon layer depletion, global klimat change), yang pada akhirnya dapat mengancam kesejahteraan dan keberlanjutan hidup manusia. Year Activities. Meningkatnya pendidikan dan pengetahuan masyarakat tentang kesehatan, telah meningkatkan perhatian konsumen tentang aspek informasi nutrisi dari makanan yang akan dikonsumsi. Environmental Essay Contest. Konsumen yang kita hadapi saat ini dan yang akan datang telah menuntut (demanding demand) kualitas bahan makanan konsumsi yang aman dan menyehatkan.

Secara keseluruhan hal ini telah menyebabkan peningkatan tuntutan akan keberagaman (increased demand for creative writing variety), tuntutan akan atribut gizi yang lengkap (increased nutritional information), dan peningkatan tuntutan akan kenyamanan dalam menkonsumsi (increased demand for abetterearth convenience). Papers. Perkembangan mutahir dari preferensi konsumen yang secara konvergen telah merubah perilaku konsumen dalam mengevaluasi produk yang akan dibeli. Contest. Dewasa ini konsumen telah menuntut atribut produk yang lebi rinci dan lengkap. Eeg Research. (1) Bahan pangan aman untuk kesehatan (food safety attributes), seperti kandungan patogen (food bone patogens), kandungan logam berat (heavy metals) dan sebagainya. Environmental. (2) Bahan makanan mengandung nutrisi yang dapat mendukung kesehatan (nutritional attributes), seperti kandungan lemak (fat content), kandungan serat (fiber), kandungan mineral, asam amino dan lain sebagainya. How Do A Book. (3) Kandungan nilai dari bahan makanan (value attributes), seperti kemurnian (purity), komposisi kimia apakah alamiah atau diperkaya (enrichment), ukuran (size), penampilan (appearance), rasa (tastes), dan aspek nilai penyajian (konventence of contest preparation). Year 1 Problem. (4) Bagaimana pengepakan dilakukan (package attributes), apa materialnya, label dan informasi lainnya. Abetterearth Environmental Contest. Dalam ligkungan dan iklim seperti ini maka yang menjadi perhatian untuk dapat memanfaatkan peluang adalah suatu industri peternakan yang efisien dan berwawasan lingkungan, yang mampu memanfaatkan potensi sumber daya alam setempat secara optimal bagi tujuan pembangunan pertanian yang berkelanjutan. Oleh karena itu pendekatan pembangunan peternakan dengan paradigma lama perlu dikembangkan dan disesuaikan dengan melakukan perubahan yang sistematis dan integratif dalam paradigma pembangunan. Essay Uva. Perubahan preferensi konsumen yang lebih menginginkan produk yang ramah lingkungan perlu diikuti perkembangannya dan diendogenuskan dalam pembangunan industri agribisnis berbasis peternakan. Abetterearth Essay Contest. Untuk itu perlu dilakukan pengkajian kembali terhadap pemanfaatan teknologi agar tidak hanya berorientasi pada penggunaan input energi secara maksimal, tetapi perlu diarahkan pada penggunaan teknologi yang ramah lingkungan. Favorite. Tujuan pembangunan harus tetap berjalan seimbang yaitu peningkatan produktivitas dan produksi dalam memenuhi kebutuhan penduduk yang semakin meningkat dan disisi lain harus memperhatikan pencapaian keberlanjutan sistem produksi, peningkatan kesejahteraan petani, dan pelestarian lingkungan hidup yang memerlukan langkah terobosan di bidang penelitian. Abetterearth Environmental Essay. DEGRADASI SUMBER DAYA ALAM DAN LINGKUNGAN DAN IMPLIKASINYA BAGI PEMBANGUNAN PETERNAKAN BERKELANJUTAN. Essay. Pembanguan ekonomi yang cepat akan menyebabkan adanya penurunan nilai (degradasi) terhadap sumber daya alam dan lingkungan. Abetterearth. Kerusakan terhadap sumber daya alam tersebut dapat berupa perusakan/penggundulan hutan (deforestation), daerah aliran sungai (watershed), kehilangan keragaman biologi (biodiversity), erosi yang berlebihan, kerusakan yang dicirikan oleh meluasnya padang alang-alang, kelebihan tangkapan ikan (overfishing), ikan mati akibat pemupukan berat dan residu pestisida dan pencemaran air oleh zat-zat kimia yang berbahaya.

Saptana et al. How Do A Book. (1995) dalam Dewi et al. Environmental Essay. (1999) mengemukakan bahwa kerusakan sumber daya alam dan lingkungan yang disebabkan oleh : Sistem ekonomi yang salah arus sehingga menghasilkan keragaman yang buruk (bad economy), dan keadaan ekonomi yang buruk ditimbulkan oleh kebijaksanaan pemerintah yang salah arah (goverment failure), terutama berkaitan dengan distorsi dalam ekonomi pasar. Phd Thesis. Distorsi tersebut kemudian menimbulkan terjadinya isyarat-isyarat harga pasar yang salah (false price signal) kepada produsen dan konsumen, sehingga kejadian tersebut mengarah mislokasi sumber daya yang tidak efisien berupa kemubasiran dalam pemanfaatan sumber daya alam tersebut. Environmental Contest. Sumber daya alam sebagai hak milik bersama (common property resources), dimana hak pemilikannya (property right) tidak jelas yang cenderung untuk tidak dihargai sehingga cenderung terjadi eksploitasi sumber daya alam. Structure Essay Compare Contrast. Paradigma pembangunan yang tidak pernah mempertimbangkan perubahan aset produktif berupa cadangan sumber daya alam yang semakin menipis (resourece stock depletion). Environmental Essay. Untuk mempertahankan keberlanjutan aliran serta kualitas cadangan sumber daya pertanian sepanjang waktu, maka harus menerima dan melaksanakan kaidah-kaidah berikut (Saptana et al., 1995 dalam Dewi et al., 1999) : Untuk sumber daya yang dapat pulih (renewable resource) agar diusahakan pengguanaan lebih kecil atau sama dengan daya laju pertumbuhan alamiah untuk mempermudahnya kembali. Eeg Research. Untuk pemakainnya sumber daya yang tidak dapat pulih (exhausthable resource) agar diusahakan optimalisasi tingkat penggunaanya, dengan syarat agar dicarikan substansinya dari sumber daya lainnya dan untuk meningkatkan efisiensi pemakainnya agar digunakan teknologi maju yang hemat energi. Environmental. Agar dapat memanfaatkan sumber daya alam secara efisien maka nilai jasa lingkungan dan cadangan sumber daya alam bersangkutan harus diperhitungkan analisis neraca ekonomisnya.

MEMBANGUN INDUSTRI PETERNAKAN BERWAWASAN LINGKUNGAN. Pembangunan peternakan harus dilakukan dengan pola pembagunan berkelanjutan yang diartikan sebagai upaya pengelolaan dan konservasi sumber daya peternakan (lahan, air, dan sumber daya genetik) melalui orientasi perubahan teknologi dan kelembagan sedemikian rupa sehingga menjamin tercapainya kebutuhan yang diperlukan secara berkesinambungan dari waktu ke waktu. Phd Thesis. Pembangunan peternakan berkelanjutan yang memperhatikan aspek konservasi sumber daya alam, air dan sumber daya genetik tanaman dan hewan tersebut harus berwawasan ligkungan, artinya: tidak menimbulkan pencemaran serta degradasi dalam mutu lingkungan hidup, yakni secara teknis tepat guna, secara ekonomi layak diusahakan, secara sosial dapat diterima, secara ekologis tetap menjamin keseimbangan ekosistem lainnya. Abetterearth Environmental Essay. Implikasinya pembangunan peternakan berwawasan lingkungan adalah : (1) terpeliharanya kapasitas produksi sumber daya alam, (2) mengurangi dampak pencemaran dan penurunan kualitas linkungan hidup, (3) dapat menghasilkan produk primer maupun sekunder yang berkualitas dan higienis dan berdaya saing tinggi, serta (4) dapat menyediakan lapangan kerja dan pendapatan yang memadai bagi peternak. Phd Thesis. Dilihat dari basis sumber daya yang digunakan, agribisnis peternakan sangat tergantung pada faktor ekosistem atau lingkungan.

Oleh karena itu pembangunan peternakan dengan pendekatan agribnisnis dapat terus tumbuh secara berkelanjutan sesuai dengan ekosistem spesifik lokasi dimana agribisnis dikembangkan. Environmental Essay Contest. Strategi pembangunan peternakan yang berkelanjutan pada sistem produksi dilakukan dengan pendekatan usahatani (farming system) berupa integrasi tanaman dan ternak, pendaurulang bahan organik, pengolahan lahan konservasi, pengurangan bahan input kimia (LISA = Low Input Sustainable Agriculture), pengendalian hama terpadu dan sistem produksi tanaman-ternak. Favorite Word Essay. Pada subsitem agroindustri dilakukan pengolahan produksi peternakan primer menjadi sekunder atau tersier serta pengolahan limbah. Abetterearth Environmental Contest. Beberapa keuntungan pembangunan peternakan yang berkelanjutan dengan pendekatan agribisnis antara lain : • Pengembangan agribisnis peternakan didasarkan atas sumber daya alam yang dapat diperbaharui (renewable) tidak akan pernah habis. • Kegiatan agribsinis peternakan dapat diintegrasikan dengan mudah sehingga interaksi masyarakat dengan lingkungan dapat dipertahankan. Papers. • Dapat membuka peluang kesempatan kerja dan peningkatan pendapatan dengan adanya nilai tambah hasil produksi peternakan bersifat standar, berkualitas baik dan berdaya saing tinggi. Abetterearth Environmental Essay. DASASILA PETERNAKAN DALAM PEMBANGUNAN PETERNAKAN DI INDONESIA. A Book Reviewed. Peternakan diakui sebagai salah satu komoditas pangan yang memberikan kontribusi yang cukup besar bagi devisa negara dan harus dikembangkan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan protein hewani. Abetterearth Environmental Essay. Pada kenyataannya, target kebutuhan protein hewani asal ternak sebesar 6 g/kapita/hari masih jauh dari terpenuhi.

Ada sedikitnya sepuluh permasalahan yang dihadapi oleh bangsa Indonesia dalam mengembangkan peternakan yaitu pemerataan dan standar gizi nasional belum tercapai, peluang ekspor yang belum dimanfaatkan secara maksimal, sumber daya pakan yang minimal, belum adanya bibit unggul produk nasional, kualitas produk yang belum standar, efisiensi dan produktivitas yang rendah, sumber daya manusia yang belum dimanfaatkan secara optimal, belum adanya keterpaduan antara pelaku peternakan, komitmen yang rendah dan tingginya kontribusi peternakan pada pencemaran lingkungan. Bahkan, akhir-akhir ini produk ternak dari luar negeri semakin membanjiri pasar Indonesia dengan harga yang lebih murah dan mutu yang lebih baik. Eeg Research. Hal ini sangat sulit untuk dihindari, karena adanya kecenderungan adanya perdagangan bebas dan Indonesia mau tidak mau harus menghadapinya. Contest. Hal ini tentu saja mengancam perkembangan peternakan di Indonesia. Chicago Art Institute. Untuk mengantisipasi terpaan dari luar, peternakan di Indonesia harus mengubah strategi agar mampu bertahan dan bahkan mampu bersaing dengan produk luar baik dalam memperebutkan pasar nasional maupun pasar internasional. Contest. Dalam kaitannya dengan hal tersebut di atas, menurut Rohmad (2013) ada sepuluh dasar peternakan yang harus dikembangkan dan diterapkan di Indonesia. Papers. Sepuluh dasar tersebut di namakan Dasasila Peternakan telah diseminarkan di forum seminar nasional yang diselenggarakan pada tanggal 17 Mei 2004 di Bengkulu. Konsep ini meliputi hal-hal sebagai berikut: 1. Essay Contest. Interaksi Pelaku Peternakan yang Harmonis. Structure Essay Contrast. 2. Environmental Contest. Interaksi Pelaku Peternakan dengan Lingkungan yang Harmonis. Phd Thesis. 3. Environmental Essay Contest. Pengembangan Pakan Berbasis Bahan Baku Lokal yang Kompetitif.

4. Writing Chicago. Penciptaan Bibit Unggul. Abetterearth Essay Contest. 5. Eeg Research. Perencanaan Usaha Terintegratif. 6. Abetterearth Environmental. Penciptaan Tatalaksana Berbasis Peternakan Berkelanjutan. How Do I Get Reviewed. 7. Environmental Contest. Kesehatan yang Optimal bagi Ternak, Peternak dan Masyarakat. 1 Problem. 8. Contest. Pengelolaan Keuangan,Kemudahan Berusaha Kemudahan Mendapatkan Modal Usaha. I Get A Book. 9. Environmental. Pemasaran Terpadu. Essay Uva. 10. Contest. Kesejahteraan bagi Ternak, Peternak dan Masyarakat Luas.

Sepuluh sila tersebut telah ada dan telah dimengerti dan dipahami oleh dunia peternakan di Indonesia. Eeg Research Papers. Namun dalam kenyataannya kebijakan pemerintah dan juga strategi swasta masih terkotak-kotak. Abetterearth. Belum terintegrasi. Essay Contrast. INTERAKSI PELAKU PETERNAKAN YANG HARMONIS. Abetterearth Environmental Contest. Sila pertama dan kedua merupakan sila yang amat fundamental. Kedua sila ini merupakan atmosfir ideal yang hendak diraih, dan juga merupakan intisari dari sila-sila selanjutnya. Year Activities. Pada sila pertama dikemukakan bahwa untuk mencapai dunia peternakan yang ideal, para pelaku peternakan baik yang terkait secara langsung ataupun tidak langsung harus berinteraksi secara harmonis. Abetterearth. Yang dimaksud dengan para pelaku peternakan antara lain pemerintah (dalam hal ini Departemen Pertanian sub peternakan beserta jajarannya, Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan, Dinas-dinas Peternakan dll.), Asosiasi-asosiasi Peternakan, Bank, Pengusaha, Peternak, Perguruan Tinggi dan lain sebagainya yang terkait dengan dunia usaha peternakan. Year 1 Problem Solving. Interaksi antar pelaku peternakan yang harmonis dapat diamati pada Bagan 1 di bawah ini. Contest. Dari bagan tersebut, pemerintah berperan sebagai koordinator semua kegiatan peternakan, dimana dalam membuat kebijakan umum harus melakukan koordinasi dengan seluruh komponen yang terlibat dalam peternakan. Favorite Essay Uva. Hal ini diharapkan dapat menghasilkan kebijakan yang menguntungkan semua pihak.

Dalam implementasinya maka kesejajaran antara pelaku peternakan di bawah koordinasi pemerintah, sehingga satu dengan yang lainnya tidak bersifat dominan. Essay Contest. Untuk mencapai kesejajaran, maka peternak harus berada dalam suatu wadah yang kokoh yaitu koperasi mandiri yang menasional, yang mempunyai kekuatan tawar dengan pelaku peternakan lainnya. Semua elemen pelaku peternakan secara bebas memberi umpan balik kepada perintah dan dapat memberi input terhadap elemen lainnya. Chicago. Pemerintah selain sebagai koordinator, ia juga sebagai pihak evaluator dan pengontrol pelaksanaan kebijakan di lapangan. Abetterearth Essay. Jadi, untuk menghasilkan interaksi yang harmonis perlu adanya sistem peternakan yang baik. Creative Chicago Art Institute. Dalam konsep sistem peternakan meliputi proses, struktur dan fungsi. Abetterearth Essay. Proses merupakan pola-pola yang dibuat oleh manusia dalam mengatur hubungan antara satu dengan lainnya. Essay Uva. Dalam sistem peternakan lembaga seperti departemen pertanian, direktorat jenderal peternakan, asosiasi-asosiasi, birokrasi dll. Environmental Essay. tidak lain adalah proses-proses. Phd Thesis Instructions. Lembaga-lembaga ini mempunyai kehidupan masing-masing. Mereka mencerminkan struktur perilaku. Abetterearth Environmental Contest. Struktur ini meliputi lembaga-lembaga formal dan informal.

Sementara fungsi adalah membuat keputusan-keputusan yang mengikat seluruh masyarakat seperti kebijakan umum dan pengalokasian nilai-nilai dalam masyarakat peternakan. Word Essay Uva. Dalam sistem peternakan ada 4 komponen yang harus diperhatikan yaitu kekuasaan, kepentingan, kebijakan dan budaya peternakan. Abetterearth Essay Contest. Kekuasaan adalah cara untuk mencapai hasil yang diinginkan dalam alokasi sumber daya di antara kelompok-kelompok dalam masyarakat. Kepentingan adalah sebagai tujuan-tujuan yang ingin dikejar oleh pelaku peternakan. Art Institute. Kebijakan sebagai hasil interaksi antara kekuasaan dan kepentingan, biasanya dalam bentuk undang-undang.

Budaya peternakan adalah sebagai orientasi subjektif individu terhadap sistem peternakan yang berlaku. Environmental. Keempat komponen tersebut harus dibangun secara bersama, agar dicapai kesepakatan yang memuaskan semua pihak yang bergerak di bidang peternakan. Creative Art Institute. INTERAKSI PELAKU PETERNAKAN DENGAN LINGKUNGAN YANG HARMONIS. Abetterearth Environmental. Sila kedua pelaku peternakan juga harus berinteraksi secara harmonis dengan lingkungannya. Word Essay. Lingkungan tersebut berupa lingkungan fisik dan lingkungan sosial. Abetterearth Environmental. Lingkungan fisik ada yang bersifat mikro dan ada pula yang bersifat makro. How Do. Nah, dalam kaitannya dengan lingkungan fisik ini pelaku peternakan selain menggunakan sumber daya alam secara optimal juga harus menjaga keseimbangan lingkungan fisik di mana mereka berusaha.

Hal ini berarti setiap limbah yang dihasilkan harus diolah sedemikian rupa sehingga limbah sebelum dialirkan ke sumber air harus bebas dari kontaminan. Abetterearth Essay. Selain itu, peternakan harus dikelola dengan menghasilkan tingkat polusi seminimal mungkin. Yang dimaksud dengan lingkungan sosial adalah dapat berupa lingkungan sosial dalam sistem kegiatan peternakan itu sendiri dan dapat pula berupa masyarakat luas di mana mereka beraktivitas. Favorite. Kegiatan peternakan sebaiknya memperhatikan aspirasi masyarakat di sekitar mereka. Abetterearth Environmental Essay. Agar supaya kehadiran mereka dirasakan manfaatnya oleh masyarakat sekitar, maka sudah selayaknya mereka merekrut masyarakat sebagai pekerja atau tenaga professional serta melatih mereka agar mendapat pekerjaan dan masa depan yang lebih baik. Creative Chicago Art Institute. Dengan cara ini sebenarnya menghindarkan perusahaan peternakan dari sikap dan perilaku negatif dari masyarakat. Environmental Essay. Disamping itu, para pelaku peternakan harus memperhatikan hak-hak konsumen seperti yang tertuang dalam Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia No. Favorite Essay. 8 Tahun 1999 tentang Perlindungan Konsumen. Para pelaku diharapkan tidak melakukan hal-hal yang merugikan konsumen seperti menyembunyikan kualitas produknya. Abetterearth Essay Contest. PENGEMBANGAN PAKAN BERBASIS BAHAN BAKU LOKAL YANG KOMPETITIF. Structure Essay Compare Contrast. Sila ketiga merupakan salah satu jabaran sila pertama.

Untuk mengembangkan peternakan yang mempunyai kekuatan pasar yang tinggi, maka dunia peternakan harus mengembangkan pakan yang mempunyai nilai kompetitif yang tinggi. Abetterearth Environmental. Hal ini disebabkan karena pakan menempati porsi terbesar dari total produksi. Kita tidak bisa mengandalkan begitu saja negara lain sebagai pensuplai pakan ternak. Essay Compare. Sebab, hal ini sangat rawan bagi dunia peternakan nasional. Abetterearth Essay Contest. Kita bisa saja membentuk suatu asosiasi multinegara untuk mengembangkan pakan tersebut, asalkan kita mempunyai kekuatan yang seimbang. Eeg Research. Artinya kita harus berusaha untuk mengembangkan salah satu sumberdaya pakan yang amat penting bagi kegiatan peternakan di negara lain, sementara negara lain yang tergabung dalam ikatan perjanjian tersebut memproduksi bahan pakan lain. Abetterearth Environmental Essay Contest. Dengan cara ini, Indonesia mempunyai kekuatan tawar yang tinggi.

Mungkin kita bisa mulai kerjasama dengan negara tetangga yang tergabung dalam negara ASEAN. PENCIPTAAN BIBIT UNGGUL. Creative Chicago Art Institute. Sila keempat yaitu penciptaan bibit unggul. Abetterearth Environmental Contest. Idealnya, jika sistem peternakan yang bersifat universal terbentuk, maka bibit unggul tidaklah harus diproduksi di masing-masing negara. Eeg Research. Namun, dalam alam empiris hal ini sangat sulit untuk diterapkan.

Oleh sebab itu, agar dunia peternakan dapat berkembang di tingkat nasional, kita seharusnya menciptakan bibit unggul yang khas. Environmental Contest. Mungkin kita akan kalah bersaing dengan negara lain dalam hal penciptaan ternak unggul yang sudah ada. Structure Compare. Oleh sebab itu, kita dapat mengembangkan bibit unggul yang belum dikembangkan oleh negara lain. Environmental Essay Contest. Alam telah menyediakan hal tersebut di negara kita yaitu berupa plasma nutfah yang beraneka ragam. Tinggal kita mau dan mempunyai kemampuan untuk menggali dan mengembangkannya. Structure Essay Compare. Saya yakin, kita telah banyak memiliki ahli pemuliaan, namun pada kenyataannya belum dimanfaatkan seoptimal mungkin.

Kita mempunyai banyak plasma nutfah untuk keperluan pengembangan bibit unggul. Contest. Sebagai contoh kita dapat mengembangkan budidaya ayam hutan merah dan hijau untuk keperluan pengembangan ayam hias yang khas. Word Uva. Sebagai contoh ayam Burgo yang merupakan hasil persilangan ayam hutan merah dan ayam kampung menghasilkan ayam hias yang bagus pada ayam jantan, sedangkan ayam betina mempunyai produksi telur yang lebih tinggi dari ayam kampung. Kita juga mempunyai ayam Arab yang produksi telurnya menyamai ayam ras. Abetterearth Environmental. Kita juga mempunyai domba Garut sebagai penghasil wol yang halus. Essay Contrast. Kita juga mempunyai kerbau asli seperti kerbau Enggano dan kerbau Benuang yang mempunyai postur tubuh yang besar. Abetterearth Environmental Contest. Dan jangan lupa, kita juga mempunyai rusa Sambar yang mempunyai tubuh yang besar.

Dan juga masih mempunyai kambing gunung yang berbadan besar. How Do A Book Reviewed. Dan, masih banyak lagi plasma nutfah yang belum digali. Abetterearth Environmental Essay. Semua plasma nutfah tersebut memerlukan penangan serius agar diperoleh bibit unggul yang mampu menembus pasar internasional. Contrast. PERENCANAAN USAHA TERINTEGRATIF. Sila kelima adalah perencanaan usaha terintegratif. Essay. Artinya dalam merencanakan usaha peternakan kita tidak dapat hanya merencanakan usaha di masing-masing perusahaan, tetapi juga melakukan perencanaan usaha menyeluruh secara nasional. Favorite Essay Uva. Perencanaan memang perlu dalam pengembangan perusahaan peternakan yang handal. Abetterearth Essay Contest. Dewasa ini, peternak kecil dan menengah kurang mempunyai perencanaan yang baik, sehingga mereka kurang dapat memprediksi perkembangan pasar. Creative Chicago Art Institute. Hal ini berakibat dalam pengembangan usaha mereka hanya berdasarkan perkiraan saja. Essay Contest. Memang, pada perusahaan besar, telah dilakukan perencanaan yang baik, sehingga mereka mampu mengendalikan pasar. How Do. Namun, ketika perusahaan besar berhadapan dengan perusahaan besar dari negara lain maka daya tahan mereka masih cukup rawan.

Oleh sebab itu, mereka harus mampu membuat perencanaan yang mampu mengimbangi invansi perusahaan dari luar. Untuk menghadapi invansi dari luar, maka perusahaan tidak dapat mengandalkan kekuatan perusahaan itu sendiri. Abetterearth Essay. Juga, bukan sekedar mengandalkan kekuatan asosiasi perusahaan tersebut secara terpisah dengan asosiasi pelaku peternakan lainnya. Creative Writing Art Institute. Akan tetapi, para pelaku peternakan harus secara terpadu bekerja sama dan membuat perencanaan terpadu secara nasional, dari perusahaan hulu sampai dengan perusahaan hilir. Essay Contest. PENCIPTAAN TATALAKSANA BERBASIS PETERNAKAN BERKELANJUTAN. Phd Thesis Instructions. Sila keenam adalah penciptaan atau pekembangan teknologi tata laksana berbasis peternakan berkelanjutan.

Sila keenam ini merupakan salah satu jabaran sila kedua. Artinya dalam kegiatan usaha peternakan harus memperhatikan keserasian dan keseimbangan lingkungan fisik. Abetterearth Environmental Essay Contest. Kegiatan-kegiatan peternakan diupayakan menghasilkan dampak negatif terhadap lingkungan yang paling rendah. A Book Reviewed. Memang, hal ini memerlukan biaya yang tinggi. Abetterearth Environmental Essay. Namun itulah yang seharusnya dilakukan oleh para pelaku peternakan. Year Activities. Dewasa ini telah dilakukan penelitian-penelitian untuk mengurangi gas metan dan gas amoniak.

Gas metan dikenal sebagai salah satu gas rumah kaca yang berbahaya bagi lapisan ozon, sedangkan gas amoniak dapat menimbulkan hujan asam, menurunkan pH tanah dan air. Abetterearth Environmental. Dalam tatalaksana peternakan berkelanjutan, maka pemeliharaan ternak diatur sedemikian rupa sehingga menghasilkan produksi dan efisiensi produksi yang menguntungkan bagi peternak tetapi menghasilkan polusi seminimal mungkin. Compare Contrast. Salah satu caranya adalah dengan menyusun ransum yang bermutu baik, sehingga kemungkinan nutrisi tersebut terbuang menjadi feses berkurang drastis. Hal ini akan mengurangi produksi feses. Contest. Feses yang diproduksi dapat langsung diolah menjadi pupuk kandang pada areal terpisah. Papers. Demikian pula limbah cair yang dihasilkan ternak dapat diproses menjadi senyawa yang berguna bagi tanaman.

Seperti diketahui urin ternak mengadung banyak senyawa aktif untuk berbagai kepentingan, misalnya untuk merangsang pertumbuhan tanaman karena urin mengandung hormon pengatur tumbuh. Abetterearth Environmental Essay Contest. KESEHATAN YANG OPTIMAL BAGI TERNAK, PETERNAK DAN MASYARAKAT. Papers. Sila ketujuh kesehatan yang optimal bagi ternak, peternak, dan masyarakat. Abetterearth Environmental Contest. Dalam kegiatan usaha peternakan factor kesehatan harus menjadi prioritas utama. Year Solving Activities. Kesehatan yang harus diperhatikan meliputi kesehatan ternak, kesehataan pelaku peternakan itu sendiri dan juga kesehatan masyarakat. Environmental. Kesehatan peternak, dapat dicapai jika dalam pengelolaannya memperhatikan sila keenam. Dengan pengelolaan yang baik, maka kandang menjadi tidak berbau, menghasilkan gas beracun yang masih dalam ambang toleransi dll. Phd Thesis. Dengan cara ini kesehatan peternak dan pekerjanya menjadi terjamin.

Kesehatan ternak dapat dicapai jika peternak memperhatikan semua aspek yang dibutuhkan ternak seperti kebutuhan pakan, air minum, lingkungan mikro yang sehat, dan juga kasih saying peternak. Abetterearth Environmental. Dalam era sekarang, peternak juga dituntut untuk memperhatikan kesejahteraan ternaknya. A Book. Jadi, selain memenuhi kebutuhan fisik, peternak juga dituntut untuk memenuhi kebutuhan non-fisik ternak seperti kebutuhan bersosialisasi dll. Abetterearth Environmental Essay Contest. Memang, jika peternak dituntut seperti ini, maka biaya produksi meningkat. Favorite Essay. Ini memang menjadi problema kita bersama. Environmental. Memperhatikan kesehatan masyarakat berarti seorang peternak harus memproduksi produk ternak yang bergizi dan aman dikonsumsi. Compare. Aman berarti produk tersebut bebas dari mikrobia patogen dan bebas dari residu obat-obatan, rendah kandungan zat-zat yang dapat menimbulkan dampak penyakit dan sebagainya. Contest. Selain itu, peternak juga harus memperhatikan bahwa kegiatannya tidak menimbulkan gangguang bagi kesehatan masyarakat di sekitarnya. Artinya, peternak harus meminimisasi polusi yang diakibatkan oleh kegiatan peternakannya.

Pengelolaan Keuangan, dan Kemudahan Berusaha serta Kemudahan Mendapatkan Modal Usaha. Year Solving. Usaha peternakan tidak akan berjalan dengan baik jika tidak ada pengelolaan keuangan yang baik, kemudahan dalam berusaha serta ketersediaan modal yang memadai. Abetterearth Essay Contest. Point ini dituangkan dalam sila ke delapan. Creative Writing Chicago Art Institute. Seringkali peternak terutama peternak kecil sulit mendapatkan modal usaha terutama dari bank. Abetterearth Environmental Essay Contest. Meskipun ada program pemerintah tentang hal ini, namun pada kenyataannya peternak masih mendapatkan kesulitan dalam mengurus permodalan. Favorite Word. Untuk mempermudah mendapat modal usaha, maka peternak dapat bergabung membentuk koperasi atau badan usaha bersama. Contest. Sebagai konsekwensi sila pertama maka dalam dunia ideal pelaku peternakan seharusnya melakukan pemasaran terpadu atau terintegratif. Writing Chicago. Dalam dunia ideal, dalam proses kegiatan pemasaran tidak ada satu pihakpun yang dirugikan kepentingannya. Abetterearth Contest. Pada kenyataan empiris pemasaran lebih banyak dikuasai oleh individu atau lembaga tertentu. Bahkan sering terjadi adanya mafia perdagangan dan adanya persaingan bebas. Phd Thesis. Hal ini menyebabkan peternak kecil dalam posisi tawar yang rendah dan tidak berdaya.

KESEJAHTERAAN BAGI TERNAK, PETERNAK DAN MASYARAKAT LUAS. Abetterearth Environmental Essay Contest. Dan sila terakhir adalah merupakan tujuan akhir dari semua kegiatan peternakan yaitu terciptanya kesejahteraan baik lahir maupun batin. Eeg Research. Kesejahteraan ini tidak saja menyangkut seluruh pelaku peternakan, tetapi juga masyarakat dan bahkan juga kesejahteraan ternak. Contest. Kesejahteraan bagi pelaku peternakan dapat diartikan bahwa mereka mendapat penghasilan yang memadai untuk keperluan hidup yang standar, ketenangan dan keamanan dalam berusaha, dan lain-lain. Kesejahteraan bagi masyarakat dapat diartikan bahwa masyarakat dapat memperoleh kebutuhan gizinya terutama protein asal produk ternak dengan harga yang terjangkau, keamanan pangan terjamin. A Book Reviewed. Diharapkan pula pelaku peternakan dapat meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat luas dalam arti mampu memberikan kontribusi yang nyata bagi peningkatan pendapatan masyarakat luas. Abetterearth. Selain itu, peternak dalam aktivitasnya harus pula memperhatikan hak-hak yang seharusnya diperoleh oleh seekor ternak.

Jadi ternak, jangan hanya dijadikan objek untuk menddapatkan penghasilan, tetapi peternak harus juga memperhatikan keperluan dan kebutuhan mereka seperti makan, minum, kebutuhan akan interaksi antara mereka, kasih sayang dari peternak, dan lain-lain.

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Flooring Installers and Tile and Marble Setters. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters lay and finish carpet, wood, vinyl, and tile. Installing flooring, tile, and marble is physically demanding, with workers spending much of their time reaching, bending, and kneeling. Those in commercial settings may work evenings and weekends. How to Become a Flooring Installer or Tile and Marble Setter. Although some flooring installers and tile and marble setters learn their trade through an apprenticeship, most learn on the job, sometimes starting as a helper. The median annual wage for flooring installers and tile and marble setters was $39,150 in May 2016. Employment of flooring installers and tile and marble setters is projected to grow 5 percent from 2014 to 2024, about as fast as the average for all occupations. The replacement of older floors, coupled with population and business growth, will drive demand for more workers.

Overall job prospects should be best for workers who can install a wide variety of floors. Explore resources for environmental essay, employment and wages by state and area for structure essay, flooring installers and tile and marble setters. Compare the job duties, education, job growth, and pay of flooring installers and tile and marble setters with similar occupations. More Information, Including Links to abetterearth, O*NET. Learn more about flooring installers and tile and essay compare marble setters by visiting additional resources, including O*NET, a source on key characteristics of abetterearth environmental contest, workers and occupations. What Flooring Installers and Tile and Marble Setters Do About this section. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters lay and papers finish carpet, wood, vinyl, and tile.

Flooring installers and tile and marble setters typically do the following: Remove existing flooring or wall covering Clean and essay level the surface to be covered Measure the area and cut flooring material to fit Arrange flooring according to design plans Place flooring, using adhesives, nails, or staples Fill joints with filler compound and remove excess compound Trim excess carpet or linoleum Apply necessary finishes, such as sealants and structure essay stains. Nearly every building has a finished floor, and flooring installers and tile and marble setters lay the abetterearth essay materials that improve the look and feel of homes, offices, restaurants, and year 1 problem other buildings. Although most of the environmental essay contest materials installed by these workers cover only floors, some materials are also installed on walls and countertops or in showers. A smooth, even base of mortar or plywood is required in order for 1 problem, floors and tile to be installed. The base may be installed by flooring installers and tile and marble setters or by other construction craftworkers.

When remodeling, workers may need to environmental essay, remove the old flooring and essay contrast smooth the surface. Carpet installers lay lengths of carpet on new floors or over older flooring. They use special tools, including “knee kickers,” to position the carpet and power stretchers to pull the carpet snugly against walls. Carpet seams are joined with special heat-activated tape. Carpet tile installers lay small, modular pieces of carpet that may be glued into place. Carpet tiles allow for easy replacement and design patterns that are not possible with standard carpet. Floor sanders and finishers perform the contest final steps in creative art institute hardwood floor installation. After carpenters install the hardwood floor, workers use power sanders to smooth it. They apply stains and sealants to preserve the wood. Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles, install a wide variety of resilient flooring materials. Linoleum installers lay the abetterearth essay hard, washable floor material of the same name.

The linoleum is cut to year 1 problem activities, size and glued into place. Environmental! Vinyl installers install plastic-based flooring that includes vinyl ester, vinyl sheeting, and luxury vinyl tile. Installers of laminate, manufactured wood, and wood tile floors are included in this category. Tile and marble setters install ceramic and marble tile. Tile installers , sometimes called tile setters, cut and place tile. How Do I Get A Book Reviewed! To cut tiles, workers use wet saws, tile scribes, or handheld tile cutters to create even edges. They use trowels of different sizes to spread mortar or a sticky paste, called mastic, evenly on the surface to be tiled. To minimize imperfections and keep rows even, they put spacers between tiles. Spacers keep tiles the same distance from each other until the abetterearth mortar is dry. Tile finishers apply grout between tiles after the tiles are set, using a rubber trowel which is called a float. When the grout dries, they must wipe the tiles for a clean, finished look.

Marble setters cut marble to a specified size with a wet saw. After fastening the year 1 problem stone, marble setters polish the marble to a high luster, using hand or power sanders. Work Environment About this section. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters held about 125,400 jobs in 2014. Approximately 41 percent of abetterearth environmental essay contest, them were employed in the building finishing contractors industry, and about 4 in 10 were self-employed in reviewed 2014. Employment in the detailed occupations that make up this group in 2014 was distributed as follows:

Flooring and environmental tile are usually installed after most of the i get a book reviewed construction has been completed, so the work area is typically clean and uncluttered, although some materials and tasks may be messy. Installing flooring, tile, and marble is physically demanding, with workers spending much of their time reaching, bending, and abetterearth essay kneeling. As a result, workers typically wear kneepads for year, protection. Workers also wear safety goggles when using grinders, saws, and essay contest sanders. In enclosed areas with poor access to ventilation, workers often use dust masks or respirator systems to prevent the essay inhalation of dust. Dust is generated from cutting tiles and from sanding adhesives and mortars. Most flooring installers and environmental tile and marble setters work full time.

In commercial settings, installers may work evenings and weekends, often for higher wages, to avoid disturbing regular business operations. About 4 in 10 flooring installers and tile and marble setters were self-employed in 2014. Self-employed workers may have the ability to set their own schedules. How to Become a Flooring Installer or Tile and Marble Setter About this section. Although some flooring installers and tile and marble setters learn their trade through an writing chicago apprenticeship, most learn on the job, sometimes starting as a helper. There are no specific education requirements for someone to abetterearth environmental essay contest, become a flooring installer or tile and marble setter. A high school diploma or equivalent is preferred for those entering an apprenticeship program. High school art, math, and vocational courses are considered helpful for flooring installers and tile and marble setters.

Most contractors have their own training programs for flooring installers and tile and marble setters. New workers typically learn by working with experienced installers. Although workers may enter training directly, many start out as helpers . New workers usually start by performing simple tasks, such as moving materials. As they gain experience, they are given more complex tasks, such as cutting carpet. Some tile installer helpers become tile finishers before becoming tile installers. Some flooring installers and tile and eeg research marble setters learn their trade through a 2- to 4-year apprenticeship.

For each year of the program, apprentices must complete at least 144 hours of related technical training and 2,000 hours of paid on-the-job training. Some of these programs now include online training. Many new workers begin with 12 weeks of preapprenticeship instruction at a training center to contest, learn construction basics. Eeg Research Papers! This instruction may include mathematics, building code requirements, safety and first-aid practices, and contest blueprint reading. Several groups, including unions and contractor associations, sponsor apprenticeship programs. The basic qualifications for word, entering an environmental contest apprenticeship program are as follows:

Minimum age of 18 High school education or equivalent Physically able to perform the work. After completing an apprenticeship program, flooring installers and tile and marble setters are considered to be journey workers and may perform duties on eeg research papers, their own. Some flooring manufacturers offer product-specific training for their products. Abetterearth Environmental Contest! In addition, some installers attend conferences that offer training sessions in various flooring materials. The Ceramic Tile Education Foundation (CTEF) offers the Certified Tile Installer (CTI) certification for workers with 2 or more years of eeg research papers, experience. Applicants are required to complete a written test and a hands-on performance evaluation. Several groups, including the Ceramic Tile Education Foundation, the International Masonry Institute (IMI), the International Union of Bricklayers Allied Craftworkers (IUBAC), the National Tile Contractors Association (NTCA), the abetterearth essay contest Tile Contractors’ Association of America (TCAA), and contrast the Tile Council of North America (TCNA) have created the Advanced Certifications for abetterearth environmental, Tile Installers (ACT) program. Certification requirements include passing both an exam and a field test. Workers must also have either completed a qualified apprenticeship program or earned the CTI certification to qualify for 1 problem, testing. The program offers certifications in essay contest five specific areas of tile installation:

Large-format tile and substrate preparation Membranes Mortar (mud) floors Mortar (mud) walls Shower receptors. The National Wood Flooring Association (NWFA) has a voluntary certification for floor sanders and finishers. Sanders and finishers must have 2 years of solving activities, experience and environmental essay contest must have completed NWFA-approved training. Applicants are also required to complete written and creative chicago performance tests. The International Certified Floorcovering Installers Association (CFI) offers certification for flooring and tile installers.

Installers need 2 years of experience before they can take the written test and a hands-on performance evaluation. The International Standards Training Alliance (INSTALL) offers a comprehensive flooring certification program for flooring and tile installers. INSTALL certification requires 4 years of classroom and hands-on training, and covers all major types of flooring. Color vision. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters often need to determine small color variations. Because tile patterns may include many different colors, workers must be able to distinguish among colors and among patterns for environmental contest, the best looking finish. Customer-service skills. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters commonly work in customers’ homes. Writing Art Institute! Therefore, workers must be courteous and considerate of a customer’s property while completing tasks. Detail oriented. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters need to plan and lay out abetterearth essay contest, materials.

Some carpet patterns can be highly detailed and artistic, so workers must ensure that the patterns are properly and accurately aligned. Math skills. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters use measurement-related math skills on every job. Besides measuring the area to be covered, workers must calculate the number of carpet tiles needed to eeg research papers, cover that area. Physical stamina. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters must have the endurance to stand or kneel for many hours. Workers need to spread adhesives quickly and place tile on floors before the adhesives harden. Physical strength.

Flooring installers and tile and marble setters need to environmental contest, lift and carry heavy materials. Workers must be strong enough to lift, carry, and set heavy pieces of marble into position. Flooring Installers and Tile and Marble Setters. Median annual wages, May 2016. Construction trades workers. Note: All Occupations includes all occupations in i get the U.S. Economy. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics. The median annual wage for flooring installers and tile and marble setters was $39,150 in May 2016. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less.

The lowest 10 percent earned less than $22,450, and abetterearth environmental essay the highest 10 percent earned more than $72,400. Median annual wages for flooring installers and tile and marble setters in favorite essay uva May 2016 were as follows: The starting pay for apprentices usually is about 50 percent of what fully trained flooring installers and tile and marble setters make. Environmental Essay! Apprentices receive pay increases as they gain experience. Some flooring installers and tile and marble setters are paid per square yard of material installed. The rates vary by industry and type of flooring. Most flooring installers and tile and marble setters work full time. In commercial settings, installers may work evenings and weekends, often for creative writing chicago, higher wages, to avoid disturbing regular business operations. About 4 in abetterearth environmental 10 flooring installers and tile and year marble setters were self-employed in 2014. Self-employed workers may have the ability to set their own schedule.

Flooring Installers and Tile and Marble Setters. Percent change in employment, projected 2014-24. Construction trades workers. Note: All Occupations includes all occupations in the U.S. Economy. Source: U.S. Environmental! Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program. Employment of flooring installers and tile and marble setters is projected to grow 5 percent from 2014 to 2024, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Employment growth of specific types of flooring and creative writing art institute tile and marble installers is expected to vary (see table below). The majority of flooring and tile and marble installation work is expected to be in remodeling and abetterearth environmental contest replacement. Population and business growth, coupled with the how do i get reviewed popularity of some new resilient floor material, will be the major source of demand for workers.

Although carpet is still the abetterearth environmental dominant flooring, other products are growing in solving popularity, which is why the employment of the other flooring installer occupations are projected to grow faster than carpet installers. Tile and marble will continue to be commonly installed in abetterearth essay contest bathrooms, shopping malls, and restaurants, as well as in other commercial and government buildings. Overall job prospects should be good over the coming decade as high turnover and new building construction will create job opportunities for flooring installers and tile and marble setters. Experienced workers with a good employment history who are able to install multiple types of floors will have the best employment opportunities. As with many other types of how do i get a book, construction occupations, employment of these workers is sensitive to the fluctuations of the economy. On the environmental essay contest one hand, workers may experience periods of writing chicago art institute, unemployment when the overall level of construction falls.

On the other hand, shortages of workers may occur in some areas during peak periods of building activity. SOURCE: U.S. Environmental Contest! Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program. Carpet, floor, and tile installers and word uva finishers. Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles. Floor sanders and finishers. State Area Data About this section. Occupational Employment Statistics (OES)

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program produces employment and wage estimates annually for over 800 occupations. These estimates are available for the nation as a whole, for individual states, and for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas. The link(s) below go to OES data maps for environmental, employment and wages by state and area. Occupational employment projections are developed for all states by Labor Market Information (LMI) or individual state Employment Projections offices. All state projections data are available at www.projectionscentral.com. Information on this site allows projected employment growth for an occupation to be compared among states or to year solving, be compared within one state. In addition, states may produce projections for areas; there are links to each state’s websites where these data may be retrieved. America’s Career InfoNet includes hundreds of occupational profiles with data available by abetterearth environmental essay state and metro area. There are links in favorite word essay the left-hand side menu to compare occupational employment by essay state and occupational wages by local area or metro area. There is also a salary info tool to search for wages by zip code. Similar Occupations About this section.

This table shows a list of occupations with job duties that are similar to those of flooring installers and tile and papers marble setters. Carpenters construct and abetterearth essay repair building frameworks and structures—such as stairways, doorframes, partitions, rafters, and bridge supports—made from wood and other materials. They also may install kitchen cabinets, siding, and drywall. Construction Laborers and Helpers. Construction laborers and phd thesis instructions helpers perform many tasks that require physical labor on construction sites. Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers, and Tapers. Drywall and ceiling tile installers hang wallboard and install ceiling tile inside buildings. Tapers prepare the wallboard for painting, using tape and other materials.

Many workers both install and tape wallboard. Masonry workers, also known as masons , use bricks, concrete blocks, concrete, and natural and manmade stones to build walls, walkways, fences, and other masonry structures. Painters, Construction and Maintenance. Painters apply paint, stain, and coatings to abetterearth contest, walls and ceilings, buildings, bridges, and other structures. Roofers replace, repair, and install the roofs of buildings using a variety of materials, including shingles, bitumen, and metal. Contacts for phd thesis instructions, More Information About this section. For details about apprenticeships, training, or other work opportunities in environmental essay this trade, contact the structure essay contrast offices of the state employment service, the abetterearth contest state apprenticeship agency, local contractors or firms that employ flooring installers and tile and marble setters, or local union–management apprenticeship committees. Apprenticeship information is available from the U.S. Department of Labor's ApprenticeshipUSA program online or by eeg research phone at 877-872-5627.

For more information about flooring installers and tile and environmental contest marble setters, visit. For more information about training and compare certification of flooring installers and tile and marble setters, visit. Bureau of contest, Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of year 1 problem solving, Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition , Flooring Installers and abetterearth environmental essay Tile and activities Marble Setters, Publish Date: Thursday, December 17, 2015. The What They Do tab describes the typical duties and responsibilities of workers in the occupation, including what tools and equipment they use and how closely they are supervised. This tab also covers different types of occupational specialties. The Work Environment tab includes the abetterearth essay contest number of jobs held in the occupation and describes the workplace, the level of physical activity expected, and typical hours worked.

It may also discuss the major industries that employed the year 1 problem solving activities occupation. This tab may also describe opportunities for part-time work, the amount and type of travel required, any safety equipment that is used, and the risk of injury that workers may face. The How to Become One tab describes how to prepare for a job in the occupation. This tab can include information on education, training, work experience, licensing and certification, and important qualities that are required or helpful for contest, entering or working in favorite word the occupation. The Pay tab describes typical earnings and how workers in the occupation are compensated—annual salaries, hourly wages, commissions, tips, or bonuses. Environmental! Within every occupation, earnings vary by experience, responsibility, performance, tenure, and geographic area.

This tab may also provide information on earnings in the major industries employing the occupation. The State and Area Data tab provides links to state and area occupational data from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program, state projections data from Projections Central, and occupational information from the year solving activities Department of Labor's CareerOneStop. The Job Outlook tab describes the factors that affect employment growth or decline in the occupation, and in some instances, describes the relationship between the number of job seekers and the number of abetterearth environmental essay contest, job openings. The Similar Occupations tab describes occupations that share similar duties, skills, interests, education, or training with the occupation covered in the profile. The More Information tab provides the Internet addresses of associations, government agencies, unions, and other organizations that can provide additional information on the occupation.

This tab also includes links to relevant occupational information from the Occupational Information Network (O*NET). The wage at which half of the workers in the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey. In May 2016, the median annual wage for all workers was $37,040. Additional training needed (postemployment) to attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation.

Typical level of education that most workers need to enter this occupation. Work experience in a related occupation. Work experience that is commonly considered necessary by word employers, or is essay contest a commonly accepted substitute for compare, more formal types of training or education. The employment, or size, of this occupation in 2014, which is the base year of the 2014-24 employment projections. The projected percent change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The average growth rate for contest, all occupations is eeg research 7 percent. The projected numeric change in abetterearth environmental employment from 2014 to 2024. Typical level of education that most workers need to enter this occupation. Additional training needed (postemployment) to activities, attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation. Employment Change, projected 2014-24.

The projected numeric change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The percent change of employment for each occupation from 2014 to 2024. The projected numeric change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The projected percent change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The wage at which half of the workers in the occupation earned more than that amount and contest half earned less.

Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey. In May 2016, the creative chicago art institute median annual wage for all workers was $37,040.