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A Resume for the Modern Art Teacher. If you read this article a while back, you may be thinking, #8220;Can I really pull off a trendy resume like that?#8221; It#8217;s important to supply strike a balance between professionalism and dt coursework creativity. On Electricity Supply. When I saw this resume by Kassie, I was blown away! To me, this resume is unique enough to stand out in the crowd, but easy to read and informative for the administrator who is accustomed to the traditional resume. Identity Essay. Click on this sample to see the details, and thanks, Kassie, for sharing. My favorite part? The fact that it all fits on thesis one page. I always value simplicity (if you can squeeze it all in). I hope it inspires you to revamp your resume to stand out in the pile. You just never know what opportunities may come about!
Is your resume in need of some serious updating? Psstt. Come back tomorrow for gcse dt coursework, some job interview tips! Jessica Balsley is the Founder and President at AOE. She is passionate about helping art teachers enhance their lives and careers through relevant professional development. Course Recommendations for Blossoming Art Teachers. Thesis On Electricity. Resume vs. Curriculum Vitae: An Art Teacher’s Guide. The Art Teacher’s Ultimate Guide to Getting Hired. I wish I was brave enough for explanatory synthesis essay, a resume like this. I just don#8217;t want to get passed up by a traditionalist principal.
I have been using the same resume format for supply, 3 years and I am so bored with it#8230;but I don#8217;t know how to make it more functional and critical fit more info. Plus, I still like it traditional. Any more traditional examples? One creative way to take a traditional resume and give it a little #8216;flair#8217; without all the supply bells and whistles is to simply add color. Make your name and heading a color, and all of the sub headings below to match. Something this simple might just do the trick for you. It#8217;s all about finding what makes you comfortable and gcse allows your greatness to shine through. I had a more traditional resume, but I added a sidebar of on electricity, color that included an image of my own artwork, with my contact info below it instead of in essay inequality race a header.
That sounds like a nice balance, Marie! Hi Jessica, I#8217;m an administrator in thesis an elementary school and inequality I LOVE reading your site. This week we have been interviewing over a dozen candidates for on electricity supply, a PE job. Essays. I know that if we were interviewing for an art position that I would want to interview the candidate with the resume above. On Electricity. Of course I am in a big system in Maryland (more than 130 elementary schools) so everyone has to move through Human Resources before they come to identity essay us. But I think if you are trying to get a job as an art teacher, it is a FINE thing to show that you are creative and can make a resume that is visually appealing and plays to visual literacy skills. Keep up the good work! Hi Jennifer- It#8217;s great to hear your perspective as an administrator. Thesis. Thank you so much for chiming in. You know, I think the gcse dt coursework times are changing and perhaps sometime soon we will even see the day when there are no paper resumes and we will use Linked in or something similar. I am a non-traditional 30 yr old Art Education student who is in the last student teaching placement of the semester and will be graduating next month.
I was in the corporate world before this and am used to sticking to the #8220;boring#8221; professional resumes while my creative heart and soul screamed. I started subscribing to your newsletters and following your FB feed sometime in supply the fall. I just wanted to my american identity essay say how thankful I am for all of the info you post#8230;. On Electricity. especially this resume!! I was reading your recent post about interviewing tips that led me to this post. Essay. This is definitely THEE BEST INFO EVER!
Kassie has inspired Art Educators everywhere to create a simple, yet very creative and professional, resume. I have sat many times through student teaching and thought to myself, #8220;How am I going to on electricity supply make my resume stand out?! There has to be a way! I#8217;m a talented, experienced, and explanatory synthesis essay thesis passionate artist that has a knack for teaching. How do I do what I do best think outside of the on electricity supply box?#8221; I have a graphic design background and knew there had to be solution#8230;. and identity Kassie has found it. Thank you so much for sharing her resume with all of us. It is seriously a lifesaver! I will have to let you know if I land an interview in the coming months! My daughter is in this stage of her life. Thesis On Electricity Supply. She wondered how these graphics heavy resumes get past the automatic-resume-scanner-thingies ( my words not hers.).
Any one know? Hi Jessica- Do you know what program/template Kassie used to make this resume? I#8217;m not an art teacher, but I LOVE the critical style she has used here. Thanks!! You can use anything, really. Pages on your Mac and even Word if you are savvy. I am a professional resume writer with 20 years experience in recruiting and staffing. The resume you are highlighting is good for personal presentation but would NEVER get through applicant tracking systems. I would not advise using this type of resume for any on thesis supply line applications. after teaching art for the last 8 years, I am finding myself starting the job search again. as I am updating my resume, I am questioning the length and regarding pertinent information that needs to be included or deleted. On Electricity Supply. my question is: how far back should I go with information? do i include field experience and explanatory synthesis observation sites, student teaching from 2004-05 school year, now that I have been teaching in my own classroom for the last 8 years? Hey Jessica, The difficult part of being super creative is on electricity supply usually the person you are interviewing with is not. My fear of making my resume too flashy is identity essay not being easy to on electricity supply relate to essay or navigate.
The example is above is thesis on electricity supply a great in between the corporate world and creative world. Thank you for that. My question would be how much of my non-teaching jobs should be on the resume? I obviously don#8217;t want to highlight them but if I don#8217;t include everything will I be #8220;lying#8221;? Did we ever get an answer about whether principals will be able to open these resumes?
I have received great feedback about my resume in explanatory person, but I never seem to get interviews when I just email it. I wonder if something is wrong with it.
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Electricity demand analysis in different sectors: a - Research Online
Sample Of Book Report In English Essays and Research Papers. LITERATURE Class: VHVH 01 – Group: 4 Name: Le Kim Ha Anh Student ID: 0957010009 Writing Book Reports : DOING . ENGLISH – A GUIDE FOR LITERATURE STUDENTS (Robert Eaglestone) Ranked in the list of more than 700 thousands of the world's best-selling books , Doing English is really a good choice that needed for the study of English college students. The author of the thesis on electricity supply, book – Robert Eaglestone, a lecturer in explanatory essay thesis, English at Royal Holloway, University of London, and Series Editor of Routledge Critical Thinkers. Critical thinking , Elizabeth I of England , English literature 1248 Words | 4 Pages. Name of thesis on electricity supply, Book : Nickel and gcse Dimed Author: Barbara Ehrenreich Plot Summary: The author, Barbara Ehrenreich, works for the prestigious New . Yorker magazine. One day over on electricity lunch with a famous editor discussing possible stories to essay human, write, she comments that the minimum wage is too low. She thinks someone used to thesis on electricity supply, more money should try to live on this pittance. The editor, Lewis Lapham, assigns her the story.
This is not good news for explanatory synthesis thesis, Ehrenreich. Thesis On Electricity. Having spent her childhood with middle class struggling. Barbara Ehrenreich , Cost , Nickel and essay Dimed 914 Words | 4 Pages. BOOK REPORT The Outsiders By: S.E Hinton(New York: Puffin Books , 1967) The outsider: The Outsiders is about . two weeks in the life of supply, a 14-year-old boy. The novel tells the my american identity, story of Ponyboy Curtis and his struggles with right and wrong in a society in which he believes that he is an outsider. The title of this book is related to the story, because in on electricity, the novel, Ponyboy and Johnny are outsiders. They can be thought of human inequality, as Outsiders because they are labeled Greasers although they do not act like. Adolescence , Antagonist , Character 1428 Words | 4 Pages.
? Book Report : A Child of on electricity supply, Sorrow (A requirement submitted in books for mba, English 7 and on electricity supply PLE) Aug. 22, 2014 Mon Alexander . D. Books Essay. Mendoza Class Number 26 Grade 7-Tindalo Submitted to: Prof. Ma. Thesis. Concepcion A. Gcse Dt Coursework. Gaffud Ms. Thesis On Electricity. Jenny Flor S. Baclor I. Author’s Background Zoilo M. Galang was born on synthesis essay thesis, June 27, 1895 in thesis, Bacolor, Pampanga. Critical. He was known as the first Filipino writer to make a novel written in English entitled “A Child of Sorrow” that was published on 1921. He grew under the thesis supply, auspices of the Spanish culture. Character , Fiction , Holiday 1398 Words | 6 Pages. The name of the book I choose to analyse for this book report is Nativity.
It was written by essay, Lasana . M. Sekou and published by thesis supply, House Of Nehest Publishers in the year 2010. The ISBN of the my american essay, book is supply, 9780913441978 and the soft cover edition of the book cost $140.00TTD. Gcse Dt Coursework. The English version of the thesis supply, poem has nine chapters (9) and consist of forty-one (41) pages. The main characters discussed in the poem were the enslaved Africans. The setting. Africa , African people , Atlantic slave trade 1167 Words | 4 Pages. | | |Progress Report # | . | | | |Reporting Period: | |to | | | | |Submittal Date | | |Grant Agreement No: . Completeness , Date , Grammatical number 582 Words | 4 Pages.
452 5/15/2013 Book report - The Managerial Odyssey There is nothing worse than being always ways on the tramp – Homer . book fifteen I start reading this book with bad mood. Dt Coursework. I hate to read books , especially the book not written by thesis, English . It will always be a disaster for someone to read the book that not written by their first language. However, this book really blows my mind. Bod Focazio and his special style of essay regarding, humorous told me this is a knowledgeable and thesis fun book . This book gives me a lot of. Better , Failure , Management 1318 Words | 5 Pages.
? Book Report Writing Template This is a guide only. It is not meant to write the explanatory thesis, report for you. It gives you a . format or template for writing your own report . The original draft was developed by on electricity, a teacher friend of mine to use with her own students. Essay Inequality Race. I have made a few additional enhancements which I believe make the thesis on electricity supply, model more clear and complete. A note of caution here. Your instructor may have another book report format that he/she prefers.
So, make sure they approve of this format before. Character , Protagonist , Typography 934 Words | 4 Pages. ? Book report 4S (26) So Nga Wun Tara Book title: Eyewitness Companions: . Mythology Author: Philip Wilkinson, Neil Philip Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Every human society has its mythology .Across the dt coursework, cultures of the world, there are countless myths and numberless gods and goddesses. The variety of thesis on electricity supply, these myths is fascinating, their story is gcse, entertaining, and they have inspired artists and on electricity writers across the centuries; they are still relevant to us today .Besides. Apollo , Athena , Culture 1412 Words | 3 Pages. Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Dog Days By: Jeff Kinney (A Book . Report ) in partial fulfillment of the requirement in English I Submitted by: de Ayre, Seanne Neilsen Date: February 16, 2011 The story is about a boy named Greg Heffley. Greg is my american identity, having an ultimate summer fantasy of supply, his life, but Greg is books for mba, only spending his. American Civil War , Diary of a Wimpy Kid , Family 1237 Words | 3 Pages. extremely complex so I couldn’t do it without so much detail. SORRY!
D: The Host By Myah Dalton A riveting dystopian novel with dreamed up characters, . Melanie and Wanderer, written into something amazing by Stephanie Myer becomes the extraordinary book , “The Host.” In a land thousands of years from now there is an earth, among this earth is a civilization occupied by human bodies, but their minds are occupied by peacekeeping, for lack of a better word, aliens. They call themselves souls and they. Emotion , Stephenie Meyer , The Host 934 Words | 2 Pages. Book Report Who Says Elephants Can't Dance? Inside IBM's Historic Turnaround Louis V. Gerstner Jr. (Author) Lou Gerstner, Jr., . served as chairman and chief executive officer of IBM from April 1993 until March 2002, when he retired as CEO. He remained chairman of the thesis supply, board through the end of 2002. Before joining IBM, Mr. Gerstner served for four years as chairman and CEO of RJR Nabisco, Inc. This was preceded by an eleven-year career at the American Express Company, where he was president of the. American Express , Chief executive officer , Chief executives 2056 Words | 5 Pages.
BOOK REPORT SUBMITED BY: GRACIAN FIDER SUBMITTED TO: MRS PORTERIA Title: Courage Author: Bienvenido N. My American Identity Essay. Santos Place and . Date Publication: 1985 Settings: School Theme: Courage Characters:ConchitaFred Maria Mr. Arsenio L. Torres Belen Gloria Introduction: All of on electricity supply, us have memories of identity, our teachers. We remember especially those who have influenced us to better ourselves, or those who have inspired us to achieve our dreams. Whatever role our teachers have had in our lives, they will always. Education , High school , Monday 960 Words | 2 Pages. ? English Visual Representation “Fear-Less” Away- Michael Gow The Fear- Ben Howard Thomas Noble S.Colley Visual Representation . Report “Discovery and Discovering can offer new understanding and renew perceptions of ourselves and thesis others” Introduction In the books writing, texts Away- Michael Gow and The Fear- Ben Howard the audience discovers the concept that fear, in an individual is more a process than a single moment in life, this is the core idea communicated to the aspiring. Anxiety , Claustrophobia , Fear 1291 Words | 6 Pages. Book report of Man from the South One day, on an accidental occasion, a stranger is willing to thesis on electricity, bet with you on one of you . skills which is not so critical, and you are likely to win.
If you do succeed, according to identity, the serious bet, you can get a quite new limousine from the man which is on electricity, worth millions of essay, dollars; If not, however, what you have to do is just to dedicate your little finger, which means, have that poor finger chopped instantly by the man and then you will be rushed to the hospital. Fiction , Finger , Hand 1630 Words | 4 Pages. ? I Acknowledgement On the thesis supply, very outset of the importance, this report , I would like to extend my sincere heartfelt obligation . towards all the personages who have helped me in this endeavor. Thesis. Without their active guidance, help, cooperation encouragement, I would not have made headway in the book report . First, I would like to extend my sincerity and give thanks to our Dear God for essay regarding the importance, giving me strength and His guidance Second, I am extremely thankful and pay my gratitude to my. Aircraft ground handling , Airport , Corazon Aquino 1648 Words | 6 Pages. 1 some teens lack the qualities or take longer to on electricity supply, achieve the books for mba, qualities to on electricity, become successful in regarding, his or her life. In the book 7 habits of . highly effective teens Sean covey boiled down 7 habits that make a successful teen these habit are some that every teen should want to learn to go on the right path. Being productive,begin with the end in mind,put first things first think win win seek first to understand synerqize and sharpen the on electricity supply, saw were all of the habits for highly effective teens each habit. Cherokee , Family , Learning 1158 Words | 4 Pages. himself, the book entitled “Beyond Massa- Sugar Management in the British Caribbean 1770-1834,” examines the daily operations on regarding, the plantation . including the lifestyle of the superior Europeans and the enslaved Africans during the seventeenth and eighteenth century. Thesis On Electricity. The book is explanatory synthesis essay, inclusive of an in depth study of supply, chattel slavery on the sugar estate of the gcse, British Caribbean.
Also it is revisionism of previous knowledge as many contradictions of on electricity supply, past events were made throughout the human race, book with vital evidence. Caribbean , Cuba , Decision making 2088 Words | 8 Pages. ?BATANGAS CHRISTIAN SCHOOL BOOK REPORT TITLE Childhood Interrupted: An analysis Caryl Mitzi M. Balmes . 23 January 2014 World Literature Part 1: An Overview “Childhood Interrupted” based on thesis on electricity, a true life story of its author herself Kathleen O’ Malley was about the dark life under the essay inequality, hands of a nuns in an orphanage. She was then living in supply, a peace simple life with her mom and sister Sarah Louise until she reached her age of six when the nuns have legally abducted. Facebook , Social network aggregation , Social network service 983 Words | 4 Pages. ?Cheyenne Crook Sociology 220 08 November 2014 Book Review No Easy Answers: The Truth behind Death at Columbine is a non-fiction novel, . written by Brooks Brown, which provides insight to the behind-the-scenes factor to the Columbine High School shooting in Littleton, Colorado. On April 20th of 1999, two high school boys, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, entered their local high school by storm with shot guns and gcse homemade pipe bombs.
Before turning their weapons on themselves, Harris and Klebold killed. Brooks Brown , Columbine High School , Columbine High School massacre 1297 Words | 7 Pages. that changed your excitement into irritation, and then you said to yourself, “Shit! I forgot what my pin code is!” – that was exactly what I felt when our . professor told us that we have to do an activity that we haven’t done before and supply then make a report about essay it. I was so excited about the “something you haven’t done before” part to the point I almost forgot that there were so many exciting activities I haven’t done before, because of some stupid things like fear of heights, thanks God it was a. Shopping mall , Thing 1235 Words | 4 Pages. ? A BOOK REPORT ON “THE ABDUCTION” A Requirement in thesis on electricity supply, English 12 (Developmental Reading) Submitted to: Mrs. . Bernadette S. Garcia of Mindanao University of gcse, Science and supply Technology (MUST) Submitted By: Jealouden G. Alamis BEED-SPED 1X4 February 27, 2015 My book report was written for explanatory essay, our subject in thesis, English 12 required by Mrs. Bernadette S. Garcia. My novel is entitled “The Abduction” by John Grisham. Critical. It has 217 pages, published by Hodder Stoughton. It is first published in Great.
Best Friend of Charleston , Family , Father 905 Words | 3 Pages. English Report ---drug abase Solution: drug abase (family) Parents how to help their child to stay away from thesis on electricity supply, drug? . Gcse Dt Coursework. Parents played a really important role of helping teenagers to stay away from drug. Thesis On Electricity. The reason is parents are really close to their child When their child faced some problems and they don’t know how to solve the problem, parents should do something for them to help them to solve the problem. So that important thing is build up a strong with their child. There are four effective. A. R. Gurney , Child , Childhood 695 Words | 3 Pages. JOSEPH T. WARD DEAR MOM A SNIPER’S VIETNAM Novel Joseph T. Ward writes this inspiring true story on essay human, cruelty of the war in Vietnam from his perspective. . From the time he makes his decision to join the Marines in the beginning of the book all the way to supply, making it to Vietnam as a Marine Scout Sniper. Among the Joseph T. Ward, Dave Young, Mike O’Grady, and Nick Herrera (whom all since childhood have been friends with Joseph T. Identity. Ward and decided to join the thesis, Marines with him) share six purple hearts. Marine , Royal Marines , Scout 1000 Words | 3 Pages.
? Sample Investigative Report __________________________ COUNTY SCHOOLS INVESTIGATION REPORT (CONFIDENTIAL) . To: ___________________________ [Attorney, if involved otherwise Superintendent] From: _________________________ Re: John Young [Employee who was investigated] The undersigned was designated to conduct an investigation of alleged misconduct involving the above referenced employee. The initial information that served as a basis for this investigation was provided by regarding, Student Mary. Caller ID , Doctor , Interpersonal relationship 789 Words | 3 Pages. “Devon has a book club?” is a question probably a lot of kids at this school would ask. Though not the thesis on electricity supply, most populous of Devon’s . extracurricular activities, the book club is an important intellectual outlet in which students with exceptional interest in the literary arts may go to read-up on some of the best works of literature out synthesis, there. Despite being a relatively young club of only one year of age, the book club has taken part in the reading and supply analysis of thesis, such works as Orwell’s 1984, Stephen. Critical thinking , Extracurricular activity , High school 1888 Words | 5 Pages.
?Far from verity After taking time reading this eye opening novel “Lies My Teacher Told Me” written by Dr. James W. On Electricity Supply. Loewen, the regarding the importance of education, book has open . my mind to American History and the reality of everyday life, for example on the topics of Helen Keller, the unbelievable truth of Woodrow Wilson, the exploration of thesis on electricity, Christopher Columbus, and the importance of education the inverse truth of heroes and sheroes. To begin with, in on electricity supply, textbooks I have read, Woodrow Wilson was seemed as one of the most important man and human promising to the blacks. Bankruptcy in the United States , Historiography , History 2892 Words | 10 Pages. ?Andrew Freedman Glass Castle Book Review Freedman 1 Block 5 AP Language and Composition Ms. Snedeker The Glass Castle is a chilling . memoir written by the writer Jeannette Walls. The memoir is about her unfortunate childhood, which involved constantly being on the move due to her father Rex’s drinking problems getting them into debt or losing him a job. The author has a way of describing things that leaves readers emotionally connected, sympathetic, grateful, wanting more and many other.
Jeannette Walls , New York City , The Glass Castle 829 Words | 3 Pages. to try something new, so they switched the rings that they were wearing and tried again, “one-two-three-go! Said Digory. And then jumped” (43). This decision . by thesis supply, Digory and inequality Polly to thesis on electricity, go exploring now has huge impacts on the rest of the book and even affects the gcse dt coursework, books to come. Thesis On Electricity. While adventuring, they stumble upon Jadis will later on become the “White Witch” in Narnia. Another decision that was made was the decision by Digory is to get a seed that would produce a tree to keep the queen away from essay inequality, Narnia.
Aslan , Digory Kirke , Narnia 994 Words | 3 Pages. Cement. Thesis. Jack and Jerry went to the plant to do some audit works. Essay Regarding Of Education. During the audit, Jack found out that there was a problem with the clerk who handled . miscellaneous cash receipts because when Jack asked to count the petty cash, she pulled her check book and wrote a $150 check and on electricity supply told Jack to thesis, include that check in the petty cash fund also. The clerk has been taken out money from the petty cash fund when she needed and no one ever noticed.
She asked Jack not to thesis on electricity, tell the essay human inequality, manager because if they found. Cash , Education in thesis on electricity, Scotland , Educational years 1885 Words | 5 Pages. Report On The English Week Programme In SMK Alam Shah English Week was an essay regarding, opportunity for students to show . everyone their appreciation and ability at English . In SMK Alam Shah, the on electricity supply, English Week was carried out from essay human inequality race, 18 April until 22 April 2011. Thesis On Electricity. The programme was organized by the English Language Society. With the slogan “I Love English ”, this programme was aimed to encourage all pupils to my american identity essay, use English Language as a medium of interaction with their friends and teachers. Thesis On Electricity. Various activities were. British Isles , England , English language 859 Words | 3 Pages.
A Book Report ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Sidney Sheldon (February 11, 1917 – January 30, 2007) was an gcse dt coursework, Academy Award-winning American . writer. His TV works spanned a 20-year period during which he created The Patty Duke Show (1963–66), I Dream of Jeannie (1965–70) and thesis on electricity Hart to Hart (1979–84), but he became most famous after he turned 50 and began writing best-selling novels such as Master of the Game (1982), The Other Side of Midnight (1973) and Rage of Angels (1980). He is the essays, seventh best selling writer of. Death , Sidney Sheldon , The Reynolds and Reynolds Company 1657 Words | 5 Pages. ?812000460 The book entitled “Beyond Massa - Sugar Management in the British Caribbean, 1770-1834” written by Dr. John F. Campbell seeks to . examine the workings of the plantation life of both the enslaved and the European whites who were known as masters. It delves deeper into the truth about on electricity slavery and revisionism, as this book contradicts many past events and judgements on slavery with supporting evidence.
Dr. Campbell focused on essays, the British Controlled Caribbean territory of thesis, Jamaica and specifically. Caribbean , Cuba , Europe 1793 Words | 7 Pages. ? Book Report on critical, The Death Cure Brett Duffy English 10G January 16, 2015 Blackville School . Section 1- Quotes “I’m sorry guys, I’m sorry, but I need you to listen to me, I’m getting worst by the hour and I don’t have many sane ones left, please leave me here.” This quote is the character development of newts character, it is showing us just how much he is thesis, willing to do to make sure that the others succeed in gcse, finding a cure for supply, the flare. “What a surprise, she lied again” This. American films , Atmosphere , Character 801 Words | 5 Pages. ?The Catcher in the Rye - a book presentation A short biographical sketch of the gcse, author The Catcher in the Rye is thesis, a novel written by the . Synthesis Essay Thesis. American author Jerome David Salinger, born on January 1th 1919 in New York City. Supply. His parents were very wealthy, and sir gawain essays he was raised in Manhattan. Salinger has expressed in a number of interviews that he had trouble fitting in at school, and on electricity supply therefor moved from prep school to prep school as a child. Identity Essay. In 1934, his parents decided to send him to thesis on electricity, a military academy. Holden Caulfield , J. D. Explanatory Synthesis Essay Thesis. Salinger , Joan Caulfield 1624 Words | 5 Pages. ? Name:_____________________________________________________Hour___ Bloom’s Taxonomy Book Report Book Title . (1 pt): Number of pages (1 pt): Genre (1 pt): Knowledge (1 pt): 1. Write 4 facts about the author.
You can find information on the back flaps of the book , or you can look him/her up on thesis, the internet. (4 sentences) Comprehension (2 pt each): 2. Describe the main character. Include both physical description and personality traits. (4-5 sentences) 3. Describe another character. Antagonist , Character , Protagonist 787 Words | 5 Pages. ?Combs II (1) Michael Combs II Hayes January 29, 2014 Period 4 Book Report Artemis Fowl is regarding of education, a young-adult fantasy novel . written by Eoin Colfer. Thesis Supply. It is the critical, first book in the Artemis Fowl series, followed by Artemis Fowl: The Arctic Incident. This book has 280 pages including the prologue and on electricity epilogue and synthesis essay thesis the theme of this book is illusion of power. On Electricity Supply. The story takes place in the dawn of the sir gawain, 21st century. Thesis On Electricity. The locations the regarding, book goes to are Ho Chi Minh City, where Artemis meets his informant, and. Artemis Fowl , Artemis Fowl: The Eternity Code , Artemis Fowl: The Lost Colony 1458 Words | 4 Pages. Book Report : Non-Fiction Upstairs Room by supply, Johanna Reiss We Are Witnesses: Five Diaries of Teenagers Who Died in the . Holocaust by Jacob Boas Rescue: The Story of How Gentiles Saved Jews in the Holocaust by Milton Meltzer Hiding to Survive: Stories of Jewish Children Rescued from the Holocaust by Maxine B. Synthesis Thesis. Rosenberg Parts of the Book Report : Title Page Actual Book Report Contents of Book Report : 1. Thesis Supply. Discuss the setting of the sir gawain critical essays, book . . Antisemitism , Days of Remembrance of the thesis supply, Victims of the the importance of education, Holocaust , Debate 318 Words | 3 Pages.
BOOK REPORT : The Outsiders 1. Hinton, S.E. The Outsiders. New York: Puffin Books , 1967 2. On Electricity. The title of . this book relates to the story, because in the book , Ponyboy and Johnny are outsiders. They can be thought of my american identity essay, as Outsiders because they are labeled Greasers although they do not act like hoodlums, like the rest of the Greasers. They are thought of as Greasers just because they live on the East Side of town, and because they slick back their hair. But Ponyboy and Johnny are different. Death , Greaser , S. E. Hinton 1321 Words | 4 Pages. ?(Name layout using the pink package) 1st Semester Goal Chart: English and on electricity Writing What do you expect to accomplish within the next two . weeks? There are two goals I want to accomplish within the next two weeks. My first goal is to “get used to how this English class functions.” In order to accomplish this goal, I am planning to start out sir gawain critical, with just following all the directions the teacher gives us, and get used to on electricity supply, how the class starts and flows. Sir Gawain Critical. For example, in the first few days, I noticed.
Academic term , Essay , High school 1981 Words | 5 Pages. English IV/ Capstone Research Mitchell Annotated Bibliography Holmes, G: Britain after the Glorious Revolution 1689-1714. Macmillian . and Co LTD, 1969. Supply. Print. Much of the excitement of history lies not in my american identity, the narrative of events, but in the process of discussion. This book is wholly concerned with problems. Thesis On Electricity Supply. Problems such as corruption took place in the 16th century. This book covers more than the of education, corruption in the English church but every event that could lead up to this event. Thesis Supply. It defies.
Catholic Church , Christianity , Church of England 989 Words | 3 Pages. responsible for Hitler, who was a Christian and the Holocaust.” References Glucklich, A. (n.d.). Dying for heaven; Holy Pleasure and Suicide . Bombers-Why the essays, Best Qualities of Religion Are Also Its Most Dangerous. Retrieved from HarperCollins e- books . Is there a God? Does Religion Cause Terrorism? (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.is-there-a-god.info/clues/terrorism.shtml Nance, M. (2010) An end to al-Qaeda; Destroying bin Laden’s Jihad and Restoring America’s Honour. New York, NY: St. Martin’s. Al-Qaeda , Faith , Islam 1739 Words | 8 Pages.
All over the world, english can be considered as an official language of businesses. It is very important for the individuals to fluently speak . or atleast understand english in order to survive in the corporate environment. On Electricity. The students of Arellano University enrolled in English 12 which is Business English conducted a research about effectivity of Business English , This study speaks to the importance of understanding the different influences of English in business life. Essay Inequality Race. English is the most common. British Empire , Commonwealth of Nations , Communication 1817 Words | 7 Pages. 1 BOOK REPORT Name: Smith, Stephen Grade: LCpl Date: Section: . Book Title: Rifleman Dodd . Author: C.S. Forester Why I chose this book : Originally this book was given to me by on of my combat instructors in Marine Combat Training(MCT).
I wanted to read it but soon found it impossible due to thesis supply, certain time constraints. My American Identity. I lost the book during the transition from M.O.S. school to my current residence. Thesis On Electricity. Just recently, I obtained another copy of this book from a fellow. French language , French people , Guerrilla warfare 952 Words | 3 Pages. ?Kathrine Goad LITTLE WOMEN BOOK REPORT Little Women Written by: Louisa May Alcott Illustrated by: Barbara Cooney Manufactured . in the United States of America by the Vail-Ballou Press, Inc., Binghamton, NY 555 pages. Introduction of Author Louisa May Alcott was born on books, November 29, 1832, in Germantown, Pennsylvania. She wrote under many pseudonyms and only used her own name when she was ready to commit to writing. Her novel “Little Women” gave her financial independence and a lifetime writing career.
Abigail May Alcott Nieriker , Family , Little Women 953 Words | 3 Pages. Book Report Global Communication (By: Yahya R. Kamalipour) Publisher: Thomson Wadsworth Year of Publication: 2007 . Book Report Written By: Husain Ebrahim / Department of Mass Communication at Grambling State University. The author of the thesis on electricity supply, Global Communication book is Yahya Kamalipour a professor of mass communication and head of the identity essay, department of communication and creative arts at Purdue University. His research interests are about topics related to global communications such as, international. Communication , Culture , Globalization 2199 Words | 7 Pages. Book Report on the catcher in the rye. ? Book Report for the Catcher in the Rye By Jerome David Salinger Amy Zeng Mr. Poldiak . Thesis Supply. 05/27/2013 Author Introduction The author of the Catcher in the Rye, Jerome David Salinger was born in essay writing, New York in 1919. He is the son of a wealthy cheese importer. He grew up in a fashionable neighborhood in Manhattan.
He graduated from Valley Forge in 1936 and attended different colleges. He published his first short story in 1940. Fuck , J. D. Salinger , The Catcher in the Rye 1573 Words | 5 Pages. ?Assignment Two: Major Report Sample of Structure Table of Contents Executive Summary Introduction . Background Information Industry Micro environment Macro environment Competitors Product Classification of Product Three Levels Target Segment Evaluation of Offer Recommendations Conclusion Please ensure that your table of contents includes page numbers for each section. Supply. Executive Summary The ES should contain a summary of all key findings from the report . Synthesis Thesis. Although it appears. Brand , Brand management , Competition 833 Words | 9 Pages. A BOOK REPORT ON ANIMAL FARM by A report submitted in partial fullfilment of the requirements for . COLLEGE University of 20 March 2012 Table of thesis, Contents Table of contents. i Introduction. ii Characters. iii Plot Summary. Animal Farm , George Orwell , Leon Trotsky 1895 Words | 7 Pages. Milson Luce Biology 141 November 2, 2012 Book Report on The Soul of DNA Sister Miriam Michael lived her childhood years . already in the light of God. She showed qualities of compassion and essay human race care taking at a very young age. These qualities helped shape her to the devote Christian she was, serving as an Adrian Dominican Sister.
She was born to a Roman Catholic family on December 24, 1913. Her parents, Mary Holland and thesis supply Frank Stimson had a total of six children, Miriam was the third. Thesis. Miriam’s qualities. Adrian, Michigan , Base pair , DNA 1410 Words | 4 Pages. ?Will Parr Period 1 August 5, 2012 A.P.U.S.H. Chains Summer Book Report One of the biggest and most monumental wars this . country has faced was the American Revolution. The Americans were being ruled by on electricity, England and sir gawain critical essays were treated as inferior by them. This lack of thesis on electricity, respect for human life caused a lot of strife among the Americans. They felt had two choices: either to challenge and essay regarding of education fight the British, or to supply, endure their heavy demands.
One of the least popular demands was the explanatory thesis, payment from taxes. Thesis Supply. The. American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , Boston Tea Party 2293 Words | 6 Pages. ID: XXXXXXXX Report Title: INTERIM REPORT Date: 28/11/07 Module Tutor: David Tucker Word count: 756 (Excluding references) . Index Page 1.0 Working Title 3 2.0 Background Information 3 3.0 Nature of Submitted Work 3 4.0 Aims and Objectives 3 5.0 Initial Literature Review 4 6.0 Research Methodology 8 7.0 Data Analysis and Presentation 8 8.0 Chapter Headings 9 9.0 Time Schedules 10 INTERIM REPORT : 1.0 Working. Corporate social responsibility , Data analysis , Focus group 1048 Words | 10 Pages. Step-by-step There are 5 sections to this book report . Essays. Each section is worth 20 points.
Do not skip a section. Each . section is important to show your understanding of the book you read. Section 1 – Section 1 is a paragraph about the award that your book either won outright, or was nominated for. Learning about the award means you know why the book won, and you see the recommendation of others. Someone, somewhere, thought this book was worth reading, and special – because it won or was. Character , Climax , Fiction 1882 Words | 5 Pages. Book Rview on The English Patient. THE ENGLISH PATIENT Book Review The English Patient is a novel by Michael Ondaatje. On Electricity Supply. . Ondaatje was born in Sri Lanka in 1943, moved to England in 1954, and settled in essay, Canada in 1970. He is a Canadian poet and novelist. Ondaatje's work includes 13 books of poetry and 5 novels. Among them, The English Patient won him the Booker Prize.
Though Michael Ondaatje is a really good poet, he does not have an extensive popularity among readers. On Electricity. Even after his novel The English Patient. 1992 in literature , Atomic bombings of essay writing, Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Love 1215 Words | 3 Pages. Anna Karlsson EP12 Engelska Book report Book report I have read The Whale Rider by Witi Ihimaera. It . is thesis on electricity, a short little book with a green cover. On the cover it is essay, a shape of on electricity supply, a whale-tail with the ocean in the background. Themes of the book is unrequited love, equality and culture of the Maoris. The Whale Rider is on identity essay, my personally list of ”Do not read”, truly not a book I am going to thesis on electricity supply, read again and now I am going to tell you why.
Firstly the names i the book is typical Maori-names and I thought it. New Zealand , Whale Rider 940 Words | 2 Pages. a scheme. Would you speak to a sample of them about it and my american identity essay find out their opsand then write a report for me? Any information or . suggestions about this proposed scheme would be welcome.” Proposed Incentive Scheme Terms of reference Mr Jules Laval, Office Manager, has asked me to write this report on a proposed incentive scheme offering rewards, possibly financial, to members of staff for on electricity, money-saving or ways to improve work practices. Proceedings A sample of workers were questioned individually. Business letter , Creative writing , Idea 469 Words | 7 Pages. Physics Lab Report Format General Remarks: Writing a lab report is the only way your TA will know what you have done during . the lab and how well you have understood the process and the results. Part of your lab experience should be learning how to organize and present your work in a scientific way. There is no framework that can be used as a “one size fits all”, therefore this sample lab report should only be used as an example. Any lab report should have the following features: . Linear equation , Linear regression , Measurement 914 Words | 4 Pages.
A Report on English Camp Activities. A Report on English Camp Activities Last school holidays, the English Language Society in my school had . organised an English Camp for all students. There were many activities organised by the society to my american identity, attract the students to supply, participate and to practise using English language through out the camp. As the secretary of the essay human inequality race, English Language Society, I has been asked to report on on electricity supply, the activities during the English Camp. Synthesis. There were several activities organised by on electricity, the member of English Language. British Isles , Dialect , E. Nesbit 665 Words | 3 Pages. ?A Lesson Plan in essay thesis, English Prepared by: Cyra P. Nerpiol I. Objectives: At the end of the lesson, the thesis on electricity, students should be able to: . Distinguish the difference between Present Continuous tense from explanatory essay, other tenses especially the Present Tense.
Compare and contrast the meaning of a sentence as to the use of Present Continuous Tense from other tenses. Analyze the correct usage of the Present Continuous tense. II. Lesson: “Present Continuous Tense” III. On Electricity. Materials: ppt. presentation handouts . Grammatical tense , Grammatical tenses , Past tense 672 Words | 4 Pages. HOW TO WRITE A SURVEY REPORT A survey report is a formal piece of writing based on research. Critical Essays. I Structure: . Introduction State the thesis on electricity, purpose/aim of the report , when and how the inequality, information was gathered.
Main Body All the thesis on electricity, information collected and analysed is presented clearly and in detail (break down the respondents into regarding the importance of education groups according to sex, age and place of residence, state the thesis supply, main differences between groups). Subheadings, numbers or letters can be used to separate each. Academia , Academic writing , Report 646 Words | 3 Pages.
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MASTER S THESIS Development of a Renewable Energy Power
Theodor Adorno's Theory of Music and its Social Implications. Theodor Adorno was born in supply, Frankfurt, Germany in 1903. His family's wealth and cultural interests allowed him to partake in the finer aspects of life from an early age. Both his mother and his sister were successful and accomplished musicians and it was from them that he received his initial training and encouragement in his life-long love for music. Gcse Dt Coursework! (1) His Jewish lineage was to be a deciding factor in his thought and writings, particularly after the Nazi Reign of Terror swept through his country. For ever after, the on electricity supply millions who were persecuted under Hitler's totalitarian regime would not be forgotten by this very serious and esoteric intellectual; his legacy to them was the quest for the reconciliation of social contradictions and his contention that to write poetry after Auschwitz is books for mba, barbaric. (2) When Adorno met composer Alban Berg in 1924, it was after the on electricity supply premiere of Berg's famous opera Wozzeck at the Frankfurt Festival of the Universal German Society.
Adorno's musical education until then was solely traditional and he was extremely interested in discovering the innovative techniques he was hearing and essay inequality begin to use them in his own compositions. When asked, Berg agreed to accept him as a student if he did move to Vienna, but completion of his education would postpone the trip until the following year. (3) For it was at this time Adorno was completing his doctoral studies in philosophy at a Frankfurt university. (4) His passion for music was matched only by his dedication to the field of philosophy. For him, these two seemingly diverse paths came together in their search for truth, and he refused to choose one career over the other. Adorno preferred to immerse himself in both, and can assuredly be called the thesis on electricity quintessential philosopher of music. Alban Berg, along with Anton von Webern, were the my american principal students of Arnold Schoenberg, the thesis on electricity founder of the gcse dt coursework Second Viennese School, a successor to the old romantic school of thesis Viennese composers.
Berg was a steadfast disciple and friend of Schoenberg, helping him to organize the Society for Private Performances in Vienna which prohibited music critics and applause. For Mba Essay! (5) Adorno considered his teacher a figure of humanity, who desired much, but hoped for nothing; having very little to thesis on electricity, lose and human even less to fear. Thesis! (6) Berg's early pieces reflected the influence of Richard Wagner and essay human inequality race Gustav Mahler, and later, Schoenberg's influence developed the composer into a revolutionary of 'new music'. (7) Adorno described his teacher's music as structurally non-traditional, with a tendency towards particularization and disintegration: it strives toward a threshold value bordering on nothingness. (8) His music was seen as radically new because of this simultaneous double movement of continual construction and perpetual decay: its life and death composition. Berg's music expressed his personal preoccupation with death and the awareness he possessed of its imminence. (9) Berg's opera Wozzeck used the construction of free atonality, endeavoring to supply, give music autonomy from the words. This absence of tonality was effectively overcome by allowing the music to completely consume the the importance of education words and to demand central attention. Thesis! This progressive technique was coupled with multi-note chords and sir gawain critical essays expressions of chaos which needed concentration and on electricity perception from the listener if understanding was to be facilitated. Berg used interweaving and overlapping to books, compose and to attain his desire for the music to follow the supply path of nothingness to nothingness; (10) considering quality more important than the stylistic means used to reach it. Adorno's relationship with Berg lasted eleven years and he described his creations in the following words: His music is without force, tangible and fatal like a wine; that comprises its true modernity, modernity of a kind that finds a genuine counterpoint only in the properties of some exuberantly abstract creations of contemporary art and sculpture with a profound predisposition for the chaotic. (11)
Berg also used Schoenberg's twelve-tone system , creating some very complicated music that was difficult to penetrate, but audiences were much more receptive of him than they were of his mentor. Adorno spent two years in Vienna under the tutelage of gcse Alban Berg, attracted to the close-knit circle of on electricity intellectuals who were gathered there at the time. He later admitted he was drawn to Vienna in hopes of becoming involved in this exclusive and esoteric group that was considered culturally elitist. This was a short-lived dream for Adorno because Schoenberg's new marriage would cause him to become inaccessible and eventually precipitated his move outside the synthesis essay thesis city altogether. For Adorno this meant a return to Frankfurt which had obvious historical ramifications since it would begin his membership in the Frankfurt Institut. (12) However, his stay in Vienna had a profound and lasting affect on him. The 'new music' which flowed out thesis, of the Second Viennese School and my american identity essay its founder would be the subjects of countless essays and books by Theodor Adorno.
Who was this maestro Schoenberg and thesis on electricity supply how did Adorno characterize the inequality modern music that he equated with life itself? During the supply 1930s Adorno considered Arnold Schoenberg the most progressive person in modern music. (13) He was a musical genius who received only a few months of training from Alexander von Zemlinsky. My American Identity Essay! His early songs provoked hostile criticisms and he found solace in his painting, revealing strong expressionist tendencies. He taught at the prestigious Sterns Conservatory in Berlin, and on electricity supply later, conducted in important cities across Europe before entering military service in for mba writing, World War I. During the early 1920s he lived and thesis on electricity taught in Vienna, leaving the city to teach a master class at the Prussian Academy of Arts in Berlin. When he was fired by the Nazis in critical essays, 1933, Schoenberg went to Paris and converted back to his childhood religion of Judaism. Soon after, he relocated to the United States, where he lived out the rest of his life. (14) Schoenberg composed for chorus, orchestra, chamber ensemble, stage, voice, and keyboard. Alongside his musical interests and passion for painting was a proficiency for writing, with many articles, books, and essays, to his credit.
One of his many maxims, which seems autobiographical was: genius learns only from thesis on electricity supply itself, talent chiefly from others. (15) Schoenberg's music developed through four major transformations. The first was typified by a postromanticism and was influenced by Gustav Mahler and Richard Wagner, as was Alban Berg's early music. His second period was considerably more abstract and reflected an innovative spirit. Critical! His atonal-expressionism began with Das Buch der hangenden Garten in 1908, and employed an thesis, increased absence of tonality and a tendency towards dissonance over the typical consonance. He eliminated symmetry and disregarded formal sequences in identity essay, his music, destroying the traditional bonds of coherence and unity in compositions.
These manifestations were considered quite revolutionary and were abhorred by the general population of the day. (16) Adorno's own work was influenced by Schoenberg's atonality, but in much more than his musical compositions. In Origins of Negative Dialetics , Susan Buck-Morss observes that: Schoenberg's revolution in music provided the inspiration for Adorno's own efforts in on electricity supply, philosophy, the model for his major work on Husserl during the of education 1930s. For just as Schoenberg had overthrown tonality, the decaying form of thesis bourgeois music, so Adorno's Husserl study attempted to overthrow idealism, the decaying form of bourgeois philosophy. (17)
Schoenberg composed frantically during this phase of expressionism, but even then, was radically opposed to the market. He agreed with Adorno's premise that from the middle of the nineteenth century on, good music had renounced commercialism altogether. (18) The avoidance of tonality endeavored to give equal value to the chromatic twelve notes , thereby eliminating the traditional hierarchy of the tonal system of scales. Synthesis Thesis! Thus, it was not a big leap into Schoenberg's most progressive period, which had a dramatic and lasting effect on thesis supply, Western music: (19) the critical essays introduction of his twelve-tone system. In Adorno's Philosophy of Modern Music , he stresses the point that Schoenberg's twelve-tone system was not a compositional technique since composing could only begin when the method was established. (20) However, most music theoreticians consider it a device Schoenberg and supply others used to write complex pieces, shattering traditional notions of harmony and counterpoint. (21) Adorno agreed with the inventor, that its origin flowed out of late nineteenth century chromaticism and was historically necessary to overcome the pure arbitrariness of atonal music. The problem of no key at human, all was solved by Schoenberg's twelve-tone system. Additionally, there was an abandonment of repetition, even to the degree that all twelve tones of the chromatic scale (arranged in any order by thesis supply the composer) had to for mba essay writing, be used before any one could be resounded. This meant the music was in constant flux and displayed intense harmonic dissonance. (22) It was unsettling to listen to and the thesis supply music of books essay writing Schoenberg and his students spread terror and thesis anxiety since it allowed insight into the catastrophic situation which others merely evade by regressing. (23) The twelve-tone system did have advantages, but it became a rigid set of rules to follow and a time-consuming procedure. (24) The five years preceding his innovation were productive ones for of education Schoenberg and during them, he composed more music than in all twenty years of using the twelve- tone method. He continued to use it in his last transformation which can be called his American period. His most famous work of the time was A Survivor from thesis Warsaw (1947) which employed a toned down twelve-tone methodology. Synthesis Essay Thesis! (25) Strangely, Schoenberg also had a predisposition for a preoccupation with death and suffered from a paranoid fear of the number thirteen. He believed he would be fine if he could survive July 13, 1951, when he would turn seventy-six.
His worry was exacerbated when a friend pointed out that the digits of on electricity supply his age also added up to thirteen. Sadly, he died on July 13, exactly thirteen minutes before midnight. (26) Until his death it was his contention that art is the cry of distress uttered by those who experience at first hand, the fate of my american identity mankind. (27) Adorno considered him to be an intense visionary, but admitted Schoenberg's system provoked difficult and restricting demands, making the process of thesis on electricity composing an extremely intellectual undertaking. (28) He refused to use it in his own work and later attacked it with many criticisms because he believed it destroyed the essays very spontaneity that gave emancipated music its essence. (29) Its formalism had been too extreme and its expression too drastic. Adorno realized modern music innovators were affected by the constant barrage of hostile reactions against supply them, reflected both, in the decreasing numbers of compositions and the marks of essay fatigue, and the immense effort found in the music. (30) Webern had the dream that in time, their twelve-tone music would come to sound as natural as traditional music, but Schoenberg was more realistic. (31) He knew that its intellectuality and atonality would be intolerable to the masses of people who apprehended music sensuously; but he did not care, stating; how the music sounds is not the point. (32) What was the point? Many expressionist artists came from the on electricity comfortably complacent middle and upper classes, yet they felt the strongest premonitions of catastrophe as the books essay writing problems of the nineteenth century came to the surface. The rapid industrialization and urbanization, severe oppression of workers, as well as numerous technological advances, made it a period which heralded capitalistic values over the needs of the human spirit and personal worth. (33) Adorno wrote: what radical music perceives is the untransfigured suffering of man, (34) believing that artists and musicians could help in overcoming some of the social contradictions through the development of emancipated or autonomous art. For him, autonomy meant art's freedom from any social, economic, political, or religious use, it was a precondition for thesis on electricity him. To Adorno, the essays forms of art reflect the history of man more truthfully than do documents themselves. (35) Was his modern music everything he said it was, or should it be considered elitist and therefore, exclusionary?
Does music have to be chaotic and revolutionarily alarming to be true? As with all things, change and progress in music is inevitable, however, from the turn of the century there was a period of extreme experimentation which propelled music in all directions. Thesis On Electricity Supply! The nineteenth century is considered the Age of Romanticism by music historians and it produced compositions that strove to communicate the artist's inner desires and gcse dt coursework emotions. On Electricity Supply! In earlier centuries, composers were primarily concerned with impeccable craftsmanship, and suppressing individual mood cogitation. For them, emotional expression was only a minor component in sir gawain critical essays, the act of musical writing. (36) Adorno and the other modernists preferred this pre-romantic approach over on electricity supply, the romantic genre that was prevalent at the time. Certainly, many people could not understand why the essay traditional musicians like Wagner were no longer good enough and wondered how they could possibly keep up with all the new manifestations in music. Supply! (37) In the essay regarding case of Schoenberg's music, one could, without reservation state that the supply majority of people would considerate it inaccessible; it would be meaningless to the untrained ear. That is not to say the mass population should denounce the composer nor deny the right of anyone to bring forth what is my american identity essay, conceived as disconnected, culturally-elite music. On Electricity! Just as Adorno should have understood that in the pre-radio and television days, music was beyond the financial and quite possibly, the geographical reach of most people.
Surely, not every city had an opera house and for the fortunate people who could afford to human, go on thesis on electricity supply, occasion, distorted and unconventional music would not be their first choice. Schoenberg was quite correct in his perception of this reality. Adorno said Schoenberg's music resembled popular songs in books essay writing, refusing to be enjoyed. (38) The argument could be made that art must be for the people and comprehensible to them, and not solely for trained experts who seemed so far out of touch with the on electricity general population they were supposed to be writing for essay regarding of education and who ought to have been listening to their music. Susan Buck-Morss asks: Precisely whom were the avant-garde leading? The answer could only be those who understand the complexities of on electricity supply musical technique, that is, other intellectuals.
In reality, access to the truth of Schoenberg's music was open only to the cultured elite from the bourgeois ranks whose economic security gave them the necessary means for acquiring a specialized training. The difficulty was that this group would always remain a few. Essay Regarding Of Education! (39) Earlier in thesis, the book she made a point that Adorno would certainly agree with: artistic and cultural rebellion by writing individuals took the place of organized political or social revolt. (40) For Adorno, that was the thesis supply crux of the matter and he spent many years of his life advocating non-conformity through artistic expression. Adorno returned to Frankfurt, becoming a member of the identity city's Institut which tried to address current social issues. On Electricity! Before long Germany's prevailing political movement prompted many of the sir gawain critical essays group to seek exile, and by the end of the war, the majority had become citizens of the United States. Thesis On Electricity Supply! Adorno chose to spend the 1930s in England, continuing his studies and teaching at Oxford, however, he was missed by his colleagues in the Institut and was finally convinced to join them to renew their cultural studies in America, and in particular, the rise of human mass culture. Thesis Supply! (41) Adorno vehemently criticized twentieth century popular music, with its standardized, repetitive structure that is regarded as the essay regarding of education absolute criterion of social truth, (42) and its insistence upon on electricity, conformity. In Introduction to the Sociology of Music , he wrote: popular music constitutes the dregs of musical history. (43) What were the reasons for his analysis, and what did he see in jazz that made it so problematic for society? Underlying all his work in the area was his contention that popular art becomes the mere exponent of essay human race society, rather than a catalyst for change in society. (44) He believed American authoritarianism had a different facade than the typical European forms.
Instead, it was characterized by a disguised and gentle conformist enforcement rather than blatant terrorist coercion. The American totalitarianism was spread by supply the culture industry which Adorno saw as undemocratic, reified, and phony: individualistic tendencies are liquidated and flawlessly arranged pieces of music are perfectly performed, sounding more like phonograph records than vital artistic displays. (45) Music lost its intellectual component when it became consumed by powers beyond its own scope and thereby, lost its spontaneity and autonomy as well. Musical offerings are imbued with so much sameness that preference depends merely upon a person's biographical details or on the situation in which things are heard. (46) Recognition of the music was the preoccupation of the industry which promoted interchangeable parts for use in songs to facilitate this end. In On the Fetish-Character in Music and the Regression of Listening , Adorno writes: the familiarity of a piece is a surrogate for the quality ascribed to it. To like it is almost the same thing as to recognize it. Regarding! (47) In addition, whatever is most familiar becomes very successful and for this reason, causes it to be played continually.
Adorno perceived a lack of authentic talent in on electricity supply, the popular forms of music which equated singers with the ability to essay human, speak and their capacity for performing in thesis, front of audiences. The prima donnas and the castrati, with their artistic virtuosity belonged to books for mba essay writing, an earlier epoch and no longer had a place in the music industry. Thesis On Electricity Supply! Likewise, Adorno saw a change in the music connoisseur whose reason for attending concerts was the cultural importance of being seen at the 'right' performance rather than the pleasure of listening the musical event was transformed into a means. The fact the synthesis essay thesis price of the ticket could be afforded was far more important and constituted a worshiping of status, over and above the joy and privilege of supply attending a musical event. (48) Does music even entertain anymore? Adorno certainly believed it no longer had the ability and instead, merely complemented the death of expressive speech and humanity's tendency towards non-communication. (49) He wrote of the pockets of silence (50) that are so prevalent in society and admitted that if nobody can any longer speak, then certainly nobody can any longer listen. Synthesis Thesis! (51) This 'regression of listening' was a major concern for Adorno because for him, it was synonymous with the on electricity supply incapability of most people to participate in concentrated listening. The musical audience resign themselves to whatever is offered, rejecting freedom of choice and the responsibility for intellectual perception of the songs.
Therefore, a 'regression of listening' among consumers means needs are being manipulated by outside forces. Adorno states: regressive listening is tied to production by the machinery of distribution, and books essay particularly, by advertising. (52) He says that consumers of popular music. . have key points in common with the man who must kill time because he has nothing else on which to vent his aggression, and with the casual laborer. To make oneself a jazz expert or hang over thesis on electricity supply, the radio all day, one must have much free time and little freedom. Explanatory Synthesis Thesis! (53) The radio was another area of on electricity concern for dt coursework him since he saw it as a diversionary tool of thesis supply mass culture, believing it to be as fascist as the Reformation's printing press. Essay Regarding! Very little modern music, with its atonal dissonance was heard over the airwaves. Instead, music which conveyed the need to conform was given priority because listening to it was not an effort and could even be done unconsciously. Thesis! Ernst Krenek said the radio destroyed what Benjamin called the 'aura of artwork' by simulating the experience. Attendance was no longer required at a performance to critical essays, hear the music, but he believed it took away the aesthetic experience of it, and therefore, its ability to promote praxis. (54) Jazz presented the same problem for Adorno because it was seen by him to be basically dance or background music.
It was not music that would be listened to intensely for its intellectual value, and he believed it to primarily be a corruption of supply traditional music. His main concern was with the heavily-commercialized Tin Pan Alley jazz with its standardized and essay human inequality repetitious forms; all spontaneity was rigorously excluded from the music. (55) Adorno viewed jazz as a static music whose deviations were as standardized as the standards, (56) but the monotony never bothered its fans who perceived the songs as new and exciting. In Perennial Fashion-Jazz , Adorno writes: Considered as a whole, the perennial sameness of thesis supply jazz consists not in a basic organization of the synthesis essay thesis material within which the imagination can roam freely and thesis on electricity without inhabitation, as within an articulate language, but rather in the utilization of certain well-defined tricks, formulas, and clichés to the exclusion of gcse dt coursework everything else . Thesis Supply! (57) The presence of some advanced elements such as montage, shock, and technological production techniques, did not validate jazz for Adorno. Human Race! (58) For him, jazz, a phantasmagoria of modernity, is illusory, (59) and provided but a counterfeit freedom. (60) Many questions arise out of Adorno's writings on music.
Is not all music valid if it gives enjoyment and reduces feelings of turmoil and anxiety in a world where constant change is the hallmark? Of course, this depends on thesis supply, what we call enjoyment? Schoenberg's music was not a highly marketable commodity, and is it not elitist to argue that if a piece of music or art has an exchange value, it has lost its use value? Why should Adorno claim universal validity for 'new music' solely? Many would contend that jazz and all forms of popular music are not corruptions of essay regarding the importance traditional music, but in fact, are entirely new genres of music in their own right. Should music change with the times and not have to depend upon abstraction, nominalism, and dissonance for validity? It could also be said that in the prevailing fast-paced, technologically-bombarded society where striving to thesis on electricity supply, survive is hard enough music should not be so difficult to explanatory synthesis, understand that an supply, education in dt coursework, music is on electricity supply, needed for listening. And does autonomous music actually contribute to my american identity, society? In Theory of the Avant-Garde , Peter Bürger discusses the status of autonomous art as a bourgeois category, describing the detachment of art from the realities of life. (61) It is erroneous to perceive autonomy to mean independence from bourgeois society; and thesis on electricity instead, to understand that it is actually art that is produced by members of classes who are somewhat free from financial pressures, and books have the luxury to produce what is not part of any means-end relationship. Thesis On Electricity Supply! (62) Bürger saw the loss of effectiveness in Adorno's modernistic music because it offered no communication with society. It does not reflect society, and vehemently resists it. (63) It is music that has no practical value, but Adorno insisted that these isolated works harbor truth in society. Was he right?
Adorno believed autonomous artistic compositions were the pressures of society's utopian possibilities and the last hold out for humanity's desire for a better world: a world which he saw to gcse dt coursework, be immersed in thesis on electricity, social contradictions. Explanatory Synthesis Thesis! Until these contradictions were harmonized, music and the other arts must continue to reflect elements of social protest. Adorno also admitted that music itself contained contradictions in its own structure since it could never be completely autonomous nor fully reflective of culture. What distressed him more was autonomous music being severely threatened by commodification, displaying considerably more features of an exchange value philosophy. He contended that his criticisms of popular music were not based on elitist comparisons with traditionally 'serious music', but rather, that the real dichotomy was between music that was completely market-driven and music that was not. (64) Adorno was not idealistic enough to believe music can emancipate humanity from all its problems, however, he did hope it could transmit some knowledge of truth, and be a form of enlightenment. On Electricity Supply! In The Decline of the West , Oswald Spengler wrote: world fear is writing, assuredly the most creative of all prime feelings. (65) It is evident that Adorno's theory of thesis on electricity supply music was not based on an elitist position, but rather, on my american identity essay, one of social conscience which strove for truth in philosophy and music. For most people music crystallizes the past, bringing good and bad memories to the forefront.
For Adorno, music was much more. He was convinced that music could be so powerful it could force individuals to realize their existence is a product of social forces which can undergo change. (66) Music can bring about a realization of truth. As Martin Jay writes in The Dialectical Imagination : For, so the Frankfurt Institute always insisted, it was only by the refusal to celebrate the present that the supply possibility might be preserved of a future in which writing poetry would no longer be an act of barbarism. (67)
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Carnegie Mellon University Information Networking Institute THESIS
SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. There is no part of the ACT more mysterious to students than the thesis on electricity supply essay, and regarding, very few people seem to on electricity supply know what exactly the ACT is looking for in a perfect essay (particularly since September 2015 was the new ACT Writing test's debut). Human Inequality Race? Luckily, we've got the expertise to give you some insight into how the thesis on electricity essay works and what you can do to push your score those extra few points up the gcse scale. Thesis On Electricity? Whether you're trying to impress your dream school or just want to boost your ACT score, the essay is a great thing to work on. Some of the tips below stand alone, while others are part of larger categories that have been assembled based our ACT expertise. Important: If you haven't read our other ACT Writing guides before , take a minute and read them now: This will make the rest of the article make more sense. Sir Gawain? Part I: What a 12 on the ACT Essay Means. If you're already scoring an 8 or above in on electricity supply every domain on practice (or real) ACT essays, you have a shot at completely nailing what the graders want, represented by a score of 12, with a little practice. But there's something important to remember in your quest for perfection: on the ACT essay, a 12 is not always achievable. We've got good news and bad news for those of you who are determined to know how to get a 12 on the ACT essay.
NOTE: For students who took the for mba essay ACT Writing test from September 2015 - June 2016, ACT essays were scored on thesis on electricity supply a scale of 1-36 (calculated by adding all your domain scores together and gcse, then scaling them). Starting September 2016, however, the supply ACT essay is now scored by averaging all four domain scores, on essay human inequality a scale of 2-12. You'll have to practice this. Thesis On Electricity Supply? The perfect ACT essay is like a puzzle that happens to be in essays writing form—it can be mastered, but to do it well and completely every time requires a few month's practice. Knowing how to on electricity write other kinds of essays will only help you a limited amount. Because the whole essay must be written in 40 minutes, getting a 12 requires some luck. You have to sir gawain pick a thesis and think of relevant and convincing evidence to support it before you can even start writing, so a lot depends on how quickly you can decided on a point of view and thesis, relevant support for whatever the prompt happens to be. And because perfect-scoring essays are almost always at essay regarding the importance of education, least two pages long, you don't have any time to spare.
Because the essay is so formulaic, it's always possible to get at least a 10 in each domain. And, on top of this, no college worth its salt is going to supply base your college admission on getting those last two points on my american an essay you had to thesis write in 40 minutes. The goal, really, is to show that you can write a decent essay in that time, and a 10 in each domain shows that just as well as a 12 does. Essay Race? Part II: The Difference between a 10 and a 12. Supply? If we asked the ACT what the difference is between a 10 and a 12 ACT essay, they would direct us to their scoring criteria below that describes the difference between the 5 and 6 essay scores in each domain. As you may already know, a total domain score of 12 comes from two readers separately giving your essay a 6; the four domain scores are then averaged to calculate your total essay score of 12. We've marked the differences between the 5 and 6 criteria in books for mba essay writing bold . Later, we'll look at these differences in the context of a sample essay. The 6 essay gives a more specific and logically precise context. Thesis On Electricity? The thesis and argument show a deep understanding of the human race issue, while the analysis not only mentions, but also inspects the complexities and implications of the issue.
Part III: Applying the Criteria in a Real ACT Essay Example. Now we'll look at a sample essay and how it demonstrates the thesis characteristics of the 6 essay above. First, let's look at the prompt: Many of the goods and services we depend on daily are now supplied by intelligent, automated machines rather than human beings. Robots build cars and of education, other goods on assembly lines, where once there were human workers. Many of our phone conversations are now conducted not with people but with sophisticated technologies. We can now buy goods at a variety of stores without the help of a human cashier. Automation is generally seen as a sign of progress, but what is lost when we replace humans with machines? Given the accelerating variety and thesis supply, prevalence of intelligent machines, it is worth examining the implications and essay regarding, meaning of their presence in thesis on electricity supply our lives.
Perspective One: What we lose with the replacement of people by machines is some part of our own humanity. Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for synthesis essay other people. Perspective Two: Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. Perspective Three: Intelligent machines challenge our long-standing ideas about what humans are or can be. This is good because it pushes both humans and machines toward new, unimagined possibilities.
Write a unified, coherent essay about the thesis increasing presence of intelligent machines. Now, read the ACT essay example below , and try to notice how it meets the books for mba writing criteria in thesis on electricity the table above. From the simplest system of essay human inequality race, pulleys and thesis on electricity, ropes to the most complex supercomputer in regarding the world today, machines have had (and continue to have) a profound influence on the development of humanity. Whether it is taking over monotonous, low-skill tasks or removing that messy “human” element from our day-to-day interactions, machines have answered the call to duty. The increasing prevalence of intelligent machines challenges us to change long held beliefs about our limitations and to thesis continue forward to new and even more advanced possibilities. One common argument against the increased presence of machines in essay human our day to thesis day lives is that machines leach from us our basic humanity. Indeed, certain people whose only social interactions are anonymous text-based conversations with other anonymous Internet forum dwellers over computers may begin to lose basic human courtesy and empathy. This is critical essays crystal clear with a glance at the comments section of any popular news article. Yet machines are also capable of enhancing people’s abilities to communicate.
An example of this can be found in Tod Machover’s lab at thesis on electricity supply, MIT, where breakthroughs in neurotechnology have made it possible for quadripalegics to sir gawain essays manipulate text on computers with their minds. Such interactions would be impossible without the thesis supply existence of intelligent machines. Therefore, I must disagree with Perspective one. Rather than losing part of our own humanity to machines, we instead make that most-essential-to-humanity of acts, communication, possible. Another school of thought (Perspective Two) argues that machines are good at identity essay, how and on electricity, high skill repetitive jobs, which leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. This can be seen in the human work hours that are saved daily with automated phone menus. Dt Coursework? Before intelligent machines made automatic telephone menus possible, every customer service call ate up valuable employee time. Now, menus allow callers to choose the on electricity number that best suits their needs, routing calls to explanatory appropriate destinations without the need for human employees to waste time explaining for the hundredth time that “our business hours are 10am-6pm.” On the other hand, no mechanized system of this kind is thesis supply perfect, because it can’t predict all future outcomes.
In terms of automated telephone menus, this means that sometimes, no menu options are correct. While automated systems may take the burden off of human workers, it is a mistake to think that they can replace humans entirely. Why else would the last line of resort for most automated phone menus be “Dial “0” to speak to an operator/customer service representative?” Perspective Two is true, but it only goes so far. A final example will demonstrate how intelligent machines challenge longstanding ideas and push us towards new, unimagined possibilities (perspective three). At my high school, all students had to take diagnostic tests in every main subject to figure out our strengths and weaknesses, and my american, we were then sorted into thesis, class by skill level.
A truly remarkable pattern emerged as a result of this sorting: it turned out that every kid in essay my medium-level physics class was also a talented musician. The system that sorted us allowed us to on electricity supply find this underlying pattern, which changed the way our teachers taught us; we learned about mechanics through examples that were more relevant to our lives (answering questions like “how many pulleys are needed to lift a piano?”), which in explanatory synthesis thesis turn made our classes both more enjoyable and also more effective. When before I had struggled with physics and simply assumed it was a subject I “wasn’t good at,” the intelligent, automated sorting system allowed me to discover that I could in thesis fact understand mechanics if taught in the right way. This discovery pushed me toward previously unimagined academic possibilities. For Mba Essay? In conclusion, intelligent machines help us to move forward as a species to greater heights. While machines can cause problems and may in some cases need human input to function optimally, it is how we react and thesis, adapt to the machines that is the real takeaway. This was a real essay written by me within the time limit. What do you think? Now let's look at regarding the importance of education, an annotated version of on electricity supply, this ACT essay example that points out the essay's features.
What Makes This ACT Essay a 12, Rather Than an dt coursework 8 or 10? The author clearly states her perspective and compares it to two other given perspectives , presenting both positive and negative aspects of the two perspectives she does not entirely agree with: One common argument against the increased presence of machines in our day to day lives is that machines leach from us our basic humanity. Yet machines are also capable of enhancing people’s abilities to communicate. The author gives both general statements . Rather than losing part of our own humanity to on electricity machines, we instead make that most-essential-to-humanity of acts, communication, possible. Essay Writing? . and specific examples that discuss both sides of the perspectives: . Supply? certain people whose only social interactions are anonymous text-based conversations with other anonymous Internet forum dwellers over computers may begin to lose basic human courtesy and empathy. [on the other hand,] breakthroughs in neurotechnology have made it possible for quadripalegics to gcse dt coursework manipulate text on computers with their minds. The essay begins (after the introduction paragraph) by addressing opposing views and on electricity, discussing their strengths and their limits. Then it goes on in paragraphs 4 to explain a final reason why intelligent machines challenge ideas about humanity and push us towards new possibilities. The advanced vocabulary is highlighted in critical blue.
Sentence structure is on electricity supply varied, like here: On the other hand, no mechanized system of this kind is perfect, because it can’t predict all future outcomes. In terms of explanatory thesis, automated telephone menus, this means that sometimes, no menu options are correct. While automated systems may take the burden off of human workers, it is a mistake to think that they can replace humans entirely. Supply? Why else would the last line of resort for most automated phone menus be “Dial “0” to sir gawain critical speak to an operator/customer service representative?” Considerations That Aren't Included in the ACT's Published Guidelines. The essay is long enough to analyze and compare the author's perspective to thesis on electricity other perspectives in a nuanced way (1 positive example for each perspective with an addition negative example comparing the 2 perspectives the author disagreed to her own perspective) and include an introductory paragraph and a conclusion. While ACT, Inc. doesn't acknowledge that length is a factor in scoring ACT essays, most experts agree that it is. But length means nothing if there isn't valuable information filling the space, so long ACT essays also need to essay human inequality be detailed—this author uses the space to give lots of analysis of and context for on electricity her examples.
You may have noticed that the essay is dt coursework broken up into on electricity, multiple paragraphs (into the standard 5-paragraph format, in fact). The Importance Of Education? This makes the essay easier to read, especially for the ACT readers who have about 2-3 minutes to read (and score!) each essay. If your points can easily be split up into small parts, then it makes sense to on electricity split it up into even more paragraphs, as long as your essay's organization and logical progression remains clear. Essay Of Education? This essay uses a personal example, which may or may not be made up (spoiler alert: it is). But the point is that it could be made up, as can anything you use in your essay.
Being able to think of examples (that are not TOO obviously made up) can give you a huge advantage on the ACT essay. The key to a perfect score on the ACT essay is to use every second of your time wisely. To this end, here are a few tips to avoid common time-wasters and put your energy where it will get you the most points. 1. Writing as much as you can without including repetitive or irrelevant information. 2. Revising the first and thesis supply, last paragraphs (they stand out in essay readers' minds) 3. Making sure you have transitions. 1. Thinking of on electricity, 'smart' sounding evidence— examples from your own life (or made up about your own life) are just as viable as current events, as long as you keep your example focused and concise. 2. Trying to correct every error—the grammar and spelling do not have to be perfect to score a 12 in the Language Use domain. 3. Adding as many vocabulary words as you can—you only need enough to avoid repeating the same basic words or phrases multiple times; you'll max out fancy vocab's potential at 2 words per paragraph. How To Practice Your Writing To Get A Perfect 12 In Each Domain. Start with our list of ACT essay prompts.
Create a list of evidence examples—from literature, history, or personal experience—that you can use for many or most prompt arguments. Practice first with extended time—50 minutes—so you can get an idea of what it takes to sir gawain get a top-scoring essay. Find a way to grade your essay, using the ACT Writing Rubric. If you can be objective about your writing, you can notice weak spots, especially if you ran out of on electricity supply, time but know what to do. Otherwise, try to get help from an English teacher or a friend who's a better writer than you are. Start narrowing the time down to 40 minutes to identity essay mirror the actual test. Stay confident! The ACT essay is just like a puzzle—every time you do one, you get better at thesis on electricity supply, doing it. Use our analysis of the ACT Writing Rubric to essay human inequality learn about thesis on electricity, how your essay will be scored - and discover strategies you can use to get the score you want.
Make sure your ACT score is high enough for the schools you want to apply to. Find out how to find your ACT target score . Sir Gawain Critical Essays? Want to improve your ACT score by 4 points? Check out our best-in-class online ACT prep program. Thesis Supply? We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your ACT score by 4 points or more. Critical? Our program is thesis on electricity supply entirely online, and it customizes your prep program to your strengths and weaknesses. We also have expert instructors who can grade every one of explanatory essay thesis, your practice ACT essays, giving feedback on how to improve your score. Check out our 5-day free trial: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and on electricity, Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the dt coursework Longy School of Music of Bard College. Thesis On Electricity Supply? She scored 99 percentile scores on identity the SAT and on electricity supply, GRE and loves advising students on how to excel in high school.
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Carnegie Mellon University Information Networking Institute THESIS
Cisco IOS Terminal Services Command Reference, Release 12.2. Cisco IOS Terminal Services Command Reference, Release 12.2. Commands LI through SH. View with Adobe Reader on a variety of devices. To identify a specific line for configuration and enter line configuration collection mode, use the line command in global configuration mode. (Optional) Auxiliary EIA/TIA-232 DTE port. Must be addressed as relative line 0. The auxiliary port can be used for thesis, modem support and asynchronous connections. (Optional) Console terminal line. The console port is DCE. (Optional) Standard asynchronous line.
(Optional) Virtual terminal line for remote console access. Relative number of the terminal line (or the first line in dt coursework, a contiguous group) that you want to configure when the line type is specified. On Electricity! Numbering begins with zero. (Optional) Relative number of the sir gawain last line in a contiguous group that you want to on electricity supply configure. Dt Coursework! If you omit any keyword, then line-number and ending-line-number are absolute rather than relative line numbers. There is no default line.
This command was introduced. You can address a single line or a consecutive range of lines with the supply line command. A line number is identity, necessary, though, and you will receive an error message if you forget to include it. Entering the line command with the optional line type ( aux , console , tty , or vty ) designates the line number as a relative line number. For example, to configure line parameters for line 7 (a TTY line), you could enter the on electricity supply following: You also can use the line command without specifying a line type. My American Essay! In this case, the line number is treated as an absolute line number. For example, to configure line parameters for line 5, which can be of any type, you could enter the following: Absolute line numbers increment consecutively and can be difficult to manage on large systems. Relative line numbers are a shorthand notation used in configuration.
Internally, the Cisco IOS software uses absolute line numbers. You cannot use relative line numbers everywhere, but you can use absolute line numbers everywhere. The absolute line number of the supply auxiliary port is 1. The relative line number of the gcse auxiliary port is 0. See the modem line configuration command to set up modem support on the auxiliary port. The software keeps a table of absolute and relative line numbers that you can display with the thesis on electricity show users all EXEC command. A sample display follows: The absolute line numbers are listed at the far left, followed by the line type, and then the relative line number. Relative line numbers always begin numbering at zero and define the type of line. Human! Addressing the second virtual terminal line as line VTY 1, for example, is easier than remembering it as line 143—its absolute line number. The line types are ranked as follows in the line table: 2. Standard asynchronous line (TTY) 3. Auxiliary port (aux)
4. Virtual terminal line (VTY) The terminal from which you locally configure the router is thesis on electricity supply, attached to the console port. To configure line parameters for the console port, enter the following: The console relative line number must be 0. Virtual terminal lines are used to allow remote access to the router. A virtual terminal line is not associated with either the my american identity auxiliary or console port. Supply! The router has five virtual terminal lines by my american essay default. However, you can create additional virtual terminal lines as described in on electricity supply, the chapter Configuring Protocol Translation and Virtual Asynchronous Devices in the Cisco IOS Terminal Services Configuration Guide . Configuring the console port or virtual terminal lines allows you to perform such tasks as setting communication parameters, specifying autobaud connections, and configuring terminal operating parameters for the terminal you are using. The following example starts configuration for essay, virtual terminal lines 0 to 4:
In the following example, the user creates and configures the maximum 100 virtual terminal lines with the supply no login command: In the following example, the user eliminates virtual terminal line number 5 and all higher-numbered virtual terminal lines. Only virtual terminal lines 0 to 4 will remain. In the books essay writing following example, the user configures console line 0, auxiliary line 0, and virtual terminal lines 0 to 4: Displays the parameters of a terminal line. Displays information about the active lines on the router. To change a login username, use the login command in EXEC mode.
This command has no arguments or keywords. This command was introduced. You can change a login username if you must match outgoing access list requirements or other login prompt requirements. When you enter this command, the Cisco IOS software prompts you for a username and password. Thesis On Electricity! Enter the new username and sir gawain critical essays, the original password. If the username does not match, but the password does, the Cisco IOS software updates the thesis session to the new username with which the login command attempt was made. If no username and password prompts appear when you enter this command, the network administrator did not specify that a username and password be required at login time. If both the explanatory synthesis username and password are entered correctly, the session becomes associated with the specified username. When you access a system using TACACS security with this command, enter your login name and specify a TACACS server using the user @ tacacs-server syntax when the Username: prompt appears. The TACACS server must be one of those defined in a Cisco IOS software configuration file.
For more information, refer to thesis on electricity the sections about my american identity specifying a TACACS host in the Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide, Release 12.2, or refer to the tacacs-server host command in the Cisco IOS Security Command Reference, Release 12.2 . If you do not specify a host, the Cisco IOS software tries each of the TACACS servers in the list until it receives a response. If you do specify a host that does not respond, no other TACACS server is queried. The Cisco IOS software will deny access or function according to the action specified by the tacacs-server last-resort command, if one is thesis on electricity supply, configured. If you specified a TACACS server host with the my american essay user @ tacacs-server command, the TACACS server specified will be used for all subsequent authentication or notification queries, with the possible exception of Serial Line Internet Protocol (SLIP) address queries. The following example shows how login usernames and passwords can be changed. In this example, a user currently logged in under the username user1 attempts to supply change that login name to user2. After entering the login command, the user enters the new username, but enters an gcse incorrect password.
Because the password does not match the thesis original password, the system rejects the attempt to change the username. Next, the user attempts the login change again, with the username user2, but enters the regarding of education correct (original) password. This time the on electricity supply password matches the current login information, the regarding login username is changed to user2, and on electricity supply, the user is allowed access to essay the EXEC at supply, the user level. Sets up a temporary password on a line. Enables the lock EXEC command. Note This command cannot be used with AAA/TACACS+. Cisco recommends that you use the login authentication command instead of the login line configuration command.
Refer to the Cisco IOS Security Command Reference for a description of the login authentication command. To enable password checking at essays, login, use the login command in line configuration mode. To disable password checking and allow connections without a password, use the no form of this command. (Optional) Selects local password checking. Authentication is based on on electricity supply the username specified with the username global configuration command. (Optional) Selects the TACACS-style user ID and password-checking mechanism.
Virtual terminals require a password. If you do not set a password for a virtual terminal, it responds to attempted connections by displaying an for mba essay error message and closing the connection. This command was introduced. If you specify the thesis on electricity login command without the local or tacacs option, authentication is based on the password specified with the password line configuration command. The following example sets the password letmein on vty 4: The following example enables the TACACS-style user ID and password-checking mechanism: Sets a local password to control access to various privilege levels. peer default ip address.
Specifies an IP address, an address from a specific IP address pool, or an address from the DHCP mechanism to be returned to a remote peer connecting to this interface. Enables virtual profiles by AAA configuration. To define a string of characters that is sent to a host after a successful Telnet connection, use the login-string command in essay the importance of education, global configuration mode. To remove the login string, use the thesis on electricity supply no form of this command. Specifies the name of the host. Sets a delimiting character of your choice—a pound sign (#), for example. Essay Inequality! You cannot use the delimiting character in the busy message.
Specifies the thesis on electricity supply login string. (Optional) Sets a pause in explanatory synthesis, seconds. To insert pauses into the login string, embed a percent sign (%) followed by the number of supply, seconds to pause and the letter p. (Optional) Prevents users from my american issuing commands or keystrokes during a pause. (Optional) Sends a Break character. (Optional) Supports TN3270 terminals. Sends only CR and supply, no LINE FEED. No login strings are defined. This command was introduced. Follow this command with one or more blank spaces and a delimiting character of gcse dt coursework, your choice. Then enter one or more lines of thesis, text, terminating the message with the explanatory synthesis essay second occurrence of the delimiting character.
To use a percent sign in the login string, precede it with another percent sign; that is, type the thesis characters %%. The options can be used anywhere within the message string. This command applies only to rlogin and Telnet sessions. In the following example, the value % 5p causes a 5-second pause: To log in to a packet assembler/disassembler (PAD), use the essay thesis pad command in EXEC mode. Specifies the X.121 address of the X.25 host. Specifies the on electricity X.25 host name if the host-to-address mapping has been set with the my american identity X.25 host command.
(Optional) Includes the specified text in the Call User Data (CUD) field of the outgoing Call Request Packet. (Optional) Displays the informational level of on electricity supply, logging messages whenever the remote host changes an X.3 parameter setting or sends any other X.29 control packet. (Optional) Sets X.3 PAD parameters for regarding, the name script. Using this keyword and profile name argument is the same as issuing the x29 profile global configuration command when translating X.25. If the X.29 profile is on electricity, set to default , the profile is applied to all incoming X.25 PAD calls, including the calls used for protocol translation. (Optional) Suppresses information messages. Human! Replace the message argument with the supply actual message that you want to suppress. (Optional) Causes reverse-charge calls to be accepted on a per-call (rather than a per-interface) basis. (Optional) Applies x25 map pad command entry options (such as CUD and idle) and sir gawain, facilities (such as packet in, packet out, win in, and win out) to supply the outgoing PAD call. Essay Human Inequality! This function occurs only thesis on electricity if a matching X.121 destination address exists in an x25 map pad command entry. This command was introduced.
The pad command supports one-word connections. You need not enter the pad command; entering the address is enough to regarding start the connection. A PAD can also be accessed and X.3 parameters configured with the x28 EXEC command, which uses the standard X.28 user interface. You can have several PAD connections open at the same time and thesis supply, switch between them. You also can exit a connection and return to the user EXEC prompt at any point. To open a new connection, first exit the current connection by entering the escape sequence ( Ctrl-Shift-6 then x [ Ctrl^x ] by sir gawain default) to thesis on electricity supply return to the EXEC prompt, then open the new connection. If the /use-map option is selected on the outgoing pad command, the x25 map pad command entries are searched for a matching X.121 destination address. If a match is dt coursework, found, the thesis on electricity x25 map pad command entry options (such as CUD and dt coursework, idle) and facilities (such as packet in, packet out, win in, and win out) are applied to the outgoing PAD call. To display information about packet transmission and X.3 PAD parameter settings, use the show x25 pad command.
To exit a session, simply log out of the remote system. Thesis! Then, terminate the active session by explanatory essay thesis entering the exit command. Use the ? command to display pad command options, as shown in thesis on electricity, the following example: The following example starts a PAD session: You can also access a PAD using standard X.28 commands. Sir Gawain Critical! The following example enters X.28 mode with the x28 EXEC command and configures a PAD with the set X.3 parameter command. The set command sets the idle time delay to 40 seconds. The following example uses the /use-map option to configure a larger window and packet size than the default specified on the interface, and it sets the virtual circuit idle time to 2 seconds. Thesis Supply! Notice that the map values are used rather than the sir gawain essays interface default values.
Automatically translates the request to another outgoing protocol connection type when an supply X.25 connection request to a particular destination address is my american identity essay, received. To set X.3 parameters, use the thesis on electricity supply resume command in EXEC mode. (Optional) The name or number of the connection; the default is the most recent connection. (Optional) Sets the essays X.3 connection options and packet assember/disassembler (PAD) parameters for the Cisco IOS software. See Table 9 in the Usage Guidelines for the PAD parameter numbers.
Refer to supply the chapter Configuring the explanatory essay Cisco PAD Facility for X.25 Connections of the Cisco IOS Terminal Services Configuration Guide, Release 12.2 , for a list of these connection options. For outgoing connections, the X.3 parameters default to the following: All other parameters default to zero, but can be changed using the /set switch option with either the resume command or the thesis on electricity supply x3 command. For incoming PAD connections, the software sends an X.29 SET PARAMETER packet to set only the following parameters: This command was introduced. Table 9 summarizes the X.3 PAD Parameters supported on Cisco devices. Reefer to the X.3 PAD Parameters appendix in the Cisco IOS Terminal Services Configuration Guide, Release 12.2 for sir gawain, more complete information about thesis these parameters. See Table 36 in this publication for a list of ASCII characters. Table 9 Supported X.3 PAD Parameters.
PAD recall using a character. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 126; X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 1. Note Not supported by PAD EXEC user interface. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 1; PAD EXEC mode and X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 1. Selection of data forwarding character. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 255; PAD EXEC mode default: 2 (CR); X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 126 ( Selection of idle timer delay. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 255; PAD EXEC mode default: 1; X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 0.
Ancillary device control. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 2; PAD EXEC mode default: 0; X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 1. Control of PAD service signals. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 255; PAD EXEC mode default: 0; X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 2. Note Not supported by essay the importance of education PAD EXEC user interface.
Action upon on electricity receipt of a BREAK signal. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 31; PAD EXEC mode default: 4; X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 2. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 1; PAD EXEC mode and X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 0. Padding after Return. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 255; PAD EXEC mode and essay race, X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 0. DTE speed (binary speed of thesis, start-stop mode DTE) Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 18; PAD EXEC mode and X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 14.
Flow control of the books for mba essay PAD by the start-stop DTE. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 1; PAD EXEC mode default: 0; X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 1. Line feed insertion (after a Return) Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 7; PAD EXEC mode and X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 0. Line feed padding.
Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 255; PAD EXEC mode and X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 0. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 1; PAD EXEC mode and X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 0. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 127; PAD EXEC mode and X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 127 (DEL). Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 127; PAD EXEC mode default: 21 (NAK or Ctrl-U); X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 24 (CAN or Ctrl-X). Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 127; PAD EXEC mode and X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 18 (DC2 or Ctrl-R).
Editing PAD service signals. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 126; PAD EXEC mode default: 0; X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 2. Note Not supported by thesis PAD EXEC user interface. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 255; PAD EXEC mode and X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 0. Note Not supported by PAD EXEC user interface.
Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 4; PAD EXEC mode and X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 0. Note For additional values that can be selected for parameter 21, including parity treatment to conform to the French Transpac public switched data network and its technical specification and utilization of networks standards (STUR), see Appendix A, X.3 PAD Parameters, in the Cisco IOS Terminal Services Configuration Guide, Release 12.2. The /set switch sets the X.3 parameters defined by parameter number and value, separated by a colon. Essay! You set one or more X.3 PAD parameters, as follows: Step 1 Escape out of the current session by pressing the escape sequence ( Ctrl-Shift-6 then x [ Ctrl^x ] by default) and return to supply the EXEC prompt. Step 2 Issue the where command, to essay list the open sessions. All open sessions associated with the current terminal line are displayed. Step 3 Enter the resume command, followed by the parameter, a colon, and then the value to be set. The following example specifies that local echo mode be turned on for a connection to the device named Swift (which is session number 3).
As shown in Table 7, local echo on uses the parameter 2 and the value 1 (represented as 2:1 in this example): To switch to another open Telnet, rlogin, local-area transport (LAT), or packet assembler/disassembler (PAD) session, use the resume command in EXEC mode. (Optional) The name or number of the connection; the default is the most recent connection. (Optional) One of the options listed in Table 8. (Optional) Sets PAD parameters for thesis supply, the Cisco IOS software (see Table 7). This command was introduced. Table 10 lists Telnet and rlogin resume options.
Table 10 Telnet and rlogin resume Options. Displays parameter changes and messages. In the Cisco IOS software, this option displays informational messages whenever the remote host changes an X.3 parameter, or sends an X.29 control packet. Performs local echo. Enables line-mode editing. Cancels printing of parameter changes and regarding the importance, messages. Disables local echo. Disables line mode and enables character-at-a-time mode, which is the default. Disables stream processing.
Sets X.3 connection options. Refer to the chapter Configuring the Cisco PAD Facility for X.25 Connections of the Cisco IOS Terminal Services Configuration Guide, Release 12.2 , f or a list of these connection options. Enables stream processing. 1 /noline is the default keyword. You can have several concurrent sessions open and on electricity supply, switch between them. The number of sessions that can be open is synthesis thesis, defined by the session-limit command . You can switch between sessions by escaping one session and supply, resuming a previously opened session, as follows: Step 1 Escape out of the current session by pressing the books for mba essay writing escape sequence ( Ctrl-Shift-6 then x [ Ctrl^x ] by default) and return to the EXEC prompt. Step 2 Enter the where command, to list the open sessions. All open sessions associated with the current terminal line are displayed.
Step 3 Enter the resume command and the session number to make the connection. You also can resume the previous session by pressing the Return key. The Ctrl^x , where , and resume commands are available with all supported connection protocols. The following example shows how to on electricity supply escape out of a connection and to resume connection 2: You can omit the command name and simply enter the connection number to resume that connection.
The following example illustrates how to resume connection 3: show tn3270 ascii-hexval. Displays ASCII-hexadecimal character mappings. Lists open sessions associated with the for mba essay writing current terminal line. To log in to a UNIX host using rlogin, use the rlogin command in EXEC mode. Specifies the on electricity supply host name or IP address. (Optional) The Berkeley Standard Distribution (BSD) UNIX syntax that specifies a username for the remote login. If you do not use this option, the remote username is your local username. (Optional) The EXEC command syntax that specifies a remote username in the initial exchange with the remote host. The rlogin protocol will not present you with the login prompt. (Optional) Prevents onscreen display of all messages from the Cisco IOS software. (Optional) Enables debugging output from the rlogin protocol.
This command was introduced. The /quiet keyword was added. You can have several concurrent rlogin connections open and switch between them. To open a new connection, first suspend the current connection by pressing the escape sequence ( Ctrl-Shift-6 then x [Ctrl^x ] by essay inequality default) to return to supply the EXEC prompt. Then open a new connection. Race! A user cannot automatically log in to on electricity a UNIX system from the router, but must provide a user ID and books for mba essay writing, a password for on electricity, each connection. If your preferred transport is set to essay human inequality race rlogin , you can use the connect command in thesis on electricity, place of the rlogin command.
Refer to dt coursework the chapter Configuring Terminal Operating Characteristics for Dial-In Sessions in the Cisco IOS Terminal Services Configuration Guide, Release 12.2, for more information about configuring a preferred transport type. When your preferred transport is on electricity, set to dt coursework none or to another protocol, you must use the rlogin command to connect to a host. To terminate an active rlogin session, enter one of the following commands at the UNIX prompt of the device to which you are connecting: The following example illustrates how a user with the login name jsmith can use the rlogin ? help command and the debug command mode to establish and troubleshoot a remote connection to the host named Alviso: The following example illustrates debug return on the host named zipper by the user named staff: The following example makes an rlogin connection to a host at supply, address 10.30.21.2 for a user named supervisor and enables the message mode for regarding the importance, debugging: The following example makes an rlogin connection to a host named headquarters for the user named admin:
The following example suppresses all onscreen messages from the Cisco IOS software during login and thesis supply, logout: Logs in to a host that supports Telnet, rlogin, or LAT. Logs in to a host that supports Telnet. To choose an authentication method for determining the local username to send to the remote rlogin server, use the rlogin trusted-localuser-source command in global configuration mode. To restore the default rlogin behavior, use the no form of this command. rlogin trusted-localuser-source [ local | radius | tacacs ] no rlogin trusted-localuser-source [ local | radius | tacacs ] (Optional) Uses local username from any authentication method. (Optional) Uses local username from RADIUS authentication. (Optional) Uses local username from books for mba essay writing TACACS authentication. The user must enter a rlogin username and thesis on electricity, password when connecting to identity essay the rlogin server. This command was introduced.
Use this command to define which of the sources for local usernames are valid. The rlogin protocol passes three types of information: the thesis on electricity remote username, the essay the importance of education local username, and the local host name of the router. On Electricity! The rlogin trusted-localuser-source command allows you to configure one of three behaviors for the importance, making connections to the rlogin server, as follows: • The user must enter a login username and on electricity supply, password to connect (default). • The Cisco IOS-authenticated username can be passed to the rlogin server so the user need only explanatory synthesis essay thesis enter a password to connect. • The user can be automatically connected to the rlogin server without needing to supply provide a username or password. This configuration is essays, made by thesis on electricity using both the rlogin trusted-localuser-source and rlogin trusted-remoteuser-source local commands where both the Cisco IOS authenticated username and the rlogin server username are the same. The following example uses the sir gawain local username from thesis supply RADIUS authentication:
Assigns an IP address to dt coursework the service provided on a TCP port. Logs in to a UNIX host using rlogin. rlogin trusted-remoteuser-source local. Determines the remote username to send to the remote rlogin server. Temporarily defines the list of services to thesis which you or another user can connect. rlogin trusted-remoteuser-source local. To determine the dt coursework remote username to send to the remote rlogin server, use the thesis rlogin trusted-remoteuser-source local command in essay regarding the importance of education, global configuration mode. To restore the thesis on electricity default rlogin behavior, which is to prompt the user for the remote username, use the no form of this command. rlogin trusted-remoteuser-source local.
no rlogin trusted-remoteuser-source local. This command has no arguments or keywords. The user must enter an rlogin username and password when connecting to critical essays the rlogin server. This command was introduced. The current username is used only if the thesis on electricity rlogin host /user username command is not enabled. Essay Writing! If the thesis current username is not known, rlogin falls back to providing the login: prompt to discover a remote username. After you issue the rlogin trusted-remoteuser-source local command, you will not be prompted for a username. The first response you see is the essay writing password prompt from the remote system. For example, when this command is thesis on electricity supply, not enabled, you must enter your username twice (once at initial system login and once for essay regarding, the rlogin command).
Caution Configuring the remote host to consider the Cisco router a trusted host should be considered a security hole. The following sample output shows the two prompts a user must reply to thesis supply when the rlogin trusted-remoteuser-source local command is not set: The following example shows that after you issue the rlogin trusted-remoteuser-source local command, you no longer need to specify the username after the rlogin command. The username is automatically copied from the user ID of the router: The following example uses the /user root keyword option as an override: Assigns an IP address to the service provided on a TCP port. Logs in to a UNIX host using rlogin. Chooses an explanatory authentication method for determining the thesis on electricity supply local username to send to the remote rlogin server. Temporarily defines the list of services to which you or another user can connect.
To set the gcse dt coursework terminal receive speed (how fast the terminal receives information from the modem), use the thesis on electricity supply rxspeed command in line configuration mode. To reset the default value, use the no form of this command. Baud rate in bits per gcse second (bps). This command was introduced. Set the speed to match the baud rate of whatever device you have connected to supply the port. Essay! Some baud rates available on devices connected to the port might not be supported on thesis the system. Regarding! The system will indicate if the on electricity speed you select is not supported.
Note If the essays line was previously configured for automatic baud rate detection (autobaud), disable autobaud by entering the no autobaud command before entering the rxspeed command to fix the speed of the port. The following example sets the thesis on electricity supply line 5 receive rate to 2400 bps: Sets the flow control start character. Sets the terminal receive speed (how fast information is sent to the terminal) for the current line and session. Sets the terminal transmit speed (how fast the sir gawain critical terminal sends information to the modem). To enable call back to clients who request a callback from the EXEC level, use the service exec-callback command in thesis on electricity, global configuration mode. This command has no arguments or keywords.
Callback is not enabled. This command was introduced. This command enables the Cisco IOS software to return a call to dt coursework a device that dials in, connects to the EXEC, and requests callback. The following example enables EXEC level callback: Enables an ARA client to request a callback from an thesis supply ARA client.
Displays callback events when the router is using a modem and my american identity essay, a chat script to call back on a terminal line. Displays information associated with the discovery and configuration of the modem attached to the router. ppp callback (PPP client) Enables a dialer interface that is not a DTR interface to supply function either as a callback client that requests callback or as a callback server that accepts callback requests. Specifies that a chat script start on books for mba essay a line when an ARA client requests a callback. Establishes a username-based authentication system, such as PPP CHAP and PAP. To provide backward compatibility for client software scripts expecting Serial Line Internet Protocol (SLIP) and PPP dialogs to thesis supply be formatted with Cisco IOS software Release 9.1 or earlier releases, use the service old-slip-prompt s command in global configuration mode.
To disable this function, use the no form of this command. no service old-slip-prompts. This command has no arguments or keywords. The prompts and information sent by regarding the importance of education SLIP and PPP are formatted with the thesis current release of Cisco IOS software. This command was introduced. This command provides backward compatibility for client software scripts expecting SLIP and PPP dialogs to be formatted with Cisco IOS software Release 9.1 or earlier releases. The following example shows the output of essay regarding the importance of education, a SLIP command after the service old-slip-prompts command is enabled: To log the X.121 calling address, Call User Data (CUD), and IP address assigned to a vty asynchronous connection, use the service pt-vty-logging command in global configuration mode. To disable this function, use the no form of this command.
no service pt-vty-logging. This command has no arguments or keywords. This feature is disabled. This command was introduced. This command permits you to on electricity supply log the X.121 calling address, CUD, and IP address assigned to a vty asynchronous connection and direct this information to the console, an internal buffer, or a UNIX syslog server, depending on the logging configuration command you use. This authentication information can be used to associate an incoming packet assembler/disassembler (PAD) vty-asynchronous connection with an IP address.
Note By default, the Cisco IOS software displays all messages to the console terminal. The following example enables you to log the X.121 calling address, CUD, and IP address assigned to a vty asynchronous connection and save this information to a syslog server: The following is sample output from the the importance service pt-vty-logging command: Table 11 describes the fields shown in the output. Table 11 service pt-vty-logging Field Descriptions. Active vty line number using the PAD connection. The source or calling address. Incoming call is supply, initiated on Logical Channel 10. The PAD Protocol Identifier is 01000000. CUD xyz. If no CUD is available, this field will appear as follows:
Logs messages to explanatory essay a syslog server host. Logs messages to an internal buffer. To set the maximum number of terminal sessions per line, use the supply session-limit command in identity essay, line configuration mode. To remove any specified session limit, use the no form of this command. Specifies the thesis maximum number of sessions. The default and essay human, set session limits are displayed with the start-character EXEC command. This command was introduced.
The following example limits the number of sessions to eight on a ten-line range: Specifies a virtual terminal for remote console access. To set the interval for closing the connection when there is no input or output traffic, use the session-timeout command in line configuration mode. To remove the timeout definition, use the no form of this command. Specifies the timeout interval in minutes. (Optional) Specifies that when traffic is sent to an asynchronous line from the router (within the specified interval), the connection is retained. The default interval is zero, indicating that the router maintains the connection indefinitely. This command was introduced. This command sets the interval that the Cisco IOS software waits for thesis, traffic before closing the connection to a remote computer and returning the terminal to an idle state.
If only the critical session timeout command is specified, the on electricity session timeout interval is based solely on detected input from the user. If the session timeout command is essay, specified with the output keyword, the interval is based on both input and output traffic. You can specify a session timeout on each port. The session-timeout command behaves slightly differently on virtual (vty) terminals than on on electricity physical console, auxiliary (aux), and terminal (tty) lines. When a timeout occurs on essay regarding the importance a vty, the thesis user session returns to gcse dt coursework the EXEC prompt. Thesis On Electricity Supply! When a timeout occurs on my american essay physical lines, the user session is logged out and the line returned to the idle state. You can use a combination of the exec-timeout and session-timeout line configuration commands, set to approximately the same values, to get the same behavior from virtual lines that the session-timeout command causes on physical lines. The following example sets an interval of 20 minutes and specifies that the timeout is subject to supply traffic detected from the user (input only): The following example sets an interval of 10 minutes, subject to traffic on my american identity the line in either direction: Sets the interval for thesis supply, closing the connection on a virtual terminal line.
Sets the interval that the EXEC command interpreter waits until user input is detected. To display information about a running AppleTalk Remote Access Protocol (ARAP) connection, use the show arap command in sir gawain essays, EXEC mode. (Optional) Number of the line on which an ARAP connection is established and supply, active. This command was introduced. Use the my american identity essay show arap command with no arguments to display a summary of the ARAP traffic since the router was last booted. The following is sample output from the show arap command: These fields refer to on electricity the sum of all of the books for mba essay ARA connections since the box was last reloaded. The following sample output results in a display of information about ARA activity on a specific line (line 3): Table 12 describes the thesis significant fields shown in the display. Table 12 show arap Field Descriptions.
Active for integer minutes. Number of minutes since ARAP started on the line. Unlimited time left or integer minutes left. Remaining time limit on the line, if applicable on the line. Doing smartbuffering or Smartbuffering disabled.
Obsolete. Always says Doing smartbuffering. Appletalk packets output: Number of AppleTalk packets that have been received from the essay race Apple Macintosh and out to thesis on electricity the network during this connection. Appletalk packets input: Number of AppleTalk packets that have been received from the network and gcse, sent to the Apple Macintosh during this connection. Appletalk packets overflowed:
Number of packets from the on electricity network that have been dropped because the link to the Apple Macintosh was congested. Appletalk packets dropped: Number of packets from the network that have been dropped because it was unnecessary to pass them (frequently RTMP). V42bis compression efficiency (incoming/outgoing): Performance of the v42 bis protocol underneath ARA, expressed as a percentage of incoming/percentage outgoing. If the efficiency is sir gawain, low, a network user is probably copying already compressed files across the thesis on electricity link. Generally, low efficiency means slow performance.
MNP4 packets received: Number of link-level packets that have been received from the Apple Macintosh. MNP4 packets sent: Number of link-level packets have been sent to for mba essay the Apple Macintosh. MNP4 garbled packets received: Number of garbled packets that have been received from the Apple Macintosh. MNP4 out of order packets received: Number of thesis on electricity, out-of-order packets that have been received from the Apple Macintosh. MNP4 packets resent: Number of times packets have been re-sent. 1.
Number of books for mba writing, times MNP4 has run out of buffers. On Electricity Supply! This field should be zero. 1 Each of these fields indicates line noise. The higher the dt coursework value, the higher the on electricity noise. To display the critical essays list of queued host-initiated connections to a router, use the show entry command in EXEC mode. This command has no arguments or keywords. This command was introduced. You can also use this command to determine which local-area transport (LAT) hosts have queue entries for printers on routers. The following is on electricity supply, sample output from the show entry command. The display shows that two LAT connections are waiting for dt coursework, access to port 5. The list is ordered so that the thesis lower-numbered entry has been waiting longer, and will use the line next. Table 13 describes the fields in the first line of output shown in essay, the display.
Table 13 show entry Field Descriptions. Number assigned to the queued connection attempt. Interval (hours:minutes:seconds) during which the supply connection attempt has been waiting. Port for sir gawain essays, which the connection attempt is waiting. from LAT node BLUE.
Name of the thesis user (BLUE) attempting to make the connection. To test for the availability of a keymap after a connection on a router takes place, use the show keymap command in identity essay, EXEC mode. (Optional) Name of the keymap. (Optional) Lists the names of thesis on electricity supply, all defined keymaps. The name of the books for mba writing default keymap is not listed. This command was introduced. The Cisco IOS software searches for the specified keymap in its active configuration image and lists the complete entry if found. If the thesis keymap is critical essays, not found, an thesis on electricity appropriate not found message appears. If you do not use any arguments with the essay human show keymap command, then the keymap currently used for the terminal is displayed.
The following is thesis on electricity supply, sample output from the show keymap command: To display the local-area transport (LAT) services a router offers to other systems running LAT on the network, use the my american identity show lat advertised command in EXEC mode. show lat advertised. This command has no arguments or keywords. This command was introduced. Advertised services are created with the lat service commands. The display includes the supply service rating, rotary group if present, and whether the service is enabled for incoming connections. The following is sample output from the books show lat advertised command: The display shows output from a router named sloth that has three services defined: BEAR-CAT, MODEMS, and RECLUSE.
Table 14 describes the thesis significant fields shown in the display. Table 14 show lat advertised Field Descriptions. Lists the sir gawain LAT service name. Lists the on electricity supply static service rating set, if any. Lists the associated rotary service. Lists whether a service is enabled. Defines the autocommand associated with the service. Lists the sir gawain critical advertised identification for the service. To display the groups that were defined in the Cisco IOS software with the supply lat group-list command, use the show lat groups command in EXEC mode.
show lat groups. This command has no arguments or keywords. This command was introduced. The following is writing, sample output from the thesis on electricity show lat groups command: Table 15 describes only the significant fields shown in books, the display. Table 15 show lat groups Field Descriptions. Assigned group name. Size of internal data structure used to contain the group code map. Group codes associated with the learned group. Allows a name to be assigned to thesis on electricity the group list, which is any combination of group names, numbers, or ranges.
To display information about all known local-area network (LAT) nodes, use the show lat nodes command in EXEC mode. This command has no arguments or keywords. This command was introduced. The following is essay of education, sample output from the thesis show lat nodes command: Table 16 describes the significant fields shown in the display. Table 16 show lat nodes Field Descriptions. The node name as reported by gcse the host computer. The number of virtual circuits currently active to this node. Node interface type and number. The MAC address of the Ethernet interface for the node. The number of seconds remaining until the service advertisement message for this node will time out; this value is set to thesis supply three times the nodes multicast timer value whenever a new service advertisement message is received.
The sequence number received in the last service advertisement message received. Nodes increment their sequence number when the contents of the gcse dt coursework service advertisement change. The internal representation of what changed in the multicast message the last time the sequence number changed. The internal representation of various state information about the node. The LAT protocol version used by the node.
The remote facility number. The remote product code. The remote product version. The number of messages, slots, and bytes received or sent to the node. The number of messages is the number of LAT virtual circuit messages.
Each virtual circuit message contains some number of slots, which contain actual terminal data or control information. Bytes is the on electricity number of my american identity, data bytes (input or output characters) exchanged. The number of duplicate virtual circuit messages received. The number of virtual circuit messages resent. The number of thesis on electricity, bad messages received.
The number of bad slots received. The number of critical, solicit-information requests accepted. The number of solicit-information requests rejected. The total of supply, multiple nodes seen. The list of group codes advertised by the service-advertisement message of the my american identity essay node. The number of service classes. To display information about learned local-area transport (LAT) services in the Cisco IOS software, use the on electricity show lat services command in for mba, EXEC mode. show lat services [ service-name ] (Optional) Name of a specific LAT service. This command was introduced.
The following is on electricity, sample output from the show lat services command: Table 17 describes the significant fields shown in the display. Table 17 show lat services Field Descriptions. LAT service name. Rating of the service. Essay Of Education! If a single service is provided by more than one host, the on electricity Cisco IOS software connects to the one with the highest rating.
Advertised identification for the service. show lat sessions. Displays active LAT sessions. show resource-pool call. Displays specific LAT learned services. To display active local-area transport (LAT) sessions, use the essay inequality race show lat sessions command in EXEC mode. show lat sessions [ line-number ] (Optional) Displays an active LAT session on on electricity a specific line. This command was introduced.
The following is sample output from the show lat sessions command. In this example, information about essays all active LAT sessions is displayed. The output is thesis on electricity, divided into three sections for each session (in this case two sessions): TTY data, session data, and remote node data. The following sample output displays information about active LAT sessions on one line (line 10). The output is divided into three sections: TTY data, session data, and remote node data. Table 18 describes the screen output for the preceding two examples. Table 18 show lat sessions Field Descriptions. Summary of the LAT-oriented terminal-line-specific data.
Name used for this port as a port identification string. The name is reported to my american identity remote systems, which can display it in some operating-system dependent manner. This value is on electricity supply, also used for targets of host-initiated connections. Currently, this value is hard-wired to be the line number of the associated terminal line. Current status of the terminal. Books For Mba Writing! The number is reported as current/maximum, where current is the current number of sessions of thesis supply, a given type, and maximum is the maximum number of sessions allowed (or zero if there is no maximum). Explanatory Synthesis Essay! If a terminal is being used for outgoing sessions, the local usage is equal to the number of current LAT sessions. If the terminal is supply, being used for incoming sessions, local usage is disabled, and the remote count and maximum is one. Current state of the line, and whether there are any queued host-initiated connections. Report flags not used in the current software release.
Current port state as reflected by sir gawain essays the most recent configuration message exchange. Lists set flow control characters. Group code list currently in use for the line. Reports various parameters about the connection. For the outbound connection, the supply name of the remote service to which it is connected. Essay Race! For inbound connections, this field is currently unused. Slot IDs being used to uniquely identify the on electricity session multiplexed over the underlying LAT virtual circuit. Number of flow control credits that the Cisco IOS software will be sending to the host as soon as possible. Identity! The advertised credits are the number of credits that have already been sent. Transient conditions in the LAT-state machine dealing with the current connection status. Maximum number of characters that can be sent in a single data slot.
Maximum amount of data that can be sent in an attention message. Current LAT implementations only send 1-byte attention messages (attention messages are used to flush buffered output). A nonzero value means that remote data flushing can be used; a zero value means that it cannot. Reason the session was stopped, if it was stopped but not deleted. This value is thesis on electricity supply, usually zero, indicating that the session has not yet been stopped. If a session persists for thesis, a long time with a nonzero stop reason, there is probably a problem in the local LAT software. Remote Node data. Reports information about the remote node. The data includes the thesis same fields as those from the show lat nodes output. Node name as reported by the host computer. MAC address of the books for mba Ethernet interface for the node.
Number of virtual circuits currently active to the node. Number of seconds remaining until the service advertisement message for the node will time out; this value is thesis, set to three times greater than the node multicast timer value whenever a new service-advertisement message is received. Sequence number received in the last service-advertisement message. Nodes increment their sequence number when the contents of the service-advertisement change. Internal representation of what changed in the multicast message the last time the essays sequence number changed. Internal representation of various state information about the node. LAT protocol version used by on electricity supply the node. Number of messages, slots, and bytes received or sent to the node. The number of messages is the essays number of thesis on electricity supply, LAT virtual circuit messages. Each virtual circuit message contains some number of identity essay, slots, which contain actual terminal data or control information. Number of supply, duplicate virtual circuit messages received.
Number of virtual circuit messages resent. Group codes advertised by dt coursework the service-advertisement message of the node. show lat services. Displays information about learned LAT services in the Cisco IOS software. show resource-pool call. Displays specific LAT learned services. To display information about thesis on electricity supply traffic and resource utilization statistics on books essay all active lines, use the show lat traffic command in EXEC mode.
show lat traffic. This command has no arguments or keywords. This command was introduced. The following is sample output from the show lat traffic command: Table 19 describes the on electricity supply significant fields shown in the display. Table 19 show lat traffic Field Descriptions. Local host statistics.
Information about the router. Current number and maximum support number of virtual circuits. Current and maximum number of sessions. Current number of known remote services, and the maximum supported. Number of sessions per virtual circuit supported by the software. Value of the virtual circuit timer parameter defined by the lat vc-timer global configuration command. Value defined by the lat ka-timer global configuration command.
Statistics about local node receive totals. Total count of my american, virtual circuit messages received. Number of duplicate virtual circuit messages received. Number of slots received. Number of data bytes received. bad circuit messages. Count of invalid messages received.
Number of service advertisement multicast messages received. Number of multicast messages that caused the local node information to be updated. Various transmission totals. Total number of virtual circuit messages sent. Number of thesis, virtual circuit messages resent due to the lack of an acknowledgment. Number of data and control slots sent. Count of user data bytes sent. Count of times that a virtual circuit timed out because the remote node stopped responding (due to a node failure or communications failure). Count of virtual circuits and sessions that have existed since the router booted or rebooted. To display parameters of essay regarding, a terminal line, use the show line command in EXEC mode.
show line [ line-number | aux | console | summary ] (Optional) Absolute line number of the thesis supply line for which you want to list parameters. (Optional) Auxiliary line. (Optional) Primary terminal line. (Optional) Line status summary. This command was introduced. The summary keyword added. Output from this command was modified to show the transport method configured. The show line command used with the summary keyword will provide line status summary details such as whether there were modem calls or character mode calls. The following sample output from the sir gawain critical essays show line vty 4 command shows that virtual terminal line 4 has a send and on electricity, receive rate of 9600 bits per second (bps). Also shown are the terminal screen width and length, modem state, preferred transport method, and other characteristics. Table 20 describes the the importance significant fields shown in thesis, the display.
Table 20 show line Field Descriptions. Type of line. In this case, a virtual terminal line, which is active, in asynchronous mode denoted by the preceding A. All possible values follow: • VTY—virtual terminal line. • TTY—asynchronous terminal port. Transmit rate/receive rate of the line. Indicates whether autobaud has been configured for the line. A value of F indicates that autobaud has been configured; a hyphen indicates that it has not been configured. Types of modem signals that have been configured for the line.
Possible values follow: Rotary group configured for the line, if set. Output or input access list number configured for the line. Number of connections established to or from the line since the inequality race system was restarted. Number of times noise has been detected on the line since the system restarted. Hardware Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter (UART) overruns or software buffer overflows, both defined as the number of overruns or overflows that have occurred on the specified line since the thesis system was restarted. Hardware overruns are buffer overruns; the UART chip has received bits from the gcse software faster than it can process them. A software overflow occurs when the thesis on electricity supply software has received bits from the hardware faster than it can process them. An A at gcse dt coursework, the upper left of the display indicates that the user is running an asynchronous interface; an I indicates that the on electricity line has an asynchronous interface available; an essay the importance of education asterisk (*) indicates that the line is otherwise active (in character mode). Definition of the specified protocol and address of the thesis on electricity supply line.
Location of the current line. Type of line, as specified by the line global configuration command. Length of the terminal or screen display, in rows. Width of the terminal or screen display, in columns. Transmit rate/receive rate of the for mba writing line, in on electricity, bps. State of the essay regarding of education line: ready or not, connected or disconnected, active or inactive, exit banner or no exit banner, asynchronous interface active or inactive. Current terminal capabilities. Modem control state. Although this ample output shows the modem state Idle, this field should always say READY.
Current settings of special characters that were input by the user (or taken by default) from the thesis on electricity following global configuration commands: Current settings that were input by the user (or taken by default) from the following global configuration commands: • timeout login response. Maximum number of sessions. Time since activation. Last time start_process was run.
Whether command-line editing is enabled. Current history list size, set by the user (or taken by default) from the essay of education history configuration command. DNS resolution in show commands is. Whether Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) is configured to look up Domain Name System (DNS) names for use in show EXEC command displays. Whether full user help has been set by the user with the supply terminal full-help EXEC command or by the administrator with the full-help line configuration command. Allowed input transports are. Current set transport method, set by the user (or taken by books for mba writing default) from the transport input line configuration command.
Allowed output transports are. Current set transport method, set by the user (or taken by default) from the transport output line configuration command. Preferred transport is. Current set transport method, set by the user (or taken by default) from the transport preferred line configuration command. . characters are padded. Current set padding, set by the user (or taken by default) from the padding line configuration command. . data dispatching characters. Current dispatch character set by the user (or taken by default) from the dispatch-character line configuration command. The following sample output from the show line summary command shows line summary status for lines 1/3/36 through 1/3/102. On Electricity! Each row of output represents 36 lines, and synthesis thesis, the line status characters in supply, groups of four for critical, readability.
For example, the first row represents information on rows 1/3/36 through 1/3/71, and the first line status character U corresponds to line 1/3/36. Table 21 describes the possible line status characters that can be shown in output from the show line summary command. Table 21 Line Status Character Descriptions. Line has never been used. Lines has been used but is currently idle. Line does not exist. Line in use by a packet mode user such as asynchronous PPP, Serial Line Internet Protocol (SLIP), ARAP or ASTUN. Line in supply, use by a digit mode user such as V.110 or V.120. Line in use by a TCP fast-stream user.
Line in use by modem management. Line in my american identity, use by character mode user, such as an EXEC user making an outbound packet connection using Telnet, rlogin, local-area transport (LAT), packet assembler/disassembler (PAD), or normal (nonfast-stream) TCP clear. Line in use by on electricity supply a voice mode user. To display information about local-area transport (LAT) nodes, use the show node command in essay human inequality, EXEC mode. (Optional) Specifies all nodes.
(Optional) Indicates the name of the node for which status is required. (Optional) Specifies the various node counters. (Optional) Specifies detailed node status. Thesis Supply! This is the default if a node name is specified. (Optional) Specifies a status summary for the node. This is the default if no node name is specified. This command was introduced. Entering the essays show node command with no arguments is the same as entering the show node all summary command and on electricity supply, shows a one-line summary of all known nodes. You can enter the for mba essay show node command with either a specific node name or the all keyword, but not both. The show node command displays three different sets of on electricity, information about a node: the node counters, the node status, or a one-line summary of the node status. You can enter the show node command with only one of the counters , status , or summary keywords.
If you enter show node and two of these keywords without specifying a node name, the first keyword is treated as a node name, causing an error. If you enter the show node node-name command and two of these keywords, the explanatory second keyword will be treated as ambiguous. The show node command with a node-name argument but no counters , status , or summary keyword defaults to show node node-name status. The following is sample output from the show node command with no further keywords (the same as the show node all summary command): Table 22 describes the significant fields shown in the display. Table 22 show node Field Descriptions.
Lists the names of the nodes. Indicates whether the node is thesis supply, reachable or not. Identification string for human inequality, the node. The following is sample output from the supply show node output that defaults to show node chaos status . It results in my american identity essay, a display of the thesis on electricity detailed status of books, node chaos. Table 23 describes the significant fields shown in the display. Table 23 show node status Field Descriptions.
Lists the node name as reported by thesis the host computer. Identifies the MAC address of the node Ethernet interface. Lists the version of the LAT protocol used by the node. Data Link Frame Size. Lists the size of the largest packet that can be sent to the LAT host. Lists the identification string for the node.
Lists the group code list that is advertised by the remote node, which comes from the service advertisement of the remote node. Lists the LAT service name. Indicates whether the essay inequality race node is currently available on thesis on electricity the network. Indicates the rating of the service: an integer from 0 to 255, with the highest number being the preferred service. Synthesis Thesis! Used for on electricity supply, load balancing. The following sample output displays the counter information for sir gawain critical, a specific node: In the following sample command and output displays, the thesis on electricity supply status keyword is treated as the node name: In the following example, the second keyword counters is treated as ambiguous: To display specific local-area transport (LAT) learned services, use the show service command in EXEC mode. (Optional) The name of a specific LAT service.
This command was introduced. The show service command without a service name displays a list of known LAT learned services. When entered with the service-name argument, it displays a more-detailed status of the named service. If no LAT learned service by the specified name is known, then a lookup is done for an IP host of that name. The following is sample output from the show service command:
The following is sample output of the show service command for a specific service: Table 24 describes the significant fields shown in the two previous displays. Table 24 show service Field Descriptions. Name of the service. Name of the nodes advertising the critical service. Status of the thesis on electricity supply service: Available or Unknown when a command is explanatory essay thesis, entered without a service name. Available, Unknown, Initializing, or Unreachable when a command is entered with a service name. Rating of the service: An integer from 0 to 255, with the thesis supply highest number being the preferred service.
Used for load balancing. To obtain information about the terminal configuration parameter settings for the current terminal line, use the for mba essay show terminal command in EXEC mode. This command has no arguments or keywords. This command was introduced. The following is sample output from the thesis on electricity show terminal command: Table 25 describes the fields in the first three lines of the show terminal output. Table 25 show terminal Field Descriptions—First Three Lines of for mba, Output. Current terminal line. Location of the on electricity current terminal line, as specified using the essay location line configuration command. Type of the on electricity supply current terminal line, as specified using the line global configuration command.
Length: 24 lines. Length of the terminal display. Width: 80 columns. Width of the human inequality race terminal display, in thesis supply, character columns. Baud rate (TX/RX) is 9600/9600. Transmit rate/receive rate of the line. The following line of critical essays, output indicates the status of the line: Table 26 describes possible values for the Status field. Table 26 show terminal Field Descriptions—Status Field Values. A process is actively using the line. The line is thesis on electricity, running the autobaud process.
Some sense of carrier has been dropped, so the line process should be killed. The line has at least one active connection. A dial-on-demand routing (DDR) asynchronous interface is dialing a remote site on sir gawain essays this line. The line is not echoing what the user types in (for example, because a password must be entered). The first character of the escape sequence has been typed. Both characters of the escape sequence have been typed.
The line state is hanging up. The line uses a Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter (UART) that supports XON/XOFF flow control in hardware. (This does not mean that the line is currently using software flow control.) The user typed the hold character (and the line is paused). The line modem state is idle (see modem state diagrams). An idle timeout has occurred. The input has been turned off because of hardware flow control or overflow. The normal exit banner will not be displayed on this line. The line is paying attention to typed escape characters. A BREAK sequence has been received on the line.
The line has received a special command sequence (for example, ^^B for send break). The last character received was a carriage return. The line state is ready. A transition has occurred on the RING signal of the thesis supply line. Send Break Soon. Send a BREAK on my american the line soon.
Buffers are full and an XOFF should be sent soon. A BREAK sequence is being sent on the line. Buffers were full, so an on electricity XOFF was sent. The line is gcse dt coursework, running SLIP or PPP. The following line of output indicates the status of the capabilities of the line. These capabilities correspond closely to configurable parameters that can be set using configuration commands. Table 27 describes possible values for the Capabilities field. Table 27 show terminal Field Descriptions—Capabilities Field Values. Autobaud Full Range.
Corresponds to the autobaud command. At least one pad c x configuration command has been used. The user has enabled successfully. Corresponds to the no exec command. Hangup on Last Close. Corresponds to supply the autohangup command. Hardware Flowcontrol In. Corresponds to the flowcontrol hardware in command. Hardware Flowcontrol Out.
Corresponds to identity the flowcontrol hardware out command. Corresponds to thesis on electricity supply the insecure command. Corresponds to the lockable command. Corresponds to essay the modem callin command. Corresponds to the modem callout command. Corresponds to on electricity the modem cts-required command. Corresponds to the modem dtr-active command. Corresponds to the modem ri-is-cd command. No Login Banner.
Corresponds to the no exec-banner command. Corresponds to the notify command. Corresponds to the session-timeout command. Corresponds to the slip-dedicated command. Corresponds to the private command. Corresponds to the telnet refuse command. Receives Logging Output. Corresponds to the monitor command.
Refuse Telnet Echo. Corresponds to the telnet refuse command. Send BREAK on IP. Corresponds to the telnet break-on-ip command. Corresponds to the slip address command. Software Flowcontrol In. Corresponds to human inequality race the flowcontrol software in command. Software Flowcontrol Out. Corresponds to the flowcontrol software out command.
Telnet Transparent Mode. Corresponds to the telnet transparent command. The following line of output indicates the modem state. Values include Autobauding, Carrier Dropped, Hanging Up, Idle, and Ready. The following lines of output indicate the special characters that can be entered to activate various terminal operations. The none or hyphen (-) values imply that no special characters are set. The following lines of output indicate the timeout values that have been configured for the line: Table 28 describes the thesis supply fields in writing, the preceding lines of output. Table 28 show terminal Field Descriptions—Timeouts. Interval that the EXEC command interpreter waits for thesis on electricity, user input before resuming the books for mba writing current connection; or if no connections exist, returning the terminal to the idle state and disconnecting the incoming session.
This interval is set using the exec-timeout command. Interval that the Cisco IOS software waits for traffic before closing the thesis connection to a remote computer and dt coursework, returning the terminal to an idle state. Thesis! This interval is set using the session-timeout command. Interval during which the software raises DTR in for mba writing, response to RING and the modem response to CTS. This interval is set using the modem answer-timeout command. Not implemented in this release. Number of milliseconds the software waits after putting the on electricity first character into a packet buffer before sending the packet. This interval is set using the dt coursework dispatch-timeout command. The following lines of output indicate how various options have been configured:
To determine ASCII-hexadecimal character mappings, use the show tn3270 ascii-hexval command in EXEC mode. show tn3270 ascii-hexval. This command has no arguments or keywords. This command was introduced. Use the show tn3270 ascii-hexval command to display the hexadecimal value of a character on your keyboard. After you enter the show tn3270 ascii-hexval command, you will be prompted to press a key. The hexadecimal value of the ASCII character is displayed. This command is useful for thesis, users who do not know the ASCII codes associated with various keys or do not have manuals for their terminals.
The following is dt coursework, sample output from the show tn3270 ascii-hexval command: show tn3270 character-map. Displays character mappings between ASCII and thesis supply, EBCDIC. Converts incoming EBCDIC characters into ASCII characters for TN3270 connections. To display character mappings between ASCII and EBCDIC, use the show tn3270 character-map command in sir gawain, EXEC mode. show tn3270 character-map all | ebcdic-in-hex Displays all nonstandard character mappings.
Displays the ASCII mapping for a specific EBCDIC character. This command was introduced. The following is sample output from the show tn3270 character-map command: show tn3270 ascii-hexval. Displays ASCII-hexadecimal character mappings. Converts incoming EBCDIC characters into ASCII characters for TN3270 connections. To view translation sessions that have been configured, use the show translate privileged command in EXEC mode. This command has no arguments or keywords.
This command was introduced. The display from this command shows each translation session set up on the router. It shows the on electricity incoming device and virtual terminal protocol, and the outgoing device and protocol. The following show translate sample output is based on the following translate command configuration: If the previous translate command is enabled, the sir gawain critical following output is created by thesis supply the show translate command: Table 29 describes the significant fields shown in the display. Table 29 show translate Field Descriptions—X.25 to essay inequality IP Translation.
Translate From: x25 3131415912345. Protocol (X.25) and address (3131415912345) of the thesis supply incoming device. The virtual terminal protocol (PPP). Obtain an IP address from a DHCP proxy client or a local pool. Specific local scope name (cardinal) from explanatory thesis which to obtain an IP address. Indicates that keepalive updates have been disabled for the current translation session. 1/1 users active.
Number of users active over the total number of on electricity, users. Maximum number of translate sessions up at inequality, any given time. Total number of translation sessions. Number of failed translation attempts resulting from this configuration. The following show translate sample output is based on the following translate command configuration: If the previous translate command is enabled, the following output is created by the show translate command: Table 30 describes the significant fields shown in the display.
Table 30 show translate Field Descriptions—X.25 to IPX Translation. Translate From: x25 31301234. Protocol (X.25) and supply, address (31301234) of the incoming device. To: PPP 192.168.14.23. The virtual terminal protocol (PPP) and identity, IP address of the outgoing device. Indicates that loopback interface 0 has been configured in client mode. 1/1 users active. Number of users active over the total number of users.
Maximum number of translate sessions up at any given time. Total number of translation sessions. Number of failed translation attempts resulting from this configuration. To test for the availability of a ttycap after a connection on thesis on electricity supply a router takes place, use the essay regarding the importance show ttycap command in thesis on electricity, EXEC mode. (Optional) Name of a ttycap. (Optional) Lists the names of synthesis essay thesis, all defined ttycaps. The name of the default ttycap is not listed. This command was introduced.
The Cisco IOS software searches for on electricity supply, the specified ttycap in its active configuration image, and lists the explanatory synthesis essay complete entry if found. If it is not found, an thesis on electricity supply appropriate not found message appears. If you do not include any arguments with the show ttycap command, then the gcse current keymap used for the terminal is displayed. The following is sample output from the show ttycap command: To display information about the active lines on the router, use the show users command in EXEC mode.
(Optional) Specifies that all lines be displayed, regardless of whether anyone is using them. This command was introduced. This command displays the supply line number, connection name, idle time, hosts (including virtual access interfaces), and terminal location. Essay! An asterisk (*) indicates the current terminal session. The following is sample output from the on electricity supply show users command: The following is sample output identifying an active virtual access interface: The following is sample output from the show users all command: Table 31 describes the significant fields shown in the displays.
Table 31 show users Field Descriptions. Contains three subfields: • The first subfield (0 in the sample output) is the absolute line number. • The second subfield (vty) indicates the type of line. Synthesis Essay Thesis! Possible values follow: tty—asynchronous terminal port. • The third subfield (0 in the * sample output) indicates the relative line number within the type. User using the line. Thesis On Electricity! If no user is listed in this field, no one is using the sir gawain critical line. Host to which the user is connected (outgoing connection). A value of idle means that there is no outgoing connection to a host. Interval (in minutes) since the user has entered something. Either the hard-wired location for thesis supply, the line or, if there is an incoming connection, the host from which incoming connection came.
Identifies a specific line for configuration and starts the line configuration command collection mode. Displays the parameters of a terminal line. Configures a username-based authentication system. To display information about current open connections, including packet transmissions, X.3 parameter settings, and the current status of virtual circuits, use the show x25 pad command in EXEC mode. This command has no arguments or keywords. This command was introduced. The following is my american identity essay, sample output from the show x25 pad command: Table 32 describes fields seen in thesis, the display from the show x25 pad command.
Table 32 show x25 pad Field Descriptions. Number of packets received or sent for the connection. Number of packets with Qbit set (X.29 control packets). Number of essay the importance of education, bytes in each direction. Number of supply, unread packets waiting for the connection. Waiting to send. Local data packet bit not sent (part of a line).
Flags, State, Last error. Displays data for detecting errors and tracing initialization status. Only useful to for mba your Cisco-certified technical support personnel. Parameters read from the supply PAD at regarding of education, the start of the connection. Active X.3 parameters. LCI, State, Interface. Status of the X.25 virtual circuit associated with the PAD connection.
This is the same display that the show x25 vc command shows. To display XRemote connections and monitor XRemote traffic through the router, use the show xremote command in EXEC mode. This command has no arguments or keywords. This command was introduced. The show xremote command displays XRemote parameters applied to supply the entire system, and sir gawain critical, statistics that are pulled for all active XRemote connections. The following is sample output from the show xremote command when XRemote is enabled and XRemote sessions are active: Connection 1 - LAT connection from WHEEL. Client state: CS_ACTIVE Byte order: LSBfirst. Unread input: 0 Unwritten output: 0. Input buffer size: 1024 Output buffer size: 1024. Table 33 describes the significant fields shown in the display.
Table 33 show xremote Field Descriptions. XRemote server-wide parameters. This section displays XRemote parameters that apply to the protocol translator. XRemote font buffer size that was specified with the xremote tftp buffersize global configuration command. Number of retries the font loader (host) will attempt before declaring an error condition.
Font memory errors. Number of font memory error conditions that have been declared for on electricity supply, the protocol translator. TFTP font load statistics for host 172.16.1.111. This section displays XRemote statistics for fonts that have been loaded from a TFTP font server at the IP address shown. Number of bytes the host read in dt coursework, order to thesis supply load the fonts. Number of files the host read in order to load the fonts. XRemote statistics for tty2. This section displays XRemote for the specified line. Number of clients using this line for active XRemote sessions. Includes the number of clients using this line for active XRemote sessions. Number of clients requesting XRemote service.
Number of times that XRemote connection requests were resent. Number assigned to the local UDP port. Amount of time between keepalive messages. To list XRemote connections and monitor XRemote traffic, use the books essay writing show xremote line command in EXEC mode. show xremote line number. A decimal value representing the supply number of virtual terminal lines about which to essay display information. This command was introduced. The following is thesis on electricity, sample output from the show xremote line command (line 3 is specified) when XRemote is enabled and XRemote sessions are active. Only information specific to an individual terminal line is provided.
See Table 33 for output field descriptions.