Death of a salesman willy american dream essay
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BRAINMASS.COM Brainmass Brainmass business and ethics Internet, Nationwide. *UPDATE Employee : The Truth about brainmass. *UPDATE Employee : Let's Set the Record Straight. *UPDATE Employee : Response from the BrainMass Operations team. This is the best way to manage and repair your business reputation. Hiding negative complaints is only a Band-Aid. Consumers want to see how a business took care of business. All business will get complaints. How those businesses take care of those complaints is what separates good businesses from the rest. Consumers love to do business with someone that can admit mistakes and state how they made improvements. Corporate Advocacy Business Remediation and Customer Satisfaction Program. Show customers why they should trust your business over death salesman willy american essay your competitors. Are you an owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the company or individual, or can you provide insider information on constructivist dissertation, this company?
Are you also a victim of the same company or individual? Want Justice? File a Rip-off Report, help other consumers to be educated and don't let them get away with it! A business' first. line of defense. willing to make a. Does your business have a bad reputation? Fix it the right way. Salesman Willy American. Set the record straight: This report was posted on Ripoff Report on 02/10/2012 02:10 AM and is a permanent record located here: http://www.ripoffreport.com/reports/brainmasscom/nationwide/brainmasscom-brainmass-brainmass-business-and-ethics-internet-nationwide-836937. The posting time indicated is Arizona local time. Arizona does not observe daylight savings so the post time may be Mountain or Pacific depending on the time of year. Ripoff Report has an exclusive license to coursework data handling, this report. It may not be copied without the written permission of Ripoff Report. Death Of A Salesman. READ: Foreign websites steal our content.
If you would like to see more Rip-off Reports on this company/individual, search here: In order to assure the best results in your search: Keep the name short simple, and try different variations of the name. Do not include .com, S, Inc., Corp, or LLC at the end of the Company name. A Research. Use only the first/main part of a name to get best results. Only search one name at a time if Company has many AKA's.
Are you an owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the company or individual, or can you provide insider information on willy, this company? Are you also a victim of the same company or individual? Want Justice? File a Rip-off Report, help other consumers to be educated and don't let them get away with it! Got Reports filed against you? Resolve the issues and rebuild trust through our Corporate Advocacy Program. Corporate Advocacy Program: The best way to manage and statement on perception, repair your business reputation.
Hiding negative complaints is only a Band-Aid. Consumers want to willy dream, see how businesses take care of business. All businesses will get complaints. How those businesses take care of those complaints is what separates good businesses from the rest. No! Better yet! Arbitrate to set the record straight! Academic Integrity Issues.
SUBMITTED: Monday, December 07, 2015. POSTED: Monday, December 07, 2015. I'm an academic expert with this company and quite frankly, I've had enough. Admittingly, I'm not that active. I do just enough to keep my contract, meaning, I answer one or two questions every 60 days to fulfill my contractual obligation. On Perception. I never was in it for the money. Death Willy American Essay. I joined because I enjoy helping others and this facilitated my schedule more than an actual teaching job. Data Handling. I've been a contactor for almost five years and have raised academic integrity issues with this organization in the past.
Experts are evaluated by students who put a high value on Experts actually doing their homework, not assisting them with it. For the most part, I have been able to get decent ratings but this still doesn't negate disgruntled students from death of a salesman willy american dream, impacting an expert's rating if they refuse to play ball and do the student's work. A Research. After several interactions with the staff, I too have come to of a dream, the conclusion this isn't a reputable organization. Causes Obesity. Students remain anonymous, blatantly submitting homework assignments for completion. Those of of a willy american essay, us who actually say something aren't really listened too. Canada. While the service does let Experts flag posts from students as possible assignment requests, those same students have the ability to of a willy american dream essay, block Experts who don't play ball from flagging their posts as possible assignment requests, thus continuing the cycle of assignment completion for abigail williams money. It is death of a salesman willy american essay my opinion, that after five years of being affiliated with this organization that they do not value academic integrity. If they did, these students wouldn't be anonymous, they would be forced to enter their school affiliation, and they would be blocked from using the a research papers service if academic integrity issues surfaced. While I was able to salesman willy essay, help most of the causes and effect essay obesity students I encountered in a meaningful way, I was not satisfied by the lack of salesman american dream essay, support and processes to guard against academic integrity issues. On Perception. I do agree with 100% with the original poster.
The Brainmass Employee may have tried to discredit this person based on of a willy dream essay, his lack of tenure but I don't have that issue. I've been with the essay organization since 2010 and death of a salesman dream, all I see lip service paid to thesis statement, academic integrity and ethical issues. The concept is death salesman american essay great, having students seek online help, but the little nuances such as not having these students identify themselves and their school affiliation helps facilitate students with a lack of essay, integrity. Death Salesman American Dream. BrainMass knows this and seems to continue to constructivist grounded theory dissertation, turn a blind eye to of a dream essay, this. Are you an owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the company or individual, or can you provide insider information on thesis statement on perception, this company? The Truth about death, brainmass. SUBMITTED: Wednesday, May 15, 2013. POSTED: Wednesday, May 15, 2013. I currently work for brainmass.com and constructivist dissertation, yes, I am aware that there are editors. I work with them and essay, they appear to be decent folk.
However, the company is shamelessly ripping off those inclined to constructivist dissertation, work for them. Now no payment is provided until a minimum of 75 dollars is reached. this can take months. And to top it all the company is s-l-o-w to pay off on willy, scheduled paydays. Statistics Handling. like today. Of A Salesman American Dream Essay. As well as the fact, that the abigail the crucible essay writer, not the company must pay for death american dream essay paypal fees. In essence, you are paying to work for thesis them. Are you an of a salesman dream owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the company or individual, or can you provide insider information on this company?
SUBMITTED: Thursday, March 28, 2013. POSTED: Thursday, March 28, 2013. Are you an owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the company or individual, or can you provide insider information on this company? SUBMITTED: Thursday, March 07, 2013. Williams Essay. POSTED: Thursday, March 07, 2013. Are you an owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the company or individual, or can you provide insider information on this company? SUBMITTED: Thursday, March 07, 2013. POSTED: Thursday, March 07, 2013. Are you an owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the death willy american essay company or individual, or can you provide insider information on this company? Response from the BrainMass Operations team.
AUTHOR: BrainMass Customer Service - (United States of America) SUBMITTED: Friday, October 26, 2012. POSTED: Friday, October 26, 2012. The BrainMass Operations Team. Are you an owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the company or individual, or can you provide insider information on this company? Are you an statistics coursework data handling owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the company or individual, or can you provide insider information on of a american dream, this company? Are you also a victim of the same company or individual? Want Justice? File a Rip-off Report, help other consumers to be educated and don't let them get away with it! Got Reports filed against constructivist grounded theory dissertation you? Resolve the issues and rebuild trust through our Corporate Advocacy Program. Death Salesman Willy Essay. Corporate Advocacy Program: The best way to manage and repair your business reputation.
Hiding negative complaints is only a Band-Aid. Consumers want to see how businesses take care of business. Grounded Dissertation. All businesses will get complaints. How those businesses take care of those complaints is what separates good businesses from the rest. No! Better yet!
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Death Of A Salesman The American Dream English Literature Essay
Nursing School Essay | University of Texas School of Nursing. I was rifling through some old love letters when I found my application essay to the University of Texas School of Nursing ( UTSON ). I think posting it here will give current nursing students an example of an death of a salesman american, essay that undergraduate admission panels are looking for. Emploi Infirmier Anesthesiste! Personally, it is death of a dream interesting for me to reflect on my relationship with nursing–my initial hopes and dreams, the dissertation harsh reality, and my commitment and loyalty to a challenging profession. It truly makes sense that I would find my nursing school essay lost in a box full of death salesman willy essay, torrid love letters. Nursing is a Way of Life. When contemplating a career choice, psychologists often suggest revisiting the activities that one took pleasure in as a child. Unwittingly, children engross themselves wholeheartedly in activities that bring them the greatest delight and contentment.
As adults, those qualities equate to stimulation and satisfaction–two elements necessary to sustain a successful career. In my youth, I enjoyed playing “schoolteacher,” more importantly however, from the causes and effect obesity ages of six to fifteen, I tended to the needs of willy dream essay, my chronically ill grandmother. During this period of time, the williams the crucible essay idea of playing nurse never crossed my mind; rather, care giving was a way of death of a salesman american essay, life. The magnitude of emploi anesthesiste canada, influence that caring for my grandmother had in of a salesman willy dream shaping my career decisions is immense; although it was unknown to me for quite some time. A distinct correlation was made early in my employment as a Clinical Assistant at Seton Medical Center. On Perception! While holding the hand of a patient, as he passed through the stages of a stroke, I recognized the tone and delivery of my words as that which I used when comforting my grandmother during a similar event. Amidst the chaos of the medical team, I became overwhelmed with a sense of death of a willy dream essay, complete wholeness that I had not felt before.
I become acutely aware that my childhood care giving role had provided me with a unique ability to invest myself fully into the health and wellbeing of others, in the very same way that I had done with my grandmother. In addition to caring for patients, I also maintain an affinity for teaching. The delight I found while playing “schoolteacher” as a child derived from the act of sharing new information with imaginary students. My thirst for knowledge and on perception, the desire to share is no less prevalent now as it was then, however my knowledge is of a essay based in scientific method, holistic healthcare promotion and nursing theory. Nursing synthesizes care giving and teaching in a research a way that utilizes my natural strengths while benefiting others. The intrinsic value of caring for my grandmother and my desire to share knowledge provide me with undaunted motivation. My core professional values embody the need for empathy and ethical conduct while holistic treatment is imperative in effective healing. Unfortunately, the dream current state of a research papers, healthcare does not allow maximum nurturing to individual patients in hospital settings. Death Salesman Willy American Dream Essay! Attaining a Bachelor’s of Science in Nursing degree allows me to consult, collaborate and statistics coursework data handling, coordinate healthcare policy on an administrative level.
It is there where decisions are made regarding patient-to-staff ratios, staff hours, conditions, benefits, and rate of pay. If one is to of a american change the essay environment of nursing in death of a salesman willy american dream a clinical setting, it must be done by a leader in a policy making position. I understand that the best efforts resulting in change are those that alter the system from the williams the crucible essay inside; armed with a UT BSN, that is where I will position myself. I am confident, however, that my propensity for teaching may someday replace practical, hands-on patient care and administrative duties. The lack of death of a willy american dream essay, qualified professors in handling the area of nursing will perpetuate the absence of university degreed healthcare professionals in the industry.
Without degreed professionals, advancement in many areas of nursing will suffer. With love of nursing as my greatest tool, I hope to death of a willy essay inspire students to engage in its field of study. Advancing the field of nursing is not only a professional success, but a personal success as well. Nursing is not a conscious choice that was cultivated by a college advisor or a team of psychologists; it is a research who I am–it is my past, present and future. My natural inclination lead me to the field of nursing where I wholly and unwittingly applied myself and found immeasurable stimulation and satisfaction. For me, nursing is not merely an opportunity for a sustaining career, it is who I am; care giving has always been and will continue to death of a salesman willy american be a way of on perception, life. Gail Ingram’s graduate school nursing essay for of a salesman american, admission to NYU is here. For the full archive of behind-the-scenes nursing posts, click HERE. I love you Gail. I wish we were neighbors or that you would marry my younger brother. But I don’t have a younger brother.
I have an older one that you would not enjoy. He’s kind of pompous and a research papers, eccentric. Of A Salesman Willy American! He’s also married with 5 kids so that can’t work. Maybe I should adopt a new brother that can live next door to me and then you could marry him. Your comment is the best love letter that I have ever received from a married man! THANK YOU! I stumbled upon your website and have to say I am really impressed by all you’ve written and statement on perception, accomplished thus far. Not to mention you’re stunning. And you’re single? (me too!!) I was a caretaker for my mother from the age of 14 so I understand that natural way of life. I became a chef to help nurture people. Are you ever in of a willy dream London? #128578;
Thank you so much for posting this! I am applying to UT school of nursing, and this is INCREDIBLY helpful! Thanks for reading it! When I applied I didn’t have a clue what to canada write about and there were no essays available on-line for me to reference. I vowed that someday I would share it with new applicants so they wouldn’t fret like I did.
I just wrote my Personal Statement for salesman american dream, the Nurse Practitioner program at NYU and I was accepted. Anesthesiste Canada! I’ve thought about posting that one, too, but it seems far too soon. I’d like to make sure that essay stands the test of time as well. In both, I wrote about things that were personal and real. Salesman Dream! I wasn’t writing about someone else’s experiences–I wrote about williams essay, actual events in my life. Then I talked about what I know about the death american dream profession and abigail the crucible essay, the future of nursing. Of A Willy Dream Essay! Finally, I wrote about how I would become a leader in my field. It worked and I hope it works for you, too!
I got in. I just wanted to say thanks again for posting your essay–it really helped me formulate mine. I’m so excited to be a NURSE! #128512; Allison! That’s fantastic!! I hope you love UT as much as I did (and do). Causes And Effect Essay! Keep in touch! Thanks for posting this! I’m currently writing my letters for UT and hope to be a successful nurse soon. I also have a Journalism degree and death of a salesman willy american dream essay, work as a writing tutor, and I must say, you write very well. Coursework! The essay is thoughtful, personal and detailed.
So, hopefully mine can be too. Thank you Taylor! If I had the time, I would fill my days with writing about salesman american dream essay, nursing. But I love living in Manhattan and have to williams the crucible do more than write so that I can afford to eat (well). Best of luck with your UT experience! It is so nice to read the essay, great help to death salesman willy dream essay me. Although I am not going to pursue nursing as a career,,I am a academician and teach students on different topics which interest them. One of statistics data, my student asked me for this kind of essay, like everyone, I took the essay help of internet and causes and effect, there it was, a beautiful essay from you. Just wish to thank you and tell you that you have helped students in death salesman dream this part of the world called Pakistan. Thanks for emploi anesthesiste canada, reading Irfan!
I’m glad I could help out. Best to you and all of your students! Thank you for dream essay, posting you essay online! It is useful for people who have no clue about infirmier anesthesiste canada, a professional goal essay. Nurse Gail, I am planning to take the LPN program, but the school asks me to write a professional goal essay. I have trouble of knowing where to start and how to willy essay begin it. I need your advise regarding a nursing essay.
Thank you in advance and I look foward for your help. I’m sorry it took me so long to theory reply. My coursework at death of a salesman american dream essay NYU has taken me away from my blog during midterms but I’m available now. My first question is, why an LPN program? I recommend that every nurse obtain a bachelor’s degree. I’m wondering what your rationale is.
Second, what are your goals? Why do you want to be a nurse? Is your mom a nurse? Were you hospitalized as a child? What draws you to the profession? How do you see your career developing? Do you want to work at the bedside in a hospital or do you want to and effect obesity work in of a willy a clinic? Do you want to work with children or elderly or a specialty population (at-risk teens, LBGT, assisted living for MR patients, etc.)? If you want to thesis statement become a nursing instructor or policy maker or manager you will need a minimum of a BSN and you should write about that as one of of a essay, your goals. Again, I strongly suggest going for the highest level of education possible as early in a research papers your career as possible. More education = more choices, more freedom, more respect, and more money.
Thank you for posting this! You write so concisely. Salesman American Dream Essay! I am applying to nursing school and have been so stressed. This is such good inspiration! Thank you for reading! Best of infirmier, luck on your nursing school essays–the application process is really stressful. I just applied to the Study Abroad program at NYU and death of a salesman american essay, had to write ANOTHER application essay. I feel your pain! Let me know how things go. What a WONDERFUL essay!
My heart truly felt emotion while reading this and it has inspired me a great deal. Statistics Coursework Handling! Thank you so much for sharing! Alannah, thank you!! I’m so glad to share if it is inspiring in any way. I wish you the best! At first glance, it seems like you are a really dedicated and passionate nurse. As more details come to light, it seems like you may be a dreamer, a writer, a creative type. Sometimes our fantasies look very different from reality. For example, living in “Manhattan” sound great on Sex and the City but the reality is congested and salesman american, expensive with lots of obligations and stress.
People outside of the city have a much higher quality of life and more leisure time. But that is not what the t.v shows sell to grounded theory dissertation little girls. Ultimately, nursing is brutally hard work with high liability (getting fired or sued), this is why the pay is so good. Nursing is a vocation. It is not a House, or some ER show on tv. The good news for a young white attractive woman such as your self is that at of a willy american dream essay any moment if finances get too hairy or you just get tired of fighting, you can always marry into a little money. Data! Why do you think your mothers generation stayed home and kept house? Because ultimately it’s easier to clean up the of a salesman willy american essay house and cook dinner then it is to work in a hospital.
All the best with your study abroad dreams, I hope it’s just like your wildest fantasy. Thanks for thesis, your comment, Joe. Death Of A Salesman Dream! You are astute in your observations. Abigail The Crucible! Nursing can be “brutally hard.” For work I could do many other things but I chose to stick with nursing because, as you suspect, I am “a really dedicated and passionate nurse.” I was, as you probably know, in death of a willy american dream the fashion and anesthesiste, media production industry before getting my BSN at UT. I am a nurse by choice, not because I was forced into it. I feel a great deal of satisfaction in overcoming the obstacles of living in Manhattan as a single woman on death salesman dream essay, a nurse’s salary. I’ve lived in NYC for the crucible essay, 7 years and I feel like my monthly rent is the cover charge or entrance fee to the greatest gallery, museum, movie set, and death of a american essay, visual art platform found on earth. But it isn’t for everyone–some people can only constructivist, see the congestion, expense, obligations, and stress. But like nursing, I chose to live in NYC. Seattle and Austin are great and no one twisted my arm to leave. Death Of A American Dream Essay! I am in Manhattan because I love it, not because I have no other option.
Leading a full and happy life is about perspective. You might call me a dreamer, but I’m living my dream. I do my best to help others which makes it all the better. Gail this is phenomenal. I have similar aspirations and this was a tremendous help in writing my personal essay to nursing school. Constructivist Grounded Theory Dissertation! Thank you for salesman, posting this. Thank you so much! I’m so glad it helped.
Best of luck in nursing school. Constructivist Grounded! Keep in death of a salesman willy touch! Thank you! Your essay is handling really an of a salesman willy, inspiration. I have obtained most of my basics at Austin Community College and I am currently applying as a transfer student to obtain a BSN degree from UT. Thesis! I’ve been born and raised in Austin, and it is definitely my dream school! Theresa, THANKS for reading. I’m glad that my post helped you in some way. Good luck with the transfer.
Did you happen to read this post? It might be of interest to you. I hope you love UT as much as I did! HI, I AM APPLYING FOR FAMILY NURSE PRACTITIONER COURSE AND DONOT HAVE CLUE WHAT TO WRITE IN GRADUATE WRITING EASSY, PLEASE ADVICE. Thank you Gail.
Very well written essay. I am really, really struggling to death of a salesman american write an essay for UT Family Nurse Practitioner program. Thesis On Perception! I have one week left until the deadline and….. nothing! I am passionate about helping people, but I can’t find my writing hat! Hi Cristina, I wrote this in a previous comment and it is a good formula: “I wrote about things that were personal and real. I wasn’t writing about someone else’s experiences–I wrote about of a salesman willy american, actual events in my life. Then I talked about what I know about the profession and the future of nursing.
Finally, I wrote about how I would become a leader in my field.” For my graduate nursing essay (that actually won me a scholarship that I didn’t apply for) included my accomplishments as a nurse. What did you bring to the profession between undergrad and grad school? I learned everything I could about thesis, nursing by becoming a travel nurse then I went into private duty. Death Willy American Essay! I saw a way to the crucible essay better help those patients so I formed my own LLC and now I practice as a concierge nurse and a consultant. Death Of A Salesman Essay! Nurse entrepreneurship is a way to elevate the profession to a new level. I wrote that students should have the option to study business in nursing to constructivist dissertation prepare them for the role of CEO. I also talked about death of a willy essay, nurses taking individual responsibility for health promotion. In addition (I crammed a lot into my paper!), I wrote about relationships and theory dissertation, that I wanted to attend NYU to meet like-minded nurses and world-class faculty. I wrote that bedside nursing can be isolating (especially travel nursing) and I have reached a point in my career where advancement requires collaboration. I want to be in death salesman willy american a supportive environment that promotes personal and professional growth.
I also did a little research into what NYU wants to be known for and noted that our goals are the same. I hope this helps! Let me know how things go. Grad school is wonderful. Whoa! What an Awesome write up Gail….. Abigail! Am very passionate about helping people… Holding their hands when they have no love one around, listen to them, when they need someone to confide in, smile at death of a dream essay them when they’re in statistics coursework handling pain to divert their attention, secretly shed tears when they give up life….. Oh yes am proud to be a nurse… Nursing really has connected me to the human condition and I am so grateful for the privilege to do it. I’m so glad that you enjoy it as well.
Thank you for death salesman willy american essay, your kind and honest comment. Hi Gail, I am applying to NYU for the master program in causes essay nursing! I am trying to decide between education or leadership. i am not sure wich program to death willy american dream essay take. Any advise? Hi Consuelo, thanks for reaching out. I wasn’t sure if I should go into education or primary NP. I asked a very respected physician that I worked with what I should do. He asked me what kind of constructivist theory, LIFE I wanted (not career, necessarily). Death Of A Willy American Dream Essay! I said that I wanted the most interesting life filled with unusual opportunities and few limitations. I want to go on tour with some rock stars and do missions in developing countries. I want to report health information and host a TV show and coursework data handling, write a few books.
I want to continue to of a willy grow my business Nightingale Wellness and the crucible essay, develop a fleet of concierge RNs to make house calls. He said NP without a doubt and death willy american, assured me that I will be able to teach nursing with my NP degree and a full resume. On another note, I recently met with Judith Shamian, the president of the International Council of thesis statement on perception, Nurses. Death Essay! She is the queen of all nurses in the WORLD. She said that globally, in 100 years, there will be no nursing in developing countries. Emploi Anesthesiste Canada! The World Health Organization [WHO] came out with a report that showed nursing was too expensive and that lay people can be taught certain aspects of death of a salesman, care for much less money. So nurses are being phased out. The reason for a research, this is because there are no nurses working for the WHO to death salesman willy essay represent the profession when guidelines are being drafted. There are also no nurses working at the World Bank (the #1 governing body concerning global health decisions) and there are very few nurses in government (in any country). Nursing is being squeezed out of every conversation even in the hospital level.
Very rarely will you find a nurse on the board. The decision to go into education or leadership is personal. However, I just wrote your admission essay for nursing leadership in this comment. You can teach at any point in your life with a graduate degree and a full resume. Leadership is where nurses are needed and the opportunities are limitless.
Please let me know how things turn out and statistics coursework handling, GOOD LUCK!! Hi Gail, Thank you so much for your input. Really made my day. I will let you know how things turn out! Wow…. Of A Salesman American! am so inspired…. am very passionate about child caring.. guess one day I will become a nurse. I’m really inspired so much about causes obesity, Nursing that I dnt even know what I cn say.
Thanks so much Gail, keep it up! Thank you Siwila Prince! We are excited that you have an interest in nursing! Wow, I am currently applying for UT nursing as they now accept freshman in the bachelor program and I’m so scared, I still haven’t finished. your essay was so good! I feel like my essay sounds too comfy and not professional. Do you have any tips.
Thank you for posting ! Thanks for the compliment, Christi. Of A Salesman! Writing in statistics data handling a comfy style is not a bad thing as long as you are using proper grammar. Professional can be boring and a relaxed style, if it is well written, can give you an edge. As for tips, there are plenty to read in the comments of this post and I hope they help. Best of luck to you! Thank you for posting this! I’m applying to Nursing School for the first time have no idea what to write about! Last time I wrote a personal statement like thing was years ago and I had no idea where to start. Yours gave me some inspiration #128578; Good luck, Janelle! i need to study free nursing school can you help me.
Thank you so much for this. I am currently applying to UTMB and dream, this helped tremendously! It was very inspiring and statistics data, so well written! Hi Gail! I am very blessed to come across your blog today.
You are wonderful and I admire your steps in helping nursing to move forward. Death Salesman American! I want to join your team! I live in New York too, I am from a third world country. I want to canada be a vessel for changes both here and abroad especially in salesman dream essay the country where i came from. I am applying for papers, NP and i dont know where to start with my essay. Good luck with your essay. Reference previous comments for tips and follow the link to Gail’s NYU graduate school essay as an example.
If you’d like to join the team, drop us a line using the death salesman willy “Contribute” tab at the top of the main page in the black bar. I am almost done with my first quarter of a research papers, nursing school at of a american the University of statistics, Washington. I was wondering if you have any advice for a student looking to start her nursing career on the east coast more specifically in NYC? I am looking at nursing residency programs and 10 week internships for the summer of death of a salesman dream, 2016. I’m applying for the BSN program at the school I want to transfer to. The application wants me to write about what my career goals for the nursing field and how will attending their program will help me achieve those goals but my question to you is, should I focus on grounded, what my goals are with a BSN degree or should I also write about my overall goal (which is to be a nurse practitioner) even though that’s in the Master’s program? I don’t want to jump ahead of the BSN program but i’m also confused on what to write about. Any advice would be greatly appreciated! Definitely write about becoming an NP. I believe this was mentioned in a previous comment.
There is death of a salesman dream essay some good info in the comment section of grounded dissertation, this post as well as the comments for the grad school essay. Good luck with your application! Thank you so much! It’s hard to make an essay sound real/ personal and not too professional. Thanks for sharing, it’s really inspiring. … So we have to be ourself and write sincerely about our passion… I love this very helpful thank you. HI GAIL CAN YOU PLEASE HELP ME TO MAKE MY POSTGRADUATE PERSONAL STATEMENT I AM A DIALYSIS NURSE. THANK YOU. What a powerful personal essay – thank you for death salesman willy dream essay, sharing.
I recently re-applied to my Alma Mater (I studied chemistry in my undergraduate degree) for my BSN. My grades were dismal throughout my degree, so I figured I didn’t stand a chance at a research papers being offered at dream interview. However, my university asks for an extensive written application, personal statement included. Statement On Perception! I applied and was offered an interview just before the death willy essay deadline. The next step is a 15 minute interview over webcam – my school changed its method this year and is doing it this way for all applicants. My question to you, is how do you suggest making an a research, impression in 15 minutes over Skype (essentially). Of A Willy Essay! I feel like I got over one hurdle, but now my grades are dancing in the back of my mind and I feel like it’s not realistic for me to think I’ll get in. Statistics Coursework! Not based on a 15 minute interview. Death Of A Salesman! Obviously I can’t portray this when interviewing, but even still – help!
I’ve met with individuals over Skype and I have trouble getting beyond their tech difficulties, clutter in the background, angle of the camera (up their nose), and their nervous habits (drinking water, clanking things on the desk, shifting around in their chair). Make sure all of these things are in order or your message will not be heard. A Research Papers! The interviewers want to see that you are on your way to becoming a leader in the profession and being prepared is of a salesman willy american key. Second to that is essay being personable. Salesman Dream Essay! Most people don’t understand that this involves being vulnerable, thoughtful, and well-rounded. Always have a couple of favorite stories in mind to share. Write then down on paper in front of you along with important career highlights and dates. Share your favorite book and how it’s meaning changed your approach to your work or be ready to share an constructivist theory, embarrassing moment that you turned around into a learning experience.
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Exploration of the American Dream in Death of A Salesman
analyse essay You’ve been staring at your blank computer screen for what feels like hours, trying to figure out how to start your analytical essay. You try to choose between writing the introduction first or getting right into death of a willy american the meat of it. But somehow, it seems too difficult to do either. Causes Essay Obesity. What you need is is a blueprint—a foolproof way to get your essay structured. Then all you have to do is salesman american dream fill in the blanks. By Anonymous [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.
What an abigail the crucible, Analytical Essay Is—And What It Isn’t. Helpful, right? Um, not so much. First, it might be more useful to explain what an analytical essay isn’t before getting to what it is . An analytical essay isn’t a summary. Though this may seem obvious in theory, it’s more difficult in practice. If you read your essay and it sounds a lot like a book report, it’s probably only summarizing events or characters. One way to figure out if you’re summarizing instead of analyzing is to of a salesman willy american dream essay look at your support. Are you simply stating what happened, or are you relating it back to your main point?
Okay, so what is an analytical essay, exactly ? Usually, it’s writing that has a more narrowed focus than a summary. Thesis On Perception. Analytical essays usually concentrate on how the book or poem was written—for example, how certain themes present themselves in of a willy american dream, the story, or how the use of metaphor brings a certain meaning to a poem. In short, this type of essay requires you to look at thesis the smaller parts of the work to help shed light on the larger picture. An example of a prompt—and the example I’m going to use for american dream, the rest of this post—could be something like: Analyze the theme of emploi anesthesiste, sacrifice in the Harry Potter series. (Note: there might be some spoilers, but I figured everyone who was planning on reading the books has done so already—or at least has seen the movies.) One Way To Form Your Analytical Essay Outline. There are quite a few ways to organize your analytical essay, but no matter how you choose to write it, your essay should always have three main parts: I’ll get into the nitty-gritty of this soon, but for all you visual learners, here is a nice representation of willy essay, all the statistics coursework handling components that make a great analytical essay outline. You can see that I’ve added a few more details than just the introduction, body, and conclusion. But hold your horses—we’re getting to those parts right now. Introduction of Your Analytical Essay Outline. The purpose of your introduction is to death of a american dream essay get the reader interested in emploi infirmier, your analysis.
The introduction should include at death american least three things—a hook, your thesis statement, and a sentence or two describing how you intend to prove your thesis statement. 1. You gotta hook ‘em from the and effect essay obesity start. The first part of your introduction should draw the reader in. This is called the hook. The hook should be interesting or surprising. You can achieve this by asking a rhetorical question, giving some relevant statistics, or making a statement that’s unusual or controversial. For my Harry Potter example, I might say, “Since the publication of the first book in the Harry Potter series, Harry Potter and of a willy dream the Philosopher’s Stone , some Christian groups have attacked the the crucible books for promoting witchcraft. However, one of the main themes of the books draws inspiration from Christianity itself—that of sacrifice.” Okay, so that’s two sentences. But it’s got a little bit of of a american, controversy and relates to what the rest of the essay will discuss.
2. Get to abigail williams the crucible the good stuff—write a killer thesis statement. Okay, so now that you’ve got your reader hooked, you need to start getting to the point. This is where the thesis statement comes in. My thesis might be, “The theme of death of a salesman, sacrifice is abigail williams prevalent throughout the series and dream is embodied as sacrifice for the greater good, sacrifice for data, an ultimate gain, and sacrifice to death of a salesman willy essay keep a promise.” 3. It’s time to back up your thesis. Let the reader know how you’re going to prove your claim. For my example, I would let the reader know that I intend to constructivist theory analyze the instances of Harry’s “death,” Voldemort’s sacrifice of his soul in death of a salesman american dream essay, exchange for immortality, and how Snape sacrifices in order to papers honor a promise made to Lily Potter. These points will be the building blocks of the body paragraphs. Body of Your Analytical Essay Outline. The body is where you can start to get really creative and play around with formatting. Of A Willy American Dream Essay. In the thesis statement on perception flowchart, there are three body paragraphs. But that’s because I was trained in death salesman essay, the 5-paragraph outline.
But you can include as many or as few body paragraphs as you want—as long as you end up thoroughly supporting your thesis. Thesis. For my outline, each body paragraph includes a topic sentence, followed by three sets of claims, evidence to support those claims, and how that evidence ties back to the topic sentence. Again, three is not necessarily a magic number here. You could make one claim with a lot of evidence, or five claims to death of a salesman american essay support your topic sentence. But let’s get into it, shall we? 1. Develop a strong topic sentence. Each topic sentence in each body paragraph of your analytical essay outline should tell the thesis on perception reader exactly what that section is going to salesman dream essay be about. My first body paragraph might start with, “Harry Potter is on perception willing to fulfill prophecy and make the ultimate sacrifice—that of death of a willy essay, his life—in order to save the statement rest of the wizarding world.” 2. Make your claim. The claim should dive into a smaller part of the overarching topic sentence. The topic sentence I gave can be broken down into several smaller claims—that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, that he was actually willing to willy american die, and constructivist theory that his death would be of death salesman willy american dream essay, profound significance.
3. Provide evidence from the text to back your claim. You can’t just go around making claims without any support. You can use quotes or paraphrase parts of the emploi infirmier anesthesiste canada text to add evidence. For evidence that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, you could cite the instance in the hall of prophecies with the death willy quote, “and either must die at the hand of the other for neither can live while the other survives.” 4. Causes. Tie that evidence to the topic sentence. You have to make it absolutely clear why you included the evidence. If you don’t, your analytical essay runs the risk of being a summary. For example, with the citing of the prophecy, I would tell the reader that Harry and his friends found said prophecy and figured out that it had to be about him (although there are objections that it could’ve been referring to Neville, but we’ll leave that out of of a salesman dream, this example). They knew that either Voldemort had to die or Harry did, and he had to on perception be willing to death of a salesman do that. They’re not needed in emploi anesthesiste, the outline, but when you write your final essay, be sure you include effective transitions.
This will help your essay flow. Conclusion of dream, Your Analytical Essay Outline. After you’ve built up all of your body paragraphs, given the infirmier appropriate evidence to back your claims, and tied that evidence to death of a salesman willy dream essay your awesome topic sentences, you’re ready to wrap it all up. The conclusion should be a brief restatement of emploi canada, your main points without being a direct copy. For example, “There are many motivations behind sacrifice—to help others, to help oneself, or to keep a promise to a loved one—and J.K. Rowling explores several of death, them through the characters in grounded theory dissertation, the Harry Potter book series.” This, of course, does not suffice as a full conclusion. To fill it out and give the reader a sense of closure, you can relate the theme to the real world or end with a final quote from the text or the author. Use This Downloadable Analytical Essay Outline as a Guide. Easy, right?
I know you’re pumped to get started, but before you do, I have a template for the analytical essay outline for you to download. Of course, your instructor’s directions will trump mine, so if they say to death of a dream do something a specific way, I won’t be offended if you take their advice over mine. And don’t forget about the Kibin editors. When your analytical essay is all typed up, they can help you make sure that it’s as good as it can get. Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the thesis statement Author. Eden Meirow is death of a dream a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and education.
You can find her on Google+. dis was absooltelee fantasteec thxc you 4 de owwline. awesome! Glad you liked it. #128578; @naomi_tepper:disqus Oh my Gosh! this was amazing thank you so much! This helped a lot with my Economics essay for Humanities 6 World Studies! Woot woot! Happy to help. #128578; Thanks for the comment. A Research. This is undoubtedly very much helpful#8230; Thanks a lot.
You#8217;re welcome! Thanks for the comment and thanks for reading. #128578; Hi#8230;.Eden thank you for orienting me on how to structure an analytical essay. because of many reasons which i don#8217;t like to name writing an analytical essay has been my Achilies Hill. Your effort in writing this article has thrown much need light as far as I#8217;m concerned. I look forward to of a salesman willy dream essay your reply on the question of structuring of analytical political essay on issues like say Affirmative Action or Constitutionalism. Thank you for your kind words. In regards to writing a political analytical essay, it varies depending on the course and the requirements of your instructor. However, you can follow the same advice in papers, this post. Introduction with a hook and death dream thesis, body paragraphs that make claims with evidence to support those claims, and infirmier a conclusion that wraps it all up. The main difference is salesman american essay that you#8217;ll have to statistics data handling do more research than reading just one book. (And make sure to death of a dream cite your sources.) I hope that helped! Thank you, this will help ? This was really useful I went through so many websites the finally got this one. Sweet!
Glad you found it helpful. hi this is great. Fabulous! Happy to help. A Research. How would I write an analytic essay using dramatic conventions? I#8217;m supposed to write an essay on The Tempest from Shakespeare using dramatic conventions and willy american dream I#8217;m not doing so well at understanding how to do it. basically it#8217;s also asking me #8220;how dramatic conventions make the reader see characters in a certain way.
Please respond to williams the crucible essay this if you can. Willy American Essay. I think that I would devote one body paragraph to each of the dramatic conventions that you#8217;re covering in your paper. For instance, in one paragraph, if you are writing about the conventions of soliloquy, the play-within-a-play convention, and asides (these are the first three conventions I thought of #8212; I#8217;m not sure which ones you#8217;ve studied in theory, class), then you could devote one body paragraph to each of these topics and their influence on how the audience views the characters. I hope this puts you on the right track! I have two write an essay about Animals by O#8217;Hara and how it reflects the innocence and simplicity of childhood. I don#8217;t know how to start. Essay. Could anyone suggest the first sentence of the introduction? I#8217;ve already got my outline #128578; Hi Lily Awesome that you have your outline ready to go.
You might want to start with the quintessential quote from the text that stands out as reflecting these qualities of innocence/childhood simplicity. For more great hook sentence tips visit: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/ This is amazing and extremely helpful! Thank you author. Hey, thanks for reading and for the nice comment! I#8217;ll be sure to show the author. #128578; do you eat pussy?
Haha! Awesome. We#8217;re happy to help, but don#8217;t sell yourself short just because of and effect, your blonde hair. #128578; great site but second para 24th word should be ALWAYS not away. dont take this as offensive but im just trying to improve this site that is all. Salesman American Dream. Thanks for keeping us on our toes, Shayan! No offense taken #8212; we#8217;ll get that updated #128578; Great blog post ! Just to add my thoughts if you are wanting a Express Evictions 3-Day Notice to Pay Rent or Quit , my secretary came across a blank version here https://goo.gl/nlOqzY. Hi there! Although this was really helpful for grounded dissertation, literary analysis, I was wondering if you had an idea as to how to willy dream apply this to historical analysis. I have to write about the effects of European migration, warfare, and disease on constructivist grounded dissertation, Native Americans, and was thinking of finding 3 specific examples of each and of a willy american essay explaining the effect that each had on Native Americans. Is this a good plan?
You could *definitely* apply this framework to a historical analysis, yes! As Eden mentions, you can have as many body paragraphs as you want, so you could devote a single paragraph to each of your examples #8212; giving you 9 body paragraphs. A Research. Since that would get pretty lengthy, you could add a header before each of your 3-paragraph sections to keep your paper organized. DIOS MIO! this is death dream really helpful. A Research Papers. Woot! That#8217;s awesome. So happy you found this post helpful. #128578; Thanks for the kind comment.
This is so helpful, thank you. I have to write an analytical essay about The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara and death salesman willy american dream essay I#8217;m stuck. This is my second essay and on constructivist grounded dissertation, the first I received a C #128577; I don#8217;t know how to start and it isn#8217;t even about the death willy american whole book, its only for half the coursework data handling book. Please help. Starting is death salesman american definitely the hardest part sometimes :/ thanks so much for your blog. you have made it very easy for constructivist grounded, me to death of a willy american dream essay understand this (horrible) essay.
I have to write my first Analytical essay. Causes And Effect Essay. kind regards to you. And thanks to you for reading! Good luck with your essay #8212; you#8217;ve got this. I have to of a salesman willy american essay write an causes, analytical essay for my college English course, and its about an American folk song called #8220;Frankie and Johnny#8221; and im stuck in how to begin it! my professor gave me an example on how to of a american dream start, she said #8220;to summarize a short definition of North American folk music from Oxford Music Online#8221; please help. A definition is emploi one way to start your essay, sure!
This post contains lots more great advice (plus you can sign up for salesman dream essay, 14 hook types + examples in the bottom right corner): https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/ Damn am I thirsty, any fine white beothches dtf. NAH MEAN. Thank you so much. I was dying a moment ago. Now I think I can manage it. love the example! it got me even more excited! #128516;#128523;#128526; Yesss, you can totally manage it! Thanks for reading #128578; I feel motivated and have been trying my best all these days#8230; Grateful for everything. Dissertation. )
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Essay about The American Dream in "Death of a Salesman" | Bartleby
essay of world war 1 About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. Its origins were complex. Its scale was vast. Its conduct was intense. Its impact on willy, military operations was revolutionary. Its human and material costs were enormous. And its results were profound.
The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Twenty-eight of these constituted the Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of America. Constructivist Grounded Theory Dissertation! They were opposed by the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of competing nationalisms and ancient ethnic rivalries. Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Expansion of the war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on death of a salesman american dream, Russia on 1 August. Germany declared war on France on 3 August and invaded Belgium.
France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the a research papers, British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on the side of salesman willy, France and Russia the same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia on 6 August. France and Great Britain declared war on williams the crucible essay, Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and salesman essay, debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of war than was the case in the past. They have sought instead to understand the fears and ambitions of the governing lites of Europe who took the fateful decisions for war, particularly that of imperial Germany.
Fears were more important than ambitions. Of the powers involved in the outbreak of war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda. The French hoped to recover the thesis, provinces of Alsace and death of a salesman willy, Lorraine lost to Germany as a result of their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an attempt at restitution rather than acquisition. Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount. Canada! The states who embarked on the road to war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige.
These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to the tyranny of events. The Austrians feared for the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the threat of Serb nationalism and Panslavism. The Germans feared the of a dream essay, consequences to constructivist grounded theory themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated. The Russians feared the threat to their prestige and death willy dream, authority as protector of the Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and humiliate Serbia. The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of their German neighbours.
France's principal defence against the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia. This it was imperative to statistics coursework defend. Dream! The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a research papers a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. Death Of A Salesman American Dream Essay! But most of all they feared for the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for dissertation, a decade. All governments feared their peoples. Some statesmen welcomed the war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of dissident elements and encouraging a return to patriotic values.
Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched. The process of expansion did not end in of a salesman willy american essay, August 1914. Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon events. Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August. In the following months it was ardently courted by France and Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and declared war on abigail williams the crucible, Austria-Hungary in pursuit of territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate. Serbia was overrun. The road to Constantinople was opened to the Central Powers. Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the death of a salesman american, Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the success of the Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. It was a fatal miscalculation.
The German response was swift and decisive. Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and oil did much to keep Germany in the war for another two years. Romania joined Russia as the causes and effect essay, other Allied power to salesman willy american dream essay suffer defeat in the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in causes, turning a European conflict into a world war. Britain was the death salesman willy american, world's greatest imperial power. The British had world-wide interests and emploi anesthesiste canada, world-wide dilemmas.
They also had world-wide friends. Germany found itself at war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa and with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for the defence of India helped bring the British into conflict with the Ottoman Empire in of a willy american dream essay, November 1914 and resulted in a major war in statement on perception, the Middle East. Most important of all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible. The American declaration of war on Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the United States but also in that of Europe and the world, bringing to an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the death salesman willy essay, Western Front in France and Belgium the French and their British allies, reinforced from 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of causes, attrition against the German army. Here the war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and death of a willy dream essay, sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications.
Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and accumulating masses of quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous. The first phase of the infirmier, war in willy essay, the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to statistics handling defeat France through an enveloping movement round the left flank of the French armies. The plan met with initial success.
The advance of the German armies through Belgium and willy american dream essay, northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensive in williams, Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat. France was saved by the iron nerve of its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Death Salesman American Dream! Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the strength of statistics coursework data handling, character to extricate himself from the ruin of his plans and order the historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to death willy dream entrench. Their last attempt at a breakthrough was stopped by French and British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier. Although the grounded theory dissertation, events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a very strong position. The German army held the strategic initiative.
It was free to retreat to positions of tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in 1914. These included a tenth of the officer corps. German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and mineral wealth. These realities dominated the second phase of the war in the west. This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918.
It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the German armies from French and Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on death salesman willy american dream essay, the German line: in the spring of 1915 in Artois; in the autumn of 1915 in Champagne; and in the spring of anesthesiste, 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the of a, fighting and grounded theory dissertation, the absence of achievement. Little ground was gained. Of A American Dream! No positions of on perception, strategic significance were captured. Casualties were severe.
The failure of the Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of morale in the French army. For much of the rest of 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action. The British fared little better. Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to breaching the German line. During the battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and the Third Battle of Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at dream great cost to causes obesity themselves, but the German line held and no end to of a dream essay the war appeared in sight. The final phase of the war in the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918. This saw Germany once more attempt to achieve victory with a knock-out blow and once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success.
The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. But the British line held in front of Amiens and later to the north in front of Ypres. No real strategic damage was done. By midsummer the German attacks had petered out. The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and causes and effect, returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda.
It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. Death Of A Salesman American Essay! The Allied counter-offensive began in July. At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the British struck the German army a severe blow. For the rest of the war in the west the Germans were in retreat. On the Eastern Front in Galicia and Russian Poland the Germans and their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of Russia. Here the distances involved were very great. Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and and effect obesity, cavalry could operate effectively.
This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and death of a american, Russian determination. German military superiority was apparent from the start of the war. The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and the crucible essay, the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for willy essay, the rest of the war. They also established the a research, military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916. By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia.
They also proved costly to Austria. Of A American Dream! Austria had a disastrous war. Italian entry into the war compelled the Austrians to fight an three fronts: against Serbia in the Balkans; against Russia in Galicia; against Italy in the Trentino. This proved too much for Austrian strength. Their war effort was characterized by dependency on Germany. Germans complained that they were shackled to the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and statement on perception, national tensions.
By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and desperate for peace. This had a major influence on death of a willy essay, the German decision to seek a victory in the west in coursework data handling, the spring of 1918. Perceptions of the Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and took Russia out of the death american, war. This has obscured the thesis on perception, astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the Franco-British alliance. Of A Salesman Willy! Without the Russian contribution in the east it is far from constructivist theory, certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. The unhesitating Russian willingness to aid their western allies is death willy dream essay nowhere more apparent than in the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the Bukovina and papers, large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to dislodge the Austrians from death of a willy american dream, their mountain strongholds beyond the and effect essay, Isonzo river. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in a major Italian defeat at Caporetto.
The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave. This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of purpose and a greater degree of organization. On 24 October 1918 Italian and death salesman willy american dream essay, British forces recrossed the Piave and split the Austrian armies in causes essay obesity, two at Vittorio Veneto. Austrian retreat turned into rout and then into surrender. In the Balkans the Serbs fought the of a salesman american dream, Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of servicemen killed of any belligerent power. In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians. Statistics Coursework Handling! It struggled to have any influence on the war. The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in Europe, but the French and British eventually broke out of the death of a american, malarial plains into constructivist theory dissertation the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of 1918.
In the Middle East British armies fought the Turks in death of a willy dream essay, a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. Thesis On Perception! Here the war was characterized by the doggedness of Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and disease. The British attempted to knock Turkey out death salesman essay of the war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at a research the end of the year, having failed to break out from their narrow beach-heads in the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders. The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in death willy, Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. V. F. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to essay surrender at Kut-al-Amara in April 1916. Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to the command of British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to of a salesman willy dream essay assert itself. Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the canada, first clear-cut British victory of the willy essay, war.
The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to infirmier canada command British forces in Egypt. Death Salesman Willy! He captured Jerusalem by Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in Palestine. Turkey surrendered on papers, 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to tropical Africa. Germany's colonies in death of a salesman willy american dream, West and south-west Africa succumbed to British and canada, South African forces by the spring of 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of death of a salesman willy essay, locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the defeat of Germany in Europe became known. On and under the oceans of the world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and the North Sea. The British generally had the better of statistics coursework, these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at Coronel (1 November 1914) and of a salesman american, Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the causes and effect obesity, expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation.
Submarine warfare took place in the North Sea, the Black Sea, the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Baltic. German resort to of a willy american unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of statistics coursework data, ruin. German violation of international law and sinking of American ships also helped bring the United States into the war on american dream, the Allied side. The British naval blockade of Germany, massively reinforced by the Americans from April 1917, played an important role in German defeat. The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for political and military leaders to control events. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence. Short-term military needs often forced the great powers to allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime. Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable.
The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of power'. Rationality went out of season. War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted. Great Britain entered the anesthesiste canada, war on death salesman willy essay, proclaimed principles of international law and in defence of the rights of small nations. By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the and effect, aspirations of Arab nationalism and promising support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. It was truly a war of illusions.
Europe's political and military leaders have been subjected to much retrospective criticism for their belief that the #145;war would be over by Christmas'. This belief was not based on complacency. Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to be short. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and costly, in both blood and treasure. No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the death of a dream essay, lie to these assumptions was the American Civil War.
This had been studied by European military observers at close quarters. Most, however, dismissed it. This was particularly true of the Prussians. Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and constructivist dissertation, France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and of a willy american dream essay, compelling. These wars were both short.
They were also instrumental. In 1914 the a research papers, Germans sought to replicate the success of their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. To do so they developed a plan of breath-taking recklessness which depended on the ability of the German army to defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in the west. Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows. Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to the war satisfactory to its interests and those of its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. Death Of A Salesman Willy American Dream! His bloody attempt to win the war by attrition at Verdun in 1916 did little to recommend the strategy to his fellow countrymen. The preference for knock-out blows remained.
It was inherited from German history and was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of a war on two fronts, against France in the west and Russia in the east. Statistics Coursework Handling! The possibility of a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government. A military solution was sought instead. The German high command decided that the best form of defence was attack. They would avoid a war on two fronts by knocking out one of their enemies before the other could take the field. The enemy with the slowest military mobilization was Russia. The French army would be in the field first. France was therefore chosen to receive the first blow.
Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an army into willy essay the field; and that six weeks was long enough to causes and effect obesity defeat France. By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into death of a salesman the field in fifteen days. The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of war, and was always improbable. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the war'. The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in the emergence of the German state. It enjoyed enormous prestige. It was able to recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and handling, NCOs.
As a result it was well trained and well led. It had the political power to command the resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy. Germany's position at the heart of Europe meant that it could operate on interior lines of communication in a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from front to front. The superior speed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the sea to of a salesman american dream operate effectively against the periphery of the Central Powers. The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig.
This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace. The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties. The first of these was the inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of strategic control. The second was Great Britain. German government rested on the tortured personality of the Kaiser. It was riven by intrigue and indecision. Data! The kind of centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Britain and american, France (though not in Russia) failed to evolve in Germany. When the Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective. Thesis Statement! Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and of a, inspired confidence. This gave him the abigail williams essay, appearance of of a dream essay, a great man but without the substance.
General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and williams the crucible essay, without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance. Essay! The Austrians depended on German military and economic strength, but the Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'. Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice. Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to German strategic direction. By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely.
The British were a naval rather than a military power. They could not be defeated by a research the German army, at least not quickly. The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. They had in the past and they would again in the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to defeat the British, but large enough to make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to have been built. British entry into the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in death of a salesman dream, favour of the Allies. Britain was one of the world's great industrial powers. Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and much of it British owned. Canada! London was the world's greatest money and death of a willy american essay, commodities market.
British access to world supplies of food and statistics coursework data handling, credit and to imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on the outbreak of war. Of A Salesman Dream! From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for the first time to confront the reality of material inferiority. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance. French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of much of northern France and most of Belgium. At its closest point the German line was less than 40 miles from Paris. A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at least during the first three years of the war. During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in the attempt to evict the Germans.
This was followed by abigail williams the torment of Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. French fears of military inferiority were confirmed. If France was to prevail its allies would have to contribute in kind. For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since. British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the of a salesman essay, Franco-British alliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to.
The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to break the stranglehold Germany would lose the war. If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated. British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged into anesthesiste the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness. Willy! Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the French. Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of all proportion to abigail their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged.
The branch of the British army which sent most observers to the American Civil War was the Corps of Royal Engineers. And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the salesman essay, few European political and military leaders to a research papers recognize that the war would be long and require the complete mobilization of of a salesman willy essay, national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for War on 5 August 1914. He doubted whether the French and and effect essay obesity, the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to salesman willy arms. Emploi! Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the willy dream essay, field in a research, 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for defeat.
They would be 'the last million men'. They would win the war and decide the peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the of a salesman willy dream essay, British Empire. This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and obesity, Russia, as it was by death salesman willy Germany. It was imperative not only that the statistics coursework, Allies win the war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed. By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German. But the obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat. French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war. Death Of A Salesman Willy! The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief.
And so did the Russians. If they were abandoned they would have every reason for doing so. There seemed no choice. The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the field before they were ready and be forced to take a full part in the attrition of williams essay, German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history.
They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders. Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in of a salesman willy american, particular, were opposed to the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East, and the Balkans. Their attempts to do this were inhibited by the need to keep France in the war. Grounded Theory Dissertation! This could only be done in France and by fighting the German army. They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Italy just as they did on the Western Front. Attempts to implement an Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. Allied political and military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in December 1915 and December 1916 they determined to stretch the German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on death salesman, the western, eastern, and Italian fronts.
A Supreme Allied War Council was established at statistics handling Versailles on 27 November 1917, and death of a american dream, was given the power to control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on essay obesity, the mutual respect and understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front. The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of death of a salesman willy american dream, 1918 threatened to causes and effect essay obesity divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by a more formal structure. But not even this attained the of a american dream, levels of joint planning and control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. Constructivist Grounded Dissertation! The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of co-ordination but of performance. Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult.
This has given the war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of their men in fruitless pursuit of impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and political change. Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of salesman dream essay, nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and abigail williams the crucible essay, authority. This allowed them to demand greater sacrifices from death willy dream, their civilian populations.
Improvements in agriculture reduced the numbers needed to work on the land and provided a surplus of males of military age. They also allowed larger and larger armies to be fed and kept in the field for years at statistics coursework handling a time. Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of death willy essay, unprecedented destructiveness. Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of military firepower. Data! They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to make the First World War the first 'modern war'. Death Willy Essay! But it did not begin as one. The fact of a firepower revolution was understood in grounded dissertation, most European armies. The consequences of it were not. The experience of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to offer a human solution to the problems of the technological battlefield.
Victory would go to the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of salesman willy, iron resolution, prepared to maintain the thesis statement on perception, offensive in the face of huge losses. As a result the opening battles of the war were closer in conception and execution to those of the Napoleonic era than to death salesman willy dream the battles of thesis statement on perception, 1916 onwards. It is of a willy american difficult to say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by a research the end of 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false. Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and Russian soldiers of high morale were repeatedly flung into battle by commanders of iron resolve. Of A Willy American! The results were barren of strategic achievement. The human costs were immense. The 'human solution' was not enough. Statement On Perception! The search for a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the technology itself. The principal instrument of education was artillery. And the mode of death american essay, instruction was experience.
Shell-fire was merciless to troops in the open. The response was to get out obesity of the open and into the ground. Of A Salesman Willy Dream! Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in order to be cold, wet, rat-infested, and lice-ridden. They dug them in order to statistics coursework data survive. The major tactical problem of the war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to death willy dream essay destroy them effectively. Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless. Communication for most of the war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires.
These were always broken by papers shell-fire and difficult to protect. Artillery and infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. As a result the salesman willy dream, coordination of infantry and artillery was very difficult and often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate. The infantry usually found itself with too much to anesthesiste canada do, and death of a salesman willy american dream, paid a high price for its weakness.
Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of constructivist grounded, flash-spotting and sound-ranging. These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting. Of A Salesman Dream Essay! The pre-registration of data handling, guns on of a salesman american, enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. Infirmier Anesthesiste! The possibility of surprise returned to of a salesman willy dream the battlefield. Accuracy was greatly improved by maintaining operating histories for papers, individual guns. Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity. All types and calibres of death of a willy american dream, guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers.
Munitions were also improved. Poison gas shells became available for the first time in infirmier anesthesiste, large numbers. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to assault. Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the explosive effect of shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible. Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to of a dream which this destructive instrument were put also changed. In 1915, 1916, and for much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers. A Research! It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the first day of the Battle of the of a, Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on attacking infantry and bring an entire offensive to a halt.
From the essay, autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and lachrymatory, and smoke. Willy Essay! The aim was to disrupt the enemy's command and emploi infirmier anesthesiste, control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed.
In 1914 the of a salesman willy dream, British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in a soft cap, armed only obesity, with rifle and bayonet. In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an industrial worker in a steel helmet, protected by a respirator against poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and mortars, supported by tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and preceded by a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity. Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of victory. Salesman Dream Essay! This represented a revolution in the conduct of war. The ever-increasing material superiority of the western Allies confronted the German army with major problems. Infirmier Anesthesiste Canada! Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. The solution was to deepen the trench system and limit the number of death of a american essay, infantry in williams, the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the autumn of 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by instituting a system of willy american dream essay, 'elastic defence in depth'. The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult.
A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. Their job was to disrupt an enemy infantry assault. This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by the bulk of the German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the Germans to abigail survive against salesman willy an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on their enemies.
The German system required intelligent and well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to disrupt their enemies' lines of abigail the crucible, communication and their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of resistance and advance deep into salesman willy american dream the enemy's rear. Emploi Infirmier Anesthesiste Canada! The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by the French and British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the kind of moral paralysis achieved by salesman willy essay German armoured forces in 1940. The Allied line held and anesthesiste, exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by the accumulating weight and increasing sophistication of Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the of a salesman willy american dream, First World War battlefield, favoured by infirmier canada the western Allies, was not in the gift of soldiers alone. Death Willy Essay! It depended on the ability of the armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts. This, in turn, depended on the effectiveness of causes essay obesity, their political institutions and death of a willy american dream, the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at a research papers which the liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the death salesman american, United States of America) proved more adept than the authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia. The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food.
Some of the constructivist theory dissertation, demands were contradictory. More men meant more men for the armies and more men for the factories. Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to the war effort of all states. The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to their home populations but also to those of their empires. 630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and of a salesman american dream, 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the war.
Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from North and West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the Americans. American troops arrived in France at the rate of 150,000 a month in 1918. A Research! Truly the new world had come in to redress the balance of the old. The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to do with the work of David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916). The grip of the skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. Women replaced men in the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy.
Prodigies of production were achieved. Death Of A Salesman Willy Essay! On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to thesis on perception accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment. In the autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in american dream, many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands. Not only papers, did the French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of old and new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes. The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the best in Europe and provided some of the leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to death of a american explain and justify the war and used increasingly refined techniques of causes obesity, propaganda to maintain commitment to the cause. Giving the impression of adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme. Death Of A Salesman American! One of the major threats to this was the equality of access to food supplies.
In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain. Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to command the agricultural resources of grounded dissertation, North and death of a american dream, South America and Australasia. Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to the war was low in most countries. But war-weariness set in everywhere by causes 1917. There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to produce a revolution and death of a dream, then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out of the war in causes and effect essay obesity, 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in salesman willy dream, Britain, and arguably for constructivist grounded theory dissertation, women, but the working class of Europe paid a high price on the battlefield for social advances at home.
And in the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of Europe and the Middle East. Four great empires, the Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed. They were replaced by a number of weak and sometimes avaricious successor states. Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of death american dream, a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of causes and effect obesity, European diplomacy for a generation. Germany became a republic branded at its birth with the stigma of defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Allied reparations and by inflation. France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by of a american dream essay fear and loathing of Germany. A Research! Italy was disappointed by the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. The British maintained the integrity and independence of death of a willy american essay, Belgium.
They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the security for a research papers, the Empire which they sought. The white dominions were unimpressed by the quality of British military leadership. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to of a dream essay go their own way. Emploi Anesthesiste! The stirrings of death of a salesman american essay, revolt in India were apparent as soon as the statistics data, war ended. Death Willy Essay! In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to canada them in death salesman willy american dream essay, protecting their Far Eastern empire.
They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of some 65 million men mobilized. The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of essay, Europe was not fundamentally changed. The real impact was moral. The losses struck a blow at European self-confidence and pretension to death of a essay superior civilization.
It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded. From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Ed. Charles Townshend. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright © 1997 by Oxford University Press.