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Part Three Navigate Online Applications. Do you remember your first resume? If it was over homeworking, 15 years ago, perhaps your Career Counselor told you to print it on the highest grade (eh hem, scented) paper and hand deliver it with a little chocolate gift to be followed up with a thank-you card. If it was created less than 10 years ago, and you tried the same strategy, you were likely struck down with, “you have to thesis apply online.” Raise your hand if you can relate? As you may realize, the internet has totally transformed the hiring process and affected the homeworking, entire labor market in a very short time.

We’ll let you in on why i essay a little secret, Nurse Managers and Nurse Recruiters rarely read resumes in detail. They may skim them for a few seconds, but for the vast majority of healthcare employers, resumes are prescreened and selected by robots. Robots that have been programmed to forward only the most qualified candidates to a decision maker. The resume-reading robot is actually a program known as Applicant Tracking Software (ATS). It is homeworking uk, highly technical and individualized, but not nearly as smart as a human. Thesis Statement. It does what it has been programmed to do. An employer may enter in specific keywords for homeworking uk, the ATS to scan for. They may choose to enter “knockout questions” to why i want to be essay quickly eliminate unqualified candidates. Such as, “Do you have an active Washington State Nursing License?” They could even choose to include “disqualifying statements” to automatically screen candidates out.

For example, if an ATS is programmed to screen out all resumes lacking a Bachelor’s Degree, anyone with an Associate’s Degree will automatically be rejected. If you have both, consider listing only your BSN. Recruiters may also configure the ATS to only deliver resumes that include exact keywords. Not all ATS systems are created equal. They vary greatly in their functionality and behavior. For example, some ATS will not be able to uk differentiate between titles, such as Clinical Nurse II and Registered Nurse. Other ATS systems may not be able to distinguish between the terms BLS and business letter Basic Life Support. Bottom line, read the job description and use the homeworking, exact wording . If you use acronyms and abbreviations, make sure to spell out the entire word followed by the shortened version. While ATS has streamlined the hiring process for employers, it’s also made job search extremely challenging for the job seeker. In fact, 94% of hiring professionals say that ATS has positively influenced their hiring goals, while 80% of job seekers say that their online job search is stressful. Apa Citations. 1.

The problem is that ATS does not ‘read’ a resume as a human would - it simply collects data. It doesn’t care about aesthetics either. It is programmed by an employer to search for homeworking, the right keywords, in the right order, on the right part of the resume. Most ATS systems are programmed to score resumes according to keywords. Range Targets For Sale. However, they can be configured to search and score resumes based on various other criteria. Also, it can get confused pretty easily. For example, if the font is uk, too fancy or if it encounters unrecognizable symbols, it may score the resume as ‘unqualified’ and moves on to the next resume. It does what it is configured to do, nothing more and nothing less. It is apa citations for dissertations, estimated that 75% of homeworking uk employers now use ATS and that number only continues to apa citations for dissertations grow. 1 Still, not every employer uses ATS.

In those instances, a Human Resources professional screens the resumes themselves and invites the most qualified in for an interview. The problem here is that most employers will receive hundreds of resumes for a single opening. To get through the homeworking uk, resumes quickly, the knowledge hard work success, HR professional may resort to uk a simple scan of the resumes knowing that even qualified applicants may not make it. It’s simply a way to reduce the number of applicants. In either case, the for dissertations, goal of the modern resume is to ‘sell’ yourself in an organized, targeted manner for uk, a specific role. The best way to design an effective, attention-grabbing resume is by making strong assertions in the beginning followed by professional supporting evidence. Target resume to the specific position. Do this by reading job descriptions and selecting keywords noted in the descriptions - competencies, skills set, education, experience. Uk. Match individual experiences to keywords/key skills found within the want to be a pediatrician, job posting.

Research the employer and target the resume based on the facility values and culture. Uk. Make strong assertions within the shooting paper for sale, top ? of the uk, resume. Follow those assertions with supporting evidence. Knowledge Plus Hard Work Equals Essay. Include a “Professional Summary” if you are an uk, experienced Nurse. (more on this below) Only apply to roles that you match 100% of the “Required Qualifications.” Use simple fonts such as Times New Roman or Arial, never smaller that 10 point font. See Part 5 for apa citations, more styling suggestions. Use simple black bullet (dots) points not special bullet symbols. Homeworking. If using an abbreviation, always spell out the words followed by the abbreviation or acronym. You never know how the abbreviation was entered into the ATS. 1 Problem. Use standard, simple section headers such as, “Work History” or “Education”.

List specific skills, including: Settings you’ve worked in. Don’t use the same title as at your current employer if it is different from the title in the job description. Use the title in homeworking uk, the job description. Don’t overload your resume with keywords, use them appropriately.

Overuse of keywords will flag a resume and could cause the ATS to lower your score. Consequently, using keywords in your resume without supporting evidence will not help your score either. Knowledge Work Essay. Do not put your contact information in the header section, ATS will not see it. See part Do not include tables, most ATS can’t read them. Other ATS can only read them if their operator programmed them to homeworking uk do so. Do not use creative section headers such, as “Where I’ve Worked” the ATS likely doesn’t understand what that means. Don’t include clip art, graphics, special fonts, photos, colored fonts or unique bullets. Do not state, “references available upon request.” It takes up too much space and is unnecessary. If an employer wants references, they’ll ask. Don’t upload PDFs into ATS.

While ATS are getting “smarter” and business some claim to read PDFs. Remain on the safe side and only upload .doc or .text only documents. Don’t place skills at the bottom of the resume, many ATS only uk, scan the top ? of the resume for keywords. If you have important keywords at the bottom it may not see them and could disqualify your resume. Don’t use “I” statements, resumes should be written in year 1 problem solving, third person.

If you’ve ever visited a job posting and seen an “APPLY NOW” button, you’ve encountered the elusive resume-reading bot. ATS requires candidates to enter data on the front end. Maybe you’ve gone through the homeworking, steps to success create a login, complete the application and upload your resume. Homeworking Uk. Perhaps you didn’t realize at the time that you were entering your information into thesis statement on perception an applicant tracking system. Raise your hand if you never heard back from an employer after applying online? Raise your other hand if you received an automated response, “thanking” you for your interest and uk never heard back! Now, put your hands down and read on. ATS is thesis statement, not going away but, job seekers are getting savvy, finding tools, and homeworking educating themselves on business cover the mysterious world of applicant tracking systems. Prior to ever typing words onto your resume, it’s important to homeworking first decide on apa citations a layout. There are 3 types of homeworking uk resume layouts, while we highly recommend the Reverse Chronological layout for most nursing professionals, we’d encourage you to 1 problem make the best choice for yourself. Here’s a breakdown of the homeworking, 3 most popular types of resume layouts:

This layout focuses on career history and lists jobs in reverse chronological order. We recommend this type for the majority of business cover nursing professionals and will focus details of this article on homeworking the format. Plus Hard Essay. It is best suited for: New nursing graduates Nurses with less than 5 roles within the past 5-7 years. Travel Nurses with 10 completed assignments Nurses with experience in only 1-2 specialties Nurses applying for a similar role Nurses wanting to show vertical career progression. This layout places the emphasis on skills and deemphasizes work history. However, it does not pass the ATS test well and hiring managers overall do not prefer it.

We recommend against this layout for the majority of nursing professionals. Typically, people who use this format are: Changing careers Have large gaps in employment Do have experience in the role in which they are applying. This layout is uk, a mixture of the year 1 problem activities, reverse chronological and the functional resume. While it places emphasis on homeworking uk skills, abilities, and accomplishments, it also highlights applicable work history. We recommend this type for nursing professionals with the following background, goals, and barriers: Nurses with experience in multiple specialties and/or medical professions Seasoned Travel Nurses with 10 completed assignments Nurses with multiple small gaps in employment Nurses looking to change specialties Nurses interested in changing careers. Part Five Use the for dissertations, Right Formatting and Design.

As mentioned, modern resumes need to uk be formatted to pass an ATS. This includes designing it in professional business cover letter, a comprehensive way that will not confuse the homeworking uk, ATS. We recommend the following design and formatting features: We recommend the top margin to be set at 1”, side margins set to .63”. Many experts believe this strikes the hard essay, perfect balance of homeworking text to professional business letter white space. Left alignment is standard since that’s how most people (and robots) read. You may think a justified alignment looks tidier, but it can leave uneven gaps between words and ultimately make text harder to read. In the nursing profession, length should not be the focus of the resume. While we recommend 1-2 pages, some nurses may have resumes with 3 (or more) pages. Don’t stress over homeworking, it too much.

If the range paper, resume is slightly over the page amount by homeworking a few lines try changing the margin, font style, font size or shortening statements. Bottom line is, it should look visually appealing and should include keywords. We recommend Times New Roman or Arial to best utilize the functionality of the why i want to be essay, ATS. However, this is uk, your personal preference. Take note that Times New Roman can be difficult to why i want to be a pediatrician essay read if it is uk, smaller than 11pt. Notice how the two following statements look vastly different with different font style (both at 11pt): Experienced Travel Nurse with 8 years experience in critical care nursing. Experienced Travel Nursing with 8 years experience in critical care nursing.

Throughout the resume, there should be different sized fonts. We recommend the following for each section: It’s important to note that 10 point font should be the smallest size on statement the resume. While some ATS’ claim to read colors, we encourage you to simply use black. We recommend keeping the resume very simple. Basic bullet points (black dot) may be used when desired.

Simple lines are acceptable as well. The following design features are best left off the resume: Part Six Detailed Section Breakdown. As you’ve learned, ATS skims resumes and locates specific information in the correct order. We’d suggest using the following categories and section headers to homeworking optimize your resume for ATS scoring. This is the first section on the resume and does not require a title. Your name should be front and center.

Don’t make the recruiter search for it. Make sure it’s the want, largest font on the page. While there are varying opinions on the exact placement of the homeworking, name, we recommend a simple classic version in 1 problem solving, the following format: Name: We suggest setting your name to a size 18-22 font, the name should also be bolded. If you go by a different name make sure to homeworking list both names on why i to be a pediatrician the resume. Nursing Credentials: The preferred order is: Highest degree earned, Licensure, State designations, National Certification. City/State: We advise omitting the street address as a security precaution. However, this is a personal decision.

Don’t leave your location off altogether as this could lead to the lowest ranking in ATS. Phone/texting number: Oh, technology! Yes, some employers will actually text their candidates. Make sure to indicate if you receive texts and whether the phone number is a cell phone or home phone. Do you have Britney Spears as your ringtone or a silly voicemail greeting? Delete, delete, delete! Email address: ILuvElvis63@yahoo.com could send the wrong message to homeworking a potential employer (plus, age discrimination is real and listing your birth year anywhere can trigger it!). Make sure you have an appropriate email address. Better yet, create a totally separate email account and why i a pediatrician essay use it only for your job search. Bingo! Linkedin profile: If you have a LinkedIn profile definitely include it.

If you don’t have a LinkedIn profile, you could be missing out on uk opportunities. Now is the time to create one! Social media and online presence, side note. We’ll let you in on another secret, potential employers will stalk you online. It’s true. Many Recruiters tell us that looking a candidate up on statement Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn, and Twitter are one of the first things they do. So, make sure everything you post online is what you would want an employer to see. Additionally, online behavior can benefit you.

Do you have a nursing related website or blog? Are you an Instagram celebrity? Maybe you created a successful YouTube channel when you were a newbie nurse? Include all this on your resume if it relates to homeworking nursing. This is all part of your unique brand! According to the American Nurses Credentialing Center (AACN) the on perception, preferred order is: Highest degree earned, Licensure, State designations, National Certification. Educational degrees include doctoral degrees (PhD, DrPH, DNS, EdD, DNP), master’s degrees (MSN, MS, MA), bachelor’s degrees (BS, BSN, BA), and uk associate degrees (AD, ADN). Licensure credentials include RN, LPN and CNA.

State designations or requirements recognize authority to practice at a more advanced level in thesis on perception, that state and include APRN (Advanced Practice Registered Nurse), NP (Nurse Practitioner), and CNS (Clinical Nurse Specialist). National certification , which is uk, occasionally voluntary, is awarded through accredited certifying bodies such as the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), includes RNBC (Registered Nurse-Board Certified) and FNP-BC (Family Nurse Practitioner-Board Certified). You may also choose to include the following award and honors though, it is voluntary: Outstanding achievements in for dissertations, nursing such as FAAN (Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing). Homeworking. Other certifications that recognize additional skills such as the EMT-Basic/EMT, awarded by the National Registry of business cover Emergency Medical Technician. Don’t make an employer (or ATS) search your entire resume for homeworking uk, reasons to invite you to interview. Tell them right off top exactly why you are the best candidate for the role.Every position is unique and activities this is homeworking uk, your first opportunity to optimize the why i want essay, resume for ATS and to also catch the homeworking uk, employers eye. 1 Problem Solving Activities. Spend a little time to homeworking target it and to let your qualifications and solving activities accomplishments shine. While there is some debate about how to introduce your resume, we suggest using a professional summary as opposed to a career objective.

The professional summary can be formatted in either a short paragraph or a bulleted list asserting qualifications and providing a concise career snapshot. Homeworking. Think of it as an “Elevator Speech” - a quick, attention-grabbing, loaded statement that entices the reader to want to to be continue on. Your professional summary is unique to you and should be targeted to a specific role. However, it could definitely include the following information: # of years in specialty Keywords (List: common keywords found in nursing job descriptions, i.e, excellent patient care, acute care, family education, compassionate.) Facility designations or info about facilities Supervisory experience + # of subordinates Special certifications or awards Language abilities. Here’s an example: 4+ years nursing experience with strong clinical background in critical care (CCU) and intermediate care nursing (IMCU). Proactively streamlines operations, initiating tasks and supporting healthcare team, while prioritizing excellent patient care. Uk. Champions patient and plus work family education by providing compassionate, inclusive care that encourages self-sufficiency.

Recipient of the Daisy Award. Nursing Skills and Areas of uk Expertise. It is a common mistake to shooting paper targets list skills last on a resume, with the popularity of ATS this mistake could cost you an uk, interview. Work. This is homeworking uk, especially true in nursing as the profession requires very specific skills. List skills within the top ? of the why i to be, resume. Skills should be directly targeted to homeworking the role as it is expressed in the job description. Is the employer asking for a specific EMR that you are experienced with? List it!

Are you an expert at starting IVs? List it! This should not be a generic list of skills but, a specific list that is as quantified as much as possible. While most Nurses list their license title on their resume, it’s been our experience that they leave off a few very important details - most notably, license number and expiration date. Why is this important? Including this information lets potential employers know that you are ready to start work ASAP, they don’t have to wait for the licensing process. Apa Citations For Dissertations. It also saves them time, they don’t have to uk look up your license.

This is range paper for sale, all public information and homeworking can be looked up by anyone. By including these details, you are setting yourself apart. Here’s an example of how to list your licensure: Registered Nurse - California, #RN00101, expires: 4/17/2018. This is another key section where some important details are typically missing on the nursing resumes we’ve seen. Shooting Paper Targets. While most Nurses list their credentials, it’s important to list them in a specific manner.

Don’t simply list acronyms, as some ATS’ may not be programmed to read shortened versions. Make sure to list the accrediting body, credential/certification number (where applicable) and the expiration date. Here’s an example: Basic Life Support (BLS), American Heart Association, expires: 12/1/2017. Employers want to know what you can do for them, period. Homeworking. Nurse Recruiters we’ve talked to will zero in on this section. What are they looking for? Evidence, facts, quantifiable points…proof to support the assertions made in why i want, the introduction. Vague work histories are particularly frustrating to employers. Especially copied and pasted job descriptions.

Don’t do that. Instead, do this: Use simple section headers such as, “Work History” or “Relevant Experience”, these are ATS friendly. “What I’ve Done” is uk, not. List experience in reverse chronological order. Take note, if you have a lengthy employment history, you may consider only including the thesis on perception, most recent 15 years experience. This will shorten your resume and also limit the chances that you’ll encounter age discrimination. Looking at homeworking uk, the big picture experience from 25 years ago doesn’t necessarily speak to your recent nursing experience.

Employers care about what you can do for statement, them. Now. List job title first followed by your specialty. This is a controversial subject but, we believe employers care more about what you’ve done than who you’ve worked for. Uk. Use the job title as it is listed in the job posting or use a more industry-wide job title. Registered Nurse as opposed to Clinical Nurse II. Facility name is year solving, self-explanatory and will come next.

Employment Dates. These are important and can be listed a number of ways. However, it’s been our experience that specific dates are not necessary for a resume. On an application, yes, on a resume, not so much. You can simply list the months and homeworking years (mm/yy - present). Facility-specific and unit-specific information. This information is range targets, helpful and important to employers but, is left off the homeworking uk, majority of resumes we’ve seen, it includes: Trauma level: level I, II, III Facility Designations Awards EMR/EHR Total Hospital beds Total unit beds Patient demographics.

Primary duties look best in a bulleted list of no more than 6 points including duties, noteworthy accomplishments, and achievements. It’s important to why i want to be a pediatrician emphasize specific duties and not be too vague. Wondering what specifics to uk include? Here are a few questions to get those wheels turning: What illnesses, injuries or traumas do you care for? What cases do you work on? What type of medications do you administer and how? What therapies do you perform? What equipment do you use? How have you improved processes? When have I been first or best?

No. 1 achievement in each position? Which achievements have the most impressive numbers? When have I been publicly recognized? Wondering how to apa citations order your bullets and homeworking what to include?

Try this: start with a verb leading to quantifiable data or specific point and professional letter include a relevant duty. Here are a couple of examples: Supervised staff of 15 Registered Nurses, 8 Certified Nursing Assistants and 7 Paramedics while multitasking excellent patient care. Cared for up to 4 patients per uk, shift with acute neurological disorders including: strokes, spinal cord injuries and head trauma. Positive Adjectives to cover Use on a Resume. In the nursing profession, education and training are of utmost importance. If you have work experience, this section can be fairly brief. You should list your relevant degree in chronological order.

There are varying opinions regarding the specific ordering of education. However, we believe that the degree or certification title should be listed first. Employers care firstly that you have the education requirement they need and secondarily where you obtained the requirement. We suggest the following format: Degree or Certification Title (acronym), Institution Name. Here’s an example: Bachelor Degree in Nursing (BSN), University of Washington.

Did you notice that we omitted the homeworking uk, graduation date? Age discrimination is alive and well in the United States. Year 1 Problem. In fact, it is the top form of employment discrimination. It affects all age groups. It’s fairly easy to homeworking guess (or assume) an individual’s age or generation and pass judgment merely by their high school or college graduation date alone. This is a personal decision for you to make and is not required to be listed on a resume. We also did not include a GPA. This is another personal decision. If you are particularly proud of your GPA, by all means, include it! However, it is not required. If you graduated with honors that you are proud of, you can definitely include that as well.

Again the resume is a unique snapshot of you! If you possess other degrees not related to nursing, it is not necessary to include those on your nursing resume. If you are currently enrolled in higher education to knowledge plus work equals success advance your studies within the nursing field that should be listed on your resume and stated that the degree is pending. Uk. However, if you started a graduate degree program, never finished and do not plan on finishing, it is unnecessary to include on the resume. Lastly, Nurses do not need to apa citations include their High School Diploma on homeworking their resume.

The nursing profession requires completion of higher education and therefore, your higher degree trumps your diploma. Awards, Accomplishments, Affiliations. Though this section is not required, we encourage the knowledge plus work, notation of awards and accomplishments that are relevant to homeworking the nursing profession. Year. These details will provide the potential employer with more proof and uk evidence to who you are as a Nurse. In this section, you can include: Awards and recognitions that are specific to the hospital of facility where you work. A few examples include: Daisy Award, Employee of the Month, Nursing Excellence Award recipient. Professional Memberships and plus success essay Affiliations relating to nursing and/or healthcare. Volunteer work, if it relates to nursing. We suggest the homeworking, following format: Title, organization, year. Here are a couple of examples:

Recipient, Nursing Excellence Award, Washington Medical Center. Volunteer, American Red Cross - Haiti - 2012. One last thing, saving! Don’t just give your resume any old name! Hiring professionals sometimes receive multiple documents from hard work success, candidates and uk they don’t want to waste time sorting through every document to find the resumed. Business Cover. Some prefer to organize resumes by specialty. Tell them exactly which document is your resume.

We suggest the following format: firstlast_specialty_resume.doc. Here’s an example: We’ve seen a lot of uk resumes over the years, you would be surprised the amount of knowledge plus hard equals success strange information people have included on resumes. Homeworking. So, here are the year 1 problem activities, top mistakes we’ve seen: Typos. Homeworking. This should be a no-brainer but, make sure to year solving proofread and even have another set of eyes proofread for you. Birthday or age . Homeworking Uk. Huge red flag for age discrimination. Cover. Including salary information. An employer could assume your salary is too high or too low, just don’t list it. Uk. Including personal information. Don’t include things like photos, religious affiliations, SSN, marital status, kids.

Using only a nickame. If you go by knowledge hard equals success a different name, include both your legal name (the one on your license) and your nickname. For example: Nicole “Michelle” Nursington Outdated resumes. Make sure your resume includes your most current and relevant positions. Homeworking. Using first person pronouns. Avoid using pronouns such as “I” statements. A resume should be in third person. Contact information in the header.

An ATS will not see it there. Unprofessional email addresses. An appropriate email address is: NicoleNursington1@gmail.com Inappropriate voicemail greetings and ring tones. No need to be fancy a simple ring is solving activities, fine and a professional greeting is great! Misnaming a resume document. Recruiters go through hundreds of resume a day and keeping track of all those files can be difficult.

Make it easy for them. Part Eight Nursing Resume Templates. Woot! If you’ve made it this far you should have an excellent understanding of uk how to solving write a great nursing resume. We know it’s a lot of information right now and are hopeful that you’ll use the information to advance your career.

For a little more help, try using our free resume templates. And when you’ve landed your next interview, For a little more help, try using our free resume templates. And when you’ve landed your next interview, check out the next part in this series, The Complete Guide to Nursing Job Interviews. 1. “10 Applicant Tracking Statistics That Prove You’re Hiring Like an ‘ATShole”, Capterra Talent Management Blog . Capterra, Inc. 3 Sep 2015. Web.

Accessed 28 Jul 2017.

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3 Resume Formats: How to Choose the Best One [Examples] Especially if it’s your first one? Your hands are hovering over the keyboard. Homeworking? You look at thesis on perception, the blank Word document with the cursor pulsing in homeworking, your face Now, what? What do you write? Where do you put the information? Wouldn’t it be great if there were road maps for resumes? Choosing the format of a resume is key to thesis statement on perception, starting the resume writing process.

But it’s not as easy as it sounds. So, how do you choose a resume format put you ahead of the other job seekers? This article will tell you which resume format is right for you, and how to use the format of a resume to your advantage so that you stand out in a sea of other resumes. Want to homeworking uk, save time and have your resume ready in 5 minutes? Try our resume builder. It’s fast and easy. Plus, you'll get tips while writing your resume.

See templates and create your resume here. On Perception? How Do I Choose a Good Resume Format? Choosing the format of a resume is like shopping for an outfit for prom. Homeworking Uk? Both the outfit and the format need to accomplish two things: Show off your best assets. Be unique and want to be essay, within a certain dress code at homeworking, the same time. Just like everything else with resume writing, there are no black and to be, white rules when it comes to choosing the format of a resume.

To make things easy, there are three main types of recognized and accepted resume formats. Each takes a different approach to uk, the organization of the information on apa citations for dissertations, your resume. And each resume format has strengths and weaknesses. The three types of resume formats are: How do you know which one is homeworking uk best for you? The reverse-chronological resume format is for everyone.

Your mom, your little sister, and apa citations for dissertations, your uncle can all use a reverse-chronological resume format. The combination resume format is for people who want to show off their skills a little bit before jumping into their experience because they are either a career changer or a high-level professional. The functional resume format , aka the skills-based resume format, is controversial and should be avoided by everyone. More on that later. Bonus: Download FREE ultimate checklist of 54 things you need to do before you send your resume. “Resume 101 Checklist.”

Speaking of skills, find out what skills are the homeworking most desirable and how to put them on a resume. The guide has a great infographic too: What Skills to 1 problem solving, Put on a Resume? [Examples+ 6 Tips] The Usual Choice - The Reverse-chronological Resume. The reverse-chronological resume format is the most common format and can be used by virtually anyone applying for a job. It is the bread and butter of uk resume formats. Benefits of the Reverse-chronological Format. 1. It’s standard. Letter? Recruiters are used to scanning this easy-to-read resume format.

They will automatically know where your information is, and that you’ve sent a complete resume. 2. Homeworking? Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS) can read it too . It is range paper for sale easy for the robots to find the homeworking different sections of your resume when you use the on perception reverse-chronological format. 3. The reverse-chronological resume format puts an emphasis on work history and experience . If you are an average job seeker, your work history is where most of homeworking your relevant skills will be located. Equals Essay? Weaknesses of the Reverse-chronological Resume Format. Homeworking? 1. It’s standard. Choosing this standard resume format is safe, but it will look like all of the business letter other resumes in the pile. So you will need to make an extra effort to catch a recruiter’s eye and showcase your skills and achievements. Uk? 2. The reverse-chronological format puts an emphasis on work history and experience. If you have large gaps in your work history or no experience then it may not be the best format for knowledge success essay showing off your skills.

The reverse-chronological resume format places an emphasis on your job history by putting it at the top of the resume under the contact information. You start by listing your most recent work and follow with past jobs in a reverse chronological order - thus the name of the format. Think of homeworking uk it like eating dessert before you get your main course followed by an appetizer. And it’s great because starting with dessert at the top of your resume is a good way to catch the attention of the on perception recruiter. Here is uk what a reverse-chronological resume format sample looks like. We created it in knowledge plus work success essay, our resume builder (you can make your resume here): As you can see in the resume format sample, the experience section comes first followed by the education section and other additional sections.

Are you struggling with how to write a resume? Read our complete guide: So how do you dress up this standard resume format so that it works best for you and attracts attention? How To Improve Your Resume By Adding These 3 Sections. Here are three ways that you can dress up a boring, old reverse-chronological resume format: Add a resume summary or resume objective. Add achievements to your experience section. Add a Hobbies and Interests Section. I recommend starting with a carefully constructed resume objective or a resume summary. Homeworking? Choose the resume objective if you are an entry-level applicant, changing your career, or have very little experience. Apa Citations For Dissertations? All other professionals should opt for the resume summary. Resume objectives and uk, summaries are confusing, and they are hard to write. So, we’ve written complete guides about writing resume summaries and year 1 problem solving activities, objectives so that you don’t have to struggle anymore.

We’ve also made examples for almost any profession so you can see a sample from your own field of expertise. The Only Way to Use Resume Objectives [20+ Examples] (read now) 7 Resume Summary Tips That Will Get You the Job [INFOGRAPHIC] (read now) Adding your achievements within the experience section as bullet points is a way to uk, get your top accomplishments at the top of your resume. Pro Tip: Use the PAR (Problem Action Result) approach to writing about your achievements: In situation P (Problem) I did A (Action) which led to R (Result) . So to range targets for sale, pick a completely random and homeworking uk, made up example: My previous employer wanted to increase revenue (P) so I created a new marketing campaign on Facebook (A) which led to a 15% increase in sales and a 10% increase in revenue (R) . Finally, adding a hobbies and interests section will give recruiters a fuller image of knowledge equals success you as a person. While it may seem unprofessional to include such an informal section in the format of a resume, a lot of businesses are beginning to look for candidates who will fit in with their office culture. Uk? Your personal interests can make you more attractive and memorable to a recruiter, and work equals success, signal that you would be a good fit for uk the company. If you want to 1 problem activities, find out more about the benefits of homeworking a hobbies and interests section and range for sale, how to add one to your resume, you can read the homeworking uk article below.

The Only Way To Put Hobbies Interests on range for sale, a Resume [5 Tips] (read now) How to homeworking, Use a Combination Resume Format to Boost Skills. A combination resume format is the only real alternative to the reverse-chronological resume format. As the name implies, the combination resume format combines aspects of the other two resume formats, focusing on skills without throwing out the experience section. The experience section is still important and activities, near the top of your resume just like in a reverse-chronological resume format. You start a combination resume format with a resume summary (aka Qualifications Summary). Uk? Your resume summary can be formatted as a paragraph or as a list of bullet points, and why i want to be essay, is a short, snappy introduction that highlights your career progress and skill set. Your experience section comes next.

Here is where the reverse-chronological and combination resume formats differ. With the combination resume format , you can emphasize your skills by grouping the homeworking uk bullet points under specific, skill-based subheadings. As you list your roles and responsibilities under each job, you can organize the bullet points like this: Cinderella Bootcamp (2009-01 - present) Her Royal Highness, Princess Event Organizer. Range? Spearhead team building activities for groups of up to 10 housekeeping princesses. Head up and manage a team of 15 mice responsible for kitchen and housekeeping duties. Homeworking? Project management involving the motivation of a team of 20+ bluebirds responsible for camp laundry, with a 10% increase in productivity after two months. Conduct webinars on how to wash dishes in glass heels. Orchestrate the creation of internal communications between different departments.

Responsible for organizing, writing, and communicating the daily schedules and activities of shooting range paper both staff and uk, bootcamp participants. Pro Tip: Grouping your bullet points under such subheadings is also good for thesis on perception providing ATS with keywords . The emphasis that the homeworking uk combination resume format places on skills is knowledge hard equals what makes it a good choice for talented professionals, who have a lot of homeworking uk skills and experience, and career changers. Career changers are able to focus on skills that will translate from their old role or profession to their new one. After the skills-based experience section, the combination format continues in the same way as the reverse-chronological format: education and additional sections. Plus Hard Equals Success? Why the Functional Resume Format is Dysfunctional. A functional resume format takes the pressure off of your job history and refocuses on your skills and abilities.

Sounds great right? In fact, the format of a functional resume just throws job history out of the homeworking uk window. On a functional resume, an experience section is reduced to shooting range paper targets, a list of homeworking uk old, dusty employers at the bottom of the resume. Professional Business? You can eliminate dates and homeworking uk, your roles and responsibilities. The bulk of the resume becomes a place for showcasing your skills in any order you see fit. If you aren’t careful, it can look like a jumble of random skills listed under vague headlines like “customer service skills” or “leadership skills.” You do not have to link these skills with job experience or explain how you got them.

So your leadership skills could come from shooting range paper for sale, being the oldest sibling in homeworking uk, your family. And your awesome customer service skills could go all the way back to shooting paper for sale, that time when you were five years old with a lemonade stand in your front yard. The fact that there is no specific information or proof that you learned your skills in any sort of homeworking job setting is the apa citations real weakness of the functional resume format. The lack of proof alone makes you look suspicious and could result in a recruiter simply throwing out your resume. There are experts that will tell you that it is a good format for students , people who have gaps in their work history, or people who are changing their careers. But it just makes you look sneaky - like you’re hiding something. It is also not good for homeworking ATS because the robots can't scan your resume for dates or specific sections. I would recommend not using the functional resume format if you can avoid it.

Here's How to Choose a File Format - PDF Resume Vs. Word Resume. Should you save you create a PDF resume or a Word resume? The benefit of creating a PDF resume is that your resume formatting will not get messed up when it is opened by a recruiter. It also gives you more creative freedom as you'd use platforms such as Photoshop or InDesign to create a PDF resume. At the same time, your resume may need to pass through Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. And some ATS software may have trouble reading a PDF resume. ATS does not like graphs or tables and requires plain text. In that case, a Word resume is probably a better choice.

In any situation, having both formats on hand is to be a pediatrician best practice. Bonus: Download FREE ultimate checklist of 54 things you need to do before you send your resume. “Resume 101 Checklist.” While there are not many resume formats to uk, choose from, the choice is important. The format of a resume really comes down to whether or not you want to focus on your skills or your career progression. Either way, you have to find ways to overcome the cookie cutter nature of work equals resume formats without coloring too far out of the lines. You also have to make sure that a recruiter doesn’t take one look at the format of your resume and decide that you are trying to homeworking, hide something. The best way to statement on perception, enhance a standard resume format is to improve each section and to place your most important skills and homeworking uk, achievements near the top third of 1 problem activities your resume. If you can open with a great resume summary, followed by strong skills, experience, and achievements sections, then you can make any old resume format work for you. Do you have any questions about choosing the right resume format for your position? Is there anything else that should be included in the article? Leave a comment. Uk? Natalie is a writer at knowledge, Uptowork.

She loves writing about resumes and eating tacos more than life itself. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.

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Weak versus strong sustainability : un clivage fort ou faible ? Session 20 du jeudi 17 fevrier 2011. Intervenant : Franck-Dominique Vivien (Maitre de Conference – Economie – Laboratoire « Organisations marchandes et institutions » – Universite de Reims Champagne Ardenne) Retranscription de l’intervention : Sebastien Piantoni (Ingenieur d’etudes – EA 2076 Habiter) L’opposition entre modele de « soutenabilite faible » et modele de « soutenabilite forte » structure le debat economique relatif au developpement soutenable depuis la fin des annees 1980. Homeworking? Cette opposition repose pour l’essentiel sur les proprietes de substituabilite plus ou moins fortes que l’on prete au « capital naturel » relativement aux autres formes de capitaux. Equals Success? Du point de vue des strategies de developpement soutenable a mettre en ?uvre, cette distinction debouche sur la reconnaissance, pour les uns, de l’importance du progres technique et des politiques susceptibles de le dynamiser et, pour les autres, de l’importance du « capital naturel critique » et des politiques aptes a permettre sa transmission aux generations futures. Homeworking Uk? Au premier abord, le clivage entre soutenabilite « faible » et soutenabilite « forte » apparait donc crucial. Professional Business Cover? Mais, tout bien considere, l’est-il autant que cela ? Il convient de noter en effet que ce debat repose sur des propositions et des categories analytiques relatives a des modeles macroeconomiques de croissance et des conceptions de l’innovation technique qui sont tres abstraites. Uk? L’exploration du clivage entre soutenabilite « faible » et « forte » oblige ainsi a elaborer d’autres cadrages analytiques. Le debat concernant l’opposition entre modeles de soutenabilite faible et de soutenabilite forte intervient en economie a partir de la fin des annees 1980.

Les economistes se sont appropries tres rapidement la notion de developpement soutenable, en reponse au rapport Brundtland (CMED, 1987) et en vue de se preparer a la conference de Rio de 1992. Year 1 Problem Solving Activities? Il faut dire que ce debat relatif a la soutenabilite de la dynamique economique est deja ancien (Vivien, 2010). Homeworking? En ce qui concerne la periode contemporaine, nous pouvons le faire remonter au debut des annees 1970, au moment de la parution du premier rapport au Club de Rome, « The limits to business cover, growth » (les limites de la croissance) (Meadows et al., 1972). Uk? Commande par le Club de Rome a des chercheurs du MIT, ce rapport, qui repose sur une logique systemique, propose, a travers un modele du monde assez simpliste, un exercice de prospective a long terme. Knowledge Hard Essay? Tous les scenarios qui en resultent prevoient a plus ou moins long terme une dynamique mondiale qui s’ecroule, soit par une augmentation trop importante de la population, soit par un manque de nourriture, soit encore a cause d’une pollution trop importante. Uk? Ce rapport interpelle tres fortement les economistes, et notamment les theoriciens de la croissance. Rappelons qu’en 1972, la croissance economique s’inscrit dans un phenomene contemporain, ce que nous appelons, en reprenant l’expression de Jean Fourastie, les « trente glorieuses ». Why I? Il s’agit d’une periode de croissance extraordinaire par sa duree et les taux de croissance enregistres.

C’est dans ce contexte que les theoriciens de la croissance sont interpelles par la problematique environnementale qui est travaillee a cette epoque par des chercheurs relativement marginaux dans la discipline economique. Uk? C’est le cas notamment de l’economie ecologique naissante, a travers notamment les travaux d’Herman Daly [1972], qui constituent l’arriere-plan du premier rapport au Club de Rome. Knowledge Hard Work Equals Success Essay? Ce debat n’est pas seulement un debat interne aux sciences economiques, il s’agit aussi d’un debat politique, le Club de Rome etant un think tank compose de decideurs, de personnalites de l’OCDE, de grands managers internationaux, etc. Homeworking? Des 1972, les grands theoriciens de la croissance [Nordhaus, 1974 ; Solow, 1974] repondent au club de Rome a travers des publications tres critiques. Statement On Perception? C’est a partir de cette periode que les economistes de la croissance vont integrer, petit a petit, la problematique environnementale dans leur modele habituel. Homeworking Uk? On trouve la l’origine du modele de « soutenabilite faible ». Le modele de soutenabilite faible. La theorie economique standard, qui est l’economie dominante, propose un modele pour repondre a l’enjeu de la soutenabilite que l’on designe generalement comme le modele de soutenabilite faible. Knowledge Plus Equals? L’enjeu du developpement durable y est traduit par l’idee d’une non-decroissance d’un indicateur de bien-etre individuel a travers le temps, d’une generation a l’autre.

Il s’agit alors de ce que l’on peut considerer comme une contrainte minimale de soutenabilite (rien n’empeche, si cela est possible, d’augmenter le bien-etre d’une generation a l’autre). Uk? Cet indicateur de bien-etre individuel peut etre soit un niveau de consommation individuelle, soit un niveau de revenu, soit ce que les economistes appellent un niveau d’utilite. Le bien-etre individuel depend avant tout du niveau de consommation, autrement dit de la quantite de biens et de services qui permettent de repondre aux besoins des individus. Why I To Be A Pediatrician Essay? Comment produit-on cette quantite de biens et de services ? Par ce que les economistes appellent des facteurs de production. Uk? Quels sont ces facteurs de production ? Traditionnellement, en economie, on apa citations, reconnait deux grands types de facteurs de production. Homeworking Uk? Le premier est le facteur « travail » qui, le plus souvent, ne focalise pas une tres grande attention, parce qu’il correspond a une ressource (humaine, en l’occurrence) qui se reproduit toute seule. Letter? Le second facteur de production est le capital qui interesse beaucoup plus les economistes, au point ou, depuis longtemps, ils en ont fait l’element central de l’accumulation des richesses. Homeworking? C’est dans cette perspective que l’on peut considerer la problematique de la soutenabilite en economie : il faut absolument qu’un stock de capital puisse perdurer a travers le temps pour permettre la creation d’une quantite suffisante de biens et de services et maintenir un certain niveau de bien-etre d’une generation a l’autre. Why I To Be Essay? La question – nous allons le voir – est de savoir de quoi doit etre fait ce stock de capital. Depuis le debat suscite par le premier rapport au Club de Rome, le capital est un concept qui n’est plus monolithique.

Les economistes standards raisonnent a l’aide de plusieurs types de capitaux. Homeworking? Une distinction a notamment ete introduite entre le « capital cree par les hommes » (« man-made capital ») et le « capital naturel ». Knowledge Hard Success? Il faut entendre par la le capital offert par la nature : les ressources naturelles, les matieres premieres, le fait que nous puissions respirer sans avoir a payer, etc. Uk? Les conditions d’habitabilite de la terre, meme si elles se degradent, font partie du capital « naturel ». Why I To Be A Pediatrician? Ce « capital naturel » est reconnu comme une importante source de bien-etre. Uk? Il y a, a cote de celui-ci, le capital cree par les hommes qui correspond au capital technique (machine, equipement, infrastructures…) et au capital humain, notion qui apparait dans les annees 1960 avec l’idee que lorsque les hommes se forment, ils acquierent un capital, ils investissent en eux-memes en quelque sorte. Statement On Perception? Ceci etant pose, l’hypothese que retient l’economie standard est qu’il est possible de remplacer certaines formes de capital par d’autres. Homeworking? Les generations futures pourront se passer de « capital naturel » si nous leur leguons davantage d’autres formes de capitaux. Si je resume la contrainte, l’hypothese de soutenabilite faible est que nous allons maintenir un niveau de bien-etre individuel a travers le temps. Business Cover Letter? Pour ce faire, il faut assurer une production de biens et de services a travers les generations. Homeworking? Pour produire ces biens et services, il faut veiller sur le facteur de production « capital », il faut donc un stock de capital qui soit maintenu intact a travers le temps et transmis d’une generation a l’autre.

Mais, a l’interieur de ce stock de capital, nous pouvons operer des substitutions. Year Activities? On se doit donc de leguer aux generations futures le meme stock de capital dont nous disposons aujourd’hui, elles auront certes moins de « capital naturel » que ce que nous avons actuellement, mais en contrepartie nous leur donnerons plus de « capital humain » et de capital technique. Ce modele de soutenabilite faible est une sorte de pari. Homeworking Uk? Ses contraintes ne sont pas tres fortes meme s’il existe des contraintes liees au capital : il faut continuer a epargner de maniere suffisante, il faut continuer a investir pour creer du capital. Thesis Statement On Perception? Le modele de soutenabilite faible s’inscrit ainsi dans la droite ligne de ce qu’ont toujours prone les economistes classiques depuis qu’existe l’economie politique. Homeworking? Quelques elements du « capital naturel » sont tout de meme consideres comme irremplacables. Apa Citations For Dissertations? Il en va ainsi, par exemple, selon Robert Solow [1992], des parcs de Yellowstone et de Yosemite.

Mais, pour le reste, il n’existe pas de contrainte forte en termes de conservation de ressource. Uk? Depuis les annees 1970, les economistes standards souligne qu’il n’existe pas de veritables contraintes d’un point de vue energetique et materiel, si ce n’est la question du changement climatique [Nordhaus, 1974] qui, avec le temps, a fini tout de meme par peser sur les debats. Professional Business Cover Letter? Mais, meme de ce point de vue, des theoriciens neoclassiques du changement climatique affirment que les generations futures seront beaucoup plus riches que les generations presentes [Godard ; Vivien, 2009]. Homeworking? Et donc que les premieres auront plus de moyens que les secondes pour prendre des mesures adequates. Ce modele de soutenabilite faible repose sur un certain nombre d’hypotheses. Shooting Range Targets? La premiere est celle d’un progres technique qui permettra cette prise de relais du capital cree par les hommes. Homeworking? Cette idee, posee quasiment ex-nihilo, est extremement forte et relativement ancienne dans la theorisation standard puisqu’elle date des annees 1970. Professional Business Cover Letter? Selon ce postulat, nous arriverons toujours a trouver une technique qui nous permettra de prendre le relais du capital naturel perdu. Homeworking Uk? Quelles techniques et de quelle maniere ? Rien de precis n’est dit la-dessus…

Une deuxieme hypothese concerne le regime d’investissement et l’epargne. Shooting? Conformement a l’hypothese precedente, il faut investir dans la science et la technologie pour trouver les techniques necessaires aux prises de relais. Homeworking? Il y a donc l’hypothese de la realisation d’un « bon » investissement, i.e. Paper Targets? d’une epargne investie dans les domaines ou nous trouverons les solutions technologiques d’avenir. Homeworking Uk? Plusieurs solutions sont proposees pour orienter l’investissement. For Dissertations? Soit l’Etat se charge de cette tache. Homeworking? Comme vous le savez, les scientifiques cherchent des solutions sans etre certains d’arriver aux resultats escomptes. Statement On Perception? La recherche apparait donc comme un investissement relativement aleatoire. Uk? C’est pourquoi l’acteur public, qui collecte des impots et dispose donc de fonds relativement importants, finance ces recherches. For Dissertations? Dans ce cas-la, l’Etat est l’acteur central pour assurer ce regime d’investissement. Homeworking Uk? On peut aussi faire jouer ce role de collecteur d’epargne a des fonds d’investissement devolus specifiquement au financement de la RD. La troisieme hypothese porte sur ce que les economistes appellent la preference des individus.

Cette idee que nous pouvons substituer le capital naturel par d’autres formes de capital sous-entend que, du point de vue des consommateurs, il n’y a pas de contraintes en termes de gout. Thesis Statement On Perception? Selon l’economie standard, ce qui doit etre considere du point de vue du bien-etre de l’individu, concu ici comme un etre rationnel, comme un homo economicus, c’est son niveau d’utilite. Homeworking? Les eventuelles pertes d’utilite liees a une moindre consommation de « capital naturel » doivent etre compensees par davantage de revenu et/ou par des gains d’utilite du fait de la consommation d’autres types de biens (il n’y a pas de preferences lexicographiques, disent aussi les economistes). Il existe une derniere contrainte qui ne se retrouve pas dans les modeles de croissance mais qui est tres presente dans le raisonnement des theoriciens standards, le mecanisme des prix. Thesis? En effet, les modeles de croissance sont des modeles de planification. Homeworking Uk? Un acteur central decide de l’allocation des ressources d’une generation a l’autre. Thesis On Perception? C’est ce planificateur bienveillant qui juge de la quantite d’epargne a investir. Uk? Les economistes standards nous expliquent cependant que la prise de relais entre le capital naturel, qui peut disparaitre, et le capital humain et technique, peut etre assuree par les mecanismes des prix. For Dissertations? Quand le petrole va se rarefier, il va devenir de plus en plus cher. Homeworking Uk? S’il devient de plus en plus cher, les consommateurs le consommeront de moins en moins. Year 1 Problem Solving Activities? Les offreurs exploiteront du petrole de plus en plus couteux ou chercheront des alternatives techniques.

Les evolutions socio-economiques se fondent ainsi essentiellement sur la variation des prix, qui sont des indicateurs de rarete et des informations qui entrent dans les calculs des individus rationnels. Face au modele de soutenabilite faible, le modele de soutenabilite forte est propose par le courant de l’economie ecologique (ecological economics). Homeworking? Ce courant de pensee, constitue autour d’une societe savante (l’International Society for for dissertations, Ecological Economics), s’est institutionnalise a la fin des annees 1980 [Costanza, 1989]. Homeworking? Un des premiers moments d’affirmation de l’existence, dans le domaine academique, de la jeune societe internationale d’economie ecologique correspond precisement a l’apparition du clivage soutenabilite faible/soutenabilite forte [Costanza, 1991]. Cette economie ecologique comprend deux communautes de chercheurs qui essaient de se rapprocher, voire qui ont pour projet de creer une nouvelle discipline. Thesis? L’economie ecologique regroupe, d’une part, des ecologues, essentiellement des chercheurs qui travaillent sur la notion d’ecosysteme et les systemes complexes (systemes naturels, systemes anthropises, voire systemes totalement artificialises) en les etudiant d’un point de vue materiel et energetique.

On est ici en presence d’une ecologie systemique, tres materialiste. Homeworking Uk? Cette communaute ne sait pas tres bien comment integrer les activites humaines dans ses modelisations : dans les ecosystemes, voire dans l’ecologie d’une maniere generale, l’homme est generalement considere comme un perturbateur, comme un « facteur de forcage », comme disent les collegues naturalistes. Range Targets For Sale? L’economie ecologique regroupe, d’autre part, des economistes qui s’interessent au soubassement biophysique de la production des richesses. Uk? Qui dit economie dit transformation du monde materiel (matiere, energie) en vue de la creation de biens et de services, mais aussi production d’elements indesirables (dechets, pollution…). Les ecologues sont donc a la recherche d’une representation du monde elargie a travers la prise en compte des processus economiques. Year 1 Problem? Les economistes font le chemin inverse : ils connaissent les systemes economiques, mais ils se rendent bien compte que ceux-ci sont inseres dans la Biosphere, ce qui necessite de se rapprocher des ecologues.

Les travaux pionniers de cette visee transdisciplinaire datent des annees 1960-1970, mais c’est a partir des annees 1980 que ce courant va reellement s’institutionnaliser a travers une societe savante et une revue, Ecological Economics, qui publie son premier numero en 1989. Au sein de l’Ecological Economics, la situation est en fait plus contrastee qu’il n’y parait. Homeworking? Nous y retrouvons des economistes appartenant a differents courants de pensee, a savoir des economistes tres proches de l’economie standard, mais egalement des economistes s’inscrivant dans des paradigmes tres heterodoxes, certains etant meme consideres comme heretiques. Shooting Range Paper Targets For Sale? Les economistes qui appartiennent a l’Ecole de Londres (Pearce et al., 1989) entendent s’y positionner par rapport a l’economie standard. Homeworking Uk? Pour ce faire, ils usent de conceptualisations et de formalismes qui interpellent les economistes standards et qui, en meme temps, les ouvrent sur des perspectives doctrinales heterodoxes. 1 Problem Solving? L’Ecole de Londres entend ainsi jouer un role d’intermediation entre les differents courants de pensee economique presents au sein de l’Ecological Economics. Uk? C’est dans cette optique que s’elabore l’opposition entre modeles de soutenabilite faible et forte. La grande difference entre le modele de soutenabilite faible et le modele de soutenabilite forte se situe dans le traitement de la notion de capital naturel. Why I A Pediatrician? Le capital naturel est considere par certains economistes de l’economie ecologique comme une contrainte veritable, avec l’idee que la question environnementale bouleverse l’analyse economique (Daly, 1990).

Ainsi, selon les economistes ecologiques, la question de l’environnement montre que nous atteignons une crise de civilisation. Homeworking? Il est donc necessaire de repenser les outils et la theorie economiques. Apa Citations? Au sein de ce courant, la notion de capital naturel se traduit par l’idee que nous ne pouvons pas la substituer aussi facilement que le pretendent les theoriciens neoclassiques. Uk? Ce capital naturel repond plutot a une autre caracteristique bien connue des economistes que nous appelons la complementarite entre les biens. Apa Citations? Le capital naturel correspond a des elements qui nous permettent de produire, lesquels sont complementaires des autres moyens de production. Uk? Nous ne creons ni la matiere ni l’energie, mais les techniques, les infrastructures, les machines fonctionnent grace a l’energie et a la matiere. Targets For Sale? Il existe donc une sorte de facteur de production primaire, dont nous ne pourrions nous passer. Homeworking? Pour insister sur cette hypothese, on professional business letter, utilise souvent l’expression de « capital naturel critique ». Homeworking Uk? La question primordiale revient a identifier des elements du capital naturel critique qu’il va falloir transmettre aux generations futures. Apa Citations For Dissertations? Des substitutions auront surement lieu, mais nous ne pouvons pas imaginer que nous allons pouvoir tout reinventer, tout remplacer.

Si nous traduisons cela en termes de contrainte de soutenabilite, l’idee est de transmettre un certain stock de capital naturel aux generations futures. Homeworking Uk? Cette contrainte est beaucoup plus forte que celle qui prevaut dans le modele de soutenabilite faible. Shooting Range Paper? Cette perspective de soutenabilite forte ouvre de nouveaux champs de recherche, aussi bien en termes de categorisation concernant la vulnerabilite des ressources naturelles que des politiques specifiques a mettre en ?uvre et a evaluer dans ce domaine. Notons cependant que le concept de capital naturel critique souleve de redoutables problemes operationnels. Uk? Quelle est la liste des capitaux naturels qu’il faut etablir ? Les connaissances acquises dans un domaine – les ressources halieutiques, par exemple – n’aident guere a definir les contraintes dans un autre domaine – les changements climatiques, par exemple. Professional? Dans tous ces domaines, nous sommes confrontes a ce que l’on appelle des « univers controverses », des domaines ou les connaissances sont generalement suffisantes pour apprecier le caractere crucial des evolutions en cours, mais sont insuffisantes pour definir avec precision les limites environnementales a ne pas depasser. Uk? Cela ouvre des difficultes scientifiques, mais egalement politiques, l’interaction entre les enjeux scientifiques et les enjeux politiques pouvant donner lieu a des positionnements strategiques.

Cela rend aussi difficile la mise en place et le respect d’instruments de regulation. Soutenabilite faible versus soutenabilite forte. Malgre cette opposition tranchee entre modele de soutenabilite faible et modele de soutenabilite forte, ce clivage est-il si important que cela ? Peut-etre pas. Shooting Range? Ce debat s’organise en effet autour de modeles macroeconomiques de croissance, qui reposent sur la representation d’une economie comme un tout, grace a une fonction de production macroeconomique. Homeworking Uk? Dans cette optique, l’ensemble de la production des biens et des services est representee grace a une equation associant une quantite de capital (K) et une quantite de travail (L). Want Essay? Le niveau d’abstraction de ce genre de representation est tres grand. Homeworking Uk? Les evolutions conceptuelles dont nous avons fait etat precedemment se sont traduites par l’eclatement de la notion de capital (K) en un ensemble de capitaux (Kh pour le capital humain, Kn pour le capital naturel…) et par une reflexion sur les coefficients de substitution existant entre ceux-ci. Range Paper For Sale? Cette representation tres abstraite de l’economie n’est pas facilement traduisible en objectifs politiques – notamment parce que la question des indicateurs a retenir pour rendre compte du capital naturel est particulierement complexe.

Un autre probleme epineux que pose cette representation macroeconomique est celui de la coordination des agents. Uk? Les modeles de croissance, ainsi que nous l’avons dit, se presente comme des modeles de planification. Year Activities? En d’autres termes, on homeworking uk, considere comme resolu le probleme de la coordination des agents. On Perception? Or, il existe journellement, au sein d’une economie, des centaines de milliers de decisions de production et de consommation. Uk? Comment faire pour que celles-ci aillent dans un sens de soutenabilite ? Les modeles en question n’apportent pas de reponse a cette question. Thesis Statement On Perception? Qui plus est, il n’y est pas veritablement question de capitalisme, de strategies d’entreprise, de banques… Finalement, le debat soutenabilite faible / soutenabilite forte s’organise essentiellement autour des croyances relatives au progres technique. Homeworking Uk? On y retrouve un clivage entre des « orthodoxes » et des « heterodoxes » : il y a ceux qui croient que la technique va nous sauver et ceux qui sont sceptiques vis-a-vis de cette pensee. Solving? Il est evident que la question de l’innovation technique est un enjeu central dans cette problematique du developpement soutenable. Uk? Il est donc necessaire de nous interroger, d’une part, sur les solutions techniques que nous allons pouvoir trouver, et qui vont nous amener sur des trajectoires que l’on pourrait juger plus vertueuses que celles que l’on connait aujourd’hui, mais egalement sur les problemes sociaux et environnementaux que ces nouvelles techniques vont produire.

Pour ce faire, il n’est pas possible de se limiter a une approche macroeconomique de l’innovation, il faut adopter un point de vue sectoriel, un point de vue meso-economique. Paper? Ainsi en va-t-il, par exemple, du programme sur la « chimie verte », sur lequel nous travaillons actuellement (Nieddu, Garnier Bliard, 2010 ; Nieddu et Vivien, 2010 ; Nieddu et Vivien, 2012) au sein du laboratoire d’economie de l’Universite de Reims, qui repose essentiellement sur l’etude des innovations et des trajectoires techniques que l’on peut observer dans ce domaine. Homeworking Uk? Pour resumer la situation, la « chimie verte » – mais il faudrait plutot parler d’une « chimie doublement verte » – doit repondre a la fois a un enjeu de respect de l’environnement et de normes de securite et a un enjeu d’exploitation du carbone renouvelable provenant de la biomasse. Cover? Ce programme de recherche vise a comprendre qui domine ce secteur, qui produit de la science et de l’innovation et comment les acteurs economiques essaient de piloter les trajectoires technologiques, afin que celles-ci soient soutenables de leur point de vue. Uk? Une fois que nous aurons une bonne comprehension de ces elements, nous pourrons travailler a une montee en generalite, en vue d’aider a avoir une vision generale des dynamiques technologiques majeures qui se mettent en place aujourd’hui dans le cadre du developpement soutenable, en confrontant nos connaissances avec celles produites par d’autres chercheurs dans d’autres secteurs economiques. La notion de « capital naturel » est, comme nous l’avons vu, le concept autour duquel s’organise un des principaux debats en economie du developpement durable. Why I Want A Pediatrician Essay? Si on uk, le considere d’un point de vue anthropologique, le capital est quelque chose de precieux auquel on professional business cover, ne peut pas toucher.

Des lors, pour un economiste, parler de « capital naturel » signifie que certains objets qui relevent de la nature sont precieux et doivent etre geres convenablement (nous ne sommes plus dans l’idee que la « nature » est inepuisable). Homeworking? Qui plus est, il existe une deuxieme dimension importante au capital, c’est l’idee de l’amortissement, de l’epargne qui est necessaire pour maintenir en etat le stock de capital. Why I To Be A Pediatrician? Se referer a la notion de capital oblige ainsi a une reflexion sur les conditions de sa reproduction. Homeworking Uk? Pour un economiste, parler de « capital naturel » revient donc a s’interroger sur ses conditions de reproduction dans le temps. Knowledge Work? Or, si ces deux aspects sont importants, une dimension cruciale de la problematique de la soutenabilite reste cependant dans l’ombre. Homeworking? C’est celle de la transmission d’un stock de ressources d’une generation a l’autre, ce qui nous amene a la notion de « patrimoine ». For Dissertations? Meme si capital et patrimoine sont parfois confondus, ils doivent etre distingues (Barrere et al., 2005 ; Barthelemy et al., 2005). Uk? Pour reprendre une formule fameuse d’Yves Barel, le capital s’accumule, le patrimoine se transmet.

De meme, « capital naturel » et « patrimoine naturel » ne doivent pas etre confondus (Vivien, 2005). Why I Want To Be A Pediatrician Essay? C’est cet enjeu qui se pose aujourd’hui a l’humanite : comment arriver a « patrimonialiser » certains elements naturels, qui sont essentiels du point de vue materiel et identitaire, pour la coevolution de la Biosphere et de l’humanite ? Pauline Blanc – Geographie – Etudiant – L3 geographie Annabel-Mauve Bonnefous – Gestion – Enseignant-chercheur – RMS Manuel Boutet – Sociologie – Post-doc – CESAER (INRA – Agrosup) Elodie Brule – Gestion – MCF – OMI Celine Burger – Geographie – Doctorante – UTT Helene Chapuis – Urbanisme – Etudiante – IATEUR Marie Delaplace – Economie – Amenagement – MCF – OMI – HABITER Sophie Deraeve – Amenagement – Doctorante – HABITER Vincent Deredec – Urbanisme – Etudiant – IATEUR Brigitte Dyvrande – Geographie – MCF – HABITER Tristan Fuchs – Urbanisme – Etudiant – IATEUR Nathalie Gal – Amenagement – Urbanisme – Doctorante – HABITER Sophie Guignier – Urbanisme – Etudiante – IATEUR Timothee Hubsher – Urbanisme – Etudiant – IATEUR Arnaud Jacquinot – Geographie – Etudiant Julie Laugeois – Urbanisme – Etudiante – IATEUR Mathieu Lemeur Perron – Geographie – Etudiant – L3 geographie Julien Majdi – Urbanisme – Etudiant – IATEUR Sandra Mallet – Urbanisme – MCF – IATEUR – EA HABITER Francois Mancebo – Urbanisme – PR – HABITER Caroline Nauroy – Urbanisme – Etudiante – IATEUR Sarah Nkouka – Urbanisme – Etudiante – IATEUR Sebastien Piantoni – Geographie – IGE – HABITER Isabelle Robert – Economie – Enseignant-chercheur – RMS. BARRERE C., BARTHELEMY D., NIEDDU M., Vivien F.-D. Uk? (2005) « Au-dela du capital, le patrimoine ? », in knowledge hard equals essay Barrere C., Barthelemy D., Nieddu M., Vivien F.-D. Homeworking Uk? (eds), Reinventer le patrimoine. Apa Citations? De la culture a l’economie : une nouvelle pensee du patrimoine ?, Paris, L’Harmattan, pp. Uk? 7-21.

BARTHELEMY D., NIEDDU M., VIVIEN F.-D. Professional Business Cover Letter? (2005) « Economie patrimoniale, identite et marche », in uk Barrere C., Barthelemy D., et al. Want A Pediatrician Essay? (eds), Reinventer le patrimoine. Homeworking Uk? De la culture a l’economie : une nouvelle pensee du patrimoine ?, Paris, L’Harmattan, pp. Thesis? 121-150. CMED (1987) Notre avenir a tous, trad. Uk? fse, Quebec, Ed. Range Paper Targets For Sale? du fleuve, 1988. COSTANZA R. Homeworking? (1989) « What is apa citations for dissertations, Ecological Economics ? », Ecological Economics, 1, pp. Uk? 1-7. COSTANZA R. Knowledge Hard Essay? (ed.) (1991) Ecological Economics: The Science and uk, Management of professional business letter, Sustainability, New York, Columbia University Press. DALY H.E. Homeworking Uk? (1972) « In Defense of thesis on perception, a Steady-State Economy », American Journal of homeworking uk, Agricultural Economics, 54, pp.

945-954. DALY H.E. Apa Citations For Dissertations? (1990) « Toward Some Operational Principles of homeworking, Sustainable Development », Ecological Economics, 2, pp. Professional Business Cover? 1-6. GODARD O. Uk? (2007) « Le Rapport Stern sur l’economie du changement climatique etait-il une manipulation grossiere de la methodologie economique ? », Revue d’economie politique, 117, 4, pp. Year 1 Problem Activities? 475-506. NIEDDU M., VIVIEN F.-D. Uk? (2010) « Patrimoine, territoire, developpement durable », in year B. Homeworking Uk? Zuindeau (ed.), Developpement durable et territoire, Presses Universitaires du Septentrion, Villeneuve d’Ascq, pp. Work Success? 133-142.

NIEDDU M., GARNIER E., BLIARD C. Homeworking? (2010) « L’emergence d’une chimie doublement verte », Revue d’economie industrielle, n°132, pp. Paper For Sale? 53-84. NIEDDU M., Vivien F.-D. Homeworking Uk? (2012) « La “chimie verte” : vers un ancrage sectoriel des questions de developpement durable ? », Economie appliquee, a paraitre. NORDHAUS W.D. Apa Citations? (1974) « Resources as a Constraint on uk, Growth », American Econo¬mic Review, 64 (2), pp. On Perception? 22-26. MEADOWS D.H., MEADOWS D.L., Randers J., Behrens III W.W. Uk? (1972) Halte a la croissance ?, trad. Plus Hard Work Success Essay? fse, Fayard, Paris, 1972. PEARCE D.W., MARKANDYA A., BARBIER E. Homeworking Uk? (1989) Blueprint for year 1 problem solving, a Green Economy, London, Earthscan.

SOLOW R.M. Homeworking? (1974) « The Economics of want to be a pediatrician, Resources or the homeworking, Resources of why i to be a pediatrician essay, Economics », American Economic Review, 64 (2), pp. Homeworking Uk? 1-14. SOLOW R.M. Why I Want To Be Essay? (1992) « An Almost Practical Step toward Sustainability », reed. in homeworking uk W.E. Paper Targets? Oates (ed.) The RFF Reader in homeworking Environmental and shooting range paper for sale, Resource Management, Washington D.C., Resources for uk, the Future, 1999, pp. Statement? 263-272. VIVIEN F.-D. Uk? (2010) « Les antecedents conceptuels du developpement soutenable », in statement B. Homeworking Uk? Zuindeau (ed.), Developpement durable et territoire, Villeneuve d’Ascq, Presses Universitaires du Septentrion, pp. Shooting? 25-35.

VIVIEN F.-D. Homeworking Uk? (2009) « Les modeles economiques de soutenabilite et le changement climatique », in thesis statement « Les economistes peuvent-ils sauver la planete ? », Regards croises sur l’economie, n°9, pp. Homeworking? 75-83. VIVIEN F.-D. Thesis On Perception? (2005) « Et la nature devint patrimoine… », in homeworking Barrere C., et al. Year 1 Problem? (eds), Reinventer le patrimoine. Homeworking? De la culture a l’economie : une nouvelle pensee du patrimoine ?, Paris, L’Harmattan, pp. Plus Work Equals Essay? 45-70.