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BRUCELLOSIS AND YELLOWSTONE BISON IN MONTANA. Working Paper #95-2. By Emily Davies. Department of front cover, Sociology. University of Colorado, Boulder. Address Weekly Essay Contest. This paper was written with a small grant from the Conflict Resolution Consortium, University of Colorado. Funding for the Consortium and its Small Grants Program was provided by the William and tok essay front cover, Flora Hewlett Foundation. The statements and ideas presented in this paper are those of the angelou graduation, author and do not necessarily represent the views of the Conflict Resolution Consortium, the University of Colorado, or the William and front cover, Flora Hewlett Foundation. For more information, contact the year 1 problem activities, Conflict Resolution Consortium, Campus Box 327, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0327. Phone: (303) 492-1635, e-mail: email@example.com.
Copyright (C) 1995. Emily Davies. Do not reprint without permission. I. Summary Description. Currently, the state of tok essay, Montana, in conjunction with the federal government, has an interim-management plan that allows for the killing of Yellowstone buffalo that wander outside the boundaries of the national park. Angelou Graduation. Established mainly to keep brucellosis in check, the practice of killing these roaming bison has sparked great controversy in recent years. Brucellosis, or Bang's Disease, is commonly found in buffalo, elk and domestic cattle. Cattle, specifically cows, are most susceptible to the disease and its effects however, and are prone to abortions, low milk production and even infertility when infected. Spread through contact with reproductive fluids or grass that is wet with such fluids, brucellosis is difficult to detect and tok essay, even more difficult to solving, prevent through inoculation. This holds particularly true for the wild, free-roaming Yellowstone bison, which presently number more than 4,000 within the park -- the last truly wild bison found in North America. Tok Essay Cover. Because of the National Park Service's policy of natural management in our nation's parks, human influence is kept to a minimum.
Yellowstone bison numbers have soared due to address reader essay contest, lack of predators (although the reintroduction of wolves into the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem is expected to have an effect eventually) and because of the tok essay, absence of any human-induced population control methods. Scarcity of winter range is the only real check on the Yellowstone buffalo, and angelou essay, thus, the animals have begun to wander north of cover, park boundaries in search of food. In response to this gradual exodus from the park, the federal government and the state of an essay, Montana allow buffalo that cross park lines and tok essay, threaten to mingle with domestic cattle or damage private property to be shot. Although there are no documented cases of wild bison spreading the disease to cattle, cattlemen support the shootings as they seek to preserve Montana's brucellosis-free status for the sake of their livelihoods and the state economy. The National Park Service endorses the killings as a means to economics dissertations, control the bison populations without contradicting their policy of natural management within the park. Opposing the interim-management policy are animal rights activists, who maintain that less cruel and non-lethal methods should be used to contain brucellosis.
Many hunters also object to the killings claiming they deprive sportsmen of tok essay front, legal hunt. Brucellosis was first discovered in North America among Yellowstone buffalo as early as 1917. Since 1935 it has been estimated that the federal government has spent more than $1.3 billion on year 1 problem solving the disease, presumably on eradication efforts and front cover, research. While not a new concern, the problem of brucellosis has recently been complicated by the vast number of buffalo within the park. But today's record population is in sharp contrast to the animals' numbers at the turn of the century. By the end of the 1800s, buffalo populations were severely depleted in the West. Popular among Native Americans as well as white settlers, the animals were widely hunted for their meat and skin. From 1896 through 1901 it was reported that bison numbers within Yellowstone ranged from a mere 24 to 50, and still the animals were frequently poached. As park management became more effective and wildlife preservation laws were passed, the bison enjoyed greater protection and soon began to year 1 problem solving activities, flourish.
Their numbers increased so much in fact, that buffalo were actively managed by park rangers to keep populations in check. Such killing of the animals ceased in 1966 however, when park policy changed and natural management was introduced to the national park system. Front. Since then, bison numbers have soared to write revenge, more than 4,000, a number which many critics of the Park Service contend is beyond Yellowstone's carrying capacity. With greater numbers of bison in Yellowstone comes greater likelihood of brucellosis spreading to front, cattle put to pasture near park boundaries. Recognizing this threat and wanting to maintain its newly declared brucellosis-free status, the state of Montana instituted public hunting of dissertations, buffalo that wandered across park boundaries by a strictly regulated permit system in 1985. This plan was soon abandoned due to massive public outcry however, when the 1988-89 hunting season saw nearly 600 bison killed.
In 1991, the present interim-management plan was established, which calls for roaming buffalo to be shot by federal or state government agents. More than 300 animals have been killed this winter alone. The conflict over tok essay front, the killing of Yellowstone buffalo is geographically concentrated in Montana, where the animals typically wander upon write hamlet leaving the park. The issue has received national attention however, as the primary animal rights group involved in the dispute, The Fund for Animals, is tok essay based in New York. My Inaugural Address Essay Contest. While it is easy to see the conflict as one between cattlemen and animal rights activists, the National Park Service has garnered much criticism from both groups. Its policy of natural management within Yellowstone is seen by tok essay cover, many to be the cause of the angelou, conflict: if bison were managed within the park, shooting them outside park boundaries would not be necessary. Unfortunately, it seems that current public perception about the Park Service -- as a corrupt and front cover, malfunctioning agency -- leads to additional skepticism of its decisions and policy-making. Very little constructive communication goes on between critics of the plan and those who enforce it. A) Primary: The National Park Service -- Members of the Park Service, in conjunction with Montana state game wardens, are most physically involved in the conflict as they are the ones killing the Yellowstone buffalo. As a federal agency, the Park Service is a powerful party and one that gives additional clout to the interests of the state of Montana.
Presumably, because of its federal status, others are hard put to challenge the Park Service's actions, although this has been done successfully in the past. Write. Cattlemen/women -- These individuals are most directly threatened by brucellosis and the physical damage caused by tok essay front, wandering buffalo. Solving Activities. The beef industry is big business in the United States, so these men and women can be seen as the stewards of a large portion of our nation's economy. Animal Rights Activists -- Representing the tok essay, buffalos' right to life are non-governmental groups such as the write hamlet, Fund for Animals. This party is frequently seen as radical and thus, does not enjoy mainstream support as members of the cattle industry might. Because they lack government ties and widespread backing, these individuals appear to have little power in tok essay cover this conflict. Interestingly enough however, the Fund for Animals has been successful in legally blocking Park Service plans in the past. B) Secondary: Native Americans -- This party benefits from the killing of hamlet revenge, Yellowstone buffalo because, whenever possible, the carcasses of the front, animals are given to various tribes by an essay bombing, the government. As they are not permitted to hunt bison that leave the park, area tribes are dependent upon the current policy for a supply of the animal.
Hunters -- These individuals decry the government practice of front, killing roaming Yellowstone buffalo because it prevents sportsmen and women from hamlet, doing the same. They enjoyed hunting privileges briefly during the 1980s but with the adoption of the current interim-management plan, such freedoms were revoked. C) Interested Third Parties: The General Public -- Most Americans have some first-hand experience with, or knowledge of, Yellowstone National Park, the world's first national park. Many people also realize that our nation's parks have been set aside for our benefit and enjoyment. It stands to tok essay front, reason therefore that we are all interested parties in this conflict because as trustees of the an essay, parks, we are somewhat affected by every policy the Park Service formulates. A) Facts-based: Questions have been raised about whether brucellosis is as easily spread as many contend. No documented cases of wild bison spreading the disease to cattle exist thus far, but those whose livelihoods are directly affected are reluctant to take unnecessary risks.
In addition, many ask why bison bulls are frequently killed when cows are the primary transmitters of the cover, disease. B) Values-based: The act of killing any life form is despicable to many involved in the conflict while others consider shooting the Yellowstone bison as secondary to humans' quality of life. C) Interests-based: Cattlemen and women contend that killing the buffalo will allow their cattle to remain healthy. To stop the sport thesis, current government shootings would be detrimental to individuals as well as state and federal economies. Countering this view are many animal rights activists and environmentalists who maintain that continued killing of the Yellowstone buffalo will result in tok essay front a collective loss for all other life forms as the last wild bison in hamlet revenge essay North America might be rendered extinct. D) Nonrealistic: It seems that for many, the conflict has become one of buffalo vs. jobs and quality of life. Conversely, others see the conflict as one of man's greed vs. the lives of innocent buffalo. Such rigid and limiting views continue to cover, be perpetuated because parties meet in essay frequently confrontational environments. All sides of the conflict are guilty of stereotyping their opponents at some point. Tok Essay. Animal rights activists consider the cattlemen, park rangers and game wardens killers because of their role in the controversy surrounding the Yellowstone buffalo. They tend to simplify the issue without making any distinctions between the other parties involved in sport thesis the conflict and without considering any other aspects of the debate except the killing of the animals.
In contrast, those who condone the government action frequently dismiss critics of the plan as radicals and tok essay cover, belittle their opponents point of view. Such labeling merely polarizes the debate, adding no constructive element whatsoever. VII. Alternative Routes to Solution(s) of the Problem(s) Many have suggested the year, National Park Service revise its policy of natural management within Yellowstone, thus eliminating the need to shoot the animals outside the park. Most likely however, this option is unacceptable to those who oppose the killings outside the park. Those who seek non-lethal methods of eradicating brucellosis have suggested moving the cattle grazing on land near park boundaries to regions farther away to reduce the chances of interaction between cattle and Yellowstone bison. Another non-lethal method put forward is inoculation of domestic cattle against brucellosis. VIII.
Conflict Regulation Potential. A) Internal Limiting Factors: It has been frequently remarked by cattle owners and Park Service agents that no one likes to see buffalo shot, a statement with which all who oppose the front, killings enthusiastically agree. Perhaps consensus over the loss of life suffered by the Yellowstone buffalo can be a starting point for dissertations resolution. B) External Limiting Factors: The federal government could step in to either enforce or abolish Montana's interim-management plan. This seems highly unlikely however, as the National Park Service is already involved in the conflict. Perhaps a neutral third party, such as a professional mediator or a conflict manager, would be successful in mediatiating the conflict. 'Bison have occupied the tok essay cover, Yellowstone region since the angelou graduation, end of the front cover, Pleistocene. Their fundamental behavior hasn't changed. They take the world head on.
They are animated snowplows, able to reach forage by moving snow aside with their heads. They learn very quickly where the essay, best grazing is. They'll pick up and move if they don't like things.' -- Mary Meagher, Biologist 1. C urrently, the state of Montana, in conjunction with the federal government, has an interim-management plan that calls for the shooting of front cover, buffalo that wander outside Yellowstone National Park. Established mainly to keep brucellosis in check, the practice of sport thesis, killing these roaming bison has sparked great controversy in recent years. Tremendous conflict has arisen between animal rights activists, who condemn the shootings as cruel and unnecessary, and cattle owners, who fear the potentially disastrous effect brucellosis-infected buffalo could have on their cattle. As agents enforcing the cover, interim- management plan, the National Park Service and the Montana Department of my inaugural essay, Fish, Wildlife and Parks have come under fire from environmentalists and ranchers alike for what many perceive to be the agencies' poor policy decisions. Amid a flurry of media attention and public outrage the Yellowstone buffalo continue to be shot by federal and state government officials. Tension between opposing parties makes for poor relations and tok essay front, occasionally violent confrontations. Such factors must be eliminated from the conflict in order for compromise or effective management to occur.
The government practice of killing buffalo that leave Yellowstone National Park and threaten to mingle with domestic cattle or damage private property has been unpopular with large sectors of the American public since its implementation in 1991. Park officials and Montana state game wardens contend that managing bison that leave the park is necessary however because of the animal's record high population -- Yellowstone buffalo numbered more than 4,000 this year, a number which many believe exceeds the park's carrying capacity. But today's wealth of buffalo is in sharp contrast to hamlet essay, the animals' status at tok essay cover, the turn of the century. C alled brother buffalo by many American Indian tribes, the bison has long been cherished by humans for its delicious meat, sturdy hide and warm fur. As the West was gradually settled in the 19th century, whites discovered the wonders of buffalo as well and soon came to sport thesis, rely on them for food and clothing.
This relationship resulted in the animals' exploitation however as the fur trade became big business in tok essay cover the early 1800s, with white settlers selling the furs of bison that were largely hunted by Indians. 2 The arrival of the railroad in the Western Plains caused the fur business to write hamlet essay, skyrocket as increasing demands for buffalo robes were more easily met. Accompanying this new mode of transportation was the tok essay, peculiar pastime of shooting bison as they stood alongside passing trains.3 Battles between whites and Indians also took a toll on buffalo as thousands of the animals were massacred by whites to deplete food supplies of Indian tribes. By the end of the century, the graduation, demands placed on the bison -- for meat, fur, revenge and sport - - nearly resulted in its extinction. The establishment of Yellowstone National Park in 1872 came at a crucial time for the American buffalo. Set aside by the federal government for cover the benefit and enjoyment of the people, Yellowstone helped to introduce a conservationist ethic to the West. Year 1 Problem Solving. 4 As the front, nation gradually gained awareness of the mass slaughter of its buffalo through media reports and angelou graduation essay, other accounts, steps were taken to prevent, or at least slow the killings. Wild and captive herds mingled together within the boundaries of the tok essay, park and began to reproduce.
But repairing the damage done to the buffalo's ranks was difficult as Yellowstone wildlife was frequently poached long after the area was declared a national park. From 1896 through 1901 it was reported that bison numbers within the park ranged from a mere 24 to 50. 5. A resilient creature, the year 1 problem solving, buffalo began to flourish in Yellowstone as it enjoyed greater protection through more effective park management and front cover, the passage of wildlife preservation laws. The animals' numbers increased so much in fact, that until the economics, 1960s buffalo were actively managed by park rangers to keep populations in front check. When this management technique was replaced in 1966 by a policy of natural management, or allowing nature to manage itself with minimal human intervention, buffalo numbers soared even higher, resulting in this year's record population within the park. 6. Graduation Essay. W ith greater numbers of tok essay front, bison in Yellowstone come greater opportunities of brucellosis spreading to cattle put to pasture near park boundaries. Sport Thesis. First discovered in North America among Yellowstone buffalo as early as 1917, brucellosis, or Bang's Disease, is commonly found in tok essay cover ungulates such as bison, elk and cattle. Domestic cattle, specifically cows, are most susceptible to an essay on suicide, the disease and its effects however, and are prone to abortions, low milk production and even infertility when infected. Spread through contact with reproductive fluids or grass that is wet with such fluids, brucellosis is difficult to detect and even more difficult to prevent through inoculation.
Given the devastating effects the disease may have on a herd of cattle, federal and front, state governments have employed many methods to study, contain and eliminate brucellosis over the years. Hamlet. Since 1935 it has been estimated that the federal government has spent more than $1.3 billion on the disease, presumably on eradication efforts and tok essay front cover, research. 7 The Department of Agriculture distributes pamphlets and other publications on brucellosis prevention to cattle owners so that these stewards of 1 problem, America's beef industry can better protect the front, country's economic interests. For this same reason, a state's cattle are frequently tested for the disease; if no cases of infection are found in the course of a year, regulations surrounding the trade of cattle with that state are relaxed. However, a state with even one outbreak of brucellosis is considered a tremendous risk to the entire country and is subject to 1 problem solving, increased fees as well as a loss of reputation within the cattle industry. 8.
The states immediately surrounding Yellowstone National Park have enjoyed brucellosis-free status for several years -- Montana and Wyoming since 1985 and tok essay cover, Idaho since 1990. 9 Of the three, Montana is most under siege by Yellowstone bison that wander north of the park in search of winter range. Recognizing the threat these animals pose to its cattle business, the state of Montana instituted public hunting of buffalo that travel across park boundaries by a strictly regulated permit system in 1985. This plan was swiftly abandoned however due to massive public outcry when the 1988-89 hunting season saw nearly 600 bison killed. In 1991, the angelou graduation essay, present interim- management plan was established, which allows federal and state government agents to hunt buffalo that step into Montana. Close to 400 animals were killed this winter alone. 10. 'This is war paint and the war is on . may the spirit of this buffalo haunt you forever.' -- Animal Rights Activist 11. D espite the protests of animal rights activists, many involved in the conflict surrounding the killing of cover, Yellowstone buffalo, both directly and indirectly, maintain that the government shootings are a more humane demise for the animals than starvation, which they say, is inevitable among the overpopulated herds.
The National Park Service endorses the killings as a means to control bison populations without contradicting its policy of natural management within Yellowstone. Montana State game wardens contend that the shootings keep brucellosis in check and reduce the angelou graduation, risk of the animals damaging private property as they might do if allowed to roam free in Montana. Even biologists working for front Yellowstone assert that the my inaugural weekly reader contest, management plan is tok essay cover needed to revenge essay, keep the vast numbers of tok essay front, buffalo from trampling fragile vegetation and angelou graduation essay, other park wildlife. Whatever their particular concern, the tok essay cover, aforementioned parties stand firm in their belief that the interim management plan performs a greater good for the environment and protects the interests of humans who dwell in bombing it. Those with perhaps the most at stake personally are cattle owners who fear for the security of their livelihoods and their property if Yellowstone buffalo are permitted to tok essay front cover, wander onto their land or near their cattle. In addition to being concerned about the health of the beef industry in their region and year 1 problem solving, across the nation, these men and front cover, women worry about the health of their finances should the my inaugural address essay, current government practice be altered by pressure from environmental factions or outrage from the general public.
Their support of the interim-management plan is therefore motivated primarily by their interests, which they consider to be threatened by the animals' proximity to their land and grazing grounds. Directly opposing the cattlemen and women are animal rights activists who represent the buffaloes' right to life. Considered radical by many, this party does not enjoy mainstream support or government ties and cover, thus it is easy to view it as powerless against state and federal governments as well as the meat industry. Interestingly enough however, activists have succeeded in legally blocking government plans on occasion. In 1991 for example, the Fund for Animals, an animal rights group based in New York, won a temporary restraining order against the National Park Service to have its plan to kill 25 Yellowstone bison halted. The Park Service wanted to study tissue from the bison in order to gain more knowledge about brucellosis and the risk these wild animals pose to domestic cattle. 12. Although such victories are rare and frequently quite temporary, the animal rights activists involved in the Yellowstone buffalo conflict persevere in their efforts to see the government killings cease. They claim they are grounded in their battle against government and big business by their values and their respect for all life forms. Activities. If Yellowstone buffalo continue to be killed, these individuals maintain, it will be a collective loss for all creatures as the last wild, free-roaming bison in front cover North America will vanish. Year 1 Problem Solving Activities. Also involved in the conflict, albeit indirectly, are Native Americans and hunters.
Native Americans support the current buffalo management plan because, whenever possible, the carcasses of the animals are given to various tribes by cover, the government. 13 As they are not permitted to hunt bison that leave the park, area tribes are dependent upon the status quo for a supply of the animal. Many hunters, on the other hand, decry the government shootings because it deprives sportsmen and women of opportunities to essay, do the same. During the 1980s, hunters enjoyed the ability to hunt wandering bison legally but with the cover, adoption of the current interim-management plan, these freedoms were revoked. 'We knew it was going to write hamlet essay, be hard to sell death, but we didn't know it was going to be this hard.' -- Montana State Game Warden 14. W hile the conflict surrounding the Yellowstone bison is one that involves a clash of interests and values, other factors are present which complicate the issue. Stereotyping is an tok essay unfortunate component of the conflict and is extremely detrimental to relations between opposing parties. Animal rights activists tend to consider cattle owners, park rangers and game wardens killers because of their role in the controversy. They often simplify the sport thesis, issue without distinguishing between other parties to the conflict or considering any aspects of the debate besides the killing of the buffalo. Tok Essay Front. Conversely, those who condone the economics, government action frequently dismiss critics of the plan as radicals and belittle their points of view. Such labeling merely polarizes the debate, adding no constructive element whatsoever.
Unfortunately, there have been instances when the hostility connected to this name-calling has escalated into violence. In 1990 several activists from the Fund for Animals and Earth First! confronted Yellowstone park rangers and Montana State game wardens who were accompanying a group of front cover, hunters on a regulated buffalo hunt, as was legal before the current interim- management plan was established. Year 1 Problem Solving. Verbal sparring took place between the hunters and their critics and eventually the protesters were physically restrained to prevent them from stepping into the line of fire. While no one was seriously hurt, with the exception of the buffalo, the incident resulted in several of the activists' arrests and further antagonism between the parties involved. 15. The manner in front which the conflict has been framed also limits its ability to be managed. For many, the issue has become one of year 1 problem solving, buffalo vs. Tok Essay Front. quality of life and for others, human greed vs. the lives of innocent creatures.
Such rigid views are perpetuated as opposing parties meet in frequently confrontational environments. If, for example, more emphasis were placed on eliminating the pain of starvation for the overpopulated buffalo rather than protecting nearby cattle and their owners from brucellosis, members of the hamlet essay, public might be less repulsed by cover, the government shootings. While such framing would not convince most activists of the dissertations, benefits of the interim-management plan, more constructive dialogue between parties might result if the front cover, rights of the buffalo were offered some consideration by proponents of the current management practice. Public perception about the National Park Service -- as a corrupt and malfunctioning agency -- adds additional ill will to the situation. Frequently maligned by cattle owners and environmentalists alike, the park service is sport thesis often seen as the cause of the Yellowstone buffalo controversy. Many ranchers contend that the tok essay, agency's policy of natural management within the address weekly, park system is responsible for the current problems of overpopulation among bison herds.
They believe that by actively managing the animals as domestic cattle are managed, today's conflict would not exist. Activists on the other hand, fault the tok essay, Park Service for bowing to pressure from the beef industry and placing the desires of cattle owners above the rights of buffalo. This practice of economics dissertations, assigning blame must stop in front order for constructive management of the conflict to begin. Parallels can be drawn between the conflict surrounding Yellowstone buffalo and the controversy over the reintroduction of wolves into the national park and central Idaho. Both cases involve the collision of environmentalists' values with cattle owners' interests. Year Solving. While the wolf debate is in no way resolved, some compromise has been reached that allows the animals to exist, albeit experimentally, while simultaneously granting ranchers the right to shoot members of the species that kill their cattle. Parties involved with the wolf debate remain dissatisfied with the recovery plan to some extent, and many have questioned the validity of front, any approach that involves human attempts to rush nature. Whatever one's stance on the issue however, some acknowledgment of the year 1 problem, efforts involved in implementing the tok essay cover, current wolf reintroduction plan to accommodate all sides of the controversy -- the graduation essay, activists' desire to see the wolf reintroduced, the cattle owners' desire to protect their livelihoods, and tok essay, the wolves' right to exist in a region where they once thrived -- is warranted.
Perhaps it can serve as a model for the management of the 1 problem, buffalo conflict, if only to show that opposition does not necessarily mean a breakdown of communication. 'Nobody likes the tok essay front cover, thought of killing bison, but their numbers are exceeding the Yellowstone's forage capability. They're moving out year 1 problem solving activities, of the park because they're starving to death.' -- Montana Cattleman 16. Tok Essay Cover. O ne of the more encouraging aspects of the Yellowstone buffalo controversy is the fact that most everyone, regardless of his or her background, dislikes seeing bison killed. As one of the nation's most revered animals, the dissertations, buffalo commands a certain degree of tok essay cover, respect from the American people, who have long recognized it as a unique symbol of bombing, their country and tok essay front, their heritage. 17 This affection for sport thesis the animal could serve as a starting point for management of the tok essay, conflict -- if consensus can be reached over sport thesis, the fundamental issue of whether it is best to manage bison populations through mass extermination, resolution of the current Yellowstone debate may not be far behind. Opponents to tok essay front, the interim-management plan have suggested various non-lethal methods that could be used to contain brucellosis, such as moving cattle grazing on land near Yellowstone Park to regions farther away to reduce the chances of interaction between cattle and economics dissertations, wild bison. Tok Essay Front Cover. For those herds that are not moved, widespread inoculation against the disease might be employed so that contact with wandering bison would pose no threat. This technique might also be applied to buffalo although it would be extremely difficult to locate all of the animals within Yellowstone and such action would conflict with the park's policy of natural management. As it stands now, the plight of the Yellowstone buffalo seems unrelentingly bleak. Angelou Graduation Essay. The government killings continue amid protests. Inflammatory media coverage perpetuates hostility each time buffalo are killed.
Complete resolution of the conflict, to the satisfaction of all parties involved, seems impossible. However, better management of the controversy would have tremendous benefits on party relations and would enable friendlier dialogue to occur. Cover. This in turn might lead to some type of compromise that is less offensive to animal rights activist and the general public than is the current interim- management plan. If the gradual process by which wolves were reintroduced into Yellowstone National Park is any indication, alterations to Montana's interim-management plan for bison that wander outside the park will be difficult to angelou essay, immediately implement. Tok Essay Front. Many attribute this to bureaucracy, but in truth the current conflict demands a lengthy, public procedure by which all concerns can be addressed. A s stated previously, some consensus exists among the parties involved in the conflict that killing bison is economics offensive. Tok Essay Front Cover. Although by no means unanimous, this sentiment is vital to achieving compromise.
In their book Breaking the Impasse , Lawrence Susskind and Jeffrey Cruikshank emphasize the importance of graduation, consensus in resolving public disputes while simultaneously exploring its complexity: More often than not, though, technical. complexity, or differences over which. approach to implementation would be best, thwart such calls to action and dissipate the. consensus that seems to exist. 1. While many agree that killing the front, majestic buffalo is unnecessary, the perception remains that these creatures pose a threat to the well-being of humans and other animals. Because of this fear, it is widely accepted that some method of population control must be used to manage Yellowstone's thriving bison herds. Coupled with the hamlet revenge essay, nation's aversion to the current lethal management technique, it would seem that finding an acceptable alternative to killing the buffalo is not far off. It is at this point however, that all consensus. disintegrates and productive discussions between parties dissolve into acrimonious debates. Tok Essay Front. Because of its caustic nature, the Yellowstone buffalo conflict would benefit tremendously from the use of third party intervention.
Susskind and Cruikshank espouse the virtues of using neutral facilitators in negotiations primarily because parties to a conflict are often more willing to listen to a third party than to each other. Also, facilitators usually establish, and are able to enforce, useful rules for discussions between hostile parties, such as limiting the amount of time each individual is my inaugural address weekly reader permitted to speak and prohibiting personal attacks from all discussions. Paul Wehr, a sociologist and front cover, renowned expert in conflict management, further details the advantages of third party intervention in economics his work:The new triadic system can serve to cover, dissolve stalemate, produce disputant cooperation with (or against) the intervenor, provide for facesaving, reinforce intervenor prestige, permit tension release through facilitate communication and year activities, perform other functions openly acknowledged or merely suggested in the intervention process. 2. As the controversy over the Yellowstone bison currently stands, a neutral individual is needed to bring the primary parties together so that con structive discussions and front cover, negotiations can begin. Because of the hamlet revenge, parties involved -- the National Park Service, the state of Montana, cattle owners, and animal rights activists -- and the scope of the tok essay front cover, dispute, a professional mediator(s) would be most effective as a high level of facilitation expertise is required in this complex situation. Economics Dissertations. Once underway, the front cover, mediation process must address several issues in order to be successful. In addition to year 1 problem solving activities, the parties directly affected by the debate surrounding the Yellowstone buffalo, the general public should have a say in any future policy decisions. One of the flaws of the present interim-management plan is the minimal public input included in its formation. Theoretically, as trustees of the national park, all Americans are entitled to contribute to the formation of legislation that pertains to Yellowstone, which is public property.
Realistically, this does not occur but at the very least all Americans should have access to tok essay front, information regarding their national parks. As Susskind and Cruikshank point out, when involved in a dispute, making pertinent information available to all interested parties significantly lowers levels of suspicion and mistrust. Typically, in dissertations heated controversies, misinformation that stems from rumors or stereotypes is generated. Front. If disputing parties are encouraged to jointly seek out the information they require in order to 1 problem, have an informed discussion, such misinformation can be eliminated or at least greatly reduced. Similarly, a party's assumptions should be challenged for tok essay cover their accuracy as conflicts often arise from sport thesis, erroneous judgments. The point is front cover that assumptions, opinions, and even values can change in the face of believable information; in order to achieve this important end, such assumptions must be identified and scrutinized. 3 In the an essay bombing, conflict surrounding the Yellowstone buffalo there are facts that are questioned.
For instance, the possibility of brucellosis being transmitted from wild bison herds to domestic cattle is frequently refuted by opponents to the interim-management plan since there are no known cases of such an occurrence. In addition, many critics dispute the need to shoot all bison -- both cows and bulls -- since cows are the primary carriers of brucellosis. Cover. While consensus on these issues will probably never be achieved, it is important for the parties involved in the dispute to graduation, seek out cover, reliable information and essay, research on brucellosis rather than basing their opinions on hearsay and other secondary accounts. A useful technique in any negotiation is the identification of expectations and acceptable solutions. If parties to a conflict realize that something to which they are opposed is inevitable, they are likely to accept that phenomenon provided that certain criteria are met. In such a situation, not all parties to the dispute can be completely satisfied with the outcome but concessions can be made to achieve the tok essay front, best possible circumstances for year solving all those involved. In this way, compromise is reached. Working together and separately, all participants begin to envision and tok essay cover, articulate at least one solution, whole or partial, that they find satisfactory. Obviously, if either side restricts itself to its ideal-world option . . . the sport thesis, negotiations are in serious trouble. But such inflexibility usually reflects a preliminary tactic rather than a working posture. 4. Tok Essay Front. By accepting the sport thesis, fact that some method of population control is tok essay front cover required for the Yellowstone bison and by economics, identifying acceptable alternatives to the current lethal technique, the parties in the buffalo debate should be able reach a reasonable compromise.
Cattlemen and women will be willing to work with individuals who recognize their interests and who acknowledge the need to keep the animals' numbers in check. Animal rights activists will undoubtedly accept non-lethal approaches to controlling the bison herds and safeguarding against the spread of brucellosis. Seeking options that give weight to the concerns of tok essay, critics as well as proponents of the interim-management plan will avoid expensive and time-consuming court battles, which prevent the establishment of bombing, productive relationships between parties and tok essay front, allow for only one winner. Most animal rights activists are undoubtedly familiar with the work of Peter Singer, a philosopher who has written extensively on the exploitation of non-human animals by humans. Perhaps surprisingly to some, Singer does not argue vehemently for animal rights per se, but instead maintains that their interests should be offered equal consideration to those of humankind. According to Singer, humans rarely regard other life forms and have used non-human creatures to benefit their own needs since the earliest Western civilizations were established. 5 He labels this speciesism, which he defines as a prejudice or attitude of bias toward the interests of members of one's own species and against those of sport thesis, members of other species. 6 In light of this, it is front logical to assume that Singer would consider speciesist the my inaugural weekly reader essay, government practice of killing bison that wander outside of Yellowstone as such action does not account for the interests of buffalo, only front cover those of humans.
While some might interpret his work as rigidly condemning all killing of my inaugural contest, non-human animals, in reality Singer has a much more tempered view. He recognizes the need for population control in some instances, provided that the spirit in which it is implemented gives weight to the interests of all animals. If we made an effort to develop more humane methods of population control for wild animals in reserves, it would not be difficult to come up with something better than what is done now. The trouble is tok essay front cover that the authorities responsible for wildlife have a 'harvest' mentality, and are not interested in finding techniques of population control which would reduce the number of animals to address weekly, be 'harvested' by hunters. 7. Front. A change in year attitude is essential if we are to manage non-human animals for their own sakes and tok essay cover, not simply because we perceive them to be an graduation essay inconvenience to our lives, says Singer. Given his views on population control, it is clear that Singer's ethic of consideration can be integrated into some type of compromise for the Yellowstone buffalo conflict that accounts for tok essay the interests of write hamlet, all involved parties, including the bison's. Although many federal and state government agents, as well as the ranchers involved in the Yellowstone buffalo dispute, would consider Singer's beliefs to be radical and perhaps offensive, the underlying message that Singer promotes -- of respect for life -- is one that even staunch conservatives should be willing to adopt. In today's political climate with such a strong emphasis on values, what more fundamental concept exists than the value of life? Many people do not understand that this idea extends to all species as well as to our surrounding environment. While it is unreasonable to expect the entire human race to alter its collective lifestyle in order to address this issue of tok essay front cover, respect, it should be asked that everyone learn to consider other interests besides their own. Although this may seem like a slow and inefficient tactic with which to resolve conflicts, as Singer points out, we must change underlying beliefs before we can change behavior.
Careful consideration of this idea put forth by Singer and others might improve the prospect of solving the dissertations, Yellowstone buffalo debate as well as many other conflicts that plague our society. If we can relearn the value of tok essay front, life, perhaps we will stop trying to manage nature and dissertations, instead accept our humble role as one of its constituents. I n all probability, total resolution of the Yellowstone buffalo conflict remains an unattainable goal. Tok Essay Front Cover. With the aid of a neutral third party however, there is promising potential for manageability provided that the public is involved and personal animosity is put aside during negotiations. Additionally, future discussions about alternatives to Montana's present interim-management plan should emphasize respect for life -- an idea that all involved parties should be receptive to essay, given their aversion to killing the buffalo. With patience, creativity and tok essay, awareness of the implications of their actions, interested parties to the Yellowstone buffalo dispute should be able to dissertations, formulate an alternate plan that everyone, both human and non-human, can live with. 1 Bryan Hodgson, Buffalo Back Home on the. Range, National Geographic , November.
2 David A. Dary, The Buffalo Book: The Full. Tok Essay Front. Saga of the American Animal (Chicago: The. Swallow Press, Inc., 1974), 70. 4 Aubrey L. An Essay On Suicide. Haines, The Yellowstone Story: A. History of Our First National Park. (Wyoming: Yellowstone Library, 1977), 471. 7 Robert B. Keiter and Mark S. Boyce, Editors, The Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem: Redefining America's Wilderness Heritage. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1991),
10 Kit Miniclier, Global Probe is tok essay cover Urges on. Yellowstone Danger, Denver Post, March 3, 11 Craig Vetter, The Buffalo Wars, Outside , 12 Todd Wilkinson, Yellowstone Cancels Bison Kill Because of Lawsuit, High Country. News , April 22, 1991, p.3. Write Revenge Essay. 13 Five Bison Leaving Park Shot, Denver.
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328 Official GRE Essay Topics to Practice With. ETS has published the complete pool of 328 GRE essay topics which will ever appear on the Analytical Writing section of the test. While these collections of prompts provide unparalleled Analytical Writing practice, some test takers may find the tok essay front cover sheer number of hamlet essay possible essay topics to tok essay be a bit overwhelming. In this article, we’ve assembled over 60 official GRE essay topics for both the Issue and address weekly reader essay contest Argument tasks and front used them to illustrate the economics 14 different kinds of GRE writing prompts you could see on test day. Front! With this expert analysis, you’ll know how to tackle any GRE essay prompt that comes your way. feature image credit: Female Typing/used under CC BY 2.0/Resized and cropped from on suicide bombing original. GRE Essay Topics Pool: How It Works. ETS has publicly listed all the essay topics that will ever appear on the GRE for both the Analyze an tok essay front cover, Issue and the Analyze an Argument Analytical Writing tasks. There are 152 different possible GRE essay topics in the GRE Issue pool and 176 different GRE essay topics in hamlet revenge the GRE Argument pool , which means it’s unlikely you’ll run out of official prompts to practice with. And while there’s only a 1/328 chance that one of the GRE writing prompts you practice with ends up being on the test, that’s still better odds than if you practiced with non-official prompts, especially if you end up using a lot of practice prompts.
Each set of GRE essay topics can further be broken down by the specific task you’re asked to complete in front your answer . Graduation! We’ll start by looking at the six different possible GRE Issue essay topics. Quick side note: we've created the world's leading online GRE prep program that adapts to cover you and your strengths and revenge weaknesses. Tok Essay Front! Not sure what to study? Confused by how to angelou improve your score? PrepScholar guides you, step by step. I want to be clear - you don't NEED a prep program to get a great GRE score. Tok Essay Front! But we believe PrepScholar is the best GRE prep program available right now , especially if you find it hard to organize your study schedule and don't know what to study.
Each Analyze an Issue essay topic “consists of an dissertations, issue statement or statements followed by specific task instructions that tell you how to respond to the issue” (source: ETS). Tok Essay! The specific words used for write hamlet revenge, the topics might be a little different on tok essay front the test, but in general what you see in the GRE issue pool is an essay on suicide, what you’ll get. ETS also warns test takers that there might be some mix-and-matching of different issues with different task instructions among the prompts , so don’t skip over the prompt if you recognize the issue; it’s possible that you’ll have written about the issue before in response to tok essay front a different task. The specifics of the task you’re asked to do differ depending on the prompt, but the core of bombing all the Issue tasks is this one question: Do you agree or disagree with this (statement, view, claim, conclusion, recommendation, policy) and/or its basis? There are 152 different pairings of issues and cover tasks in the GRE issue pool. Among these GRE essay topics, however, there are actually only six tasks you’ll be asked to my inaugural contest perform , and not all tasks are equally common. Below, we’ve analyzed these six GRE essay prompts. In addition to presenting each task as it will appear on the GRE , we’ve also determined the cover likelihood of the task showing up on the test and provided a sampling of the issues that you might see paired with the task. Donuts/used under CC BY 2.0/Cropped and resized from original.
Issue Task 1: Agree/Disagree With a Statement. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and bombing supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. What they’re really asking : Explain your reasons for agreeing or disagreeing with a given statement . Number of topics in the GRE issue pool on this task : 54/152 ( 35.5% ) Examples of the statements to be analyzed. To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities. In any field of inquiry, the beginner is more likely than the tok essay expert to sport thesis make important contributions. There is front, little justification for society to make extraordinary efforts – especially at a great cost in money and jobs – to save endangered animal or plant species. Unfortunately, in year 1 problem solving activities contemporary society, creating an appealing image has become more important than the reality or truth behind that image. Government officials should rely on their own judgment rather than unquestioningly carry out the will of the people whom they serve.
The best test of an argument is the tok essay cover argument’s ability to convince someone with an sport thesis, opposing viewpoint. If a goal is tok essay front, worthy, then any means taken to attain it are justifiable. The primary goal of technological advancement should be to economics increase people’s efficiency so that they have more leisure time. We can learn much more from people whose views we share than from people whose views contradict our own. Any leader who is quickly and easily influenced by shifts in tok essay cover popular opinion will accomplish little. True success can be measured primarily in terms of the goals one sets for graduation essay, oneself. goal/used under CC BY-SA 2.0/Resized from original. Issue Task 2: Agree/Disagree With a Recommendation. Write a response in front cover which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position. What they’re really asking : Explain your reasons for agreeing or disagreeing with a recommendation for a course of action . Number of topics in the GRE issue pool on this task : 24/152 ( 15.8% ) Examples of the recommendations to be analyzed.
Governments should focus on solving the immediate problems of today rather than on trying to 1 problem solving solve the anticipated problems of the future. College students should be encouraged to tok essay front cover pursue subjects that interest them rather than the courses that seem most likely to lead to jobs. Graduation Essay! Scientists and other researchers should focus their research on areas that are likely to benefit the tok essay front greatest number of address reader essay people. Nations should suspend government funding for the arts when significant numbers of their citizens are hungry or unemployed. Educators should base their assessment of front cover students’ learning not on students’ grasp of sport thesis facts but on the ability to explain the ideas, trends, and concepts that those facts illustrate. Candid/used under CC BY-SA 2.0/Cropped and resized from original. Issue Task 3: Agree/Disagree With a Claim. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the tok essay claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position.
What they’re really asking : Explain your reasons for agreeing or disagreeing with a claim . Number of topics in the GRE issue pool on essay this task : 25/152 ( 16.4% ) Examples of the front claims to be analyzed. Universities should require every student to take a variety of courses outside the student’s field of study. It is no longer possible for a society to year 1 problem regard any living man or woman as a hero. Tok Essay! Critical judgment of work in write hamlet essay any given field has little value unless it comes from someone who is an tok essay cover, expert in that field. In most professions and academic fields, imagination is more important than knowledge. Nations should pass laws to preserve any remaining wilderness areas in on suicide bombing their natural state. Issue Task 4: Which view aligns with your own? Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and tok essay cover supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented. What they’re really asking : Explain which two views you most agree with and back it up with reasoning. Number of topics in the GRE issue pool on this task : 18/152 ( 11.8% ) Examples of the views to be analyzed.
Some people believe it is often necessary, even desirable, for political leaders to withhold information from the public. Others believe that the an essay public has a right to be fully informed. Front! Some people claim that you can tell whether a nation is great by looking at the achievements of its rulers, artists, or scientists. Year 1 Problem! Others argue that the surest indicator of tok essay cover a great nation is, in fact, the general welfare of all its people. Some people believe that corporations have a responsibility to promote the well-being of the societies and environments in which they operate.
Others believe that the only responsibility of corporations, provided they operate within the law, is to make as much money as possible. Some people believe that corporations have a responsibility to promote the sport thesis well-being of the societies and front environments in which they operate. Others believe that the only responsibility of corporations, provided they operate within the law, is to make as much money as possible. Issue Task 5: Agree/Disagree With a Claim and Its Basis. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based. What they’re really asking : Analyze an issue by explaining your reasons for agreeing or disagreeing with not just the claim, but the an essay bombing reason on which the claim is based . Number of topics in the GRE issue pool on this task : 19/152 ( 12.5% ) Examples of the claims to be analyzed. Claim: When planning courses, educators should take into account the interests and tok essay front suggestions of their students.Reason: Students are more motivated to learn when they are interested in what they are studying.
Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the dissertations claim and the reason on which that claim is based. Claim: Any piece of information referred to as a fact should be mistrusted, since it may well be proven false in tok essay front cover the future.Reason: Much of the information that people assume is factual actually turns out to be inaccurate. Claim: Imagination is a more valuable asset than experience.Reason: People who lack experience are free to imagine what is possible without the constraints of established habits and attitudes. Angelou Essay! Claim: Knowing about the front cover past cannot help people to on suicide make important decisions today.Reason: We are not able to make connections between current events and past events until we have some distance from both. Want to improve your GRE score by 7 points? We have the industry's leading GRE prep program. Built by world-class instructors with 99th percentile GRE scores, the program learns your strengths and weaknesses through machine learning data science, then customizes your prep program to you so you get the most effective prep possible. Try our 5-day full access trial for free:
Issue Task 6: Explain Your Views on a Policy. Write a response in which you discuss your views on the policy and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the policy and explain how these consequences shape your position. What they’re really asking : Explain your stance on tok essay front cover a policy . Number of angelou graduation essay topics in the GRE issue pool on front this task : 12/152 ( 7.9% ) Example of a policy to address weekly reader essay be analyzed. In any field – business, politics, education, government – those in power should be required to step down after five years. Write a response in which you discuss your views on the policy and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the policy and tok essay cover explain how these consequences shape your position. For the hamlet revenge essay Argument task on the GRE, you’ll be asked to read a short passage containing an argument and then analyze that argument according to instructions.
As with the Issue task, there might be some very slight variations in wording between the way the tasks are written on the test as compared to the way they are online, but for the most part what you see online is what will be on the GRE. Similarly, there may be some arguments that are repeated across prompts in the GRE Argument pool, but they’ll each be followed by a different task, so it’s important to tok essay cover read the sport thesis entire essay prompt (including the task) before beginning your analysis . There are some commonalities across all of the essay prompts on the GRE Argument pool page, even beyond the fact that every task asks you to look at some kind of argument and analyze it. Of the 176 possible Argument topics , there are just eight different tasks you’ll be asked to perform, and of those eight tasks, numbers 3, 4, 6, 8 below are all basically different ways of asking you to “evaluate this stance and explain why you’ve determined whether or not it has a reasonable basis.” Below, we’ve presented each of the front cover eight GRE writing prompts as they will appear on the exam, figured out how likely the task is to show up , and given some examples of sport thesis arguments you might be asked to analyze. Argument Task 1: Evaluate an Argument and tok essay front Evidence. Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. What they’re really asking : Discuss how different, specific evidence could weaken or strengthen the argument.
Number of topics in the GRE argument pool on this task : 52/176 ( 29.5% ) Examples of the arguments to be analyzed. The following appeared in a letter from a firm providing investment advice to a client. Address Weekly Reader! “Homes in the northeastern United States, where winters are typically cold, have traditionally used oil as their major fuel for heating. Last year that region experienced twenty days with below-average temperatures, and local weather forecasters throughout the region predict that this weather pattern will continue for several more years. Furthermore, many new homes have been built in this region during the past year. Because of these developments, we predict an increased demand for cover, heating oil and recommend investment in address weekly reader Consolidated Industries, one of whose major business operations is the retail sale of home heating oil.” The following appeared in a memorandum from the front cover manager of WWAC radio station. “To reverse a decline in listener numbers, our owners have decided that WWAC must change from its current rock-music format. The decline has occurred despite population growth in our listening area, but that growth has resulted mainly from people moving here after their retirement. We must make listeners of these new residents.
We could switch to a music format tailored to their tastes, but a continuing decline in local sales of recorded music suggests limited interest in music. Instead we should change to a news and talk format, a form of radio that is increasingly popular in our area.” Three years ago, because of flooding at the Western Palean Wildlife Preserve, 100 lions and 100 western gazelles were moved to the East Palean Preserve, an area that is my inaugural essay, home to most of the same species that are found in the western preserve, though in larger numbers, and to the eastern gazelle, a close relative of the western gazelle. The only difference in climate is that the eastern preserve typically has slightly less rainfall. Unfortunately, after three years in the eastern preserve, the imported western gazelle population has been virtually eliminated. Since the slight reduction in front cover rainfall cannot be the cause of the sport thesis virtual elimination of western gazelle, their disappearance must have been caused by the larger number of cover predators in the eastern preserve. The following appeared in a recommendation from the president of Amburg’s Chamber of Commerce. “Last October the city of Belleville installed high-intensity lighting in its central business district, and vandalism there declined within a month.
The city of Amburg has recently begun police patrols on bicycles in its business district, but the hamlet rate of vandalism there remains constant. We should install high-intensity lighting throughout Amburg, then, because doing so is cover, a more effective way to combat crime. By reducing crime in this way, we can revitalize the declining neighborhoods in our city.” The following appeared in a memo from the angelou graduation vice president of Butler Manufacturing. “During the past year, workers at Butler Manufacturing reported 30 percent more on-the-job accidents than workers at nearby Panoply Industries, where the work shifts are one hour shorter than ours. Tok Essay Cover! A recent government study reports that fatigue and sleep deprivation among workers are significant contributing factors in many on-the-job accidents. If we shorten each of our work shifts by one hour, we can improve Butler Manufacturing’s safety record by ensuring that our employees are adequately rested.” The following appeared in a letter to the editor of essay Parson City’s local newspaper. “In our region of Trillura, the majority of money spent on the schools that most students attend – the city-run public schools – comes from taxes that each city government collects. The region’s cities differ, however, in the budgetary priority they give to public education. Tok Essay Front! For example, both as a proportion of its overall tax revenues and in absolute terms, Parson City has recently spent almost twice as much per year as Blue City has for its public schools – even though both cities have about the same number of dissertations residents. Clearly, Parson City residents place a higher value on providing a good education in front public schools than Blue City residents do.” Milk and dairy products are rich in vitamin D and calcium – substances essential for building and maintaining bones.
Many people therefore say that a diet rich in economics dairy products can help prevent osteoporosis, a disease that is linked to both environmental and genetic factors and that causes the bones to weaken significantly with age. But a long-term study of a large number of people found that those who consistently consumed dairy products throughout the tok essay front years of the an essay bombing study have a higher rate of bone fractures than any other participants in tok essay the study. Since bone fractures are symptomatic of osteoporosis, this study result shows that a diet rich in my inaugural address reader contest dairy products may actually increase, rather than decrease, the risk of osteoporosis. The following appeared in tok essay front a memo at XYZ company. “When XYZ lays off employees, it pays Delany Personnel Firm to offer those employees assistance in revenge essay creating resumes and developing interviewing skills, if they so desire. Laid-off employees have benefited greatly from Delany’s services: last year those who used Delany found jobs much more quickly than did those who did not. Recently, it has been proposed that we use the less expensive Walsh Personnel Firm in place of Delany. This would be a mistake because eight years ago, when XYZ was using Walsh, only half of the workers we laid off at that time found jobs within a year. Moreover, Delany is clearly superior, as evidenced by its bigger staff and larger number of branch offices.
After all, last year Delany’s clients took an average of six months to tok essay front find jobs, whereas Walsh’s clients took nine.” An ancient, traditional remedy for insomnia – the scent of lavender flowers – has now been proved effective. My Inaugural Address Weekly Reader Essay Contest! In a recent study, 30 volunteers with chronic insomnia slept each night for three weeks on lavender-scented pillows in a controlled room where their sleep was monitored electronically. Tok Essay Cover! During the first week, volunteers continued to take their usual sleeping medication. They slept soundly but wakened feeling tired. At the beginning of the second week, the volunteers discontinued their sleeping medication. During that week, they slept less soundly than the an essay on suicide previous week and felt even more tired. During the third week, the volunteers slept longer and more soundly than in the previous two weeks. Therefore, the study proves that lavender cures insomnia within a short period of time.
Argument Task 2: Examine Assumptions and tok essay cover Implications. Write a response in economics which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to tok essay explain how the graduation argument depends on these assumptions, and what the implications are for the argument if the front assumptions prove unwarranted. What they’re really asking : Discuss assumptions made in the argument and how the argument would be strengthened or weakened if the assumptions are wrong . Number of topics in the GRE argument pool on bombing this task : 50/176 ( 28.4% ) Examples of the arguments to be analyzed. Nature’s Way, a chain of stores selling health food and tok essay front cover other health-related products, is angelou essay, opening its next franchise in the town of Plainsville. The store should prove to be very successful: Nature’s Way franchises tend to be most profitable in areas where residents lead healthy lives, and clearly Plainsville is such an tok essay, area. Plainsville merchants report that sales of dissertations running shoes and exercise clothing are at all-time highs. The local health club has more members than ever, and the weight training and aerobics classes are always full. Tok Essay Front Cover! Finally, Plainsville’s schoolchildren represent a new generation of potential customers: these schoolchildren are required to 1 problem solving activities participate in a fitness-for-life program, which emphasizes the benefits of regular exercise at tok essay front cover an early age.
The following was written as a part of an application for a small-business loan by a group of developers in the city of an essay on suicide bombing Monroe. “Jazz music is extremely popular in the city of Monroe: over 100,000 people attended Monroe’s annual jazz festival last summer, and the highest-rated radio program in Monroe is ‘Jazz Nightly,’ which airs every weeknight. Also, a number of well-known jazz musicians own homes in tok essay cover Monroe. Nevertheless, the nearest jazz club is over an hour away. Sport Thesis! Given the popularity of jazz in Monroe and a recent nationwide study indicating that the typical jazz fan spends close to $1,000 per year on jazz entertainment, a jazz music club in Monroe would be tremendously profitable.” The following appeared in a letter to the editor of a journal on environmental issues. “Over the cover past year, the Crust Copper Company (CCC) has purchased over 10,000 square miles of land in the tropical nation of West Fredonia. Mining copper on this land will inevitably result in pollution and, since West Fredonia is the home of several endangered animal species, in environmental disaster. But such disasters can be prevented if consumers simply refuse to purchase products that are made with CCC’s copper unless the company abandons its mining plans.” Humans arrived in the Kaliko Islands about bombing, 7,000 years ago, and within 3,000 years most of the large mammal species that had lived in the forests of the Kaliko Islands had become extinct. Yet humans cannot have been a factor in the species’ extinctions, because there is tok essay front, no evidence that the humans had any significant contact with the write hamlet revenge mammals. Further, archaeologists have discovered numerous sites where the bones of fish had been discarded, but they found no such areas containing the bones of large mammals, so the humans cannot have hunted the mammals. Tok Essay Front Cover! Therefore, some climate change or other environmental factor must have caused the species’ extinctions. Write Revenge! The following appeared in a memo from the vice president of marketing at Dura-Sock, Inc. “A recent study of our customers suggests that our company is cover, wasting the money it spends on its patented Endure manufacturing process, which ensures that our socks are strong enough to last for two years.
We have always advertised our use of the Endure process, but the new study shows that despite our socks’ durability, our average customer actually purchases new Dura-Socks every three months. Furthermore, our customers surveyed in angelou graduation essay our largest market, northeastern United States cities, say that they most value Dura-Socks’ stylish appearance and availability in many colors. Tok Essay! These findings suggest that we can increase our profits by discontinuing use of the reader contest Endure manufacturing process.” When Stanley Park first opened, it was the largest, most heavily used public park in town. It is still the largest park, but it is no longer heavily used. Video cameras mounted in the park’s parking lots last month revealed the cover park’s drop in popularity: the recordings showed an average of only 50 cars per day. In contrast, tiny Carlton Park in the heart of the business district is visited by more than 150 people on a typical weekday.
An obvious difference is year 1 problem activities, that Carlton Park, unlike Stanley Park, provides ample seating. Thus, if Stanley Park is ever to be as popular with our citizens as Carlton Park, the town will obviously need to provide more benches, thereby converting some of the unused open areas into spaces suitable for socializing. While the Department of front Education in angelou graduation essay the state of tok essay Attra recommends that high school students be assigned homework every day, the data from a recent statewide survey of high school math and year solving science teachers give us reason to front cover question the usefulness of daily homework. In the district of Sanlee, 86 percent of the teachers reported assigning homework three to five times a week, whereas in the district of year 1 problem activities Marlee, less than 25 percent of the teachers reported assigning homework three to five times a week. Yet the students in Marlee earn better grades overall and are less likely to be required to repeat a year of school than are the students in tok essay front Sanlee. Therefore, all teachers in our high schools should assign homework no more than twice a week. The following appeared in a memo to the board of solving activities directors of Bargain Brand Cereals. “One year ago we introduced our first product, Bargain Brand breakfast cereal. Our very low prices quickly drew many customers away from the top-selling cereal companies. Although the companies producing the top brands have since tried to compete with us by lowering their prices and although several plan to tok essay front introduce their own budget brands, not once have we needed to raise our prices to year solving continue making a profit. Front Cover! Given our success in selling cereal, we recommend that Bargain Brand now expand its business and my inaugural reader essay contest begin marketing other low-priced food products as quickly as possible.” The following is a recommendation from the tok essay front cover personnel director to the president of an essay on suicide bombing Acme Publishing Company. Tok Essay! “Many other companies have recently stated that having their employees take the Easy Read Speed-Reading Course has greatly improved productivity.
One graduate of the course was able to read a 500-page report in only two hours; another graduate rose from an assistant manager to revenge vice president of the company in under a year. Obviously, the front cover faster you can read, the more information you can absorb in a single workday. Moreover, Easy Read would cost Acme only $500 per employee — a small price to pay when you consider the benefits. 1 Problem Activities! Included in front cover this fee is a three-week seminar in Spruce City and a lifelong subscription to economics dissertations the Easy Read newsletter. Clearly, Acme would benefit greatly by requiring all of our employees to take the Easy Read course.” Argument Task 3: Evaluate a Recommendation and Its Basis. Write a response in tok essay front cover which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on angelou essay which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to front these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. What they’re really asking : Discuss the dissertations different, specific questions that would need to be answered to determine how reasonable the recommendation is.
Number of topics in the GRE argument pool on this task : 24/176 ( 13.6% ) Examples of the recommendations to be analyzed. The following appeared in a memo from a vice president of Alta Manufacturing. “During the tok essay cover past year, Alta Manufacturing had thirty percent more on-the-job accidents than nearby Panoply Industries, where the write hamlet revenge work shifts are one hour shorter than ours. Tok Essay! Experts believe that a significant contributing factor in many accidents is fatigue caused by sleep deprivation among workers. Therefore, to reduce the number of on-the-job accidents at Alta, we recommend shortening each of our three work shifts by one hour. My Inaugural Weekly! If we do this, our employees will get adequate amounts of sleep.” Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. Since those issues of Newsbeat magazine that featured political news on their front cover were the poorest-selling issues over the past three years, the tok essay cover publisher of Newsbeat has recommended that the magazine curtail its emphasis on politics to focus more exclusively on economics and personal finance. She points to sport thesis a recent survey of readers of general interest magazines that indicates greater reader interest in cover economic issues than in political ones. Newsbeat ‘s editor, however, opposes the proposed shift in editorial policy, pointing out that very few magazines offer extensive political coverage anymore. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in hamlet revenge essay order to decide whether the front recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable.
Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. Angelou Essay! The following appeared in an article in the Grandview Beacon . “For many years the city of Grandview has provided annual funding for the Grandview Symphony. Last year, however, private contributions to the symphony increased by 200 percent and attendance at the symphony’s concerts-in-the-park series doubled. The symphony has also announced an tok essay cover, increase in ticket prices for next year. Given such developments, some city commissioners argue that the symphony can now be fully self-supporting, and they recommend that funding for the symphony be eliminated from economics next year’s budget.” Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to cover be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on address which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. Twenty years ago, Dr. Field, a noted anthropologist, visited the tok essay front island of Tertia. Using an observation-centered approach to studying Tertian culture, he concluded from his observations that children in hamlet revenge Tertia were reared by an entire village rather than by their own biological parents.
Recently another anthropologist, Dr. Karp, visited the group of islands that includes Tertia and tok essay cover used the revenge interview-centered method to study child-rearing practices. In the front cover interviews that Dr. Karp conducted with children living in this group of year 1 problem activities islands, the children spent much more time talking about their biological parents than about other adults in front the village. Dr. Karp decided that Dr. Field’s conclusion about Tertian village culture must be invalid. Some anthropologists recommend that to obtain accurate information on Tertian child-rearing practices, future research on write revenge essay the subject should be conducted via the interview-centered method. Argument Task 4: Evaluate Advice and Questions.
Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to front decide whether the advice and the argument on which it is sport thesis, based are reasonable. Be sure to tok essay explain how the answers to these questions would help to revenge essay evaluate the advice. What they’re really asking : Discuss the different, specific questions needed to front determine if the advice and 1 problem the argument it’s based on are reasonable . This task is pretty much the cover same as task 3; the main difference is in my inaugural essay the way the prompt is worded (as advice vs. a recommendation being given). Number of topics in front the GRE argument pool on this task : 2/176 ( 1.1% ) Examples of the advice to be analyzed. The following appeared in a newsletter offering advice to reader investors. “Over 80 percent of the respondents to a recent survey indicated a desire to reduce their intake of tok essay foods containing fats and cholesterol, and today low-fat products abound in many food stores. Since many of the year 1 problem solving food products currently marketed by Old Dairy Industries are high in tok essay front fat and cholesterol, the company’s sales are likely to diminish greatly and company profits will no doubt decrease.
We therefore advise Old Dairy stockholders to my inaugural weekly contest sell their shares, and other investors not to purchase stock in tok essay front this company.” Want to improve your GRE score by 7+ points? Check out our best-in-class online GRE prep program. Year Solving! We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your GRE score by cover 7 points or more. PrepScholar GRE is entirely online, and it customizes your prep program to your strengths and weaknesses. We also feature thousands of practice questions, 2 official GRE practice tests, and 1-on-1 scoring and feedback on your AWA essays. Check out bombing, our 5-day free trial now: Argument Task 5: Evaluate a Recommendation’s Likely Results. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to tok essay front decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.
What they’re really asking : Discuss specific questions and information that would be needed to show the recommendation would have the expected outcome . Number of topics in the GRE argument pool on this task : 21/176 ( 11.9% ) Examples of the recommendations to be analyzed. The following appeared in a letter from the owner of the Sunnyside Towers apartment building to its manager. My Inaugural Address Weekly Essay Contest! “One month ago, all the showerheads on the first five floors of Sunnyside Towers were modified to restrict the water flow to approximately one-third of its original flow. Although actual readings of water usage before and after the adjustment are not yet available, the change will obviously result in tok essay a considerable savings for address essay, Sunnyside Corporation, since the corporation must pay for water each month. Except for a few complaints about low water pressure, no problems with showers have been reported since the adjustment. Clearly, restricting water flow throughout all the twenty floors of Sunnyside Towers will increase our profits further.” The following memorandum is from the tok essay business manager of Happy Pancake House restaurants. “Butter has now been replaced by margarine in Happy Pancake House restaurants throughout the southwestern United States. Only about 2 percent of customers have complained, indicating that 98 people out of 100 are happy with the change. Furthermore, many servers have reported that a number of customers who ask for butter do not complain when they are given margarine instead. Economics Dissertations! Clearly, either these customers cannot distinguish butter from margarine or they use the term ‘butter’ to tok essay front cover refer to either butter or margarine. Thus, to address reader avoid the expense of purchasing butter and to increase profitability, the Happy Pancake House should extend this cost-saving change to its restaurants in the southeast and northeast as well.” The following memo appeared in the newsletter of the West Meria Public Health Council. “An innovative treatment has come to tok essay front cover our attention that promises to significantly reduce absenteeism in an essay on suicide bombing our schools and workplaces. A study reports that in tok essay front cover nearby East Meria, where consumption of the year plant beneficia is tok essay front, very high, people visit the doctor only once or twice per year for the treatment of colds.
Clearly, eating a substantial amount of beneficia can prevent colds. Weekly Essay! Since colds are the tok essay front cover reason most frequently given for absences from school and work, we recommend the daily use of nutritional supplements derived from beneficia. We predict this will dramatically reduce absenteeism in our schools and workplaces.” The following appeared in an e-mail sent by the marketing director of the Classical Shakespeare Theatre of Bardville. “Over the past ten years, there has been a 20 percent decline in the size of the average audience at Classical Shakespeare Theatre productions. In spite of increased advertising, we are attracting fewer and fewer people to our shows, causing our profits to decrease significantly. We must take action to hamlet revenge attract new audience members. Cover! The best way to do so is by instituting a ‘Shakespeare in the Park’ program this summer. Two years ago the nearby Avon Repertory Company started a ‘Free Plays in the Park’ program, and its profits have increased 10 percent since then. If we start a ‘Shakespeare in the Park’ program, we can predict that our profits will increase, too.” Lego Shakespeare/used under CC BY 2.0/cropped and resized from original. Argument Task 6: Evaluate a Prediction and Its Basis.
Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to an essay bombing be answered in front order to decide whether the prediction and an essay the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Tok Essay Front Cover! Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the prediction. What they’re really asking : Discuss the specific questions that need to be answered to determine how reasonable the prediction and its basis are . Number of topics in the GRE argument pool on on suicide bombing this task : 14/176 ( 8.0% ) Examples of the predictions to tok essay front cover be analyzed. The following appeared in a memorandum from the manager of KNOW radio station. “Several factors indicate that KNOW radio can no longer succeed as a rock-and-roll music station. Consider, for example, that the number of people in our listening area over fifty years of age has increased dramatically, while our total number of listeners has declined. Also, music stores in our area report decreased sales of rock-and-roll music. Finally, continuous news stations in neighboring cities have been very successful. We predict that switching KNOW radio from economics dissertations rock-and-roll music to 24-hour news will allow the station to attract older listeners and make KNOW radio more profitable than ever.” The council of Maple County, concerned about the county’s becoming overdeveloped, is debating a proposed measure that would prevent the development of tok essay front existing farmland in economics the county. Tok Essay Cover! But the council is also concerned that such a restriction, by limiting the supply of an essay bombing new housing, could lead to tok essay cover significant increases in the price of housing in the county. On Suicide Bombing! Proponents of the measure note that Chestnut County established a similar measure ten years ago, and its housing prices have increased only modestly since.
However, opponents of the measure note that Pine County adopted restrictions on the development of front cover new residential housing fifteen years ago, and its housing prices have since more than doubled. The council currently predicts that the proposed measure, if passed, will result in a significant increase in housing prices in Maple County. IMG_2529/used under CC BY 2.0/resized from original. Argument Task 7: Discuss Alternative Explanations. Write a response in sport thesis which you discuss one or more alternative explanations that could rival the proposed explanation and explain how your explanation(s) can plausibly account for tok essay front cover, the facts presented in the argument.
What they’re really asking : Discuss alternative explanations that would reasonably explain the 1 problem solving activities evidence discussed in the argument. Number of topics in the GRE argument pool on this task : 11/176 ( 6.3% ) Examples of the explanation and tok essay cover argument to be analyzed. The following appeared in a memo from the director of a large group of hospitals. “In a controlled laboratory study of liquid hand soaps, a concentrated solution of extra strength UltraClean hand soap produced a 40 percent greater reduction in harmful bacteria than did the liquid hand soaps currently used in our hospitals. During our recent test of write regular-strength UltraClean with doctors, nurses, and visitors at our hospital in tok essay front cover Worktown, the hospital reported significantly fewer cases of patient infection (a 20 percent reduction) than did any of the 1 problem solving activities other hospitals in our group. Front! The explanation for the 20 percent reduction in patient infections is the use of UltraClean soap.” There is now evidence that the relaxed pace of life in write hamlet small towns promotes better health and greater longevity than does the hectic pace of life in big cities.
Businesses in tok essay front the small town of Leeville report fewer days of sick leave taken by individual workers than do businesses in the nearby large city of Masonton. Furthermore, Leeville has only one physician for its one thousand residents, but in Masonton the proportion of physicians to residents is on suicide bombing, five times as high. Finally, the average age of Leeville residents is significantly higher than that of Masonton residents. These findings suggest that the front cover relaxed pace of life in Leeville allows residents to live longer, healthier lives. Yes?/used under CC BY 2.0/resized from original. Argument Task 8: Evaluate a Conclusion and Its Basis. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to revenge essay be addressed in order to front decide whether the conclusion and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to the questions would help to evaluate the conclusion. What they’re really asking : Discuss the specific questions that need to revenge essay be answered to determine if the tok essay conclusion and its basis are reasonable . Number of topics in the GRE argument pool on this task : 2/176 ( 1.1% ) Examples of write hamlet conclusions to tok essay be analyzed.
A recent sales study indicates that consumption of seafood dishes in Bay City restaurants has increased by solving 30 percent during the tok essay past five years. Yet there are no currently operating city restaurants whose specialty is essay, seafood. Moreover, the tok essay front majority of economics families in Bay City are two-income families, and a nationwide study has shown that such families eat significantly fewer home-cooked meals than they did a decade ago but at cover the same time express more concern about angelou essay, healthful eating. Therefore, the new Captain Seafood restaurant that specializes in seafood should be quite popular and profitable. GRE Essay Prompts: 3 Terrific Tips. No matter which of the GRE essay topics you encounter on test day, the following tips will help you prepare. When you’re working on practice GRE writing prompts, make sure you stick to a strict 30-minute time limit for each Analytical Writing prompt. If you need to cover build up to writing within this time limit, you can start out by giving yourself extra time and then working your way down to 30 minutes. Write Revenge Essay! However, try not to only practice with extra time , or you’ll be unprepared for the real GRE Analytical Writing essays. To get the best practice for the computer-based GRE, you should write all your practice essays on a computer . If possible, use the simple word processor in the PowerPrep Test Preview Tool or practice tests to do every practice essay.
You’ll need to get used to the lack of tok essay spellcheck and familiar shortcuts or features of your own word processor that you might not realize how often you use, like select all, copy, cut, paste, or undo; it’s surprising to find how much not being able to use CTL+A to select all or CTL+V to paste can affect your writing and editing speed. Even if you’re not writing about the GRE essay prompts given in PowerPrep, you can still use the text box and timer in the test preview tool or one of the practice tests to write practice essays on other prompts . Just be sure to save your essay into a separate document on my inaugural reader essay your computer so you can go back and read and score it afterwards. Once you’ve written your practice Issue and Argument essays, score them by tok essay front cover using the essay rubrics and by comparing your writing to the sample essays ETS provides at each score point . The rubrics for the Issue essay and the Argument essay are similar when it comes to the importance of clarity of writing and adherence to standard English grammar, spelling, and punctuation; they only write hamlet essay, really differ when it comes to assessing the specifics of the issue or argument analyses. Cover! You can try using the rubric yourself on your own essays and graduation determine where on front cover the rubric your essay fits; alternatively, you can see if you can find a GRE buddy who is willing to grade you and give you feedback based on 1 problem solving activities the rubric, since it’s sometimes easier to be objective about someone else’s work. While the rubrics are useful as guidelines for what to include in your essays, however, it can be difficult to envision what a perfect scoring essay might look like from the laundry list of qualities alone. That’s why the best way to learn what makes a difference between different essay scores is studying examples of high-scoring essays, analyzing what they do well, and finding the differences between them and tok essay lower-scoring essays on the same topic . We do this analysis for write hamlet, you in our articles on tok essay how to get a perfect 6 on the GRE Issue essay and Argument essay. The object of grading your essays is not to feel bad that you didn’t live up to the ideals of a perfect essay score but instead to zero in on angelou essay your weak spots so you can improve. Whether it’s disorganized writing, running out of time (and so not finishing your essay), insufficient analysis, or some other issue entirely, identify the main issues with your essay, then focus your practice on improving those areas. unsheathed/used under CC BY-SA 2.0/resized and cropped from original. Ready to improve your GRE score by 7 points?
We've written a guide about the front cover top 5 strategies you must be using to angelou essay have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now: Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and front earned a Master's degree in sport thesis Composition from the Longy School of Music of Bard College. She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and GRE and loves advising students on how to cover excel and fulfill their college and grad school dreams. Graduation! View all posts by Laura Staffaroni. Subscribe and get FREE tips to crush the GRE! Join our Facebook GRE Study Group. Our Top 10 Most Viewed GRE Posts Ever. Grad School (28) GRE Analytical Writing (7) GRE General Info (44) GRE Logistics (26) GRE Prep (33) GRE Quantitative (12) GRE Subject Tests (1) GRE Verbal (14) TOEFL (15) © PrepScholar 2013-2017. All rights reserved.
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Writing a TOK essay
rsm sharon homework Serious Math Instruction Your Children Will Love! I strongly recommend RSM Framingham. My daughter attended 6 years of RSM classes and took 2 Summer classes as well. She is now preparing to go to tok essay front, a rigorous high school and dissertations she placed into cover the highest level for her grade and economics she is not a math kid. Thus RSM gets objective results.But that was not our purpose for sending her to front, RSM and RSM is an essay bombing, not about getting slight advantages in taking exams. The mission of tok essay front cover RSM is that the staff recognize that leaning mathematics and its concepts well requires extra time that is often not given in standard schools. Poor math preparation often leads to math phobia in later education that can severely curtail opportunitiesnot just which college your kid goes to but their entire career. Angelou Essay? RSM can prevent this problem. Our daughter started in 2 nd grade which was key to her success.
She liked her teachers and found the classes engaging as there is a lot of classroom interaction. I am not going to lie and say she always wanted to go or liked doing her homeworkno normal kid would. But as time went by, she acknowledged that it helped her in regular school. Tok Essay Front Cover? After a few years at RSM she would report she already understood a “new” topic being taught at write hamlet, her public school. I don’t think she’ll ever think she cannot do mathshe knows it requires workbut it can be done. RSM offers training for math contests if you are interested. We did not pursue that training and its distinctly separate from the standard classes which are the main focus of RSM. We found the staff to be enthusiastic, helpful and professional. In summary, I think RSM offers a very valuable experience for kids that will pay off for cover, the rest of their lives. My daughter was happy to be a part of RSM, she had a chance to write revenge essay, meet such a nice people and motivated students and front cover improved her math and economics social skills.Your program helped her a lot to succeed in her regular school. I am very thankful our teacher Mr.
Sukher for all the help for the last couple of years! We appreciate all you've done for our family. (My older daughter was you student also ! ) We are happy to be your alumni and will recommend your program to our friends and neighbors. - Sara Fatykhova, December 2016. It is a proud moment for us to let you know that Shristi has been admitted to College of Engineering, Cornell University for the Class of 2020. I would like to thank RSM and its teachers for providing excellent coaching, encouragement, and challenging Shristi every single week. The problem solving strategies have helped her to look beyond the subject and connect the concepts with usage and at a broader level. This was very helpful in tok essay front cover, high school, and even her teachers acknowledged her ability. Her five years at RSM Metrowest helped inculcate a positive attitude for learning along with commitment and dedication towards completing all her work, which in turn helped her to solving activities, grow both inside and outside of school. - Ravindra Varshney, father of front Shristi Varshney, 2016. We wanted to thank you for dissertations, the regular updates about Pranav's progress, what the class is working on etc. Tok Essay Front Cover? Appreciate your help and support. Coming to RSM has made Pranav much more confident and in fact he finds Math fun!
We cannot thank Ms. Karla and Ms. Irina enough for that :-). I want to write, take this opportunity to front, thank you Anna and the School of Mathematics for address essay, broadening our son's field of vision on mathematics. He has seen many topics and ways to tok essay cover, approach them that he would not have had access to otherwise. - Dar and Einat Efroni, parents of a high school student, 2015. Our son has been with RSM-MetroWest for several years. At the economics, end of the 7th grade he took the Math SAT and earned a perfect score of 800.
We just wanted to thank Russian Math for preparing him so well. My second grader complained that school was boring. He was above grade level in math and was not being challenged. He has thrived at RSM, and continues to progress well beyond grade level. My fourth grader needed extra math practice. RSM helped her to meet, then exceed grade-level requirements. My children look forward to class each week. The teachers establish rapport with the front cover, students, making connections through personal interactions.
And the math games are fun! RSM teaches to the student's specific needs and rate of progress. On Suicide Bombing? Initial placement testing and year-end recommendations ensure the student is always in the appropriate class. Student needs are met more effectively than a set yearly curriculum based on grade level. - Kimberley S. Beattie, mother of two elementary school students.
Spring 2015. We are delighted to observe Rohit's growing interest in problem solving, ways to cover, analyze and explore possible solutions. Economics? We are grateful to all the tok essay cover, staff members of hamlet essay RSM-Metrowest for tok essay front cover, instilling the curiosity and problem solving techniques with ever interesting puzzles and revenge essay their invaluable guidance to numerous Math Competitions. -Vijaya Syam Josyula, parents of Rohit, level 8, Winter 2015. I want to take this moment and thank Mr. Gene for teaching our kids. Sarayu loves the tok essay cover, way you teach and is always waiting to attend your class at RSM. Your way of economics teaching logic is tok essay front cover, working great. Dissertations? With your help, time, efforts and passion, she even exceeded Math League which is for Gifted and front cover Talented Kids. She topped in Brophy and second in Framingham District.
I really wish you can teach her again in next year too. But understand that each teacher is assigned for each level. Thank you for all the wonders and magic you are doing for teaching our kids and getting them to love their math. -Saritha Bade, Mother of Sarayu, level 4, Spring 2014. Dear Dr. Charney Karla, We just wanted to say Thank you to you and your Staff for a great 1st year. We initially were concerned our girls would think Math Classes would be more of an essay bombing a chore and tok essay front dread going to essay contest, classes. In the end they are more engaged with math and having a lot of front cover fun. We actually didn't tell our daughter that she did well this year and she was very much surprised during the awards ceremony.
Just a reminder hard work does pay off. Both our chldren are looking forward in returning this Fall. Thank you for all your hard work and your commitment. We very thankful for having a chance to be an RMS-MetroWest member for the last 4 years. It has helped our daughter to economics dissertations, study a vigorous math program and also be successful in tok essay cover, an advanced math class at AMSA. We appreciate all our teachers and specially Mrs.Trishina. We thankful to Dr.
Anna Charny and other founders of RSM-MetroWest for creating such a great school where children can study an advanced level of angelou essay mathematics and participate in Math Olympiads. Your program also helped our older daughter, who attended RSM-MetroWest during its first years, and it was nice to see how the school grew over cover, time. We have a lot of an essay bombing friends and neighbors who are attending RSM-MetroWest and we will keep recommending your program to front cover, others, who are interested in hamlet revenge, advanced math study for tok essay front, their children. - Sara Fatykhova , mother of two RSM-MetroWest middle school students, Spring 2014. I am writing to say how pleased we are with Jack's experience so far at RSM-Metrowest in Framingham. Weekly Essay Contest? From the front, first moment we walked in on Open House day we had a sense that this was no ordinary extra-curricular activity. Year 1 Problem Solving Activities? The kids at the school are hard working and motivated.
The teachers are dedicated. The opportunities for challenge between classwork, Math Olympiad and the Puzzle competitions are fantastic. Jack is tok essay front, able to an essay on suicide bombing, do Math Olympiad Elementary at his own school and the Math Olympiad Middle School at RSM-Metrowest. He attends 3 hours of Algebra and Geometry on a Sunday and that is an addition to the work he does in tok essay cover, the Johns Hopkins program. For him to look forward to the classes (and often miss the afternoon football games!) speaks a lot to how great your program is. I really look forward to seeing how far he can go with the support of weekly reader your program. - Linda Worcester, mother of Jack, Fall 2013 We just want to thank all the front, teachers of.
RSM - Metro-west for the hard work they put in for each. student and giving the students the essay, opportunity. to prove themselves. Thank you. - Mr. Mrs. Tok Essay Front Cover? Sridhar, parents of Arvind, Fall 2013 We are very happy with the 1 problem, children's progress. They are performing very well at school and their confidence in math has grown tremendously. - Iliana Nunn, mother of Alexandra Christopher, Fall 2013 I am very grateful to tok essay cover, the RSM-MetroWest school for organizing extracurricular free classes for preparation to Mandelbrot and AMC Math competitions. We both, my husband and my inaugural address weekly reader essay me, are very impressed the way Vadim Longinov was training these classes. We could observe not only high professionalism, but also his personal dedication in teaching no matter to how few students.
Mr. Longinov even inspired our son, who was reluctant to spend Friday evenings at RSM, but had to admit that classes are very interesting and helpful to solve challenging problems. These preparation classes have broadened his knowledge of cover math and gave him an idea of what topics he didn’t know and had to cover. Many Thanks to essay, Dr. Charny, RSM staff and especially to Vadim Longinov. With deep respect, - Karina Barseguian, mother of Karen Hovhannisyan.
Spring 2013 Our experience at the school has been tremendous. From our early days with Roger to Amanda and Alfiya, the girls have grown more confident in their math abilities and they are each contemplating science/engineering majors for college. Please extend our very best to tok essay cover, Dr. Charny. - Kristine Van Amsterdam, Mother of two college bound daughters . Spring 2013 I have been amazed and pleased with my daughter’s experience at RSM-Metrowest. Her learning is amazing. Economics? Her comfort with math is emerging. I just want to give wonderful feedback about tok essay, Miss Joyce. An Essay? She is doing such a wonderful job with the younger children. Tok Essay? They are learning so quickly and at the same time really enjoying what they are doing.
Which is exactly what I was looking for. I could not be more pleased with her teacher!! Thanks! - Tricia Cincotta, mother of Kids Numbers Student, Winter 2013. On Suicide Bombing? By the way, this year when my daughter moved to Worcester Academy they placed her in Algebra 1 honors. In few weeks realized her potential and moved her to Algebra 2 honors, which is generally offered to 9th grade honors students. I am sure all credit goes to RSM-MetroWest and Megha's passion for math. - Manu Choudhury, Mother of 8th grader, Winter 2013 . We greatly appreciate what you offered in RSM. Cover? Our son has been benefitting from the classes he has taken, and now he is sport thesis, taking the 8th grade math in his school. Thanks a lot. - Mother of 7th grader, Winter 2013 . Tok Essay Front Cover? . Thank you for helping our daughter each weekend over the past year.
Your school is a magical place and a true gem in our community. Address? Our daughter enjoys art and sports, but understanding math has been a challenge for her . Through your excellent teaching, the world of math is becoming more available to her! We thank you! She has gained confidence and many new math skills since attending your school. We highly recommend your school. - Mother of a middle school parent from tok essay, RSM-Metrowest, Spring 2012.
The math school has been a major part of my daughter's success as a home school student. We have had children at the math school since 2006 and next year you'll have all three! I've also recommended the school to numerous people. - LeAnn Neal Reilly, Mother of three RSM-MetroWest students . . I really appreciate all you do to instill a love of mathematics in the kids. Write Revenge Essay? They both enjoy the class, find it interesting and are developing nicely. - Roy Lurie, father of Emma (Level 3) and Daniel (Level 5). - Metrowest mother of 2 teens that received summer math help. - Lynne Kuperstein, mother of Harry Kuperstein, level 7. - Charu Deodas, father of Sonia Deodas, level 5. - Bradley Brasher, father of Ben Brasher, level 2.
- Greg Dyer, father of George (level 8) and Douglas (level 6) Dyer . - Sandip Bose, father of Rohan Bose, level 7. - Susan Powsner, mother of Nathaniel (level 1), Abigail (level 2), Jonathan (level 4) and Emily (level 5) . - Javier Romero M.D., father of Jaime Romero, level 4. - Andrew Maxwell, father of Matthew and David Maxwell, level 4. - Sharon Stratis, mother of cover Maria Stratis, level 5. I am sure Neha was calm during the test because she is used to challenging math questions at MWSM. Neha still strongly believes she is bad in Math because she can't crack the MWSM puzzles most of the time. Neha wants to thank Gene and MWSM staff for making math so much fun. - Hemant Singh, father of graduation essay Maegha Singh (level 8) and Kartik Singh (level 4). - Ilya Nadezhda, parents of Dmitry Ilin, level 3, summer school. - Srihari Jala, father of Sandeep (Alg 9, Geo 8) and tok essay Anudeep (Alg and Geo 8). - Priya and write revenge Ram Krishnan, parents of Rahul Krishnan (level 4) and tok essay Rohan Krishnan (level 1).
- Mother of two children attending RSM-Metrowest. - Kapil Batra, parent of Sejal Batra, level 7 Pre-Algebra. - Sumant and Sangeeta, parents of Neil Mauskar (EM4) and Nicket Mauskar (level 2). - Masha Chausovsky, mother of Mark Nazzaro, level 2. We always appreciate your feedback. Please send us your comment or testimonial: firstname.lastname@example.org. I have been going to solving, RSM-Metrowest in tok essay, Framingham for eight years now, and I have loved every year of it. Sport Thesis? Going to RSM has helped me excel in school, and develop my love for mathematics. The classes not only support the school curriculum, but also go beyond it by challenging students with more advanced problems. I love the challenge, and tok essay I believe it has only made my interest in mathematics grow stronger.
I am truly grateful for the knowledge and skills that it has given me, and bombing I would not be where I am now if it weren't for RSM-Metrowest. - Prakalya Chandrasekar,10th grader at the Advanced Math Science Academy. . I have had three teachers so far, and all of them have been wonderful educators. I have learned a lot from this school's participation in programs such as AMC-8 and Math Olympiads. This program helps me get ahead of my peers at school.
I would very much like to continue to learn at MWSM. Tok Essay Front Cover? Thank you MWSM, for on suicide bombing, all the great things I've learnt so far My favorite thing about tok essay cover, advanced math is learning new things. I get new problems to solve. My teacher, Mr. Year? Gene (Sigalovsky) is fun.
He explains how to do a method to solve the problem. Tok Essay? My teacher is very nice and he is my inaugural weekly reader contest, also very fun. - Student, level 3. Front Cover? I enjoy advanced math because I am learning about new methods. One of sport thesis my favorite is the mushroom. With that, you can find the LCM. I like my teacher, Mrs.
Alla Farizon. She is very nice and she makes sure you understand the topic. I also like the tok essay, friends in hamlet revenge essay, the class. They are fun to play with at break. At my regular school, in my math class, there are a lot of tok essay front kids who complain about math. But here no one complains about an essay, it, so it is much nicer. Front? Every student is excited to learn and the best part is. it's math! With math being the favorite subject to engage! Being the years of sport thesis my age!
1 plus 10 makes eleven! As me and my brother are having great fun! Times that in puzzle contests I have won! 2 + 9 makes eleven! The day of the week I have my class!
The time of night when classes pass! 3 + 8 makes eleven!
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11 Steps to Writing the Perfect Resume. Share this article: Your resume is front cover only as good as the information you provide. Make sure you’re prepared with this list. Looking for tips on how to write the graduation perfect resume? Whether you’re planning to use a professional resume-writing service or give it a go on front cover, your own, it’s important to take some time to prepare for your resume rewrite. Your resume will only be as good as the year 1 problem activities information you or your writer has to work with. Gather the following details ahead of time to craft a powerful document that effectively tells your story and markets your qualifications. While this section may seem obvious, there are a few factors to consider. For instance, how will you display your name? Are you planning to use a nickname, such as Bob, or will you use your full name for tok essay front cover the job search?
Whichever you choose, make sure you consistently represent your name on hamlet essay, all your personal branding materials such as your business cards, LinkedIn profile, and online portfolio or blog. Select one email address and one phone number to include on tok essay front, your resume. I recommend setting up an email address that’s dedicated to your job-search activities and using your cell phone number on your resume, as this gives you the ability to on suicide control the voicemail message, who answers the phone, and when. A Jobvite social recruiting survey found that 93 percent of recruiters will search for your online profiles before they decide to interview you. Save them some time by tok essay front cover including the URL to your LinkedIn profile. Don’t have a LinkedIn profile yet? Check out this video tutorial by Lindsey Pollak for help creating your profile. In addition to your LinkedIn account, the perfect resume should include any links that are relevant to your work, such as a personal website, portfolio, or blog. If your work involves social media, you may include the links to other social media accounts such as Twitter, Instagram, and so forth.
When you're writing the 1 problem solving perfect resume, it should be tailored to support a specific job goal. One of the best ways to ensure your resume is properly positioned is to identify sample job descriptions that you’re interested in and qualified to perform. Search online and gather a few job postings that represent the type of position you’re targeting. Tok Essay Cover! It doesn’t matter if the location is ideal; for angelou graduation this purpose, you should only be concerned with the job description and its requirements. Copy and paste the text of the tok essay cover description itself into a Word or Google document and then highlight or bold any requirements or desirable skills from the posting you possess. This will help you or your writer identify which of your qualifications should be showcased throughout the resume. Technical skills and proficiencies. What technical platforms and tools are you proficient?
List all that apply to your work. Be specific and revenge essay as comprehensive as possible. This list can include anything from social media platforms to project management systems and computer languages. If you’ve worked with proprietary platforms, list those as well. Need to brush up on a skill or tool that’s routinely popping up in front, the job descriptions you’re targeting?
Check out edX, Coursera, and graduation SkillShare for free or low-cost online courses. Start with your most recent job and work your way backward. The perfect resume should detail out front all your professional positions within the past 15 years. If you served in the military or held a board position, list this experience as you would any other role in your work history. If you recently graduated from college, include your internships and any work experience that took place since you entered college. For each role, list the following information: Company Name and URL Job Title: If your title is very specific to your organization, you can include a translation of sorts in parentheses next to sport thesis your official job title. Start and End Dates: Include the front cover month and year for each of these dates. Economics Dissertations! Job Description: Think about front cover your roles and responsibilities as they relate to your target role.
This is especially important if you’d like to change careers. Include details such as how many people you managed or supervised, the territories you covered, etc. Achievements: Brainstorm a list your accomplishments and graduation major contributions that benefited the organization during your tenure. The number of tok essay front, achievements you provide will depend upon angelou graduation how long you remained in tok essay front cover, that role and how relevant it is to year 1 problem solving activities your current job goals. Quantify your accomplishments whenever possible; for tok essay instance, how did you help save the write revenge essay company money, generate revenue, improve customer satisfaction, increase productivity, and tok essay so forth? If you have an existing resume, only include new details in this section. There’s no reason to graduation repeat anything that already appears in front, your current resume. If you’ve been in the workforce for over 15 years, chances are you have a few positions that got left out of the an essay bombing previous section. Before you get started writing the perfect resume, make a list of the job titles you held, the names of each employer, the front cover locations where you worked, and your dates of employment for these roles. Hamlet Revenge Essay! While the dates will likely not get used in your resume, it’s good to front cover have a clear record of your earlier experiences for hamlet the writer. Have you been actively volunteering with a non-profit organization?
Skills-based volunteering (SBV) is a great way to fill an employment gap or supplement your work history when you’re trying to change careers. Please list any volunteer work you’ve done that’s relevant to your current job goals in chronological order, beginning with your most recent work. If you’re new to the workforce, include any campus activities or clubs in which you were active. A perfect resume should include the name of the organization and front cover its website URL, the positions you held, your years of involvement, and your responsibilities and contributions to the non-profit. An Essay Bombing! Looking for new volunteer opportunities? Visit sites such as Catchafire and front VolunteerMatch. List any relevant professional organizations or affiliations you’re a member of that aren’t listed on your resume. For each group, please list its name and URL, when you became a member, and what positions you held. Year Solving! If you took an active role in the organization, describe your responsibilities and cover any notable achievements. Interested in joining a new membership group? Check out this directory of professional associations for suggestions or research which groups your peers and managers belong to.
You can often find this information on their LinkedIn profiles. Sport Thesis! Language skills can be a great selling point on your resume. If you’re multilingual, be sure to list each language you speak and your proficiency level. Education and professional development. Create a record of all your education, beginning with your most recent degree. List the institution, its location, the name of front cover, your degree, your major and minor, your graduation year, and any honors associated with the degree, such as summa or magna cum laude. Do the angelou graduation essay same for any relevant certifications you’ve obtained or additional training opportunities or workshops you’ve attended. Tok Essay Front Cover! Have you received positive customer testimonials or a great performance review? Include this information in sport thesis, your preparation materials.
You or your professional resume writer may be able to work some of this information into your resume to demonstrate your hard and soft skills in the workplace. While this may feel like a lot of work, by taking the time to examine your career now, you'll see the front benefits on sport thesis, your future resume. A perfect resume is within reach! Click on the following link for more resume-writing advice. Subscribe today to get job tips and career advice that will come in handy. Let's stay in touch.
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Comparing Blind Resumes for 2014 NCAA Tournament Hopefuls. Nothing will change your perception of a NCAA tournament hopeful quite like blindly comparing its resume to another team's resume, and we've got 12 juicy comparisons for you. In Romeo and Juliet , William Shakespeare wrote, What's in cover a name? That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet. How will these roses smell when we take away their names? Resumes once believed a lock for the tournament might not seem so pretty once you no longer know the school to which they belong. No stone was left unturned. We looked at RPI (Ratings Percentage Index), BPI (Basketball Power Index), KP (Ken Pomeroy's ratings) and JS (Jeff Sagarin's ratings) to determine where each team stands and deserves to stand. Aside from removing the teams' names, there's no tomfoolery or data manipulation going on here.
We're giving the same amount of data for year 1 problem, every comparison and letting you come to a conclusion on which resume is better before revealing all of the teams involved. Hopefully this will serve as a tiny peek behind the curtain of what the selection committee will go through next week. Win-loss records on the following slides exclude games played against opponents not in D-I and are current through the start of play on front Wednesday, March 5. All computer rankings are current through the start of play on Tuesday, March 4. Team A: 17-9 overall, 4-6 vs. RPI Top 50, 5-8 vs. Hamlet Revenge? RPI Top 100, RPI: 81, BPI: 34, KP: 35, JS: 43.
Team B: 21-7 overall, 4-6 vs. RPI Top 50, 5-6 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 33, BPI: 40, KP: 41, JS: 39. If you look at nothing but overall record and RPI, this one is a bit of a no-brainer. Front? Team B deserves roughly a No. 8 seed and Team A might be lucky to make the NIT.
But let's dig a little deeper, because these teams have an identical record against the RPI Top 50 and are within six spots of each other in each of the secondary computer rankings. As you might have guessed from write revenge, their complete lack of tok essay front recognition in dissertations the bubble discussion, the Utah Utes are Team A. RPI makes absolutely no distinction between a 50-point loss and a nail-biter that ended in disappointment in overtime. This is quite unfortunate for the Utes, because they haven't been blown out yet this season and have an 0-3 record in overtime games against quality teams. As a result, they have an RPI that is on par with that of Cleveland State and tok essay Georgia.
In every other way, though, Utah is golden. If the season ended today, the Utes would be the poster boys for sport thesis, everyone arguing for the death of overreliance on RPI. Meanwhile, Team B just completed a season sweep of Louisville this weekend. Yes, that is the profile for the Memphis Tigers, and it isn't all that different from front, Utah's. After the win over write hamlet revenge, Louisville, Memphis guard Michael Dixon Jr. told reporters, This is tok essay cover a great win. Louisville's a Top 10 team, and we swept them. This year we've had some slip-ups we shouldn't have had, but that happens. 1 Problem? I think that going forward we're in pretty good shape. What if there are more slip-ups, though?
With games remaining against front Cincinnati and Southern Methodist, could Memphis play its way into sport thesis, some serious bubble danger? And with road games against front cover California and Stanford still on the docket, could Utah finally get into the national bubble conversation? We'll find out. All I know at the moment is that if you put these two teams on angelou essay a neutral court against front one another, the contest end result would be much closer than projected brackets would have you believe. Team A: 24-5 overall, 6-5 vs. RPI Top 50, 8-5 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 15, BPI: 24, KP: 19, JS: 22.
Team B: 23-5 overall, 2-2 vs. Tok Essay Cover? RPI Top 50, 5-4 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 20, BPI: 32, KP: 32, JS: 36. Team B hasn't played anywhere near as many games against the RPI Top 50 as Team A. Given how underwhelming the Mountain West has been this season, you would be correct to assume that New Mexico is Team B. It doesn't show up in the splits above, but it's worth noting that both of New Mexico's best wins have come against year the RPI Top 25, while Team A has just one RPI Top 25 victory. The Lobos are 11-1 in their last 12 games, including wins over San Diego State and front Boise State. Despite that hot streak and year 1 problem activities an RPI in the Top 20, they appear to have reached some sort of artificially created cap as a No. 7 seed in most projected brackets. They deserve to front be higher. Not only do they have a similar profile to Team A—which is graduation essay either a No. 3 and a No.
4 seed according to most prognosticators—but New Mexico even won a head-to-head game against Team A, if you're into that sort of thing. No, Team A is not San Diego State. Front? It's Cincinnati. The Bearcats have lost three out of their last five games but are still getting the benefit of the doubt as a top-rated team because of sport thesis their incredible defense. I wouldn't quite argue that New Mexico should be seeded ahead of front cover Cincinnati, but having three full seed lines in between them is a bit much. An Essay Bombing? I wonder if it would be any different if New Mexico hadn't lost to Harvard in last year's tournament? Team A: 20-9 overall, 3-7 vs. RPI Top 50, 7-9 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 30, BPI: 50, KP: 65, JS: 53.
Team B: 20-9 overall, 4-5 vs. Front Cover? RPI Top 50, 8-6 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 51, BPI: 56, KP: 62, JS: 64. One of revenge essay these two teams is Colorado. Tok Essay Cover? The Buffaloes are comfortably seeded as a No. 10 or better in just about angelou essay, everyone's projected bracket. The other team is front not only on the outside looking in, but would need to leapfrog a handful of other teams just to make it into the First Four. Before I reveal which team is which, take another look at those resumes and hamlet explain to me how there are upwards of 20 teams in between them.
Their overall records are identical. Team B has one additional win against front both the RPI Top 50 and RPI Top 100. You could argue that Team B's top wins are more impressive because they have a higher winning percentage against the RPI Top 100. On the flip side of sport thesis that coin, simple arithmetic will confirm that Team B has lost three games to teams outside the RPI Top 100, while Team A hasn't lost any such games. Should Team B be penalized for a couple of tok essay front cover bad losses or rewarded for write revenge essay, winning more often than not against quality teams? One other footnote to consider: Team A is 0-7 away from home against the RPI Top 150. Team B is tok essay cover 5-5 in on suicide bombing those games. That's enough suspense for tok essay cover, one slide. Colorado is Team A. The Buffaloes have yet to win on angelou essay the road against a decent team, including Saturday's 11-point loss at Utah. Forget about judging this team with or without Spencer Dinwiddie, because it's time to simply judge it for what it hasn't done at any point this season. Who is Team B, you ask?
That would be the Dayton Flyers. Cover? They had a pretty crazy week, getting blown out by Saint Joseph's before finding redemption in a home win over year 1 problem solving, Massachusetts. This is a classic conundrum involving a major conference team and a non-major conference team. Tok Essay Front Cover? If Colorado and Dayton were in similar conferences, they would probably be side by side on the bubble right now. Instead, the Flyers work to do and Colorado apparently has room to breathe. Team A: 23-6 overall, 7-3 vs.
RPI Top 50, 12-6 vs. Weekly Reader? RPI Top 100, RPI: 10, BPI: 11, KP: 7, JS: 8. Team B: 22-6 overall, 6-1 vs. Tok Essay? RPI Top 50, 13-5 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 12, BPI: 31, KP: 48, JS: 46. Here we find a situation very similar to the one presented on the previous slide. Team B has a slightly better winning percentage vs. Year 1 Problem Solving? RPI Top 100, but it's readily apparent that Team B has one loss to tok essay a team outside the RPI Top 100, while Team A doesn't have any.
If you'll recall that Massachusetts has suffered a loss to George Mason, you already know that the Minutemen are Team B. There are only five teams in the country that have more wins against the RPI Top 100 than Massachusetts. Write Hamlet Revenge Essay? Of the Minutemen's 13 key wins, seven have come away from home. The Minutemen went through a bit of a rough patch in cover late January and early February, but the economics dissertations list of teams that haven't experienced some sort of swoon in the past month is an extremely short one. They don't rank very well in BPI, KP or JS because they never made much of a habit out of tok essay cover destroying their opponents, but they have that winning gene this year. Of course, it's a different story for Team A, because Creighton has been putting up points in bunches all season.
The Bluejays' blowout wins over Villanova have left them within a couple spots of No. 10 in all the computer rankings — though we shall see how Tuesday night's loss to sport thesis Georgetown affects those numbers. Aside from the occasional eye-popping margins of victory, though, what is it that has Creighton battling for a No. 2 seed while Massachusetts is struggling to maintain its spot as a No. 7 seed? Creighton obviously wins the front cover eye test, but a separation of five seed lines is pretty extreme.
Team A: 18-11 overall, 3-7 vs. RPI Top 50, 5-10 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 59, BPI: 43, KP: 36, JS: 41. Team B: 20-10 overall, 3-5 vs. RPI Top 50, 7-6 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 29, BPI: 44, KP: 46, JS: 44.
Team B has a better overall record and 1 problem activities a better record against front cover the RPI Top 100, but the sport thesis average of their ranks in the four computer rating systems are extremely close together. Of course, this wouldn't be worth discussing if there wasn't a sizable gap between the two teams. Team B is on the right side of the bubble with some room to spare. Tok Essay? Team A is on the wrong side of the bubble and economics has a couple of tok essay front cover teams to bypass before they can even consider dancing. Both teams played a lot of RPI Top 50 nonconference opponents. Team A went 2-3 with neutral-court wins over VCU and Massachusetts. Team B was 2-4 with wins away from year solving, home against Stanford and Texas.
I'm not arguing that Team B should fall out of the projected field, because I've come to grips with the fact that BYU has a worthy tournament resume — provided the front cover Cougars don't lose an ugly game to either Portland or Loyola Marymount in dissertations the WCC quarterfinals. Instead, I'm making the case for Team A, because Florida State belongs in the tournament right now. The Seminoles have a lot of losses, but they have played seven games against cover the RPI Top 17. That's more than any other team in the country, and they still have (at least) one more remaining against write revenge Syracuse on Sunday. Tok Essay Front? If there's a team that deserves some slack for playing too many uber-quality opponents, you're looking at them. They only have one awful loss this season—and that home loss to Miami doesn't look quite so bad when you consider that Miami ranks in the top 85 of all the dissertations computer ranks except for RPI, where the Hurricanes are No.
102. Even if the Seminoles lose to Syracuse on Sunday, they would finish the tok essay cover season with a .500 record in sport thesis ACC play and would likely draw the No. 7 seed in the conference tournament. As long as they can avoid losing to front cover a team like Notre Dame or Wake Forest in sport thesis their first ACC tourney game, I like Florida State's chances of ultimately making the NCAA tournament. Team A: 22-7 overall, 7-4 vs. Cover? RPI Top 50, 8-6 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 19, BPI: 14, KP: 15, JS: 18.
Team B: 21-8 overall, 7-8 vs. On Suicide? RPI Top 50, 11-8 vs. Cover? RPI Top 100, RPI: 25, BPI: 42, KP: 39, JS: 40. Let's end some of the graduation suspense right away and reveal that Team A is UCLA. Both UCLA and Team B are ranked somewhere in the vicinity of a No. Cover? 5 or No. 6 seed depending on who you ask, but do they really deserve equal treatment? UCLA went 0-3 against the RPI Top 100 during the on suicide bombing nonconference portion of the season. Team B had a 3-2 record, including a road win over front, North Carolina. UCLA is year solving activities also 0-2 vs.
RPI Top 25, while Team B is 3-5. According to tok essay cover BPI, Team B's strength of schedule ranks 11th-most difficult in the country, while UCLA's ranks 39th. So let's go ahead and forgive that one-game difference in the loss column—considering Team B has yet to lose a game to a team outside the RPI Top 50. Have you been thoroughly convinced that Texas should be seeded way ahead of 1 problem activities UCLA? I like the tok essay cover Bruins where they currently are, but Texas deserves better. The Longhorns have lost four consecutive road games to drop out of the AP Top 25, but they belong with Michigan State, North Carolina and San Diego State in an essay the conversation about which team would be most deserving of a No. 3 seed the cover next time such a position opens up. Team A: 22-7 overall, 3-4 vs. RPI Top 50, 7-7 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 22, BPI: 21, KP: 16, JS: 26.
Team B: 24-5 overall, 4-5 vs. RPI Top 50, 5-5 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 32, BPI: 6, KP: 5, JS: 5. If not for those supplemental computer ratings, Team A would rank ahead of hamlet revenge essay Team B, right? Team A has more losses but a better RPI, and front cover more games against high-quality opposition would seem to put it slightly in sport thesis the lead in my book. Fortunately for tok essay cover, Team B, it has been absolutely destroying its lesser competition all season. An Essay On Suicide Bombing? Against teams outside the RPI Top 50, Louisville is 20-0 with an average margin of victory of 27.6 points per game.
And as it turns out, beating bad teams by nearly 30 points a night is more valuable in the new-age computer ratings than consistently beating quality teams by a minimal margin. Outside of tok essay front a 69-38 win over Southern Miss, though, the Cardinals haven't looked very good against an essay tournament-caliber teams. Tok Essay Front? But they have been regarded as roughly a No. 1 Problem? 4 seed because of a combination of their domination of bad teams and for the national championship they won 11 months ago. Team A hasn't been quite as dominant, but it has arguably been more effective and more consistent. So why is tok essay front cover VCU hovering three or four seed lines behind Louisville in most projected brackets?
Sure, the Rams lost three out of four games during a two-week stretch in essay mid-February, but allow me to assure you that there is no shame in road losses by single digits to Massachusetts, Saint Joseph's and front cover Saint Louis. The A-10 is going to send at least as many teams to the NCAA tournament as the AAC is going to economics send, and those top teams have just been taking turns beating each other up (and struggling with George Mason). If VCU really does end up getting a No. 7 seed on Selection Sunday, I hope we get to see the tok essay live reaction of the dissertations No. Cover? 2 seed that would be forced to year 1 problem solving activities play the tok essay front Rams in the round of hamlet revenge 32. Team A: 20-10 overall, 5-9 vs. RPI Top 50, 8-9 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 45, BPI: 19, KP: 24, JS: 15. Team B: 18-10 overall, 5-8 vs. RPI Top 50, 6-9 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 40, BPI: 36, KP: 37, JS: 31.
Oklahoma State is the owner of one of the above profiles. What in front the world are we to do about the Cowboys? Having a double-digit number in the loss column before the end of March is usually a surefire way to ensure you don't receive a single-digit seed in the tournament. But we have to view them in a different light because of everything that transpired in January and February. Oklahoma State was one of the year 1 problem activities best teams in the country before everything went haywire for about six weeks. The Cowboys have now won four straight games, though, including hugely important home wins over both Kansas schools. If we look at their entire body of work and pretend that there weren't precipitous peaks and tok essay cover valleys throughout their season, the resume of Oklahoma State (Team A) isn't much different from sport thesis, that of Stanford (Team B) — and the Cardinal are projected to tok essay cover earn something in the vicinity of hamlet essay a No.
11 seed. Would Oklahoma State really get that kind of front cover treatment? Things got rough there for a while with the Cowboys, but it's pretty clear that they're back to playing at a Top 25 kind of write hamlet essay level. After Monday's win over Kansas State, I'd expect to see Oklahoma State in a No. 8 vs. No. 9 game in most projected brackets, and I already feel terrible for tok essay cover, the No. 1 seed that would draw the bombing Cowboys in the third round in that situation.
Team A: 22-8 overall, 1-6 vs. RPI Top 50, 5-8 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 45, BPI: 18, KP: 26, JS: 25. Team B: 20-9 overall, 3-2 vs. RPI Top 50, 7-7 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 57, BPI: 41, KP: 60, JS: 57. This one isn't quite a TKO, but it sure seems like Team B is the winner. Team B has more quality wins and a better winning percentage against quality teams than Team A. Team A has a much better BPI, KP and JS than Team B, but as we've discovered elsewhere, a discrepancy like this between RPI and tok essay cover the other computer metrics typically indicates blowout wins over bad teams and close losses to good teams.
If that sounds a lot like Pittsburgh's modus operandi, that's because Team A is graduation Pittsburgh. Despite an 0-6 record against the RPI Top 100 since Jan. 27, people are still insistent on keeping the Panthers in their projected brackets. Front Cover? They were playing some great basketball back in November and December but played a grand total of two nonconference games against an essay on suicide the RPI Top 100—beating Stanford and losing to tok essay front Cincinnati. However, the sport thesis rationale seems to be that there needs to be 68 teams in the tournament field, and it's easier to keep Pittsburgh in than it is to find another team that is more deserving. Team B looks like one of those more deserving teams, which is tok essay front really saying something about Pittsburgh's resume, because Team B is the Missouri Tigers.
And in case you haven't noticed, Missouri is perhaps the year 1 problem bubbliest team in the entire country. Yet, the Tigers' resume is, at worst, comparable to Pittsburgh's. It might be in cover the Panthers' best interest to really deliver a message in their season finale at Clemson. Team A: 18-11 overall, 4-8 vs. RPI Top 50, 6-9 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 50, BPI: 67, KP: 64, JS: 60. Team B: 17-12 overall, 4-7 vs. An Essay On Suicide? RPI Top 50, 6-8 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 74, BPI: 62, KP: 58, JS: 52. Team C: 17-13 overall, 3-9 vs.
RPI Top 50, 5-10 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 66, BPI: 63, KP: 59, JS: 61. Outside of RPI, these three teams are almost identical. But—wouldn't you know it?—Team A is smack dab on the bubble while Teams B and C allegedly have a ton of work left to tok essay front do. In fact, in Joe Lunardi's most recent bracket projection, Team A is a No. 10 seed while neither Team B nor C appears on sport thesis his list of the eight teams closest to making the jump into the field. Even the staunchest RPI supporter would have a tough time rationalizing a gap of 15 or more teams between Profile A and Profiles B and C.
Now, let's add in the fact that Team A has lost seven of tok essay cover its last 11 games while Team B has picked up consecutive wins against economics dissertations the RPI Top 50 and Team C just ended a streak of front cover three straight wins against 1 problem solving the RPI Top 50. Sure, one of Team A's wins was against Arizona, but I think we can all agree that California wouldn't have won that game if not for Brandon Ashley's injury. That win is almost single-handedly responsible for the Golden Bears' RPI remaining as good as it is. Meanwhile, Indiana (Team B) and Illinois (Team C) can't seem to front cover buy a ticket into the RPI Top 60 because of how badly they struggled in their first 12 or so B1G games. Angelou Essay? But right now, they are both playing much better than California. The Golden Bears aren't just losing games. They're getting destroyed. Not a single one of tok essay front cover their 11 losses has been by less than seven points.
Their seven losses in Pac-12 play are by an average of an essay on suicide bombing 15.4 points per tok essay front game. Can the occasional quality win really make up for California playing like garbage the rest of the time? And if so, why aren't Indiana and Illinois getting the same treatment for their recent marquee wins over Iowa, Michigan State, Minnesota and Ohio State? Team A: 19-10 overall, 1-6 vs. RPI Top 50, 4-7 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 76, BPI: 53, KP: 50, JS: 55. Team B: 18-12 overall, 1-7 vs. RPI Top 50, 4-9 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 61, BPI: 49, KP: 52, JS: 58. Team C: 17-12 overall, 3-9 vs. RPI Top 50, 6-10 vs.
RPI Top 100, RPI: 47, BPI: 55, KP: 54, JS: 49. Teams A and B are not very close to the projected field, and an essay on suicide deservedly so. The point on this slide isn't to argue that those teams belong in the field so much as it is to argue that Minnesota (Team C) does not. The Golden Gophers have three quality wins, but they could not have possibly been any luckier in the timing of facing those opponents. They played Ohio State at home in the third leg of the Buckeyes' four-game losing streak. They also played Wisconsin at front home, handing the Badgers their third consecutive loss during a stretch where they lost five out of economics dissertations six games.
More recently, they won a home game against Iowa during a period in tok essay front which the year solving activities Hawkeyes had to play four B1G games in a span of nine days. I'm certainly not saying that Minnesota's three biggest wins of the season don't count, but I do think they should be taken with a grain of tok essay front cover salt. Even if those wins are viewed at sport thesis full value, 12 losses is an awful lot. And even though conference records don't matter at all in tok essay front cover the grand scheme of things, Minnesota is 7-10 in B1G play with a 4-8 record against conference teams in the RPI Top 100. Despite their quality wins, the Golden Gophers have very similar computer rankings to Clemson (Team A) and North Carolina State (Team B). Wichita State: 30-0 overall, 2-0 vs. RPI Top 50, 10-0 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 7, BPI: 4, KP: 6, JS: 16.
Team A: 25-5 overall, 4-3 vs. RPI Top 50, 11-5 vs. Address Reader Essay? RPI Top 100, RPI: 10, BPI: 8, KP: 2, JS: 7. Team B: 22-7 overall, 12-7 vs. Tok Essay? RPI Top 50, 17-7 vs. RPI Top 100, RPI: 3, BPI: 3, KP: 9, JS: 4. Team C: 26-3 overall, 4-3 vs. RPI Top 50, 14-3 vs.
RPI Top 100, RPI: 4, BPI: 7, KP: 8, JS: 3. There's no point in even trying to conceal Wichita State's identity, but do the Shockers have a better resume than these other three teams? As a spoiler, none of these mystery teams is Florida or Arizona, and 1 problem solving I think we can all agree that both the Gators and front Wildcats have pretty much clinched a No. 1 seed. Thus, these are the primary teams fighting for year 1 problem activities, the final two spots on the top line. We can probably immediately rule out Team A. Certainly a strong profile, but not nearly enough quality wins to make up for the five losses. The Virginia Cavaliers have had an incredible season and could absolutely still play their way into a No. 1 seed by tok essay, winning the ACC conference tournament, but they are a No. 2 seed for the time being. Team B has nearly twice as many RPI Top 100 wins as Wichita State and six times as many RPI Top 50 wins.
The seven losses might be too much to stomach for a No. On Suicide? 1 seed, but the cover Kansas Jayhawks rank in economics the top four of three of the computer rating systems evaluated. And, on front cover the bright side, at weekly reader essay least all of front their losses were to teams in year 1 problem activities the RPI Top 50. When you play 19 games against that collection of front cover teams, you're bound to lose a few. Kudos to Wichita State for write essay, getting up to play its two games against front the RPI Top 50, but Kansas has literally played 66 percent of its games against angelou essay tournament-caliber opponents. If it wasn't for tok essay front, the Jayhawks' two conference games against TCU, they would have only angelou essay played one team all season outside the front cover RPI Top 120. Is an undefeated record really enough to keep the Shockers in front of address reader essay contest a seven-loss team that is pretty clearly better than they are? In my opinion, though, Team C is the really intriguing one. They have three losses, but are undefeated against tok essay teams outside the an essay on suicide bombing RPI Top 10. Of their 14 RPI Top 100 wins, 12 have come against the RPI Top 75, and tok essay seven have come away from home.
And yet when is the last time you heard Villanova mentioned in the No. 1 seed debate? The Wildcats were certainly embarrassed in their losses to essay Creighton, but I'm not sure how one goes about arguing that they aren't one of the four best teams in tok essay front cover the country. Should they close out the season with wins over Xavier and Georgetown to improve to 16-3 vs. RPI Top 100, would that be enough to vault the year solving activities Wildcats past an undefeated Wichita State? That's just one of the front multitude of story lines to keep an eye on as we head into Championship Week.
Kerry Miller covers college basketball for Bleacher Report. You can follow him on dissertations Twitter @kerrancejames.
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chinese essay topics FROM COUNTRY TO CITY. Social Changes of China in Photography. Translated by John Yu Zou. The Chinese Reform has been underway for more than a quarter of a century. This historical social transformation is one in which all of Chinese society is moving toward urbanization. In the context of such a massive makeover, Chinese documentary photography provides a sustained focus on social changes and unprecedented new social experiences. With support from Bates College, I organized this exhibition of photographs with works by seven contemporary Chinese photographers to illuminate the path that China has traveled in the past twenty-five years. Cover. The exhibition is on suicide bombing, intended to illustrate changes in Chinese society to tok essay cover an American audience. The photographs by the painter Liu Xiaodi were taken in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
At the time, while he was an art student on fieldwork trips in China’s rural areas, he sketched and took photographs. As an art student, he was motivated to sport thesis take the photographs as source material for his paintings. However, it is precisely because Liu did not receive formal schooling as a photographer that these images are free from some of the conventions of art photography. Front. Instead of methodically orchestrating light and composition, he merely recorded what he saw through the camera, so that upon his return to the city, he could scrutinize the graduation essay images again and rework them into his paintings. Without the photographer’s preoccupations, Liu’s work conveys a moment of transparency and simplicity. Village (series), 1978-1979. I place Liu at the beginning of the exhibition because his images of Chinese rural life retain the traces of a society bound by tok essay front cover the social structure and lifestyles of the Maoist era. Agricultural production among Chinese peasants, the conditions and substance of country living, and economics dissertations, the states of the tok essay front cover mind and mutual relations among people all receive representation in Liu’s works. The photographs that he originally took for his painting projects made him an accidental witness to a unique episode in my inaugural reader contest, Chinese history.
Master of the House (series) Zhao Weidong, 16, Jiyvan County, Compared with Liu Xiaodi’s non-conceptual approach, Jiang Jian projects a distinctive formal and conceptual awareness in his portraits taken in Henan province during the 1990s. His technique has an apparent and misleading straightforwardness. Tok Essay Cover. He positions peasant figures against images on the wall of the main room, the equivalent in Chinese rural architecture to an essay on suicide bombing the living room in an urban residence. In traditional Chinese living spaces, the central wall hanging in the main room expresses the values of Chinese patriarchy and is usually a large-sized painting or work of calligraphy.
The memorial tablets on the offering table express the importance of the lineage of the clan and the centrality of family ethics. Traditionally, the cultural signs found in these graphic and calligraphic images impose symbolic restraint upon front, the behavior of family members. The main room is also the center of family activities including memorial services to an essay ancestors, family conferences, and the reception of tok essay, guests. The area serves family members and constitutes the an essay on suicide key venue where they interact with visitors. These photographs reveal that, in the context of contemporary Chinese social transformation, we find not only ancient traditions persist in the space of these main rooms, but political ideologies and various elements of popular culture have now entered the tok essay space and are competing against one another.
Numerous political messages, images of contemporary popular culture, and signs of traditional culture coexist within the same space. Today, interiors revealing traditional ritual activities are becoming more rare in China, especially in the coastal cities. They are being replaced by décor evoking Western-style living rooms. The Master of the House series expresses the persistence of Chinese rural society and folk traditions in an increasingly urban China. How do we understand the concurrence of popular society, traditional culture, Confucian traditions, and political ideologies, and their mutual impact on contemporary China? To what extent may we achieve accuracy in their description with the help of different theories and an essay, methodologies? Many of us are facing these questions. The unique approach of the Master of the House series provides some heuristic leads. Jiang Jian invites his subjects to tok essay cover adopt standing or sitting positions in a living space that is still richly resonant with meaning, and then within that format he records every visual detail of their bodily presence and their surroundings. It is through such detail that he displays the conditions of life among Chinese peasants, and through bold folk coloring he highlights the cultural taste in rural central China. At the same time, Jiang is angelou, also able to render a scenario characterized by the coexistence of government ideologies, contemporary popular culture, and traditional culture.
Of course, what we may further learn from the photographs is that the tok essay front cover process of an essay, urbanization is also one in which the values of urban living begin to be widely circulated and to take root in rural areas. Jiang Jian thus makes available to us a set of visual documents to tok essay front cover help understand the daily lives of Chinese peasants in angelou graduation essay, a specific geographic region. Besiege the cover City by the Country (series) Through the angelou graduation essay 1990s, Zhang Xinmin, from Guangdong province, was engaged in a colossal visual project: Besiege the front City by the Country: The Long March of Chinese Peasants to the City . This project consisted of three. parts: Village and Small Town Life , To the City , and The City . In a panoramic sweep, Zhang tried to capture the single most significant event in the contemporary transformation of Chinese society: peasants’ departure.
from their land and their integration into city life. Since the 1980s, because of radical changes in China’s social structure and economic policies, there has been a fevered acceleration in economics, the process of urbanization. Front Cover. Massive numbers of surplus laborers from rural China flocked to the city in search of work. Write Essay. According to front a survey conducted by the Rural Survey Team at China’s Central Statistics Bureau, by essay contest 2001 almost ninety million Chinese workers had moved from rural to urban regions. Besiege the City by the Country (series) However, for peasant workers, the tok essay prospects for life and work in the city have not been good. The challenges they face in on suicide, the cities far surpass finding adequate food and shelter. Cities and their social structures have also not been prepared enough, in either material or psychological terms, to welcome peasant workers. Front Cover. Even though the cities and their traditional residents have grown dependent upon the services of peasant workers, the latter are often subject to ill treatment. Zhang’s photographs reveal the urban survival techniques of Chinese peasants and their gradual transition toward their new roles as city dwellers.
The moments he captures forcefully convey the details of peasant life in the city, whether it is the taking of pictures for identification cards, which is the first step toward finding a job in the city, or the pin-ups of voluptuous women and the blown-up images of sport thesis, a Chinese banknote decorating their mosquito-netted bunks. Zhang Xingmin’s photographs remind us that in the process of tok essay front, urbanization, peasant workers have come to constitute a key component of year activities, contemporary Chinese urban life. Their living and working conditions in the cities should be acknowledged as a part of tok essay front cover, China’s social reality, and a part of China’s urban culture. Through his photographic eye, Zhang gives detailed representation to their ordeals in the urban environment. Shanghailanders (series), 1992-1995. In the 1990s, urbanization in China grew at an extraordinary pace. An Essay On Suicide. Many social tensions intensified and tok essay, became highly visible. Economics Dissertations. While the speed of social change no doubt left an indelible impact on the values and lifestyles of peasants, it also profoundly reshaped the ideas and daily lives of urban dwellers.
Beginning in tok essay front cover, the early 1990s, the Shanghai photographer Lu Yuanmin spent ten years producing the series Shanghailanders . With his highly personal perspective, he brought forth images of Shanghai urbanites assaulted by profound economic change. At the center of Lu Yuanmin’s photographs is a cohort of Shanghai residents who maintained their habitual ways of living on the eve of radical upheavals in Chinese society. The subjects of the Shanghailanders series are those who remained unconcerned with changes in their external world. For a long time, this social group received almost no attention in on suicide bombing, Chinese media and press. They were not the soldiers, workers, and tok essay front cover, peasants glorified in government propaganda, nor those “contemporary heroes” who responded positively to the new economic policies from above and actively engaged in commerce when the society moved toward a market economy. These were instead the people left behind by year 1 problem solving activities their own times. Like Zhang Xinmin’s peasant workers, these Shanghai urbanites were largely neglected by mass media. But unlike the peasant workers caught in Zhang’s gritty images, Shanghai’s residents asked for neither the society’s attention nor its assistance.
They were a self-sufficient lot. At some level these Shanghailanders represent the tok essay front cover majority of the population in the metropolis, urban residents who stayed largely outside public discourse. In terms of social background, Lu belongs to the same culture as his sitters. His photographs reveal a strong sense of identification with his subjects. In these images independent, self-possessed Shanghailanders receive the 1 problem activities deepest of sympathy from the artist, but the particulars of their living environments also become subjects of tok essay, exquisite description. In this series, the Shanghailanders appear willing to my inaugural contest lose themselves in times that have passed. From their reserved and somewhat defiant manners, we may appreciate the complicated psychological reaction of a particular group to radical social transformation. The stillness of tok essay front cover, their gestures and positions contrasts dramatically with the violent and unpredictable social mobility within Chinese society at the time. Through Lu’s lenses, they serve as a static point of reference to observe and consider drastic social changes. Shangai Sketch (series), 2002.
Zhou Ming’s early works, The Last Day of No. 1 National Railway and Housing Shortages , were series that recorded Shanghai urban life at the beginning of the 1990s. From then on, he gave priority to street shots in an effort to capture changes in Shanghai’s urban public spaces. These were distinctive for the employment of what photographers call the “optic unconscious.” Zhou seeks to render the reality of year solving activities, Shanghai in a style that straddles documentary record and personal viewpoint. Tok Essay Front. He does so by gathering a large number of photographic details of everyday life in the city. He also juxtaposes graphic symbols of very different significance within the. same frame to solving provoke associations regarding the passage of time. The New Residences of Luoyang series, created by tok essay Luo Yongjin in the 1990s, addresses an ancient Chinese capital of six different dynasties. Luoyang is not a typical modern city, and the images evoke a “pre-modern” urban architectural style. Depicting contemporary Chinese residential buildings of extraordinary solidity and power, the photographer articulates a deep-seated Chinese architectural aesthetic and on suicide, spatial consciousness. By way of stark visual reduction, these works bring together the architectural aspects of Chinese residential construction and the reductive nature of Western modernist architecture, even though the similarity comes across as rather crude.
The aggressive architectural surfaces in the images stand in contrast to the clusters of tok essay front cover, skyscrapers in the coastal cities, and are evidence that urbanization in the Chinese interior follows a different pattern from the coast. New Residences of Luoyang (series) Such works by dissertations Luo provide a meaningful point of front, departure for hamlet revenge essay, an understanding of the relationship between architecture and urban life and tok essay front, development in interior Chinese cities, as well as the limited aesthetic resources of Chinese city dwellers in these areas. After Luo began working in Shanghai, his collage-style, grid-partitioned works singularly expressed the modern city’s endless expansiveness and economics, self-duplication. In the recent publication, Research Report on front cover, Contemporary Chinese Class (Lu Xueyi editor, Shehui kexue wenxian chubanshe, Beijing, 2002), Chinese sociologists redefined the an essay bombing social classes in China. According to front this model, Chinese society now may be divided into angelou graduation essay ten classes.
The leading classes of the Maoist era, the tok essay front cover industrial workers and peasants, are ranked eighth and ninth, posited above only the tenth class, made up of the unemployed and semi-unemployed. According to this scheme industrial workers and peasants are no longer the decisive forces propelling social progress in China. Address. The “masters” of Chinese society in Maoist times now define the lowest strata of the social hierarchy. Heaviness of Industry (series) At a time when working-class existence is increasingly marginalized and cover, workers’ images appear with ever decreasing frequency in China, Zhou Hai’s Heaviness of Industry project refocuses our attention on the life and write revenge essay, working conditions of tok essay front, industrial workers who have been irretrievably remade into the society’s “silent majority.” Zhou’s documentary project began in my inaugural essay contest, 1997 and is, according to him, still ongoing. In his own writing, he makes it clear that the motive in taking these pictures is to draw more peoples’ attention toward what is hidden behind industries, toward the tok essay front labor and subsistence of the workers. His images are intended to call attention to the human component of the abstract notion of industry. He wants to demonstrate the heaviness of industry as supported by these silent human figures, a heaviness borne by the real members of the working class.
While the angelou graduation essay images in the Heaviness of Industry series strive to show the workers’ labor and front cover, subsistence in physical terms, they also expose the sport thesis drift of the working class as a whole from the center of Chinese society to its peripheries. The Heaviness of Industry series catalogs a number of raw moments in workers’ operational routines from a rich variety of perspectives. Cover. Zhou’s images do not aestheticize the laborers’ physical hardship, nor do they present sensational characterizations of human tragedy. Neither singing praise to modernization nor reflecting upon reader essay, the negative consequences of the process may be as important as providing a site for an extensive social appreciation of the material experiences of “industry,” of the persons who are engaged in industrial production, of the relationship between the human body and work, of the value of work to tok essay cover the entire society. Heaviness of Industry (series) Because of the special conditions of social development and historical coincidences, modernization in China is following a unique trajectory. Well before its infrastructural base undergoes systematic industrial modernization, the country faces a transition toward a digital society. The conflicting objectives and realities between the pursuit of industrialization and the drive toward post-industrial environments result in much awkwardness in angelou graduation, actual social experience.
The industrial workers in Zhou’s pictures embody such awkwardness in the most direct terms. These works do not excessively elaborate upon the experience itself. Rather, they introduce us to the complicated psychological states — a mixture of tok essay cover, pride, perseverance, loss, and helplessness — with which the workers react toward the write essay complexities of the historical moment. By weaving together subliminal settings and intimate depictions, Zhou takes his subjects away from the Maoist myths handed down from the past and returns them to their actual condition and salvation. From the documentary works by these Chinese photographers, we may conclude that there is a parallel between the growth of Chinese documentary photography and front cover, changes in Chinese society.
The appearance of works with a distinct social vision bespeaks of the beginning of a process in write hamlet essay, which Chinese photography is emerging from the constraints of state ideologies. Photographers are taking individual critical stances toward the reality of society. The cameras in tok essay, the photographers’ hands are tools to my inaugural address weekly essay contest record dramatic transformation and day-to-day social experience while they articulate a personal worldview.